Under-Secretary of State for India

Last updated

This is a list of Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State and Permanent Under-Secretaries of State at the India Office during the period of British rule between 1858 and 1937 for India(and Burma by extension), and for India and Burma from 1937 to 1948.


The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State was a ministerial position and the Permanent Under-Secretary of State was a civil service position.

Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State for India, 1858–1937

PortraitNameTerm of office
No image.svg Henry Baillie 18581859
1stEarlOfNorthbrooke.jpg Hon. Thomas Baring 18591861
George Robinson 1st Marquess of Ripon.jpg The Earl de Grey 18611861
1stEarlOfNorthbrooke.jpg Hon. Thomas Baring 18611864
1st Earl of Kimberley 1868.jpg The Lord Wodehouse 18641864
Lord Dufferin.jpg The Lord Dufferin and Clandeboye 18641866
James Stansfeld.JPG James Stansfeld 18661866
Sir James Fergusson.jpg Sir James Fergusson, Bt 18661867
CharlesHenryRolle Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis (1834-1904) 20thBaronClinton LarkbeareHouse Exeter.jpg The Lord Clinton 18671868
Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff.jpg M. E. Grant Duff 18681874
Lord George Hamilton.JPG Lord George Hamilton 18741878
Edward Stanhope.jpg Hon. Edward Stanhope 18781880
Marquess of Lansdowne.jpg The Marquess of Lansdowne 18801880
Viscount Enfield Vanity Fair 14 September 1872.jpg Viscount Enfield 18801883
J-k-cross-1880.jpg John Kynaston Cross 18831885
George Robert Canning Harris, 4th Baron Harris, GCSI, GCIE (1851-1932) (cropped).jpg The Lord Harris 18851886
Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth Vanity Fair 18 August 1904.jpg Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, Bt 18861886
No image.svg Stafford Howard 18861886
John Eldon Gorst.jpg Sir John Eldon Gorst 18861891
George Curzon2.jpg Hon. George Curzon 18911892
Picture of George W. E. Russell.jpg George W. E. Russell 18921894
Donald James Mackay Lord Reay.jpg The Lord Reay 18941895
4thEarlOfOnslow.jpg The Earl of Onslow 18951900
6th Earl of Hardwicke.png The Earl of Hardwicke 19001902
Henry Percy, Earl Percy Vanity Fair 2 September 1897.jpg Earl Percy 19021904
No image.svg Vacant19041904
Marquess of Bath Vanity Fair 1896-04-23.jpg The Marquess of Bath 19041905
John Ellis (Rushcliffe).jpg John Ellis 19051907
Charles Hobhouse.jpg Charles Hobhouse 19071908
Thomas Buchanan.jpg Thomas Buchanan 19081909
Lord Murray of Elibank - Bain Collection.jpg The Master of Elibank 19091910
Montagu cropped.jpg Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu 19101914
1910 Charles Roberts MP.jpg Charles Henry Roberts 19141915
Lord Islington.JPG The Lord Islington 19151919
The Lord Sinha 19191920
2ndEarlOfLytton.jpg The Earl of Lytton 19201922
Winterton6.JPG The Earl Winterton 19221924
No image.svg Robert Richards 19241924
Winterton6.JPG The Earl Winterton 19241929
Drummond Shiels 19291929
The Earl Russell 19291931
Harry Snell.JPG The Lord Snell 19311931
No image.svg Vacant19311931
The Marquess of Lothian 19311932
RA Butler cropped.png Rab Butler 19321937

Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State for India and Burma, 1937–1948

PortraitNameTerm of officePolitical party
Lord Stanley
MP for Fylde
19371938 Conservative
No image.svg Anthony Muirhead
MP for Wells
19381939† Conservative
No image.svg Hugh O'Neill
MP for Antrim
19391940 Ulster Unionist
The Duke of Devonshire 19401943 Conservative
No image.svg The Earl of Munster 19431944 Conservative
The Earl of Listowel 19441945 Labour
The Earl of Scarbrough 19451945 Conservative
Arthur Henderson
MP for Kingswinford
19451947 Labour

Permanent Under-Secretaries of State for India, 1858–1937

PortraitNameTerm of office
No image.svg Sir George Russell Clerk 18581860
No image.svg Herman Merivale 18601874
No image.svg Sir Louis Mallet 18741883
No image.svg Sir Arthur Godley 18831909
No image.svg Sir Richmond Ritchie 19091912
No image.svg Sir Thomas Holderness 19121920
No image.svg Sir William Duke 19201924
No image.svg Sir Arthur Hirtzel 19241930
No image.svg Sir Findlater Stewart 19301937

Permanent Under-Secretaries of State for India and Burma, 1937–1948

Term of office
No image.svg Sir Findlater Stewart
Sir David Taylor Monteath.jpg Sir David Monteath

See also

History of English and British government departments with responsibility for foreign affairs
and those with responsibility for the colonies, dominions and the Commonwealth
Northern Department
Foreign Office
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Southern Department
Colonial Office
Home Office
War Office
War and Colonial Office
Colonial Office
Colonial Office
Commonwealth Office
Southern Department
Dominions Office
Commonwealth Relations Office
. India Office
India Office
Burma Office

Related Research Articles

Politics of Myanmar Political system of Myanmar

Myanmar is a unitary parliamentary republic under its constitution of 2008. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Myanmar an "authoritarian regime" in 2019. The military of Burma holds a large amount of power in the government, despite the end of the last Burmese military dictatorship.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs United Kingdom government cabinet minister heading the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, also referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior Minister of the Crown within the Government of the United Kingdom, and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. As one of the four Great Offices of State, the Foreign Secretary is a senior member of the British Cabinet.

Secretary of State for India Former cabinet-level position in British government

His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for India, known for short as the India Secretary or the Indian Secretary, was the British Cabinet minister and the political head of the India Office responsible for the governance of the British Indian Empire, Aden, and Burma. The post was created in 1858 when the East India Company's rule in Bengal ended and India, except for the Princely States, was brought under the direct administration of the government in Whitehall in London, beginning the official colonial period under the British Empire.

Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system. In some countries a ’Minister of State’ is a junior minister, who is assigned to assist a specific cabinet minister. In other countries a ’Minister of State’ is a holder of a more senior position, such as a cabinet minister or even a head of government.

A parliamentary secretary is a member of the Parliament in the Westminster system who assists a more senior minister with their duties. In several countries the position has been re-designated as assistant minister.

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State junior minister in the government of the United Kingdom

A Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State is the lowest of three tiers of government minister in the government of the United Kingdom, immediately junior to a Minister of State, which is itself junior to a Secretary of State.

A permanent secretary is the most senior civil servant of a ministry in the United Kingdom, charged with running the department on a day-to-day basis. Similar offices, often employing different terms, exist in many other Westminster-style systems and in some other governments.

Monique Landry, is a Canadian former politician.

A Private Secretary (PS) is a civil servant in a governmental department or ministry, responsible to a secretary of state or minister.

India Office

The India Office was a British government department established in London in 1858 to oversee the administration, through a Viceroy and other officials, of the Provinces of British India. These territories comprised most of the modern-day nations of Bangladesh, Burma, India, and Pakistan, as well as Aden and other territories around the Indian Ocean. The department was headed by the Secretary of State for India, a member of the British cabinet, who was formally advised by the Council of India.

William Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel British earl, politician, military intelligence officer

William Francis Hare, 5th Earl of Listowel,, styled Viscount Ennismore between 1924 and 1931, was an Anglo-Irish peer and Labour politician. He was the last Secretary of State for India as well as the last Governor-General of Ghana.

In the British Civil Service and Australian Public Service the Principal Private Secretary is the civil servant who runs a cabinet minister's private office. Persons holding this office in New Zealand go by the title Senior Private Secretary. The role can be a political appointment or a civil service position.

Sir Richmond Thackeray Willoughby Ritchie was a British civil servant. He spent most of his working life at the India Office, reaching the post of Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India.

David Monteath British colonial administrator

Sir David Taylor Monteath was a British civil servant, working at the India Office in London, who was the last Permanent Under Secretary of State for India and Burma before independence meant that the post was no longer required.

Presidencies and provinces of British India Administrative divisions of British governance in India between 1612 AD and 1947 AD

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in India. Collectively, they were called British India. In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods:

British rule in Burma Historical time period

British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the successive three Anglo-Burmese wars through the creation of Burma as a Province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony, and finally independence. The region under British control was known as British Burma. Various portions of Burmese territories, including Arakan or Tenasserim were annexed by the British after their victory in the First Anglo-Burmese War; Lower Burma was annexed in 1852 after the Second Anglo-Burmese War. The annexed territories were designated the minor province, British Burma, of British India in 1862.

An undersecretary is an executive government official in many countries, frequently a career public servant, who typically acts as a senior administrator or second-in-command to a politically appointed cabinet minister or other government official. The title is used in many different political systems.

The Minister of Tourism is the head of the governmental department that specializes in tourism, recreation and/or culture.

Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony John Muirhead MC & Bar TD was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He was elected at the 1929 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for Wells in Somerset, and held the seat until his death in 1939, aged 48.

Burma Office

The Burma Office was a British government department created in 1937 to oversee the administration of Burma. The department was headed until 1947 by the Secretary of State for India and Burma, a member of the British cabinet, and then for a few months until January 1948 by the Secretary of State for Burma.