Tithe Barn, Maidstone

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Tithe Barn, Maidstone
TypeBarn and stables
Location Maidstone
Coordinates 51°16′17″N0°31′20″E / 51.2713°N 0.5221°E / 51.2713; 0.5221
OS grid reference TQ 76032 55481
Area Kent
Built14th century
OwnerMaidstone Borough Council
Listed Building – Grade I
Official nameThe Tithe Barn
Designated30 Jul 1951
Reference no.1336233
Official nameTithe barn, Mill Street
Designated5 January 1927
Reference no.1005183
Kent UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Tithe Barn, Maidstone in Kent

The Tithe Barn in Maidstone, Kent, is a large two-storey stone building on the east side of Mill Street. It was constructed in the 14th century as a tithe barn for the nearby Archbishop's Palace and was later used as the palace's stables. Construction is attributed to Archbishop Courtenay, who died in 1396. [1] The barn is a Grade I listed building and a scheduled monument. [2] [3] It is home to the Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages.



External stair to jettied upper floor of porch MaidstoneCarriage0167.JPG
External stair to jettied upper floor of porch

The barn is constructed of roughly coursed rag-stone rubble walls in six buttressed bays. The west façade features a projecting two-storey half-timbered porch with stone ground floor construction and brick infilling at first floor level between the timber framing. The building has multiple doorways at both levels on the west façade with many small windows at high level and external stone steps leading up to the first floor of the porch. The tiled roof is of crown post construction and is hipped at both ends with a gable over the porch. [2]

Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages

Queen Victoria's state landau Queen Victoria's state landau.jpg
Queen Victoria's state landau

The Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages was established by Mayor of Maidstone, Garrard Tyrwhitt-Drake, who amassed the collection of horse-drawn vehicles in the first part of the 20th century. Concerned about the effect higher costs and lower incomes were having on the carriage owning classes, leading to thousands of examples being broken up every year, he determined to preserve a selection of, preferably coach-built, non-mechanically propelled vehicles. [1] The museum opened in 1946 and was the first carriage museum in Britain. Among its collection of 60 vehicles are sedan chairs, a hansom cab and Queen Victoria's state landau. [4] In addition to the main exhibits there is a collection of model coaches ranging from children's toys to a scale model of Oliver Cromwell's coach. [1]

The Museum is open from May to September each year on Wednesdays to Sundays and bank holidays. [4]

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 The Tyrwhitt-Drake Museum of Carriages. Corporation of Maidstone.
  2. 1 2 Historic England. "Archbishop's Stables, Carriage Museum, The Tithe Barn (1336233)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  3. Historic England. "Tithe Barn, Mill Street (1005183)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  4. 1 2 "Maidstone Carriage Museum". Maidstone Borough Council. 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017.