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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae

TapeinanthusBoiss. ex Hohen. 1846 not Herb. 1837

Thuspeinanta is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae, first described in 1888. It is native to central and southwestern Asia. [1] [2]

Lamiaceae family of plants

The Lamiaceae or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and perilla. Some species are shrubs, trees, or, rarely, vines. Many members of the family are widely cultivated, not only for their aromatic qualities, but also their ease of cultivation, since they are readily propagated by stem cuttings. Besides those grown for their edible leaves, some are grown for decorative foliage, such as Coleus. Others are grown for seed, such as Salvia hispanica (chia), or for their edible tubers, such as Plectranthus edulis, Plectranthus esculentus, Plectranthus rotundifolius, and Stachys affinis.

Asia Earths largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.

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<i>Satureja</i> genus of plants

Satureja is a genus of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. It is native to North Africa, southern and southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia. A few New World species were formerly included in Satureja, but they have all been moved to other genera. Several species are cultivated as culinary herbs called savory, and they have become established in the wild in a few places.

<i>Cytisus</i> genus of plants

Cytisus is a genus of about 50 species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, native to open sites in Europe, western Asia and North Africa. It belongs to the subfamily Faboideae, and is one of several genera in the tribe Genisteae which are commonly called brooms. They are shrubs producing masses of brightly coloured, pea-like flowers, often highly fragrant. Members of the segregate genera, Calicotome and Lembotropis are sometimes included in Cytisus.

<i>Genista</i> genus of plants

Genista is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae, native to open habitats such as moorland and pasture in Europe and western Asia. They include species commonly called broom, though the term may also refer to other genera, including Cytisus and Chamaecytisus. Brooms in other genera are sometimes considered synonymous with Genista: Echinospartum, Retama, Spartium, Stauracanthus, and Ulex.

<i>Ajuga</i> genus of plants

Ajuga, also known as bugleweed, ground pine, carpet bugle, or just bugle, is a genus of 40 species annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the mint family Lamiaceae, with most species native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, but also two species in southeastern Australia. They grow to 5–50 cm tall, with opposite leaves.

  1. Ajuga arabicaP.H.Davis – Saudi Arabia
  2. Ajuga australis R.Br. - Australia
  3. Ajuga bombycinaBoiss. – Aegean Islands, Turkey
  4. Ajuga boninsimaeMaxim. – Ogasawara-shoto
  5. Ajuga brachystemonMaxim. – Uttarakhand, Nepal, northern India
  6. Ajuga campylanthaDiels – Yunnan
  7. Ajuga campylanthoidesC.Y.Wu & C.Chen – Tibet, central China
  8. Ajuga chamaecistusGing. ex Benth. – Iran, Afghanistan
  9. Ajuga chamaepitys(L.) Schreb. – central + southern Europe, central + southwestern Asia
  10. Ajuga chasmophilaP.H.Davis – Syria
  11. Ajuga ciliataBunge – China, Korea, Japan
  12. Ajuga davisianaKit Tan & Yildiz – Turkey
  13. Ajuga decaryanaDanguy ex R.A.Clement – Madagascar
  14. Ajuga decumbensThunb. – decumbent bugle – China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  15. Ajuga dictyocarpaHayata – - China, Vietnam, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  16. Ajuga faurieiH.Lév. & Vaniot – Korea
  17. Ajuga flaccidaBaker – Madagascar
  18. Ajuga forrestiiDiels – China, Tibet, Nepal
  19. Ajuga genevensisL. – central + southern Europe, Caucasus; naturalized in North America
  20. Ajuga grandifloraStapf – South Australia
  21. Ajuga incisiaMaxim – Honshu Island in Japan
  22. Ajuga integrifoliaBuch.-Ham. – central + eastern Africa, southern Asia, New Guinea
  23. Ajuga iva(L.) Schreb. – Mediterranean region from Canary Islands and Madeira to Turkey and Palestine
  24. Ajuga japonicaMiq. – Japan
  25. Ajuga laxmannii(Murray) Benth. – southeastern Europe from Czech Republic to Greece; Turkey, Caucasus
  26. Ajuga leucanthaLukhoba – Uganda, Zaire, Ethiopia
  27. Ajuga linearifoliaPamp. – China
  28. Ajuga lobataD.Don – China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Myanmar
  29. Ajuga lupulinaMaxim. - China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam
  30. Ajuga macrospermaWall. ex Benth. – China, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, northern + eastern India, northern Indochina
  31. Ajuga makinoiNakai – Honshu Island in Japan
  32. Ajuga mollisGladkova – Crimea
  33. Ajuga multifloraBunge – Korean pyramid bugle – China, Korea, Chita region of Siberia, Amur, Primorye
  34. Ajuga nipponensisMakino – China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan
  35. Ajuga novoguineensisA.J.Paton & R.J.Johns – New Guinea
  36. Ajuga nubigenaDiels – Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan
  37. Ajuga oblongataM.Bieb. – Iraq, Caucasus
  38. Ajuga oocephalaBaker – Madagascar
  39. Ajuga ophrydrisBurch. ex Benth. – South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho
  40. Ajuga orientalisL. – eastern Mediterranean
  41. Ajuga ovalifoliaBureau & Franch. – China
  42. Ajuga pantanthaHand.-Mazz. – Yunnan
  43. Ajuga parvifloraBenth. – Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, Nepal
  44. Ajuga piskoiDegen & Bald. – Albania, Yugoslavie
  45. Ajuga postiiBriq. – Turkey
  46. Ajuga pygmaeaA.Gray – China, Japan, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands
  47. Ajuga pyramidalisL. – central + southern Europe
  48. Ajuga relictaP.H.Davis – Turkey
  49. Ajuga reptansL. – Europe, Algeria, Tunisia, Iran, Turkey, Caucasus; naturalized in New Zealand, North America, and Venezuela
  50. Ajuga robustaBaker – Madagascar
  51. Ajuga salicifolia(L.) Schreb. – Balkans, Crimea, southern Russia, Turkey
  52. Ajuga saxicolaAssadi & Jamzad – Iran
  53. Ajuga sciaphilaW.W.Sm..- southwestern China
  54. Ajuga shikotanensisMiyabe & Tatew – Japan, Kuril Islands
  55. Ajuga sinuataR.Br. – New South Wales
  56. Ajuga spectabilisNakai – Korean bugle – Korea
  57. Ajuga taiwanensisNakai ex Murata – Taiwa, Ryukyu Islands, Philippines
  58. Ajuga tenoriiC.Presl in J.S.Presl & C.B.Presl – Italy
  59. Ajuga turkestanica(Regel) Briq. – Tajikistan
  60. Ajuga vesiculiferaHerder – Kyrgyzstan
  61. Ajuga vestitaBoiss. – Turkey, Iran
  62. Ajuga xylorrhizaKit Tan – Turkey
  63. Ajuga yesoensisMaxim. ex Franch. & Sav. – Japan
  64. Ajuga zakhoensisRech.f. – Iraq
<i>Perovskia</i> genus of plants

Perovskia is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Members of the genus are native to southwestern and central Asia. It includes the garden plant Russian sage.

<i>Gagea</i> genus of plants

Gagea is a large genus of spring flowers in the lily family. It is found primarily in Eurasia with a few species extending into North Africa and North America.

Hymenocrater is a genus of plants from the mint family. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Turkmenistan and Pakistan.

  1. Hymenocrater adenothrixRech.f. - Afghanistan
  2. Hymenocrater altimuranusRech.f. - Afghanistan
  3. Hymenocrater bituminosusFisch. & C.A.Mey. - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus
  4. Hymenocrater calycinus(Boiss.) Benth. - Turkmenistan, Iran
  5. Hymenocrater elegansBunge - Turkmenistan, Iran
  6. Hymenocrater incanusBunge - Iran
  7. Hymenocrater inciaidentatusBoriss. - Turkmenistan
  8. Hymenocrater longiflorusBenth. - Iran, Iraq
  9. Hymenocrater oxyodontusRech.f. - Iran
  10. Hymenocrater platystegiusRech.f. - Iran
  11. Hymenocrater sessilifoliusBenth. - Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan
  12. Hymenocrater yazdianusRech.f. - Iran

Lagochilus is a genus of the mint family that contains Turkistan mint.

<i>Micromeria</i> genus of plants

Micromeria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, widespread across Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America, with a center of diversity in the Mediterranean region and the Canary Islands. It is sometimes placed within the genus Satureja. The name is derived from the Greek words μῑκρος (mīkros), meaning "small," and μερίς (meris), meaning "portion," referring to the leaves and flowers.

  1. Micromeria acropolitanaHalácsy - Greece
  2. Micromeria albanica(K.Malý) Šilic - Albania, Yugoslavia
  3. Micromeria × angosturaeP.Pérez Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. tenuis subsp. linkii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
  4. Micromeria arganietorum(Emb.) R.Morales - Morocco
  5. Micromeria benthamiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  6. Micromeria × benthamineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. pineolens)
  7. Micromeria biflora(Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Benth. - Himalayas from Afghanistan to Myanmar
  8. Micromeria × bourlieriMaire & Le Lièvre - Algeria, Morocco (M. graeca × M. inodora)
  9. Micromeria brivesiiBatt. - Morocco
  10. Micromeria × broussonetiiA.Santos, A.Acev.-Rodr. & Reyes-Bet. - Canary Islands (M. densiflora × M. varia)
  11. Micromeria browicziiZiel. & Kit Tan - Greece
  12. Micromeria chionistraeMeikle - Cyprus
  13. Micromeria conferta(Coss. & Daveau) Stefani - Libya
  14. Micromeria × confusaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. lanata)
  15. Micromeria cremnophilaBoiss. & Heldr. - Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon
  16. Micromeria cristata(Hampe) Griseb. - Albania, Greece, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Iran, Cyprus
  17. Micromeria croatica(Pers.) Schott - Albania, Yugoslavia
  18. Micromeria cymuligeraBoiss. & Hausskn. - Turkey
  19. Micromeria danaensisDanin - Jordan
  20. Micromeria debilisPomel - Algeria, Morocco
  21. Micromeria densifloraBenth. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  22. Micromeria douglasii(Benth.) Benth. – Yerba buena - Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana
  23. Micromeria ellipticaK.Koch - Turkey
  24. Micromeria filiformis(Aiton) Benth. - Corsica, Sardinia, Balearic Islands
  25. Micromeria flacca(Nábelek) Hedge - Turkey, Iraq
  26. Micromeria flagellarisBaker - Madagascar
  27. Micromeria fontanesiiPomel - Algeria, Morocco
  28. Micromeria forbesiiBenth. - Cape Verde Islands
  29. Micromeria fruticosa(L.) Druce - Eastern Mediterranean
  30. Micromeria glomerataP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  31. Micromeria graeca(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean from Morocco + Portugal to Turkey
  32. Micromeria guichardii(Quézel & Zaffran) Brullo & Furnari - Libya
  33. Micromeria hedgeiRech.f. - Iran
  34. Micromeria helianthemifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  35. Micromeria herpyllomorphaWebb & Berthel. - La Palma in the Canary Islands
  36. Micromeria hispidaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth. - Crete
  37. Micromeria hochreutineri(Briq.) Maire - Algeria, Morocco
  38. Micromeria × hybridaZagan - Greece including Crete (M. graeca × M. nervosa)
  39. Micromeria hyssopifoliaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife + El Hierro in the Canary Islands
  40. Micromeria imbricata (Forssk.)C.Chr. - Africa from Nigeria to Ethiopia to Transvaal, Arabian Peninsula
  41. Micromeria inodora(Desf.) Benth. - Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Spain including Balearic Islands
  42. Micromeria × intermediaG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. helianthemifolia)
  43. Micromeria juliana(L.) Benth. ex Rchb. - Mediterranean
  44. Micromeria kerneriMurb. - Yugoslavia
  45. Micromeria lachnophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  46. Micromeria lanata(C.Sm. ex Link) Benth. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  47. Micromeria lasiophyllaWebb & Berthel. - Canary Islands
  48. Micromeria lepidaWebb & Berthel. La Gomera in the Canary Islands
  49. Micromeria leucanthaSvent. ex P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  50. Micromeria longipedunculataBräuchler - Yugoslavia, Albania
  51. Micromeria macrosiphonCoss. - Morocco
  52. Micromeria madagascariensisBaker - Madagascar
  53. Micromeria marginata(Sm.) Chater - Alpes Maritimes in France, Liguria + Sardinia in Italy
  54. Micromeria × meteoricaHausskn. - Greece (M. cremnophila × M. juliana)
  55. Micromeria microphylla(d'Urv.) Benth. - Balearic Islands, Sicily, Malta, southern mainland Italy, Crete, Cyprus, Libya
  56. Micromeria monantha(Font Quer) R.Morales - Morocco
  57. Micromeria myrtifoliaBoiss. & Hohen. - from Greece to Iran
  58. Micromeria nervosa(Desf.) Benth. - Mediterranean from Algeria + Balearic Islands to Turkey
  59. Micromeria × nogalesiiG.Kunkel & P.Pérez - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  60. Micromeria peltieri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
  61. Micromeria × perez-paziiG.Kunkel - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. tenuis)
  62. Micromeria persicaBoiss. - Iran, Iraq, Turkey
  63. Micromeria pineolensSvent. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  64. Micromeria × preauxiiWebb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands (M. benthamii × M. varia subsp. canariensis)
  65. Micromeria pseudocroaticaŠilic - Yugoslavia
  66. Micromeria rivas-martineziiWildpret - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  67. Micromeria serbalianaDanin & Hedge - Sinai
  68. Micromeria sinaicaBenth. - Sinai, Israel
  69. Micromeria sphacioticaBoiss. & Heldr. ex Benth.- Crete
  70. Micromeria sphaerophyllaBaker - Madagascar
  71. Micromeria suborbicularis(Alain) Borhidi - Cuba
  72. Micromeria × tagananensisP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. glomerata × M. varia)
  73. Micromeria teneriffae(Poir.) Benth. ex G.Don - Tenerife in the Canary Islands
  74. Micromeria tenuis(Link) Webb & Berthel. - Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
  75. Micromeria unguentariaSchweinf. - Ethiopia
  76. Micromeria variaBenth. - Canary Islands, Madeira, Cape Verde Islands
  77. Micromeria weilleri(Maire) R.Morales - Morocco
  78. Micromeria × wildpretiiP.Pérez - Tenerife in the Canary Islands (M. rivas-martinezii × M. varia)
<i>Eremurus</i> genus of plants

Eremurus is a genus of deciduous perennial flowers, also known as the foxtail lilies or desert candles. They are native to eastern Europe and temperate Asia from Turkey + Siberia to China.

Cutandia is a genus of Asian and Mediterranean plants in the grass family. It is native to lands extending from Portugal and Cape Verde to Pakistan and Kazakhstan.

  1. Cutandia dichotoma(Forssk.) Trab. - Asia + Africa from Algeria to Iran
  2. Cutandia divaricata(Desf.) Benth. - Canary Islands, Spain, Italy, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya
  3. Cutandia maritima(L.) Benth. - Mediterranean, Canary Islands
  4. Cutandia memphitica(Spreng.) Benth. - Spain, North Africa, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Middle East, Caucasus, Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Central Asia
  5. Cutandia rigescens(Grossh.) Tzvelev - Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
  6. Cutandia stenostachya(Boiss.) Stace - Greece + Turkey including Aegean Islands
<i>Amberboa</i> genus of plants

Amberboa is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family, described as a genus in 1832.

Xylanthemum is a genus of Asian plants in the daisy family.

  1. Xylanthemum fisherae(Aitch. & Hemsl.) Tzvelev - Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
  2. Xylanthemum gilletii(Podlech) K.Bremer & Humphries - Iran
  3. Xylanthemum lingulatum(Boiss.) K.Bremer & Humphries - Iran
  4. Xylanthemum macropodum(Hemsl. & Lace) K.Bremer & Humphries - Pakistan
  5. Xylanthemum paghmanense(Podlech) K.Bremer & Humphries - Afghanistan
  6. Xylanthemum pamiricum(O.Hoffm.) Tzvelev - Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Iran
  7. Xylanthemum polycladum(Rech.f.) Tzvelev
  8. Xylanthemum rupestre(Popov ex Nevski) Tzvelev - Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
  9. Xylanthemum tianschanicum(Krasch.) Muradyan - Tian Shan Mountains in Kashmir, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan

Koelpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the dandelion family.

  1. Koelpinia chrysoglochisRech.f. - Iran, Iraq
  2. Koelpinia deflexaStschegl. - Central Asia
  3. Koelpinia linearisPall. - from Morocco to Xinjiang
  4. Koelpinia macranthaC.Winkl. - Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia
  5. Koelpinia sessilisBoiss. - Iran
  6. Koelpinia tenuissimaPavlov & Lipsch. - Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Central Asia
  7. Koelpinia turanicaVassilcz. - Central Asia
<i>Pentanema</i> genus of plants

Pentanema is a genus of Asian and African plants in the elecampane tribe within the sunflower family.

  1. Pentanema albertoregelium(C.Winkl.) Gorschk. - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan
  2. Pentanema cernuum(Dalzell) Ling - Yunnan, Nepal, Bhutan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan
  3. Pentanema chodzhakasianiKinzik. - Tajikistan
  4. Pentanema discoideumNabiev - Uzbekistan
  5. Pentanema divaricatumCass. - Africa, Greece, southwest and central Asia
  6. Pentanema flexuosum(Boiss. & Hausskn.) Rech.f. - Iran
  7. Pentanema glanduligerum(Krasch.) Gorschk. - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan
  8. Pentanema gracile(Gilli) Rech.f. - Afghanistan
  9. Pentanema indicum(L.) - Africa, China, Vietnam, Indian Subcontinent
  10. Pentanema krascheninnikovii(Kamelin) Czerep. - Central Asia
  11. Pentanema ligneumMesfin
  12. Pentanema multicauleBoiss. - Iran
  13. Pentanema nematolepisRech.f. - Afghanistan
  14. Pentanema parietarioides(Nevski) Gorschk. - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  15. Pentanema prasinurumRech.f. - Afghanistan
  16. Pentanema propinquumNevski - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
  17. Pentanema pulicariiforme(DC.) Rech.f. - Iran
  18. Pentanema pygmaeum(Gilli) Rech.f. - Afghanistan
  19. Pentanema varzobicumKamelin & Kinzik. - Tajikistan
  20. Pentanema vestitum(Wall. ex DC.) Ling - Afghanistan, Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim, Jammu-Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Bihar, Pakistan

Chamaegeron is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family.

  1. Chamaegeron asterellus(Bornm.) Botsch. - Iran
  2. Chamaegeron bungei(Boiss.) Botsch. -Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran
  3. Chamaegeron keredjensis(Bornm. & Gauba) Grierson - Iran
  4. Chamaegeron oligocephalusSchrenk - Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran
<i>Asyneuma</i> genus of plants

Asyneuma is a genus of flowering plants in the bellflower family, Campanulaceae. They are native to North Africa and Eurasia. Many are endemic to Turkey. Plants of the genus may be known commonly as harebells, but this name can also apply to the entire family. There are up to about 33 species.

Lophanthus is a genus of plants in the Lamiaceae family, first described in 1763. It is native to central and southwestern Asia from Turkey to Mongolia, with many of the species endemic to Iran.

  1. Lophanthus adenocladus(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  2. Lophanthus allotrius(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  3. Lophanthus archibaldii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  4. Lophanthus chinensisBenth. - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Siberia
  5. Lophanthus depauperatus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  6. Lophanthus dschuparensis(Bornm.) Levin - Iran
  7. Lophanthus elegans(Lipsky) Levin - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  8. Lophanthus hedgei(Freitag) A.L.Budantzev - Afghanistan
  9. Lophanthus iranshahrii(Rech.f.) A.L.Budantzev - Iran
  10. Lophanthus kryloviiLipsky - Mongolia, Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Altai
  11. Lophanthus laxiflorus(Benth.) Levin - Iran
  12. Lophanthus michauxii(Briq.) Levin - Iran
  13. Lophanthus ouroumitanensis(Franch.) Kochk. & Zuckerw. - Afghanistan, Tajikistan
  14. Lophanthus oxyodontus(Boiss.) Levin - Iran
  15. Lophanthus pinetorum(Aitch. & Hemsl.) Levin - Afghanistan, Pakistan, western Himalayas
  16. Lophanthus schrenkiiLevin - Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  17. Lophanthus schtschurowskianus(Regel) Lipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  18. Lophanthus sessilifolius(Bunge) Levin - Iran, Pakistan
  19. Lophanthus subnivalisLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
  20. Lophanthus tibeticusC.Y.Wu & Y.C.Huang - Tibet
  21. Lophanthus tschimganicusLipsky - Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
  22. Lophanthus turcicusDirmenci, Yıldız & Hedge - Turkey
  23. Lophanthus varzobicusKochk. - Tajikistan

Garhadiolus is a genus of Asian plants in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.

  1. Garhadiolus hamosusBoiss. & Hausskn. ex Boiss. & Hausskn. - Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria
  2. Garhadiolus hedypnoisJaub. & Spach - Egypt, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East, Caucasus, Cyprus, Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia
  3. Garhadiolus minutissimus(Bunge) Kitam. - Jammu-Kashmir, Afghanistan, Iran
  4. Garhadiolus papposusBoiss. & Buhse - Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Dagestan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria
<i>Fritillaria gibbosa</i> species of plant

Fritillaria gibbosa is an Asian species of herbaceous perennials in the lily family, native to Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and South Caucasus.