Universities in Bangladesh represent about 150 academic bodies of the conventional higher education institution (HEI) in Bangladesh. Segmented by management and financial structure, these include 43 public universities, 103 private universities, 2 international universities, 31 specialized colleges, and 2 special universities. There are specialized universities in both categories offering courses principally in technological studies, medical studies, business studies and Islamic studies. There are two private universities dedicated solely to female students. The number of universities is growing mostly in and around the capital city of Dhaka.
There are about 1688colleges organized under the umbrella of Bangladesh National University — one of the largest in the world. The Open University offers distance learning courses. There is a parallel religious high-ed education system.
The University Grants Commission of Bangladesh (UGC) is the regulatory body of all the public (government funded) and private universities of Bangladesh. The Private University Act of 1992 paved the way for vigorous sprouting of private universities. 80% of its universities are in their infancy. There is a severed shortage in higher education capacity. The country is yet to have any research and education network (REN) or digital library consortium (DLC).
Bangladesh has 45 public universities instructing the bulk of higher studies students. They that are funded by the government and managed as self-governed government institutions.
(Most of following text is a decade old, and mostly misleading.)
There has been much criticism and controversial issues around public universities in Bangladesh. Public universities had become places of political unrest and agitation.12 of the public universities were reported to employ 1,994 unauthorized faculty and staff, resulting an annual overspend of 159,467,000 Bangladeshi taka borne by the government. All were warned by the UGC and apparently failed to respond to the warning. Student unrest has resulted in session jams and delays in holding examinations. During the presidency of Hossain Mohammad Ershad (1982–90) seven to eight years were being required to complete four-year courses.
Private universities in Bangladesh came into being after institution of the Private University Act of 1992. As of 2019, over 103 of them had started. These universities follow an open credit system.
There has been much controversy around the private universities and their practices. Eleven universities went operational without a UGC approval which was made a necessity under the Private University Act (1992). Twenty-seven private universities were found running without a vice-chancellor. Ten universities were issued a deadline of one year from the UGC to improve qualities. Eight universities the UGC of Bangladesh recommended for shutting down due to poor quality of academic standards. Some were served with show-cause notice by judicial authorities asking why it would not be closed down. At least eleven private universities introduced new academic courses without UGC approval. Others were found to deliver instructions in unauthorized courses and have illegal campuses.
A diploma mill is a company or organization that claims to be a higher education institution but provides illegitimate academic degrees and diplomas for a fee. These degrees may claim to give credit for relevant life experience, but should not be confused with legitimate prior learning assessment programs. They may also claim to evaluate work history or require submission of a thesis or dissertation for evaluation to give an appearance of authenticity. Diploma mills are frequently supported by accreditation mills, set up for the purpose of providing an appearance of authenticity. The term may also be used pejoratively to describe an accredited institution with low academic admission standards and a low job placement rate. An individual may or may not be aware that the degree they have obtained is not wholly legitimate. In either case, legal issues can arise if the qualification is used in résumés.
Deemed university, or deemed-to-be-university, is an accreditation granted to higher educational institutions in India, conferring the status of a university. It is granted by the Department of Higher Education. To quote the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), "An Institution of Higher Education, other than universities, working at a very high standard in specific area of study, can be declared by the Central Government on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC), as an Institution 'Deemed-to-be-university'. Institutions that are 'deemed-to-be-university' enjoy the academic status and privileges of a university."
The University of Rajshahi, also known as Rajshahi University or RU (Bengali: রাজশাহী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়. The university's 60 departments are organised into ten faculties. Rajshahi University is in a 305-hectare campus in Motihar, 3 kilometres from the Rajshahi city centre. With 33,000 students and close to 1000 academic staff, it is one of the largest universities in Bangladesh.
Private universities are usually not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grants. Depending on their location, private universities may be subject to government regulation. This is in contrast to public universities and national universities. Many private universities are nonprofit organizations.
The University Grants Commission of India is a statutory body set up by the Government of India in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of Education, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education. It provides recognition to universities in India, and disbursements of funds to such recognized universities and colleges. The headquarters are in New Delhi, and it has six regional centres in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bangalore. A proposal to replace it with another new regulatory body called HECI is under consideration by the Government of India.
The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is a statutory body, and a national-level council for technical education, under the Department of Higher Education. Established in November 1945 first as an advisory body and later on in 1987 given statutory status by an Act of Parliament, AICTE is responsible for proper planning and coordinated development of the technical education and management education system in India.
The International Islamic University Chittagong (IIUC) is a private university in Bangladesh. It was founded in 1995 under the Private Universities Act of 1992. Islamic University Chittagong Trust (IUCT) is the founder organization of this university.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) of Bangladesh was established on 16 December 1972. It was created according to the Presidential Order of the Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh. In 2010, the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) announced bringing out reforms in University Grants Commission (UGC) and decided to change UGC into Higher Education Commission of Bangladesh (HEC).
Southern University Bangladesh or (Southern) is a non-government university in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Southern was established as an Institute in 1998. Under the non-government University Act.The University Initiate & established by Prof. Sarwar Jahan in the year 2002 and got the approval from the Ministry of Education. Southern University is accredited by the University Grants Commission Bangladeshis the highest controlling authority for Government and Non-Government Universities in Bangladesh.
Savar is an upazila of Dhaka District in the Division of Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is located at a distance of about 24 kilometres (15 mi) to the northwest of Dhaka city. Savar is mostly famous for Jatiyo Smriti Soudho, the National Monument for the Martyrs of the Liberation War of Bangladesh.
World University of Bangladesh often abbreviated as (WUB) is a private university in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The main campus is situated at 3/A, Road # 4, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh. The university will soon move to its permanent campus at Plot # 5-8, Avenue # 6 Lake Drive Road, Sector# 17/H Uttara Dhaka -1230, Bangladesh.
Bangladesh University of Business and Technology or BUBT is a private university in Bangladesh, located in Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The university was established under the Private University Act 1992. BUBT is regulated by the Bangladesh University Grants Commission (UGC).
Metropolitan University or MU is a private university in Sylhet and was established in 2003 by a social worker, Toufique Rahman Chowdhury with the approval of the Ministry of Education under the Private University Act, 1992.
Gono University or গণ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় is a private university in Savar, Bangladesh which was established on 14 July 1998. It is now operating their academic and administrating activity on their permanent campus at Nalam, Savar, Dhaka. It was approved by University Grants Commission (UGC) on 1998. As of 2005, it also introduced new academic courses without UGC approval.
Higher education accreditation is a type of quality assurance process under which services and operations of post-secondary educational institutions or programs are evaluated by an external body to determine if applicable standards are met. If standards are met, accredited status is granted by the agency.
Higher education in Sri Lanka is an optional final stage of formal learning following secondary education. Higher education, also referred to as tertiary education occurs most commonly universities or degree-granting institutions. These may be public universities, public and private degree-granting institutions which award their own degrees or degrees from foreign universities. High visibility issues include limited capacity of public universities to cater for the demand and opposition to private universities from certain segments.
Notre Dame University Bangladesh or NDUB is a private Catholic university in Bangladesh. Located in Motijheel, Dhaka, the university was founded by the Congregation of Holy Cross in 2013. After receiving approval from the Ministry of Education, the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, and University Grants Commission (UGC), Notre Dame University Bangladesh commenced its academic activities in the fall of 2014.