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Tolumnia velutina
Scientific classification

Synonyms [1]
  • OlgasisRaf.
  • XaritoniaRaf.
  • Antillanorchis(C.Wright ex Griseb.) Garay
  • HispaniellaBraem
  • JamaiciellaBraem
  • BraasiellaBraem, Lückel & Rüssmann
  • GudruniaBraem

Tolumnia Rafinesque (abbreviated Tolu. [2] ), is a genus in the family Orchidaceae. Previously known as the "equitant Oncidiums", the species were segregated from the mega-genus Oncidium by Guido Braem in 1986. The plants are small, usually epiphytic, with small or absent pseudobulbs completely covered by leaves, which are triangular or circular in cross section and overlap each other at base to resemble a fan. The inflorescences arise between the leaf base and bear colorful, showy flowers. The labella are large, ornamented by variously shaped calli. The column bears prominent wings flanking the stigma. Dancing-lady orchid is a common name for some species in this genus. [3]


The genus is primarily native to the Greater Antilles, with a few species extending into Florida, the Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Central America and northern South America (from Colombia to French Guiana). [1]


  1. Tolumnia acunae (M. A. Diaz) Nir, 2000 (synonym of : Tolumnia tuerckheimii (Cogn.) Braem, 1986 )
  2. Tolumnia arizajuliana (Withner & J.Jiménez Alm.) Ackerman, 1997
  3. Tolumnia bahamensis (Nash) Braem, 1986
  4. Tolumnia borinquensisSauleda & Ragan, 1996 (synonym of : Tolumnia variegata (Sw.) Braem, 1986 )
  5. Tolumnia calochila (Cogn.) Braem, 1986
  6. Tolumnia caymanensis(Moir) Braem, 1986 (synonym of : Tolumnia leiboldii (Rchb.f.) Braem, 1986 )
  7. Tolumnia compressicaulis (Withner) Braem, 1986
  8. Tolumnia gauntlettii (Withner & Jesup) Nir, 1994
  9. Tolumnia guianensis (Aubl.) Braem, 1986
  10. Tolumnia guibertiana (A.Rich.) Braem, 1986
  11. Tolumnia gundlachii (C.Wright ex Griseb.) N.H.Williams & Ackerman, 2007
  12. Tolumnia guttata (L.) Nir, 1994
  13. Tolumnia haitiensis (Leonard & Ames) Braem, 1986
  14. Tolumnia henekenii (Schomburgk ex Lindl.) Nir, 1994
  15. Tolumnia leiboldi (Rchb. f.) Braem, 1986
  16. Tolumnia lemoniana ssp. lemonianaBraem, 1986 (synonym of Tolumnia guianensis (Aubl.) Braem, 1986 )
  17. Tolumnia lucayana (Nash) Braem, 1986
  18. Tolumnia pulchella (Hook.) Rafinesque, 1837
  19. Tolumnia quadriloba (Schweinf.) Braem, 1986
  20. Tolumnia scandens (Moir) Braem, 1986
  21. Tolumnia sylvestris (Lindl.) Braem, 1986
  22. Tolumnia tetrapetala(Jacq.) Braem, 1986 (synonym of Tolumnia guttata (L.) Nir, 1994 )
  23. Tolumnia triquetra (Sw.) Nir, 1994
  24. Tolumnia tuerckheimii (Cogn.) Braem, 1986
  25. Tolumnia urophylla (Loddiges ex Lindl.) Braem, 1986
  26. Tolumnia usneoides (Lindl.) Braem, 1986
  27. Tolumnia variegata (Sw.) Braem, 1986
  28. Tolumnia velutina (Lindl. & Paxton) Braem, 1986

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  1. 1 2 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. Alphabetical List of Standard Abbreviations for Natural and Hybrid Generic Names, RHS, 2007.
  3. "Tolumnia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA . Retrieved 11 December 2015.