Yajilarra is a documentary film by Australian director Melanie Hogan about the resilience of the Aboriginal women in the remote Kimberly region of outback Australia.
‘Yajillara’, in the Bunuba Indigenous language means ‘to dream’.
In 2007 a group of Aboriginal women from the Fitzroy Valley in Australia's remote northwest decided "enough was enough". Their community had experienced 13 suicides in 13 months. Reports of family violence and child abuse were commonplace and alcohol consumption was rising at an alarming rate.
A group of courageous Aboriginal women from across the Valley came together, with the support of many men, to fight for a future for everyone in their community. The results were inspiring and the healing has now begun, with the film playing a key role in the creation and rolling out of alcohol restrictions throughout the Kimberly.
In 2009 an event was hosted by the Federal Sex Discrimination Commissioner Elizabeth Broderick and the Hon. Tanya Plibersek MP, Australian Minister for the Status of Women at the 53rd Session of the UN Commission of the Status of Women (CSW) in New York. This was the first occasion at which Indigenous women form Australia were presented at CSW.
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In Canada, the First Nations are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle. Those in the Arctic area are distinct and known as Inuit. The Métis, another distinct ethnicity, developed after European contact and relations primarily between First Nations people and Europeans. There are 634 recognized First Nations governments or bands spread across Canada, roughly half of which are in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia.
The Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association (CAAMA) is an organisation founded in 1980 to expose Aboriginal music and culture to the rest of Australia. Based in Alice Springs, the organisation is particularly focused on the involvement of the local Indigenous community in its production. CAAMA is involved in radio, television and recorded music.
Arnhem Land is a historical region of the Northern Territory of Australia. It is located in the north-eastern corner of the territory and is around 500 km (310 mi) from the territory capital, Darwin. In 1623, Dutch East India Company captain Willem Joosten van Colster sailed into the Gulf of Carpentaria and Cape Arnhem is named after his ship, the Arnhem, which itself was named after the city of Arnhem in the Netherlands.
Fitzroy Crossing is a small town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia, 400 kilometres (250 mi) east of Broome and 300 kilometres (190 mi) west of Halls Creek. It is approximately 2,524 kilometres (1,568 mi) from the state capital of Perth.
Aboriginal Australians are the various Indigenous peoples of the Australian mainland and many of its islands, such as Tasmania, Fraser Island, Hinchinbrook Island, the Tiwi Islands and Groote Eylandt, but excluding the Torres Strait Islands.
Crime in the Northern Territory is managed by the Northern Territory Police, the territory government's Department of the Attorney-General and Justice and Territory Families.
Marcia Lynne Langton AM holds the Foundation Chair in Australian Indigenous Studies at the University of Melbourne in the Faculty of Medicine. In 2016 she became Distinguished Professor and in 2017, Associate Provost.
Aboriginal self-determination refers to the governance and decision-making power of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. It is the right of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to determine their own political status and pursue their own economic, social and cultural interests. Self-determination asserts that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should direct and implement Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander policy formulation and provision of services. Self-determination encompasses both Aboriginal land rights and self-governance.
Aboriginal avoidance practices refers to those relationships in traditional Aboriginal society where certain people are required to avoid others in their family or clan. These customs are still active in many parts of Australia, to a greater or lesser extent.
Aṉangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara is a large, sparsely populated local government area (LGA) for Aboriginal Australians, located in the remote north west of South Australia. It consists of the Pitjantjatjara, Yankunytjatjara and Ngaanyatjarra aṉangu, and has a population of around 2300 people.
National Indigenous Television (NITV) is an Australian free-to-air television channel that broadcasts programming produced largely by Indigenous Australians.
Indigenous Australians are people who are descended from groups that lived in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation. They include the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia. The term Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is preferred by many; First Nations of Australia, First Peoples of Australia and First Australians are also increasingly common terms.
Jigalong is a remote Indigenous Australian community of approximately 333 people located in Western Australia.
Alcohol is commonly consumed and available at pubs and liquor stores in Australia – all of which are private enterprises. Spirits can be purchased at liquor stores and pubs, whereas grocery stores do not sell them, although they may have separate liquor stores on their premises. Alcohol consumption is higher, according to WHO studies, than in most European countries and several Central Asian and African countries, although consumption is just as high in Australia as in North America. After tobacco, alcohol is the second leading preventable cause of death and hospitalisation in Australia.
Indigenous Australians are both convicted of crimes and imprisoned at a disproportionately high rate in Australia, as well as being over-represented as victims of crime. The issue is a complex one, to which federal and state governments as well as Indigenous groups have responded with various analyses and numerous programs and measures. As of September 2019, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners represented 28% of the total adult prisoner population, while accounting for 3.3% of the general population.
Great Palm Island, usually known as Palm Island, is the largest island in the Palm Islands group off Northern Queensland, Australia. It is known for its Aboriginal settlement, once an Aboriginal reserve, which is also known by a variety of other names including "the Mission", Palm Island Settlement or Palm Community. The original inhabitants of the island were the Manbarra, also known as the Wulgurukaba. The island is also sometimes called Bwgcolman, from the name recently given to the Aboriginal people from disparate groups who were deported from many areas of the Queensland mainland to the reserve.
The Stronger Futures policy is a multifaceted social policy of the Australian government concerning the Aboriginal population of the Northern Territory. It is underpinned by the Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory Act 2012.
Indigenous health in Australia examines health and wellbeing indicators of Indigenous Australians compared with the rest of the population. Statistics indicate that Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders are much less healthy than other Australians. Various government strategies have been put into place to try to remediate the problem; there has been some improvement in several areas, but statistics between Indigenous Australians and the rest of the Australian population still show unacceptable levels of difference.
Melanie Hogan is an award-winning film director and producer, known for her works in Australian documentary cinema. Hogan became first known with her directorial debut Kanyini which premiered at the Sydney Film Festival in 2006. The film came out of Hogan’s personal realization that she had not learnt anything about the history of her country, Australia, from an Aboriginal perspective despite studying in Australian Institutions right through to tertiary level. She also lamented the fact that she did not know anything about the world's oldest living culture.
June Oscar AO is an Australian Aboriginal woman of Bunuba descent, indigenous rights activist, community health and welfare worker, film and theatre producer, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. Oscar is best known for her fight against Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and work in improving the lives of Aboriginal people in remote communities. In 2007, she led the successful campaign for alcohol restrictions in the Kimberley town of Fitzroy Valley. On 10 June 2013, Governor-General of Australia Quentin Bryce awarded Oscar an Officer of the Order of Australia, for "distinguished service to the Indigenous community of Western Australia, particularly through health and social welfare programs".