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Timici was a Phoenician, Numidian, and Roman town located in present-day Ain Matboul, Algeria [1] (between Sidi M'hamed Ben Ali and Taougrit).


Timici ruines.jpg
Timici ruins
LocationAïn Metboul, Sidi M'hamed Ben Ali
Built 4th century BC
Demolished 6th century
Restored 1th century [ clarification needed ]
Architectural style(s) Punic and Roman


A coin of Timici with the Punic legend 
(TMKY) Monnaie - Bronze, Timici, Mauretanie - btv1b11319138b (2 of 2).jpg
A coin of Timici with the Punic legend 𐤕𐤌𐤊‬𐤉 (TMKY)

Timici is a latinization of the town's Punic name 𐤕𐤌𐤊‬𐤉 (TMKY). [2] [1]

Timici means fire in tamazight


Timici minted its own bronze coins with Punic legends. [2]

Under the Romans, Timici was a native town (civitas) in the province of Mauretania Caesariensis. [3]

The town was previously identified with the ruins at Aïn Témouchent, [4] which were actually the remnants of Roman Albulae.


Timici was the seat of a Christian bishop in antiquity. Three of them appear in the surviving historical record. The title fell into abeyance during the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb but was revived as a Roman Catholic titular see (Latin : Dioecesis Timicitana) in the 20th century. [5] [6]

List of bishops

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  1. 1 2 Filigheddu (2006), pp. 218–219.
  2. 1 2 Head & al. (1911), p. 890.
  3. Timici at gcatholic.org.
  4. Fey, Henri Léon (1859), "Timici Colonia (Aïn-Temouchent de l'Ouest)", Revue Africaine, vol. No.18, pp. 420–435, including "Plan de Timici Colonia (Aïn Temouchent)". (in French)
  5. Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig, (1931), p. 469.
  6. Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, (Brescia, 1816), p. 325.
  7. Timici at gcatholic.org.
  8. Entry titolare at catholic-hierarchy.org.