Yahya Petra of Kelantan

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Yahya Petra
Yang di-Pertuan Agong VI
Al-Sultan of Kelantan
Yang Dipertuan Agong Ke 6.jpg
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Reign21 September 1975 – 29 March 1979
Installation 28 February 1976
Predecessor Sultan Abdul Halim
Successor Sultan Ahmad Shah
Sultan of Kelantan
Reign10 December 1960 – 29 March 1979
Coronation17 July 1961
Predecessor Sultan Ibrahim
Successor Sultan Ismail Petra
Born(1917-12-10)10 December 1917
Istana Kota Lama, Sungai Kelantan, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Unfederated Malay States, British Malaya
Died29 March 1979(1979-03-29) (aged 61)
Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Burial30 March 1979
Spouse
Tengku Zainab
(m. 1939;died 1979)

Tengku Alexandria
IssueTengku Merjan
Tengku Rozan
Tengku Salwani
Tengku Rohani
Tengku Minasrul
Tengku Ismail Petra
Tengku Muhammad Petra
Full name
Tengku Yahya Petra ibni Tengku Ibrahim (as birth)

Tuanku Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim (as Yang di-Pertuan Agong)

Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim (

Contents

as Sultan of Kelantan)
House Long Yunus
Father Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV
MotherCik Puan Besar Embong Binti Daud
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim, GCMG, (Jawi:z سلطان يحي ڤيترا ابن المرحوم سلطان إبراهيم;z10 December 1917 – 29 March 1979) was the sixth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia from 21 September 1975 to his death, and twelfth (by some reckoning tenth) Sultan of Kelantan (1960–1979). [1] [2]

Jawi alphabet Arabic alphabet for writing the Malay language, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausug and several other languages

Jawi is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong monarch and head of state of Malaysia

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head or the King, is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected monarch as head of state. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is one of the few elected monarchs in the world.

Malaysia Federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. The federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of federal government. With a population of over 30 million, Malaysia is the world's 44th most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species.

Early career

He was born Tengku Yahya Petra at Istana Kota Lama, Sungai Kelantan, in Kota Bharu. He was the second son of Sultan Ibrahim ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV (b. 1897; reigned 1944–1960) by his third wife, Cik Embong binti Encik Daud (1899–1971), who was later promoted to the style Che Ampuan Besar by her son. [3]

Kota Bharu State Capital in Kelantan, Malaysia

Kota Bharu is a city in Malaysia that serves as the state capital and royal seat of Kelantan. It is also the name of the territory (jajahan) or district in which Kota Bharu City is situated. The name means 'new city' or 'new castle/fort' in Malay. Kota Bharu is situated in the northeastern part of Peninsular Malaysia, and lies near the mouth of the Kelantan River at 6°8′N102°15′E. The northeastern Malaysian city is close to the Thailand border.

Ibrahim IV of Kelantan

Sultan Ibrahim ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV,, was the Sultan of Kelantan from 1944 to 1960.

The young Tengku Yahya Petra was raised by his childless uncle, Tengku Ismail, later Sultan Ismail ibni Almarhum Sultan Muhammad IV. He was sent to the Francis Light School in Penang before continuing his studies in England. His uncle, Sultan Ismail, appointed him Tengku Temenggong on 21 July 1939. He was later promoted to Tengku Bendahara on 6 February 1945 by his father, then Sultan Ibrahim. He served in various Kelantan civil service posts from 1941 to 1948. [4]

Penang State of Malaysia

Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait. It has two parts: Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai on the Malay Peninsula. The second smallest Malaysian state by land mass, Penang is bordered by Kedah to the north and the east, and Perak to the south. Currently, Penang is home to Southeast Asia's Longest bridge connecting the island to mainland.

The Kelantan Succession Dispute

Tengku Indra Petra was the eldest son of Sultan Ibrahim and elder brother of Tengku Yahya Petra. After Sultan Ibrahim succeeded his childless brother Sultan Ismail, Tengku Indra Petra had been appointed heir apparent with the title of Raja Muda on 25 October 1944. However, due to conflict with his father, he was dismissed from the post and removed from the line of succession by his father's decree on 1 February 1948. On the same day, Tengku Yahya Petra replaced his brother as heir apparent with the new title of Tengku Mahkota.

Tengku Indra Petra became a politician and was elected a Member of Parliament (MP) in the first federal legislative election of 1955. Tengku Indra's descendants have since disputed their family's exclusion from the line succession of the Kelantan throne. [5]

Tengku Indra Petra did not preside over the installation of Sultan Yahya Petra's successor, Sultan Ismail Petra, It was Tengku Panglima Raja Tengku Ahmad who presided over both installations of Sultan Yahya Petra and Sultan Ismail Petra. Tengku Panglima Raja is the father of the former Sultanah of Johor, Sultanah Zanariah binti Tengku Ahmad.

Accession

Sultan Yahya Petra (as he became) succeeded his father a day after the latter's death on 9 July 1960. He was crowned on 17 July 1961 at Istana Balai Besar in Kota Bharu.

Election as Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong

Sultan Yahya Petra served as Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the federal deputy king between 21 September 1970 until 20 September 1975.

Election as Yang di-Pertuan Agong

During the election of the sixth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (the federal king), the most senior rulers Sultan Abu Bakar of Pahang and Sultan Ismail of Johor both declined to be considered. Sultan Yahya Petra also declined nomination at first due to having suffered a serious stroke, but changed his mind and was duly elected. [6] His term began from 21 September 1975.

Events During Kingship

Malaysia's second prime minister Tun Abdul Razak died on 14 January 1976 less than four months into Sultan Yahya Petra's reign as Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

In 1977 a state of emergency was declared in his state following a political crisis and violence.

Death and Funeral

Sultan Yahya Petra died in his sleep of an apparent heart attack at the National Palace on 29 March 1979. His coffin lay in state at the National Palace for a day and was then taken by plane to Kota Bharu where it was buried at the Langgar Royal Mausoleum. [7]

Family life

He was married to Tengku Zainab binti Tengku Sri Utama Raja Tengku Muhammad Petra (1917–1993), who was styled Raja Perempuan Zainab II (her stepmother-in-law was Raja Perempuan Zainab I, consort of Sultan Ibrahim) and Raja Permaisuri Agong. Sultan Yahya Petra and Raja Perempuan Zainab II had one son and fives daughters. He also married Tengku Alexandria and was given a son. [8]

Issue

NameBirth/DeathMarriageTheir children
Tengku Merjan, Tengku Puan Sri Utama Raja24 February 194022 January 1960Tengku Abdul Aziz bin Tengku Muhammad Hamzah, Tengku Sri Utama RajaTengku Mohamad Rizam
Tengku Ramizan
Tengku Mohamad Rizal
Tengku Mohamad Ridzman
Tengku Rozan25 December 19421969
-Divorced
Tengku Muhammad Nasrun bin Tengku YusufTengku Rozanna Petri
Tengku Rozlynda Petri
unknown dateDato’ Saharudin bin SamsudinNone
Tengku Salwani26 August 194422 October 1966
-Divorced
Raja Aman Shah bin Raja Shahar Shah, Tengku Seri Kelana DirajaRaja Amir Saifuddin Shah
Tengku Rohani14 October 1947
Sultan Ismail petra, Sultan Kelantan11 November 19494 December 1968Tengku Anis binti Tengku Abdul Hamid, Raja Perempuan Kelantan Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra
Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra
Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra
Tengku Amalin Aishah Putri
23 December 2007
-Divorced
Cik Puan Elia Suhana binti AhmadNone
Tengku Minasrul1960-1960
Tengku Muhammad Petra1966

Titles and styles

Awards and recognitions

Sultan Yahya Petra held the rank of Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force.. He received:

Honours of Kelantan

Honours of Malaysia

Foreign Honours

Places named after him

Several places were named after him, including:

Notes

  1. Royal Ark
  2. Royal Ark
  3. Finestone, Jeffrey and Shaharil Talib (1994) The Royal Families of South-East Asia Shahindera Sdn Bhd
  4. Risalah Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong VI Jabatan Penerangan Malaysia
  5. (19 November 2005) Harakah
  6. Tunku Abdul Rahman (1978) Viewpoints p 74 Heinemann, Kuala Lumpur
  7. (1 April 1979) New Straits Times
  8. Finestone, Jeffrey and Shaharil Talib (1994) Op Cit
  9. "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1958" (PDF).
  10. List of recipients of DK I & DK II of Selangor (in Malay)
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Tuanku Abdul Halim
(Sultan of Kedah)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)

1975–1979
Succeeded by
Sultan Ahmad Shah
(Sultan of Pahang)
Preceded by
Ibrahim IV of Kelantan
Sultan of Kelantan
1960–1979
Succeeded by
Ismail II Petra of Kelantan

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