University of Maryland School of Dentistry

Last updated
University of Maryland School of Dentistry
(Baltimore College of Dental Surgery)
Dentalschoollogo.png
Established1840;181 years ago (1840)
Dean Mark A. Reynolds, DDS, PhD
Location,
MD
,
39°17′22″N76°37′31″W / 39.28944°N 76.62528°W / 39.28944; -76.62528 Coordinates: 39°17′22″N76°37′31″W / 39.28944°N 76.62528°W / 39.28944; -76.62528
Website dental.umaryland.edu
The University of Maryland School of Dentistry MarylandDentalSchool.jpg
The University of Maryland School of Dentistry

The University of Maryland School of Dentistry is the dental school of the University System of Maryland. It was founded as an independent institution, the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, in 1840 and was the birthplace of the Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) degree. It is known as the first dental college in the world. [1] [2] It is headquartered at the University of Maryland, Baltimore campus. It is the only dental school in Maryland.

Contents

History

Related history: Harvard School of Dental Medicine > History

The Baltimore College of Dental Surgery (BCDS) was chartered by an act of the General Assembly of Maryland (state legislature) in 1840. Its co-founders, Doctors Horace H. Hayden and Chapin A. Harris have been both inducted in the Pierre Fauchard Academy Hall of Fame. [3] [4] Dr. Harris was the school's first dean and a professor of practical dentistry. Following the death of Dr. Hayden on January 25, 1844, he became the school's second president. The College is still in existence today and is part of the University of Maryland, Baltimore as one of its five professional graduate level schools.

The establishment of the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery is seen as one of the three crucial steps in the foundation of the dental profession in the United States and the world.

A true profession is built upon a tripod: a formal organization, formal professional education, and a formal scientific literature. The United States was the leader in all three. In 1839-1840, the American Society of Dental Surgeons was organized, the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery was established, and the first dental journal in the world, the American Journal of Dental Science, was founded. At that time there were only about three hundred trained and scientific dentists in the entire country; the rest were relatively untrained operators, outright quacks, or charlatans. In 1898, a list of the first subscribers to the first journal was discovered and published by G.V. Black. These initial subscribers may be considered the core group of truly professional American dentists. They became the leaders of the newly born profession of dentistry. [1] [2]

Today, the University of Maryland School of Dentistry enjoys one of the most advanced dental education facilities in the world. [5] The new 12-story building on West Fayette Street on the westside of downtown Baltimore was completed in October 2006. The structure replaced a previous building on the site that was only three decades old. The total cost for the new establishment amounted to over $140 million dollars, the highest amount ever spent on an academic building by the State of Maryland. [5]

Alumni

Faculty members of the dental department in 1904 Bones, molars, and briefs (1904) (14759887276).jpg
Faculty members of the dental department in 1904

Related Research Articles

Dentistry Branch of medicine

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Chapin A. Harris

Chapin Aaron HarrisA.M., MD, D.D.S. was an American physician and dentist and dentistry school founder.

Pierre Fauchard French dentist (1679–1761)

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The American Society of Dental Surgeons (ASDS) was the first national dental organization formed in the United States of America. The formation of the ASDS was preceded by the formation of the Society of Dental Surgeons of the City and State of New York when fifteen dentists came together in New York City on December 3, 1834. Six years later, at a meeting at the home of Solyman Brown B.A., M.A., M.D., D.D.S. at 17 Park Place in New York City, on August 10, 1840, Chapin A. Harris in a motion that "resolved that a National Society be formed." was instrumental in its creation.

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John Hyson

John Miller Hyson, Jr. was the former curator, director of curatorial services, and director of archives and history at the National Museum of Dentistry, an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution located in Baltimore, Maryland. He was also the author of many articles and books on the history of dentistry and was a practicing dentist for nearly 50 years.

Florence Kenyon Hayden Rector (1882–1973) is known as the first licensed female architect in the state of Ohio, entering Ohio State University in 1901. She was also the only female architect practicing in central Ohio between 1900 and 1930. She never completed her degree but finished at least two years. Even with that being true she was still able to prove herself a successful architect. She was born in 1882 in St. Louis, and died on May 19, 1973, in Columbus. Even without her degree Rector was employed teaching architecture at Ohio State from 1905 to 1907.

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Gillette Hayden Pioneering dentist and periodontist

Dr. Gillette Hayden was a pioneering dentist and periodontist in the early 20th century. She was a founder of the American Academy of Periodontology and served as the first female President of the organization in 1916. Dr. Hayden graduated from the Ohio Medical University, which later became the Ohio State University College of Dentistry, in 1902. She was the third woman to graduate from the Ohio Medical University. Dr. Hayden was born on March 2, 1880, in Greenville, Florida, and died in 1929 in Columbus at age 49 at her home at 870 Franklin Avenue.

Horace H. Hayden

Horace Henry Hayden D.D.S. was the first licensed American dentist and dentistry school founder.

Solyman Brown

Solyman Brown, was a dentist in 19th century known for his role in creating the first dental school, the first US National Dental Society and the first US Dental Journal. He was also known as a poet of dentistry.

Eleazar Parmly was an American dentist in New York City during the early 1800s. He was the first Provost of The University of Maryland School of Dentistry, the first dental school established in the United States. He was the third of five brothers and his three brothers also pursued careers in dentistry.

The Pierre Fauchard Academy is a volunteer-run, non-profit dental organization that was founded by Elmer S. Best, a dentist from Minnesota in 1936. The objective is the independence from commercial interests in dental research and its publications. Elmer Best endeavored to raise the professional standards. The Academy is named after Pierre Fauchard (1678-1761), a French dentist who is considered the "Father of modern dentistry". Fauchard wrote a book entitled Le Chirurgien dentiste, ou Traité des dents, the first dental textbook of modern times.

Rafiuddin Ahmed was an Indian dentist, educator and later minister in the West Bengal cabinet, who founded the first dental college of India, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, later named 'The Calcutta Dental College', where he remained its principal until 1950. He established the Indian Dental Journal in 1925, and played a key role in founding the Bengal Dentist Act in 1939. In 1946, he established The Bengal Dental Association which was then renamed as the Indian Dental Association. The Government of India awarded him the Padma Bhushan in 1964.

Henry Willis Baxley was an American physician who helped to found the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery in 1839. This college has been variously described as the first dental college in the United States, in the world, and in North America.

References

  1. 1 2 Ring ME. (2005). "Founders of a profession: the original subscribers to the first dental journal in the world". J Am Coll Dent. 72 (2): 20–5. PMID   16350927.
  2. 1 2 McCauley HB. (2003). "The first dental college: emergence of dentistry as an autonomous profession". J Hist Dent. 51 (1): 41–5. PMID   12641173.
  3. Dr. Horace Henry Hayden, Baltimore, Maryland 1769-1844 - Pierre Fauchard Academy
  4. Dr. Chapin A. Harris, Baltimore, Maryland 1806-1860 Archived 2006-09-25 at the Wayback Machine - Pierre Fauchard Academy
  5. 1 2 "University of Maryland Dental School About Us". Dental.umaryland.edu. Retrieved 2013-07-27.