2011 Norwegian local elections

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Nationwide local elections for seats in municipality and county councils were held throughout Norway on 12 September 2011. [1] Several municipalities also opened the polling booths on 11 September. [1] For polling stations this meant that two elections, the municipal elections and the county elections ran concurrently. In addition, an advisory referendum was held in Aust-Agder to determine whether to merge the county with Vest-Agder.

Norway Country in Northern Europe

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.

Norwegian municipal elections

In Norway, municipal elections are local elections held every four years to elect representatives to the Norwegian municipality ("kommune") councils. They are conducted concurrently with Norwegian county elections. The last municipal and council elections were held on 13–14 September 2015. Norway holds elections every two years, alternating between local elections and national parliamentary elections.

Aust-Agder County (fylke) of Norway

Aust-Agder is one of 18 counties (fylker) in Norway, bordering Telemark, Rogaland, and Vest-Agder counties. In 2002, there were 102,945 inhabitants, which is 2.2% of the total population in Norway. Its area is 9,212 square kilometres (3,557 sq mi). The administrative center of the county is the town of Arendal.

Contents

Overall, the Conservative Party made the greatest gains, and the Labour Party also advanced and remained the largest party. On the other hand, the Progress Party and the Socialist Left Party suffered severe setbacks. [2]

Conservative Party (Norway) Norwegian political party

The Conservative Party is a liberal-conservative political party in Norway. It is the major party of the Norwegian centre-right, and the leading party in the governing Solberg cabinet. The current party leader is the Prime Minister of Norway Erna Solberg.

Labour Party (Norway) Norwegian political party

The Labour Party, formerly the Norwegian Labour Party, is a social-democratic political party in Norway. It was the senior partner of the governing Red-Green Coalition from 2005–13, and its leader, Jens Stoltenberg, served as Prime Minister of Norway during that time. The party is currently led by Jonas Gahr Støre.

The Progress Party is a right-wing libertarian and classical liberal political party in Norway. The party values are focused on civil liberties, individualism, and limited government. It is the country's third largest political party and a part of the centre-right government coalition. The current leader of the party is Siv Jensen, who is Norway's current Minister of Finance.

Term of office was 1 January 2012 until 31 December 2015.

A term of office is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office. In many jurisdictions there is a defined limit on how long terms of office may be before the officeholder must be subject to re-election. Some jurisdictions exercise term limits, setting a maximum number of terms an individual may hold in a particular office.

New features

Electronic voting

Electronic voting over the internet was tried out in certain areas for the first time in Norway, with the ultimate goal of implementing full general availability for internet voting for the 2017 parliamentary elections. [3]

2017 Norwegian parliamentary election 2017 election for the Norwegian parliament

A parliamentary election was held in Norway on 11 September 2017. The non-socialist parties retained a reduced majority of 88 seats, allowing Prime Minister Erna Solberg's Conservative-Progress coalition to remain in government. The Liberal Party joined the coalition in January 2018 but it remained a minority cabinet until the Christian Democratic Party joined the coalition in 2019. The three largest centre-left parties won 79 seats. The Green Party retained its single seat, while the Red Party won its first ever seat.

Voting age of 16

In 2008, Magnhild Meltveit Kleppa, the Minister of Local Government and Regional Development announced that she was considering lowering the voting age from 18 to 16 in some municipalities as a trial. Three municipalities had applied for this in the 2007 election, but were turned down. [4]

Magnhild Meltveit Kleppa Norwegian politician

Magnhild Meltveit Kleppa is a Norwegian politician for the Centre Party.

Parliament decided to give adolescents of age 16 and 17 the right to vote in selected municipalities. Of 143 applicants, 20 municipalities plus Longyearbyen on Svalbard were selected for the trial. The municipalities taking part in the trial are: [5]

Longyearbyen Place in Svalbard, Norway

Longyearbyen (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈlɔŋjiːrbyːən] is the largest settlement and the administrative centre of Svalbard, Norway. As of December 2015, the town had a population of 2,144. Longyearbyen is located in the Longyear Valley and on the shore of Adventfjorden, a bay of Isfjorden located on the west coast of Spitsbergen. Since 2002, Longyearbyen Community Council has had many of the same responsibilities of a municipality, including utilities, education, cultural facilities, fire brigade, roads and ports. The town is the seat of the Governor of Svalbard. It is the world's northernmost settlement of any kind with more than 1,000 permanent residents. Since 2011 it has been governed by Mayor Christin Kristoffersen.

  1. Marker in Østfold
  2. Lørenskog in Akershus
  3. Hamar in Hedmark
  4. Vågå in Oppland
  5. Sigdal in Buskerud
  6. Re in Vestfold
  7. Porsgrunn in Telemark
  8. Grimstad in Aust-Agder
  9. Mandal in Vest-Agder
  10. Gjesdal and Stavanger in Rogaland
  11. Austevoll in Hordaland
  12. Luster in Sogn og Fjordane
  13. Ålesund in Møre og Romsdal
  14. Osen in Sør-Trøndelag
  15. Namdalseid in Nord-Trøndelag
  16. Tysfjord in Nordland
  17. Gáivuotna – Kåfjord in Troms
  18. Hammerfest and Kautokeino in Finnmark.

Election campaign

The issue of how and when the campaign would be conducted was affected by the 2011 Norway attacks on 22 July, which killed 77 people, most of them young supporters of the national Labour Party. On 24 July, the prime minister, the president of the Storting, and the parliamentary leaders of the political parties met for the first time to discuss rules for the political debates which would take place. Liv Signe Navarsete predicted that the election campaign would be considerably muted. [6] On 25 July, the parliamentary leaders of the political parties agreed to delay the start of the campaign until mid-August and to cancel the school debates, because of the 22 July attacks. The school elections were, however, not cancelled. [7]

Issues

One of the bigger issues for the local elections was a controversy about local hospitals in Møre og Romsdal, involving the cities Molde and Kristiansund which has hospitals today. [8] The current Red-Green government postponed the planned building of a new hospital in Molde, instead considering moving vital functions to it from Kristiansund, the local population in Molde saw the postponement as a broken promise, while the locals in Kristiansund wanted a common hospital instead due to the latter issue. [8] In early 2011, the Labour Party saw a shock opinion poll in Romsdal (which includes the city Molde) of a mere 5.8% support, which fell further in April to 1%. [8] The handling of the controversy by the party, and particularly its Minister of Health and Care Services, Anne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen, was seen as the reason for the fall. [8]

Polling

Polling FirmDateSource Labour Party Conservative Party Progress Party Centre Party Christian Democratic Party Socialist Left Party Liberal Party Others
Last Election2007-09 29.6%19.3%17.5%8.0%6.4%6.2%5.9%7.1%
TNS Gallup2010-01 31.9%25.0%17.5%6.4%4.9%6.1%3.6%4.6%
TNS Gallup2010-07 25.9%27.1%20.0%6.1%4.5%5.8%4.9%5.7%
Norfakta2010-09 27.5%27.4%18.5%5.8%5.2%5.3%5.6%4.7%
Norfakta2011-01 22.5%30.1%17.5%5.4%4.9%6.7%6.3%6.6%
TNS Gallup2011-02 28.7%27.4%16.0%7.7%4.6%5.3%5.4%2.7%
Response2011-02 26.8%25.4%19.4%7.0%6.8%5.4%5.1%4.1%
TNS Gallup2011-03 26.8%29.3%16.1%7.6%5.1%5.6%5.6%3.9%
Response2011-03 28.4%28.7%17.0%6.8%4.7%5.7%5.4%3.3%
Sentio2011-03 28.9%23.7%17.7%6.9%6.1%4.2%6.0%6.5%
TNS Gallup2011-04 28.9%27.0%15.3%6.4%4.9%6.5%5.6%5.4%
InFact2011-04 28.5%23.5%18.9%6.8%5.0%5.5%5.8%5.9%
Norstat2011-05 30.6%28.9%13.6%6.4%4.6%4.7%5.5%5.6%
TNS Gallup2011-05 27.3%28.1%15.2%6.6%5.0%6.5%5.2%6.0%
TNS Gallup2011-06 27.0%31.0%13.2%5.3%6.9%6.5%4.9%5.1%
InFact2011-06 29.0%26.8%20.6%5.1%5.0%6.0%3.7%3.8%
InFact2011-07 24.9%27.0%16.9%7.5%5.7%5.2%6.1%6.7%
TNS Gallup12011-07 35.4%23.3%13.6%6.2%4.7%6.0%5.9%4.9%
Norstat2011-08 34.2%25.2%16.0%5.6%4.5%3.6%5.0%6.0%
TNS Gallup2011-08 33.8%24.9%12.7%4.9%6.0%6.8%6.2%4.7%
InFact2011-08 31.6%24.5%17.5%5.8%5.1%4.7%5.5%5.2%
Synovate2011-08 34.0%26.0%16.0%4.9%6.1%4.7%3.9%4.5%
InFact2011-08 32.4%25.0%12.9%5.7%7.2%6.3%5.3%5.2%
TNS Gallup2011-08 30.9%25.0%14.0%6.5%6.5%4.0%6.3%6.8%
TNS Gallup2011-09 31.3%27.3%12.8%5.9%6.0%4.5%6.9%4.5%
Synovate2011-09 31.0%25.1%15.3%6.2%7.0%4.4%6.1%4.9%
TNS Gallup2011-09 31.9%27.9%12.8%6.0%6.5%4.1%6.7%4.1%
Response2011-09 32.1%25.9%16.3%5.6%5.9%3.7%5.5%5.0%
TNS Gallup2011-09 34.3%27.1%11.3%5.2%6.2%3.6%5.7%6.6%
TNS Gallup2011-09 33.3%26.2%12.3%5.4%5.6%4.2%6.2%6.8%

1This was the first poll since the attacks in Norway.

Results

Municipal elections

e    d  Summary of the 12 September 2011 municipal election results
PartiesVotesSeats
#%± %
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)765,28931.7+2.03,373
  Conservative Party (Høyre)676,05928.0+8.72,349
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)274,55511.4−6.11,143
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)163,2466.8−1.21,419
  Liberal Party (Venstre)151,4066.3+0.5640
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)134,6535.6−0.7656
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)98,2254.1−2.0364
  Red Party (Rødt)37,2411.5−0.257
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)21,7850.9+0.618
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)19,8510.8−0.150
  Democrats in Norway (Demokratene i Norge)4,3270.28
  Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)4,0700.20.041
 Others66,4492.7663
Total2,417,156100.010,781
Turnout2,417,15663.6
Electorate3,799,742
Source: Government of Norway, Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, TV2

County elections

e    d  Summary of the 12 September 2011 county election results
PartiesVotesSeats
#%± %
  Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)745,08733.2+2.4273
  Conservative Party (Høyre)620,50427.6+8.9210
  Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)263,91511.8−6.896
  Centre Party (Senterpartiet)141,5146.3−1.661
  Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)129,9325.8−0.947
  Liberal Party (Venstre)127,2265.7+0.146
  Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)96,8904.3−2.234
  Red Party (Rødt)38,7231.7−0.37
  Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)28,9521.3+0.72
  Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)20,8400.9−0.23
  Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)8,4460.4−0.13
  Democrats in Norway (Demokratene i Norge)6,0330.31
  Sunnmøre List 5,7180.30.03
  Christian Unity Party (Kristent Samlingsparti)4,8290.2+0.10
  Byluftslisten 1,4360.10
  Communist Party of Norway (Norges Kommunistiske Parti)1,2820.10.00
  Sami People's Party (Sámeálbmot bellodat, Samefolkets Parti)1,2330.10.01
  Vestfoldlisten mot bomringer 8440.00.00
  Society Democrats (Samfunnsdemokratane)7990.00.00
  Society Party (Samfunnspartiet)2890.00.00
  Liberal People's Party (Det Liberale Folkeparti)2470.00.00
Total2,243,337100.0787
Turnout2,244,73959.2
Electorate3,789,746
Source: Government of Norway

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References

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