Valga, Estonia

Last updated
Valga
Valga2015dec.jpg
Valga Town Hall, Jaani (St. John´s) Church and Railway Station
Flag of et-Valga.svg
Flag
Valga coat of arms.svg
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
1 linn, 2 riiki (1 city, 2 countries)
Estonia adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Valga
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 57°47′N26°02′E / 57.783°N 26.033°E / 57.783; 26.033 Coordinates: 57°47′N26°02′E / 57.783°N 26.033°E / 57.783; 26.033
Country Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia
County Valgamaa lipp.svg Valga
First mention1286
Government
  MayorKalev Härk (Social Democratic Party)
Area
   Town 16.54 km2 (6.39 sq mi)
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
(2017)
   Town 12,992
  Rank 11th
  Density790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
   Metro
in Valga-Valka 19,500
Ethnicity
   Estonians 64.3%
   Russians 26.3%
  other9.1%
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
68230
Area code(s) (+372) 76
Vehicle registration G
Website www.valgalv.ee

Valga (German : Walk) is a town in southern Estonia and the capital of Valga County. Until their separation in 1920, Valga and the town of Valka in northern Latvia were one town. They are now twin-towns. The area of Valga is 16.5 square kilometres (6.4 square miles) and that of Valka is 14.2 km2 (5.5 sq mi). Their populations are respectively 12,261 and 6,164. On 21 December 2007 all border-crossing points were removed and roads and fences opened between the two countries with both countries joining the Schengen Agreement.

Contents

Location and Transport

The distance to Tartu is 89 km (55 mi), Pärnu 144 km (89 mi), Tallinn 245 km (152 mi), Riga 175 km (109 mi) and Pskov 170 km (106 mi).

Valga is situated at the junction of roads and railways.

The HummuliTartuRiga railway is connected via Tapa with the Tallinn–NarvaSt Petersburg main line. After closing April 2008 for extensive repair work Edelaraudtee railway services from other parts of Estonia to Valga re-opened in January 2010. [1] [2] From 1 January 2014 all domestic train services in Estonia are operated by Elron who runs three services a day from Valga to Tartu. The journeys either operate as through services to Tallinn or have a connection available at Tartu. The journey to Tartu takes around one hour and 15 minutes. [3]

Valga is also an international railway junction; since April 2008 three daily trains operated by Pasažieru Vilciens from Riga which previously terminated at Lugaži have been extended across the border to Valga. The journey time to Riga is between 3h12m and 3h30m. [4]

With the expansion of the Schengen Agreement and the abolition of systematic border controls between Estonia and Latvia, it was announced that common public bus transport would be launched between Valga and Valka. [5]

During the Cold War, Valga was home to Valga air base.

Activity

Since 1944, a local newspaper, "Valgamaalane", has been published (3 times a week). Since 2003, there has also been a local newspaper "Walk" (in the Russian language). There also is a local correspondence office of Estonian Television (Eesti Televisioon) and a local radio – "Raadio Ruut".

Valga has concluded several cooperation agreements. The nearest is an agreement (from the year 1995) with the neighbouring town of Valka. There are also cooperation agreements with Oakland, Maryland [6] (US) and Östhammar Municipality (Sweden). There are long-term friendly relations with Hallsberg Municipality in Sweden and the towns of Lübz in Germany and Tornio in Finland.

Valga is developing quickly. Since 1996, the populace's quality of life has improved due to the renovation of several buildings, including the Central Library, Valga Stadium, the Museum, Valga Hospital, and the Culture and Hobby Centre. Step by step, the schools and kindergartens are also being modernized. Since 2003, a new water treatment plant has improved the quality of water in the town.

In the private sector, there have been extensive investments in trade, light industry, and forestry.

Population

Population change

Year18811897192219341959197019791989200020112017
Population4,20010,9009,50010,80013,30017,00018,50017,70014,32312,26112,452

Ethnic groups

Population of Valga by nationality
Nationality2000 census2011 census [7]
Number%Number%
Estonians 8,97062.637,88664.32
Russians 3,91327.323,22426.30
Ukrainians 4212.943863.15
Latvians 3342.332622.14
Belarusians 2111.471561.27
Total14,32312,261

Languages

Population of Valga by first language
Language2000 census [8] 2011 census [7]
Number%Number%
Estonian 8,77261.247,57361.77
Russian 4,74433.124,11333.55
Latvian 2591.811911.56
Ukrainian 1921.341591.30
Belarusian 750.52230.19
Total14,32312,261

Sports

Valga is home to several notable Estonian sports teams.

Warrior Valga, is a football club that currently plays in the III liiga. Warrior Valga played in the Meistriliiga from 2003–2006.

Valga, is a basketball club that currently plays in the Estonian top-tier Korvpalli Meistriliiga and the Baltic Basketball League.

Climate

Valga lies within the temperate humid continental climate zone.

Climate data for Valga (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)10.1
(50.2)
10.9
(51.6)
18.4
(65.1)
27.4
(81.3)
30.7
(87.3)
32.1
(89.8)
34.4
(93.9)
34.3
(93.7)
29.5
(85.1)
21.4
(70.5)
12.9
(55.2)
11.9
(53.4)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F)−1.9
(28.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.4
(38.1)
11.3
(52.3)
17.8
(64.0)
20.8
(69.4)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
15.9
(60.6)
9.7
(49.5)
2.9
(37.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
10.2
(50.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.4
(24.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.7
(42.3)
11.7
(53.1)
15.2
(59.4)
17.6
(63.7)
16.1
(61.0)
10.9
(51.6)
6.0
(42.8)
0.5
(32.9)
−3.2
(26.2)
5.9
(42.6)
Average low °C (°F)−7.1
(19.2)
−8.3
(17.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.7
(33.3)
5.6
(42.1)
9.8
(49.6)
12.2
(54.0)
11.2
(52.2)
6.8
(44.2)
2.9
(37.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.8
(35.2)
Record low °C (°F)−34.8
(−30.6)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−11.1
(12.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.1
(32.2)
3.1
(37.6)
1.8
(35.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
−21
(−6)
−30.1
(−22.2)
−35.6
(−32.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)56
(2.2)
40
(1.6)
42
(1.7)
33
(1.3)
53
(2.1)
83
(3.3)
68
(2.7)
85
(3.3)
59
(2.3)
72
(2.8)
57
(2.2)
56
(2.2)
708
(27.9)
Average relative humidity (%)88868072697477818588909082
Source: Estonian Weather Service [9] [10] [11]

History

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Valga, Estonia is twinned with: [12]

City Twins Association

Valga is a founding member of City Twins Association that was founded in Imatra, Finland on 13.12.2006. In addition to sister towns, Valga has a cooperation through the association with following cities: [13]

Cooperation without any formal agreement

References

Notes
  1. "Taasavatud Tartu-Valga rongiliini esimene sõit osutus ülipopulaarseks" (in Estonian). tartupostimees.ee. 30 December 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  2. Juhan Tere (15 December 2009). "Tartu-Valga train connection to get relaunched from January". The Baltic Course. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  3. "Sõiduplaan - Elron". pilet.elron.ee. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Establishment of common public bus transport (Presentation)" (PDF). euregio-heltal.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.[ permanent dead link ]
  6. "Partner Cities Program". Estonia.usembassy.gov. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-06.
  7. 1 2 "Ethnic nationality. Mother tongue and command of foreign languages. Dialects". pub.stat.ee. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  8. "Ethnic nationality. Mother tongue. Command of foreign languages". pub.stat.ee. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  9. "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  10. "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  11. "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  12. "Valga". Valga. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
  13. "Valga". Valga. Retrieved 25 February 2016.