1948 in China

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Events in the year 1948 in China .

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Incumbents

Chiang Kai-shek Chinese politician and military leader

Chiang Kai-shek, also known as Generalissimo Chiang or Chiang Chungcheng and romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi, was a Chinese politician and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in Taiwan until his death. He was recognized by much of the world as the head of the legitimate government of China until 1971, during which the United Nations passed Resolution 2758.

Li Zongren Chinese military commander, former vice-president and acting president of ROC

Li Zongren or Li Tsung-jen, courtesy name Delin, was a prominent Guangxi warlord and Kuomintang (KMT) military commander during the Northern Expedition, Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War. He served as vice-president and acting President of the Republic of China under the 1947 Constitution.

Zhang Qun Chinese politician

Zhang Qun or Chang Ch'un also known as Zhang Yuejun (張岳軍), was premier of the Republic of China and a prominent member of the Kuomintang. He served as secretary general to the President of the Republic from 1954 to 1972 and senior advisor to Presidents Chiang Kai-shek, Yen Chia-kan, Chiang Ching-kuo, and Lee Teng-hui. Under the influence of his wife, Ma Yu-ying, he became a Christian in the 1930s.

Events

April

May

June

September

Liaoshen Campaign

The Liaoshen Campaign, abbreviation of Liaoning–Shenyang Campaign, was the first of the three major campaigns launched by the Communist People's Liberation Army (PLA) against the Nationalist Kuomintang government during the late stage of the Chinese Civil War. This engagement is known in the Kuomintang as the Battle of Liaohsi. It took place between September and November 1948 and lasted a total of 52 days. The campaign ended after the Nationalist forces suffered sweeping defeats across Manchuria, losing major cities of Jinzhou, Changchun and eventually Shenyang in the process, eventually leading to the capture of Manchuria by the Communist forces.

The Battle of Jinan was a critical engagement fought between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China (CPC) from September 16 to September 24, 1948 during the Chinese Civil War. The communist Eastern China Field Army besieged and finally captured the city of Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province and a major urban center as well as a transportation hub in northeastern China that had a population of about 600,000 at the time of the battle. The communist victory set the stage for the Huaihai Campaign.

October

Battle of Jinzhou battle

Battle of Jinzhou was a battle between the People's Liberation Army and the National Revolutionary Army during the Liaoshen Campaign in the Chinese Civil War. The battle was a turning point in the campaign, which eventually led to capture of Northeast China by the Communist Party.

The Battle of Tashan was a battle during the Chinese Civil War fought in the western part of Northeast China, between forces of the Kuomintang National Revolutionary Army (NRA) and the communist People's Liberation Army (PLA), and resulted in a PLA victory. The battle was critical in determining the outcome of the Battle of Jinzhou and, consequently, that of the entire Liaoshen Campaign. The battle is more commonly known as the blocking battle at Tashan, and is widely regarded by the communists as the first of the three most crucial blocking operations during the Chinese Civil War.

November

Republic of China Army ground branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces in Taiwan

The Republic of China Army (ROCA) is the largest branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces. An estimated 80% of the ROC Army is located on Taiwan, while the remainder are stationed on the Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, Dongsha and Taiping Island.

Yingkou Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Yingkou is a prefecture-level city of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. It is a port city of the Bohai Sea, and is the location of the mouth of the Liao River.

Births

Wu Den-yih Taiwanese politician

Wu Den-yih is a Taiwanese politician. He graduated from National Taiwan University and worked as a journalist before beginning a career in politics with a 1973 appointment to the Taipei City Council. Wu was then elected Magistrate of Nantou County, serving from 1981 to 1989. Following two terms as magistrate, he was named Mayor of Kaohsiung in 1990. Wu remained mayor until 1998, having won the office in a 1994 direct election. He then served two full terms in the Legislative Yuan from 2002 to 2008. Shortly after winning a third term in the legislature, Wu was named Premier of the Republic of China in 2009. He served until 2012, when he and Ma Ying-jeou formed the Kuomintang (KMT) presidential ticket. Wu served one four-year term as Vice President of the Republic of China, stepping down in 2016. In May 2017, he was elected party chairman. Previously, Wu had served the KMT as secretary-general from 2007 to 2009, first vice chairman in 2014, and as acting chairman in 2014 and 2015.

Vice President of the Republic of China position

The Vice President of the Republic of China is the second-highest executive official of the Republic of China. The existing office was created in 1948 under the 1947 Constitution of the Republic of China. After the Kuomintang lost mainland China to the Chinese Communists during the Chinese Civil War, the government, along with its presidency, retreated to Taiwan. The Communist Party of China has since established the People's Republic of China on the mainland side. Chen Chien-jen is the current Vice President of the Republic of China.

Chang Jin-fu Taiwanese politician

Chang Jin-fu is a Taiwanese politician. He was the Governor of Taiwan Province from 2009 to 2010.

Deaths

See also

Related Research Articles

Chinese Civil War 1927–1950 civil war in China

The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). Although particular attention is paid to the four years of Chinese Communist Revolution from 1945 to 1949, the war actually started in August 1927, with the White Terror at the end of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's Northern Expedition, and essentially ended when major hostilities between the two sides ceased in 1950. The conflict took place in two stages: the first between 1927 and 1937, and the second from 1946 to 1950, with the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937–1945 separating them. The war marked a major turning point in modern Chinese history, with the Communists gaining control of mainland China and establishing the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, forcing the Republic of China (ROC) to retreat to Taiwan. It resulted in a lasting political and military standoff between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait, with the ROC in Taiwan and the PRC in mainland China both officially claiming to be the legitimate government of all China.

Events in the year 2008 in China.

Events in the year 2005 in China.

Events in the year 1949 in the Republic of China.

Events from the year 1953 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 42 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events in the year 1946 in the Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 35 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events in the year 1947 in the Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 36 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 1945 in the Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 34 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 2014 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 103 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 2013 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 102 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 2012 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 101 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 2006 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 95 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 1976 in Taiwan. This year is numbered Minguo 65 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 1987 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 76 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 1979 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 68 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 1999 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 88 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

Events from the year 1971 in Taiwan, Republic of China. This year is numbered Minguo 60 according to the official Republic of China calendar.

The following lists events that happened during 2015 in China.

References