Last updated

St Andrew Tilmanstone 1.jpg
St Andrew's Church, Tilmanstone
Kent UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Kent
Population401 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference TR3051
Shire county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DEAL
Postcode district CT14
Dialling code 01304
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
List of places
51°12′54″N1°17′42″E / 51.215°N 1.295°E / 51.215; 1.295 Coordinates: 51°12′54″N1°17′42″E / 51.215°N 1.295°E / 51.215; 1.295

Tilmanstone is a small village and civil parish in Kent, in the South East of England, near Eastry, a much bigger and more developed area. Tilmanstone no longer has a village school; however, the independent Northbourne Park School is close to the parish boundary. The name of Tilmanstone has historically been famous for its colliery, although it is located in the village of Eythorne, operated from 1906 to 1986 as one of the four main pits of the Kent coalfield. [2] The population taken at the 2011 Census also included that of the nearby hamlet of Ashley.



The Plough & Harrow public house Plough & Harrow public house, Tilmanstone.jpg
The Plough & Harrow public house

The parish church of St Andrew dates back to the mid-11th century and is made of flint, with later stone and brick sections. [3] The church also includes the Tilmanstone Brass, which recognized Richard Fogge (c. 1482, a descendant of politician Thomas Fogge) [4] and features a point perspective with three-dimensional figures, something that at the time was only popular in Florence. The yew tree in the churchyard has been dated to more than 1,200 years, likely to be older than anything else in the village. [5]

The manors of Dane Court, South Court, and North Court form the foundation of the ancient village. The Kent Archaeological Society transcription of 1922 included the North Court and South Court Manor Court Rolls held in the Library of Lambeth Palace. These rolls cover the years 1753–1789.


The Tilmanstone Colliery was located in the village of Eythorne, on the ridge to the west. The mine was opened in 1906 and was modernised in 1947 surviving until closure in 1986. [6]

An accident in 1913 killed three men and destroyed the pumping system, causing the mine to flood and work was abandoned for nine months. [7] The site was connected to the East Kent Railway (EKR) in 1915 and coal first brought to the surface in March 1916. Tilmanstone Colliery Halt railway station served the pit between 1916 and 1948. [8] An accident at the pit on 27 February 1931 resulted in Sydney William Padfield being awarded a bronze Edward Medal, [9] the only one awarded in the Kent Coalfield. [10] An aerial ropeway was built in 1930 to link the pit with Dover Harbour; this included tunnelling through the cliff at Dover to deliver the coal to a 5,000 ton bunker at the harbour. [7] It was little used after 1935, and was dismantled in 1954. [11] In 1945, the workforce was 914, with 631 being employed sub-surface and 283 above. [12] The colliery closed in 1988, having produced over 20,000,000 tons of coal. A system of tokens was used in the pithead baths and canteen [13] and a lamp check was operated, in common with the majority of pits. [14] All buildings have been demolished. [15]

Shafts sunk [16]

Tilmanstone is on the Miner's Way Trail, linking the coalfield parishes of East Kent. [17]

Related Research Articles

Eythorne Human settlement in England

Eythorne is a civil parish and small village located 7.3 miles north-northwest of Dover in Kent, with a combined population of approximately 2,500 residents including nearby villages Barfrestone and Elvington. Although not classed as one of the former pit villages of Kent, it was only about a mile from Tilmanstone – which closed in 1986. Today many of its residents commute to work in Dover (Docks), or in Canterbury.

Dover District Non-metropolitan district in England

Dover is a local government district in Kent, England. The port town of Dover is its administrative centre. It was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the boroughs of Deal, Dover, and Sandwich along with Dover Rural District and most of Eastry Rural District.

Royston, South Yorkshire Village in South Yorkshire, England

Royston is a suburban village within the Metropolitan borough of Barnsley, in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, but was incorporated into the Metropolitan borough of Barnsley in 1974 and is now on the border with West Yorkshire. It is part of the Barnsley Central borough constituency, and has a population of 9,375, increasing to 10,728 at the 2011 Census. It is situated 4 miles (6.4 km) north-east of Barnsley, and 6 miles (9.7 km) south-east of Wakefield.

Eastry Human settlement in England

Eastry is a civil parish in Kent, England, around 2+12 miles (4 km) southwest of Sandwich. It was voted "Kent Village of the Year 2005".

East Kent Railway (heritage)

The East Kent Railway (EKR) is a heritage railway in Kent, England. It is located at Shepherdswell station on the London to Dover Priory direct mainline. The line was constructed between 1911 and 1917 to serve the Kent Coalfields. See East Kent Light Railway for details of the original lines. The Kent Collieries were mostly a failure with only Tilmanstone on the line producing any viable commercial coal and commercial traffic over the line. The line is operated by heritage diesel locomotives. It is home to a collection of heritage diesel locomotives, Diesel Multiple Units DMU, DEMU and an electric multiple units including an in service British Rail Class 404 built in the 1930s.

Wingham, Kent Human settlement in England

Wingham is a village and civil parish in the Dover District of Kent, England. The village lies along the ancient coastal road, now the A257, from Richborough to London, and is close to Canterbury.

Barfrestone Human settlement in England

Barfrestone is a village in East Kent, England, and between Shepherdswell, Eythorne and Nonington, and close to the pit villages of Elvington and Snowdown.

Elvington, Kent Human settlement in England

Elvington is a small pit village on a ridge in between Canterbury and Dover in the county of Kent in Southeast England. Located near Eythorne, Elvington was mostly built in the early 20th century to serve the nearby coal mine at Tilmanstone, as were other Kent Coalfield villages including Snowdown, Aylesham and Betteshanger.

Aylesham Human settlement in England

Aylesham is a village and civil parish in the Dover district of Kent, England. The village is located around 6.5 miles (10.5 km) southeast of the cathedral city of Canterbury, and around 8.5 miles (13.7 km) northwest of the town and port of Dover. According to the 2001 Census, the parish had a population including Drellingore and Snowdown of 3,884, increasing to 3,999 at the 2011 Census.

The Kent Coalfield was a coalfield in the eastern part of the English county of Kent. The Coalfields Trust defines the Kent Coalfield as the wards of Barnham Downs and Marshside in the Canterbury district, and the wards of Aylesham, Eastry, Eythorne & Shepherdswell, Middle Deal & Sholden, Mill Hill and North Deal in the Dover district.

Ellistown Human settlement in England

Ellistown is a village about 2 miles (3 km) south of Coalville in North West Leicestershire, England. It is named after Colonel Joseph Joel Ellis who died in 1885. The population from the 2011 census was included in the civil parish of Ellistown and Battleflat.

Dilhorne Human settlement in England

Dilhorne is an ancient parish and village in Staffordshire, three miles from Cheadle and six miles from Stoke-on-Trent. The village is within the Staffordshire Moorlands area.

Hersden Human settlement in England

Hersden is a village and civil parish east of Canterbury in Kent, South East England. It was established as a planned coalmining village in the 1920s and is on the A28 road between Canterbury and the Isle of Thanet. Work in the Kent Coalfield was the main source of employment in the village until the closure of the Kent colliery in the 1980s.

Somerset Coalfield Coalfield in northern Somerset, England

The Somerset Coalfield in northern Somerset, England is an area where coal was mined from the 15th century until 1973. It is part of a larger coalfield which stretched into southern Gloucestershire. The Somerset coalfield stretched from Cromhall in the north to the Mendip Hills in the south, and from Bath in the east to Nailsea in the west, a total area of about 240 square miles (622 km2). Most of the pits on the coalfield were concentrated in the Cam Brook, Wellow Brook and Nettlebridge Valleys and around Radstock and Farrington Gurney. The pits were grouped geographically, with clusters of pits close together working the same coal seams often under the same ownership. Many pits shared the trackways and tramways which connected them to the Somerset Coal Canal or railways for distribution.

East Kent Light Railway

The East Kent Light Railway was part of the Colonel Stephens group of cheaply built rural light railways in England. Holman Fred Stephens was engineer from its inception, subsequently becoming director and manager. The line ran from Shepherdswell to Wingham Station with a branch from Eastry through Poison Cross to Richborough Port. Built primarily for colliery traffic within the Kent Coalfields, the line was built with many spurs and branches to serve the mines, with cancelled plans to construct extensions to several others. The success of Tilmanstone colliery allowed the main line of the railway to continue operation until 1986. A remainder of the line became the East Kent Railway, a heritage railway, in 1987.

Betteshanger Human settlement in England

Betteshanger is a village near Deal in East Kent, England. It gave its name to the largest of the four chief collieries of the Kent coalfield. The population of the village is included in the civil parish of Northbourne.

Ingleton Coalfield Coalfield in North Yorkshire, England

The Ingleton Coalfield is in North Yorkshire, close to its border with Lancashire in north-west England. Isolated from other coal-producing areas, it is one of the smallest coalfields in Great Britain.

Fletcher, Burrows and Company was a coal mining company that owned collieries and cotton mills in Atherton, Greater Manchester, England. Gibfield, Howe Bridge and Chanters collieries exploited the coal mines (seams) of the middle coal measures in the Manchester Coalfield. The Fletchers built company housing at Hindsford and a model village at Howe Bridge which included pithead baths and a social club for its workers. The company became part of Manchester Collieries in 1929. The collieries were nationalised in 1947 becoming part of the National Coal Board.

Miners Way Trail

The Miner's Way Trail is a long-distance circular footpath in England, starting at Sholden, Kent. Linking up the coalfield parishes of East Kent. Including; the parishes of Deal, Ash, Aylesham, Chillenden, Eastry, Eythorne, Elvington, Goodnestone, Nonington, Northbourne, Coldred, Staple, Tilmanstone and Wingham.

Barrow Colliery Former coal mine in South Yorkshire, England

Barrow Colliery was a coal mine in Worsborough, South Yorkshire, England. It was first dug in 1873, with the first coal being brought to the surface in January 1876. It was the scene of a major incident in 1907 when seven miners died. After 109 years of coaling operations, the mine was closed in May 1985.


  1. "Parish population 2011" . Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  2. Tilmanstone Colliery, Coalfields Heritage Initiative Kent
  3. "St Andrew's Church, Tilmanstone, Kent" . Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  4. T.G.F. (1863). "Family Chronicle of Richard Fogge of Danes Court in Tilmanstone". Archaeologia Cantiana. London: Kent Archaeological Society. V. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  5. "St Andrew's Church History - EWB (Eastry and Woodnesborough Benefice)" . Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  6. "Tilmanstone Colliery". Dover Museum. Dover Museum. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  7. 1 2 Coal Heritage in Kent
  8. Edgar, Gordon (2016). Industrial locomotives and railways of the south and west of England. Stroud UK: Amberley Publishing. p. 11. ISBN   978-1-4456-4920-7.
  9. "No. 33725". The London Gazette . 12 June 1931. p. 3837. PDF
  10. Pitwork Archived 20 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. SimHQ Archived 25 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  12. List of Mines
  13. Mining Memorabilia
  14. Mining Memorabilia
  15. Coal Mining in Kent
  16. Kurg.org
  17. "The History of the Coalfield Parishes". www.dover.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 January 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2013.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Tilmanstone at Wikimedia Commons