Trittame

Last updated

Trittame
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Barychelidae
Genus:Trittame
L. Koch, 1874 [1]
Type species
T. gracilis
L. Koch, 1874
Species

12, see text

Trittame is a genus of Australian brushed trapdoor spiders first described by L. Koch in 1874. [2]

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Barychelidae spider family

Barychelidae, also known as brushed trapdoor spiders, is a spider family with about 300 species in 42 genera. Most spiders in this family build trapdoor burrows. For example, the 20 millimetres (0.79 in) long Sipalolasma builds its burrow in rotted wood, with a hinged trapdoor at each end. The 10 millimetres (0.39 in) long Idioctis builds its burrow approximately 5 centimetres (2.0 in) deep, just below the high tide level, sealing the opening with a thin trapdoor.

Species

As of April 2019 it contains twelve species: [1]

Robert John Raven is an Australian arachnologist, being the Head of Terrestrial Biodiversity and the Senior Curator (Arachnida) at the Queensland Museum. Dr Raven has described many species of spider in Australia and elsewhere, and is spider bite consultant to the Royal Brisbane Hospital.

Type species term used in zoological nomenclature (also non-officially in botanical nomenclature)

In zoological nomenclature, a type species is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s). A similar concept is used for suprageneric groups called a type genus.

Related Research Articles

Dipluridae Family of spiders

The family Dipluridae, known as curtain-web spiders are a group of spiders in the infraorder Mygalomorphae, that have two pairs of booklungs, and chelicerae (fangs) that move up and down in a stabbing motion. A number of genera, including that of the Sydney funnel-web spider (Atrax), used to be classified in this family but have now been moved to Hexathelidae.

Miturgidae Family of spiders

Miturgidae is a family of araneomorph spiders that includes nearly 170 species in 29 genera worldwide. First described by Eugène Simon in 1886, it has been substantially revised, including of previous family "Zoridae" as subfamily "Zorinae" and excluding the family "Xenoctenidae". Several genera have also been removed, such as the large genus Cheiracanthium, which was transferred to the Eutichuridae.

Hexathelidae Family of spiders

Hexathelidae is a family of mygalomorph spiders. It is one of a number of families and genera of spiders known as funnel-web spiders. In 2018, the family was substantially reduced in size by genera being moved to three separate families: Atracidae, Macrothelidae and Porrhothelidae. Atracidae includes the most venomous species formerly placed in Hexathelidae.

<i>Hadronyche</i> Genus of spiders

Hadronyche is a genus of venomous Australian funnel-web spiders that was first described by L. Koch in 1873. Originally placed with the curtain web spiders, it was moved to the Hexathelidae in 1980, then to the Australian funnel-web spiders in 2018.

<i>Ocrisiona</i> Genus of spiders

Ocrisiona is a genus of jumping spiders that was first described by Eugène Louis Simon in 1901. O. frenata from Hong Kong belongs to a different, unspecified genus, according to Marek Żabka (1990). Eugene Simon places the genus Ocrisiona close to Holoplatys.

Nihoa is a genus of South Pacific brushed trapdoor spiders first described by Tracey Churchill & Robert Raven in 1992. It is named after the island Nihoa, where the type species is endemic.

Idiopidae Family of spiders

Idiopidae, also known as armored trapdoor spiders, is a family of mygalomorph spiders first described by Eugène Simon in 1889. They have a large body similar to tarantulas.

<i>Aname</i> genus of arachnids

The spider genus Aname is endemic to Australia, with one species found only on Tasmania. It contains the black wishbone spider, A. atra.

<i>Arbanitis</i> Genus of spiders

Arbanitis is a genus of Australian armored trapdoor spiders that was first described by Ludwig Carl Christian Koch in 1874.

<i>Cymbacha</i> genus of arachnids

Cymbacha is a genus of crab spiders first described by Ludwig Carl Christian Koch in 1874. They are endemic to Australia and several other Oceanic countries.

Idioctis is a genus of brushed trapdoor spiders that was first described by L. Koch in 1874.

Mandjelia is a genus of South Pacific brushed trapdoor spiders first described by Robert Raven in 1994.

Ozicrypta is a genus of Australian brushed trapdoor spiders first described by Robert Raven in 1994.

Zophorame is a genus of Australian brushed trapdoor spiders first described by Robert Raven in 1990.

<i>Nyssus</i> Genus of spiders

Nyssus is a genus of corinnid sac spiders first described by Charles Athanase Walckenaer in 1805.

<i>Tharrhalea</i> genus of arachnids

Tharrhalea is a genus of crab spiders first described in 1875 by Ludwig Carl Christian Koch.

Bomis is a genus of crab spiders first described by Ludwig Carl Christian Koch in 1874.

References

  1. 1 2 "Gen. Trittame L. Koch, 1874". World Spider Catalog Version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern. 2019. doi:10.24436/2 . Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  2. Koch, L. (1874). Die Arachniden Australiens.