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Tinnea barteri MS4154.JPG
Tinnea barteri
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Scutellarioideae
Genus: Tinnea
Kotschy ex Hook.f.
Type species
Tinnea aethiopica
Kotschy & Peyr.
Synonyms [1]
  • TinnethamnusPritz

Tinnea (sunbells) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae first described in 1867. It is native to sub-Saharan Africa. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] It was named in honour of the Dutch explorer Alexine Tinne. [9]

Species [1]
  1. Tinnea aethiopica Kotschy ex Hook.f. - widespread from Mali to Somalia south to Mozambique; naturalized in Trinidad & Tobago
  2. Tinnea antiscorbutica Welw. - DRC, Zambia, Angola
  3. Tinnea apiculata Robyns & Lebrun - eastern Africa from Rwanda to Mozambique
  4. Tinnea barbata Vollesen - Eswatini, northern South Africa
  5. Tinnea barteri Gürke - western Africa
  6. Tinnea benguellensis Gürke - Angola
  7. Tinnea coerulea Gürke - DRC, Zambia, Angola
  8. Tinnea eriocalyx Welw. - DRC, Angola, Botswana, Namibia
  9. Tinnea galpinii Briq. - Eswatini, Mozambique, South Africa
  10. Tinnea gossweileri Robyns & Lebrun - Angola
  11. Tinnea gracilis Gürke - Tanzania to Zambia
  12. Tinnea mirabilis (Bullock) Vollesen - Tanzania
  13. Tinnea physalis E.A.Bruce - Tanzania
  14. Tinnea platyphylla Briq. - DRC
  15. Tinnea rhodesiana S.Moore - South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola, Mozambique
  16. Tinnea somalensis Gürke ex Chiov. - Ethiopia
  17. Tinnea vesiculosa Gürke - Tanzania, Malawi
  18. Tinnea vestita Baker - Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola, Botswana
  19. Tinnea zambesiaca Baker - Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique

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<i>Ocimum</i> Genus of flowering plants

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<i>Plectranthus</i> Family of shrubs

Plectranthus is a genus of about 85 species of flowering plants from the sage family, Lamiaceae, found mostly in southern and tropical Africa and Madagascar. Common names include spur-flower. Plectranthus species are herbaceous perennial plants, rarely annuals or soft-wooded shrubs, sometimes succulent; sometimes with a tuberous base.

<i>Basilicum</i> Genus of flowering plants

Basilicum is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1802. It contains only one known species, Basilicum polystachyon, native to Africa, Madagascar, southern Asia, New Guinea, Australia, and various islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

<i>Orthosiphon</i> Genus of flowering plants

Orthosiphon is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae native to Africa, Southern Asia and Queensland, with one species (O. americanus) in Colombia. They are herbaceous shrubs which grow to a height of 1.5 m (5 ft). Some Orthosiphon species are popular garden plants because of their flowers, which are white and bluish with filaments resembling a cat's whiskers. In the wild, the plants can be seen growing in forests and along roadsides.

<i>Ocimum americanum</i> Species of flowering plant

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<i>Psydrax livida</i> Species of tree

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<i>Aeollanthus</i> Genus of flowering plants

Aeollanthus is a genus in the mint family, Lamiaceae. All the species are native to Africa.

<i>Acrotome</i> Genus of flowering plants

Acrotome is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1838. The genus is native to the southern part of Africa.

Alvesia is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1869. It is native to central Africa.

Endostemon is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1910. It is native primarily to eastern Africa, with some species in central and southern Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Madagascar, and the Indian subcontinent.

  1. Endostemon albusA.J.Paton, Harley & M.M.Harley - Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique
  2. Endostemon camporum(Gürke) M.R.Ashby - Kenya, Tanzania
  3. Endostemon ctenoneurusHarley - Kenya, Somalia
  4. Endostemon glandulosusHarley & Sebsebe - Ethiopia
  5. Endostemon gracilis(Benth.) M.R.Ashby - Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Yemen
  6. Endostemon kelleri(Briq.) Ryding ex A.J.Paton & Harley - Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia
  7. Endostemon leucosphaerus(Briq.) A.J.Paton, Harley & M.M.Harley - Somalia, Ethiopia
  8. Endostemon membranaceus(Benth.) Ayob. ex A.J.Paton & Harley - Cameroon, Angola, Central African Republic
  9. Endostemon obbiadensis(Chiov.) M.R.Ashby - Somalia
  10. Endostemon obtusifolius(E.Mey.) N.E.Br. - from South Africa north to Angola and Tanzania
  11. Endostemon racemosusRyding, A.J.Paton & Thulin - Somalia
  12. Endostemon stenocaulis(Hedge) Ryding, A.J.Paton & Thulin - Somalia
  13. Endostemon tenuiflorus(Benth.) M.R.Ashby - eastern + southern Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula
  14. Endostemon tereticaulis(Poir.) M.R.Ashby - widespread across much of tropical Africa, also Yemen + Saudi Arabia
  15. Endostemon tomentosusHarley & Sebsebe - Somalia
  16. Endostemon tubulascens(Briq.) M.R.Ashby - Angola
  17. Endostemon usambarensisM.R.Ashby - Tanzania
  18. Endostemon villosus(Briq.) M.R.Ashby - central Africa
  19. Endostemon viscosus(Roth) M.R.Ashby - India, Assam, Sri Lanka
  20. Endostemon wakefieldii(Baker) M.R.Ashby - Kenya

Fuerstia is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1929. It is native to Eastern and Southern Africa.

  1. Fuerstia adpressaA.J.Paton - Angola
  2. Fuerstia africanaT.C.E.Fr. - East Africa
  3. Fuerstia angustifoliaG.Taylor - Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Zambia
  4. Fuerstia bartsioides(Baker) G.Taylor - South Sudan
  5. Fuerstia dendrothrixA.J.Paton - Somalia
  6. Fuerstia raraG.Taylor - Angola
  7. Fuerstia rigida(Benth.) A.J.Paton - Angola
  8. Fuerstia ternataA.J.Paton - Tanzania
  9. Fuerstia welwitschiiG.Taylor - Angola
<i>Haumaniastrum</i> Genus of flowering plants

Haumaniastrum is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, first described in 1959. The species are native to Africa.

<i>Hoslundia</i> Genus of flowering plants

Hoslundia is a genus of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1804. It contains only one known species, Hoslundia opposita. It is widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa including Madagascar.

<i>Pycnostachys</i> Genus of flowering plants

Pycnostachys is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1826. It is native to sub-Saharan Africa including Madagascar.

  1. Pycnostachys abyssinicaFresen. - Ethiopia
  2. Pycnostachys angolensisG.Taylor - Angola
  3. Pycnostachys batesiiBaker - Cameroon, Zaïre, Sudan, Uganda
  4. Pycnostachys chevalieriBriq. - Central African Republic
  5. Pycnostachys ciliataBramley - Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia
  6. Pycnostachys coeruleaHook. - East Africa from Ethiopia to Botswana; Madagascar
  7. Pycnostachys congensisGürke - Zaïre, Zambia
  8. Pycnostachys de-wildemanianaRobyns & Lebrun - East Africa from Burundi to Zimbabwe
  9. Pycnostachys deflexifoliaBaker - Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
  10. Pycnostachys descampsiiBriq. - Zaïre
  11. Pycnostachys elliotiiS.Moore - Zaïre, Uganda
  12. Pycnostachys eminiiGürke - from Cameroon to Ethiopia + Tanzania
  13. Pycnostachys erici-roseniiR.E.Fr - Zaïre, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda
  14. Pycnostachys goetzeniiGürke - Zaïre, Uganda, Rwanda
  15. Pycnostachys gracilisR.D.Good - Angola
  16. Pycnostachys graminifoliaPerkins - Tanzania
  17. Pycnostachys kassneriDe Wild - Zaïre, Zambia, Tanzania
  18. Pycnostachys lancifoliaBramley - Tanzania
  19. Pycnostachys meyeriGürke - western + central Africa
  20. Pycnostachys nepetifoliaBaker - Kenya
  21. Pycnostachys niamniamensisGürke - South Sudan, Kenya, Uganda
  22. Pycnostachys orthodontaGürke - Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia, Tanzania
  23. Pycnostachys parvifoliaBaker - Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi
  24. Pycnostachys prittwitziiPerkins - Zambia, Tanzania
  25. Pycnostachys pseudospeciosaBuscal. & Muschl. - Zaïre, Zambia
  26. Pycnostachys recurvataRyding - Ethiopia
  27. Pycnostachys reticulata(E.Mey.) Benth. - central + southern Africa
  28. Pycnostachys ruandensisDe Wild. - east-central Africa
  29. Pycnostachys schliebeniiMildbr. - east-central Africa
  30. Pycnostachys schweinfurthiiBriq - western + central Africa
  31. Pycnostachys speciosaGürke - Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda
  32. Pycnostachys sphaerocephalaBaker - Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi, Zaïre
  33. Pycnostachys stuhlmanniiGürke - central Africa
  34. Pycnostachys umbrosa(Vatke) Perkins - Kenya, Tanzania
  35. Pycnostachys urticifoliaHook. - southeastern Africa
  36. Pycnostachys verticillataBaker - Zambia, Tanzania
<i>Syncolostemon</i> Genus of flowering plants

Syncolostemon (sagebushes) is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1838. It is native primarily to South Africa, with some species in other parts of sub-Saharan Africa, plus one species in India.

  1. Syncolostemon albiflorus(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - Transvaal, Eswatini
  2. Syncolostemon argenteusN.E.Br. - KwaZulu-Natal
  3. Syncolostemon bolusii(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - KwaZulu-Natal
  4. Syncolostemon bracteosus(Benth.) D.F.Otieno - widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa
  5. Syncolostemon canescens(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Angola, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, South Africa
  6. Syncolostemon cinereum(Codd) D.F.Otieno & Retief - South Africa
  7. Syncolostemon comosus(Wight ex Benth.) D.F.Otieno - southern India
  8. Syncolostemon comptoniiCodd - Eswatini
  9. Syncolostemon concinnusN.E.Br. - Eswatini, South Africa
  10. Syncolostemon densiflorusBenth. - South Africa
  11. Syncolostemon elliottii(Baker) D.F.Otieno - Zimbabwe, Botswana, Transvaal
  12. Syncolostemon eriocephalusVerd. - Northern Province of South Africa
  13. Syncolostemon flabellifolius(S.Moore) A.J.Paton - Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique + Zimbabwe
  14. Syncolostemon floccosus(Launert) D.F.Otieno - Namibia
  15. Syncolostemon foliosus(S.Moore) D.F.Otieno - Eswatini, South Africa
  16. Syncolostemon gerrardii(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - South Africa
  17. Syncolostemon incanus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  18. Syncolostemon latidens(N.E.Br.) Codd - KwaZulu-Natal
  19. Syncolostemon linearis(Benth.) D.F.Otieno - Zimbabwe
  20. Syncolostemon macranthus(Gürke) Ashby - Drakensberg Mountains in South Africa
  21. Syncolostemon macrophyllusGürke - South Africa
  22. Syncolostemon madagascariensis(A.J.Paton & Hedge) D.F.Otieno - Madagascar
  23. Syncolostemon modestus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Eswatini, South Africa
  24. Syncolostemon namapaensisD.F.Otieno - Mozambique, Tanzania
  25. Syncolostemon obermeyerae(M.Ashby) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  26. Syncolostemon oritrephes(Wild) D.F.Otieno - Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique + Zimbabwe
  27. Syncolostemon ornatus(S.Moore) D.F.Otieno - Chimanimani Mountains of Zimbabwe
  28. Syncolostemon parviflorusE.Mey. ex Benth. - Eswatini, South Africa
  29. Syncolostemon parvifolius(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  30. Syncolostemon persimilis(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  31. Syncolostemon petiolatus(Ashby) D.F.Otieno - Eswatini, South Africa, Mozambique
  32. Syncolostemon pretoriae(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Eswatini, South Africa
  33. Syncolostemon punctatus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  34. Syncolostemon ramosus(Codd) D.F.Otieno - KwaZulu-Natal
  35. Syncolostemon ramulosusE.Mey. ex Benth. - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  36. Syncolostemon rehmannii(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  37. Syncolostemon rotundifoliusE.Mey. ex Benth. - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  38. Syncolostemon rugosifolius(M.Ashby) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  39. Syncolostemon stalmansii(A.J.Paton & K.Balkwill) D.F.Otieno - Mpumalanga, Eswatini
  40. Syncolostemon stenophyllus(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  41. Syncolostemon subvelutinus(Gürke) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  42. Syncolostemon teucriifolius(Hochst.) D.F.Otieno - Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa
  43. Syncolostemon thorncroftii(N.E.Br.) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  44. Syncolostemon transvaalensis(Schltr.) D.F.Otieno - Northern Province of South Africa
  45. Syncolostemon welwitschii(Rolfe) D.F.Otieno - Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola
<i>Tetradenia</i> Genus of flowering plants

Tetradenia is a genus of plants in the family Lamiaceae, first described in 1830. It is native to Africa, including Madagascar.

  1. Tetradenia bainesii(N.E.Br.) Phillipson & C.F.Steyn - Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Eswatini, KwaZulu-Natal
  2. Tetradenia barberae(N.E.Br.) Codd - Cape Province
  3. Tetradenia brevispicata(N.E.Br.) Codd - Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, Transvaal
  4. Tetradenia clementianaPhillipson - Madagascar
  5. Tetradenia cordataPhillipson - Madagascar
  6. Tetradenia discolorPhillipson - Zambia, Zaire, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Tanzania
  7. Tetradenia falafaPhillipson - Madagascar
  8. Tetradenia fruticosaBenth. - Madagascar
  9. Tetradenia galpinii(N.E.Br.) Phillipson & C.F.Steyn - southeast Africa from Tanzania to Eswatini
  10. Tetradenia goudotiiBriq. - Madagascar
  11. Tetradenia herbacea Phillipson - Madagascar
  12. Tetradenia hildeanaPhillipson - Madagascar
  13. Tetradenia isaloensisPhillipson - Madagascar
  14. Tetradenia kaokoensisvan Jaarsv. & A.E.van Wyk - Namibia
  15. Tetradenia multiflora(Benth.) Phillipson - Ethiopia
  16. Tetradenia nervosaCodd - Madagascar
  17. Tetradenia riparia(Hochst.) Codd - southern Africa from Angola + Malawi to Eswatini
  18. Tetradenia tanganyikaePhillipson - Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia
  19. Tetradenia tuberosaT.J.Edwards - KwaZulu-Natal
  20. Tetradenia urticifolia(Baker) Phillipson - eastern + central Africa from Sudan + Eritrea south to Zaire and Tanzania

Equilabium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. It was split off from the genus Plectranthus in 2018 as the result of a molecular phylogenetic study. Most species are native to Africa, with two found in the Indian subcontinent.

Achyrospermum is a genus in the family Lamiaceae. It contains 23 species and can be found across Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia.


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