|Yang di-Pertuan Agong VI|
Al-Sultan of Kelantan
|Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Reign||21 September 1975 – 29 March 1979|
|Installation||28 February 1976|
|Predecessor||Sultan Abdul Halim|
|Successor||Sultan Ahmad Shah|
|Sultan of Kelantan|
|Reign||10 December 1960 – 29 March 1979|
|Coronation||17 July 1961|
|Successor||Sultan Ismail Petra|
|Born||10 December 1917|
Istana Kota Lama, Sungai Kelantan, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Unfederated Malay States, British Malaya
|Died||29 March 1979 61) (aged|
Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
|Burial||30 March 1979|
(m. 1939;died 1979)
|Issue||Tengku Merjan |
Tengku Ismail Petra
Tengku Muhammad Petra
|Father||Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV|
|Mother||Cik Puan Besar Embong Binti Daud|
Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim, GCMG, (Jawi:z سلطان يحي ڤيترا ابن المرحوم سلطان إبراهيم;z10 December 1917 – 29 March 1979) was the sixth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia from 21 September 1975 to his death, and twelfth (by some reckoning tenth) Sultan of Kelantan (1960–1979).
Jawi is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head or the King, is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected monarch as head of state. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is one of the few elected monarchs in the world.
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of federal government. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species.
He was born Tengku Yahya Petra at Istana Kota Lama, Sungai Kelantan, in Kota Bharu. He was the second son of Sultan Ibrahim ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV (b. 1897; reigned 1944–1960) by his third wife, Cik Embong binti Encik Daud (1899–1971), who was later promoted to the style Che Ampuan Besar by her son.
Kota Bharu is a city in Malaysia that serves as the state capital and royal seat of Kelantan. It is also the name of the territory (jajahan) or district in which Kota Bharu City is situated. The name means 'new city' or 'new castle/fort' in Malay. Kota Bharu is situated in the northeastern part of Peninsular Malaysia, and lies near the mouth of the Kelantan River at. The northeastern Malaysian city is close to the Thailand border.
Sultan Ibrahim ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV,, was the Sultan of Kelantan from 1944 to 1960.
The young Tengku Yahya Petra was raised by his childless uncle, Tengku Ismail, later Sultan Ismail ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV. He was sent to the Francis Light School in Penang before continuing his studies in England. His uncle, Sultan Ismail, appointed him Tengku Temenggong on 21 July 1939. He was later promoted to Tengku Bendahara on 6 February 1945 by his father, then Sultan Ibrahim. He served in various Kelantan civil service posts from 1941 to 1948.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait. It has two parts: Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai on the Malay Peninsula. The second smallest Malaysian state by land mass, Penang is bordered by Kedah to the north and the east, and Perak to the south. Currently, Penang is home to Southeast Asia's Longest bridge connecting the island to mainland.
Tengku Indra Petra was the eldest son of Sultan Ibrahim and elder brother of Tengku Yahya Petra. After Sultan Ibrahim succeeded his childless brother Sultan Ismail, Tengku Indra Petra had been appointed heir apparent with the title of Raja Muda on 25 October 1944. However, due to conflict with his father, he was dismissed from the post and removed from the line of succession by his father's decree on 1 February 1948. On the same day, Tengku Yahya Petra replaced his brother as heir apparent with the new title of Tengku Mahkota.
Tengku Indra Petra became a politician and was elected a Member of Parliament (MP) in the first federal legislative election of 1955. Tengku Indra's descendants have since disputed their family's exclusion from the line succession of the Kelantan throne.
Tengku Indra Petra did not preside over the installation of Sultan Yahya Petra's successor, Sultan Ismail Petra, It was Tengku Panglima Raja Tengku Ahmad who presided over both installations of Sultan Yahya Petra and Sultan Ismail Petra. Tengku Panglima Raja is the father of the former Sultanah of Johor, Sultanah Zanariah binti Tengku Ahmad.
Sultan Yahya Petra (as he became) succeeded his father a day after the latter's death on 9 July 1960. He was crowned on 17 July 1961 at Istana Balai Besar in Kota Bharu.
Sultan Yahya Petra served as Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the federal deputy king between 21 September 1970 until 20 September 1975.
During the election of the sixth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the federal king), the most senior rulers Sultan Abu Bakar of Pahang and Sultan Ismail of Johor both declined to be considered. Sultan Yahya Petra also declined nomination at first due to having suffered a serious stroke, but changed his mind and was duly elected.His term began from 21 September 1975.
Malaysia's second prime minister Tun Abdul Razak died on 14 January 1976 less than four months into Sultan Yahya Petra's reign as Yang di-Pertuan Agong.
In 1977 a state of emergency was declared in his state following a political crisis and violence.
Sultan Yahya Petra died in his sleep of an apparent heart attack at the National Palace on 29 March 1979. His coffin lay in state at the National Palace for a day and was then taken by plane to Kota Bharu where it was buried at the Langgar Royal Mausoleum.
He was married to Tengku Zainab binti Tengku Sri Utama Raja Tengku Muhammad Petra (1917–1993), who was styled Raja Perempuan Zainab II (her stepmother-in-law was Raja Perempuan Zainab I, consort of Sultan Ibrahim) and Raja Permaisuri Agong. Sultan Yahya Petra and Raja Perempuan Zainab II had one son and fives daughters. He also married Tengku Alexandria and was given a son.
|Tengku Merjan, Tengku Puan Sri Utama Raja||24 February 1940||22 January 1960||Tengku Abdul Aziz bin Tengku Muhammad Hamzah, Tengku Sri Utama Raja||Tengku Mohamad Rizam|
|Tengku Mohamad Rizal|
|Tengku Mohamad Ridzman|
|Tengku Rozan||25 December 1942||1969|
|Tengku Muhammad Nasrun bin Tengku Yusuf||Tengku Rozanna Petri|
|Tengku Rozlynda Petri|
|unknown date||Dato’ Saharudin bin Samsudin||None|
|Tengku Salwani||26 August 1944||22 October 1966|
|Raja Aman Shah bin Raja Shahar Shah, Tengku Seri Kelana Diraja||Raja Amir Saifuddin Shah|
|Tengku Rohani||14 October 1947|
|Sultan Ismail petra, Sultan Kelantan||11 November 1949||4 December 1968||Tengku Anis binti Tengku Abdul Hamid, Raja Perempuan Kelantan||Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra|
|Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra|
|Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra|
|Tengku Amalin Aishah Putri|
|23 December 2007|
|Cik Puan Elia Suhana binti Ahmad||None|
|Tengku Muhammad Petra||1966|
Sultan Yahya Petra held the rank of Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force.. He received:
Several places were named after him, including:
Tuanku Abdul Halim
(Sultan of Kedah)
| Yang di-Pertuan Agong |
(King of Malaysia)
Sultan Ahmad Shah
(Sultan of Pahang)
Ibrahim IV of Kelantan
| Sultan of Kelantan |
Ismail II Petra of Kelantan
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