on a slash pine tree in
Fort Myers, Florida
|Subgenus:||Tillandsia subg. Tillandsia|
Tillandsia bracteosaKlotzsch ex Beer
Tillandsia paucifolia, the potbelly airplant,is a species of bromeliad in the genus Tillandsia. This species is native to Central America, central and southern Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, the West Indies, and Florida.
Tillandsia paucifolia can either grow singularly or in clusters and typically have five to ten leaves. The leaves of this species of Tillandsia are light green and silver-gray in color and are short with tapered ends. T. paucifolia have a large bulbous base which distinguishes them from other Tillandsias. The leaves of T. paucifolia are covered in trichomes, which are hair-like structures that increase the surface area on the leaves to maximize nutrient and water absorption from the air. The particular trichomes of the Tillandsia paucifolia are exceptionally sizable and copious.
Tillandsia paucifolia are angiospermswith flowers that range from a pale pink to a lavender-blue color. Flowers of these epiphytes can be animal-pollinated. Animals such as bees, beetles, and hummingbirds are known to pollinate T. paucifolia diurnally (during the day) while there have been reports of moths and bats that pollinate nocturnally. As a reward to the animals that facilitate the pollination, these angiosperms will sometimes produce nectar. With increased visitation from animal pollinators, these epiphytes are more likely to receive more genetically varying pollen, leading to better quality seeds.
Tillandsia paucifolia are vascular epiphytes that lack traditional roots like other plants. Their roots serve primarily to secure themselves to the trees that they reside on.T. paucifolia found in southwest Florida mainly inhabit slash pine trees although they are not host-specific and can be seen growing on numerous other trees. Although T. paucifolia are not parasitic and only use their host trees as support, there can be adverse effects when present in large numbers and in certain parts of the trees. Heavily infested host trees can undergo states of nutritional stress caused by these epiphytes (Benzing 1978). When present in large numbers, T. paucifolia can also cause limb breakage and excess shade on their host trees.
The Bromeliaceae is a family of monocot flowering plants of 75 genera and around 3590 known species native mainly to the tropical Americas, with several species found in the American subtropics and one in tropical west Africa, Pitcairnia feliciana.
Tillandsia is a genus of around 650 species of evergreen, perennial flowering plants in the family Bromeliaceae, native to the forests, mountains and deserts of northern Mexico and south-eastern United States, Mesoamerica and the Caribbean to mid Argentina. Their leaves, more or less silvery in color, are covered with specialized cells (trichomes) capable of rapidly absorbing water that gathers on them.
Tillandsia carlsoniae is a species of flowering plant in the genus Tillandsia. This species is endemic to Mexico. It is named after the person that discovered it in Chiapas, Margery C. Carlson.
Tillandsia erubescens is a species of epiphytic plants of the genus Tillandsia. This species is endemic to Mexico, found over much of the country from Chihuahua to Oaxaca.
Tillandsia imperialis is an epiphytic species of flowering plant in the genus Tillandsia. This species is endemic to Mexico, specifically the states Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, and Veracruz, at elevations ranging from 800 to 2,600 meters. Its distribution is generally on the eastern portion of the eastern Sierra Madre Mountains and the eastern portion of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. This species is primarily epiphytic to the branches and holes of the tree species Pinus patula and Quercus laurina, or on lianas of the same trees, in moist cloud forests. This bromeliad prefers moist conditions and does not tolerate extended periods of drought or low humidity.
Tillandsia ventanaensis is an epiphytic species in the genus Tillandsia first described in 1995. This species is endemic only to the state of Durango, Mexico between elevations of 1,800-2,000 meters, in the vicinity of the border of Sinaloa in the Sierra de las Ventanas. This plant is stemless, flowering erect 35–55 cm high, with rigid leaves up to 55 cm long.
Tillandsia violacea is a species of epiphytic flowering plant in the family Bromeliaceae. It is endemic to Mexico, particularly to the Central Mexican Plateau. This species' habitat is at elevations between 600 and 3,100 meters, and is epiphytic to large trees in humid temperate forests, primarily the species abies religiosa, quercus rugosa, and quercus laurina. In particular, it is a common epiphyte of the temperate pine forests of Hidalgo state, including El Chico National Park. Its range extends to the states of Guerrero, Jalisco, state of Mexico, Michoacán, Morelos, Oaxaca, and Veracruz. Due to its high-elevation habitat, this bromeliad species has tolerance to sub-freezing conditions.
Tillandsia juncea is a species of flowering plant in the genus Tillandsia. This species is native to northern South America, Central America, Mexico and the West indies.
Tillandsia paraensis is a species of flowering plant in the genus Tillandsia. This species is native to Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, the Guianas, Brazil and Venezuela.
Tillandsia polystachia is a species of flowering plant in the genus Tillandsia. This species is native to Central America, the West Indies, Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico and Venezuela.
Tillandsia pruinosa, is a species of flowering plant in the family Bromeliaceae. It is commonly known as the fuzzywuzzy airplant. This species is native to northern South America, Central America, southern Mexico, the West Indies and Florida.
Tillandsia fasciculata, commonly known as the giant airplant or cardinal airplant, is a species of bromeliad that is native to Central America, Mexico, the West Indies, northern South America, and the southeastern United States. Within the United States, this airplant is at risk of extirpation from the Mexican bromeliad weevil, Metamasius callizona.
Tillandsia flexuosa, the twisted airplant, is a species of bromeliad in the genus Tillandsia. This species is native to Central America, southeastern Mexico, northern South America and the United States (Florida).
Tillandsia polita is a species of flowering plant in the family Bromeliaceae, native to Mexico and Central America. It was first described by Lyman Bradford Smith in 1941. As of October 2022, the Encyclopaedia of Bromeliads regarded it as a natural hybrid of Tillandsia rodrigueziana and Tillandsia rotundata.
Tillandsia schiedeana is a species of flowering plant in the genus Tillandsia. It was named for the collector Christian Julius Wilhelm Schiede. As an epiphyte it is found "growing in open tropical forests, and saxicolous, growing on cacti and burseras on steep dry slopes in semiarid regions in Mexico, Central America, West Indies, Venezuela, and Colombia at elevations of 750 to 5,500 feet."
Tillandsia utriculata, commonly known as the spreading airplant or the giant airplant, is a species of bromeliad that is native to Florida and Georgia in the United States, the Caribbean, southern and eastern Mexico, Central America, and Venezuela.
Guzmania musaica is a plant species in the genus Guzmania. This species is native to Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela and Colombia.
Tillandsia longifolia is a species of flowering plant in the genus Tillandsia. This species is native to Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Panama, Costa Rica and Venezuela.
Tillandsia oerstediana is a species of flowering plant in the bromeliad family Bromeliaceae. It is an epiphyte that is found on open forested slopes in wet tropical areas. Tillandsia oerstediana is native to Costa Rica and western Panama.
Tillandsia rectangula is a plant species of flowering plant in the Bromeliaceae family. This species is native to Bolivia and Argentina. Tillandsia rectangula was described and the name validly published by John Gilbert Baker in 1878. Tillandsia rectangula is a species in the genus Tillandsia which contains between 713 and 777 species and belongs to the family of the Bromeliaceae. The type species of the genus is Tillandsia utriculata. The perennials prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1 °C.The plants are suited for cultivation in a temperate house.