2020 Malawian presidential election

Last updated
2020 Malawian presidential election
Flag of Malawi.svg
  2019 23 June 20202025 
Turnout64.81%
  Lazarus Chakwera Profile (cropped).png Arthur Peter Mutharika 2014 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Lazarus Chakwera Peter Mutharika
Party MCP Democratic Progressive Party
Running mate Saulos Chilima Atupele Muluzi
Popular vote2,604,0431,751,877
Percentage59.34%39.92%

2020 Malawi Presidential Election Results Map.png
Presidential Election Results by District. Blue denotes districts won by Mutharika, Red denotes districts won by Chakwera.

President before election

Peter Mutharika
Democratic Progressive Party

Elected President

Lazarus Chakwera
MCP

Presidential elections were held in Malawi on 23 June 2020, having originally been scheduled for 19 May and later 2 July. [1] [2] They followed the annulment of the results of the 2019 presidential elections, in which Peter Mutharika of the Democratic Progressive Party had received the most votes.

Contents

The result of the re-run elections was a victory for Lazarus Chakwera of the Malawi Congress Party, who defeated Mutharika by margin of 59% to 40%.

The elections were hailed by observers as being both free and fair. [3]

Background

In the May 2019 general elections, incumbent President Peter Mutharika of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) was re-elected with 39% of the vote, defeating Lazarus Chakwera of the Malawi Congress Party (35%) and Saulos Chilima of the United Transformation Movement (20%). The DPP also remained the largest party in the National Assembly, winning 62 of the 193 seats. However, the presidential election was challenged in court by Chakwera and Chilima, and in February 2020 the Constitutional Court annulled the presidential election results, citing evidence of irregularities, and ordered fresh elections be held within 150 days. [4]

Parliament passed the Parliamentary and Presidential Elections Act (PPEA) Amendment Bill on 24 February, setting 19 May as the date for the new presidential elections and extending the terms of MPs and local councillors by one year to allow for harmonised presidential, parliamentary and local elections in 2025. [2] In March the Malawi Electoral Commission announced a new election date, 2 July, one day before the 150 day limit to hold elections set by the Constitutional Court. [5] On 21 May the Legal Affairs committee of parliament endorsed for fresh presidential elections to be held on 23 June rather than 2 July. [6]

Electoral system

As a result of the Constitutional Court ruling, the President of Malawi will be elected using the two-round system, [4] replacing the former first-past-the-post system used in 2019. [7]

Candidates

Lazarus Chakwera and Peter Kuwani filed their respective nominations on 6 May 2020. Peter Mutharika filed his nomination the following day, with Atupele Muluzi as his running mate. [8]

Opinion polls

A poll conducted by IPOR Malawi showed that 53% of respondents expected Lazarus Chakwera to win the election, while 31% expected Mutharika to win. [9]

On a national level, according to the polls, 51% would vote for Chakwera, while 33% for Mutharika and 0.2% for Peter Kuwani. [10]

Another poll by Afrobarometer suggested that Chakwera was most likely to win the election. [11]

Results

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Lazarus Chakwera Saulos Chilima Malawi Congress Party 2,604,04359.34
Peter Mutharika Atupele Muluzi Democratic Progressive Party 1,751,87739.92
Peter KuwaniArchibald Kalawang'omaMbakuwaku Movement for Development32,4560.74
Total4,388,376100.00
Valid votes4,388,37698.71
Invalid/blank votes57,3231.29
Total votes4,445,699100.00
Registered voters/turnout6,859,57064.81
Source: Malawi Electoral Commission

Reactions

Opposition figures in other African countries have been reportedly congratulating Chakwera's victory, including the leader of Zimbabwe's Movement for Democratic Change, Nelson Chamisa, leader of Tanzania's Alliance for Change and Transparency, Zitto Kabwe, former leader of South Africa's Democratic Alliance, Mmusi Maimane, leader of Zambia's National Democratic Congress Chishimba Kambwili, and aspiring presidential candidate for the 2021 Ugandan general election Henry Tumukunde. [12] [13] [14] [15]

Aftermath

In August 2021 the DPP appealed to the Supreme Court to annul the election results on the basis that in June 2020 the High Court had cancelled the appointments of four DPP members who had been appointed to the Malawi Electoral Commission prior to the elections. The DPP claimed that this meant the 2020 elections had been managed by incorrectly appointed members, and was therefore null and void. [16] [17]

Related Research Articles

Elections in Malawi Political elections for public offices in Malawi

Malawi elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president and the vice-president are elected on one ballot for a five-year term by the people. A simple plurality is required to win; there is no provision for a runoff election. The National Assembly has 193 members, elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies. Malawi is a multi-party system, which means that there are multiple parties as well as a number of independent politicians who do not formally associate with any party.

Democratic Progressive Party (Malawi) Political party in Malawi

The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) is a political party in Malawi. The party was formed in February 2005 by Malawian President Bingu wa Mutharika after a dispute with the United Democratic Front (UDF), which was led by his predecessor, Bakili Muluzi.

The People's Progressive Movement (PPM) is a political party in Malawi. At the elections of 20 May 2004, its candidate for president Aleke Banda won 2.5% and the party was part of the Mgwirizano Coalition, that won 27 out of 194 seats. Aleke Banda was the close friend of hastings Kamuzu Banda in 1956. He was among the people who founded the Nyasaland Congress Party. He was also saved as Ministry of Agriculture in the United Democratic Front (UDF) during Bakali Muluzi's time. He left UDF together with Mark Katsonga Phiri and formed their party after there was disagreement with Muluzi about the Presidency of Bingu wa Munthalika.

John Zenus Ungapake Tembo is a Malawian politician who served for years as President of the Malawi Congress Party (MCP). Tembo comes from the Dedza District in central Malawi, and he is a teacher by profession. Beginning in the 1960s he was an important politician in Malawi, and he was a key figure in the regime of Hastings Banda (1964–1994). He has been variously described as "physically slight, ascetic, fastidious" and "cunning". He was replaced as President of the MCP in August 2013.

Gwandaguluwe "Gwanda" Chakuamba Phiri was a Malawian politician who was the leader of the New Republican Party (NRP). He hailed from Nsanje, a district on the southern part of Malawi.

Joyce Banda President of Malawi from 2012 to 2014

Joyce Hilda Banda is a Malawian politician who was the President of Malawi from 7 April 2012 to 31 May 2014. Banda took office as President following the sudden death of President Bingu wa Mutharika. She is the founder and leader of the People's Party, created in 2011. An educator and grassroots women's rights activist, she was the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2009 and the Vice-President of Malawi from May 2009 to April 2012. She had served in various roles as a member of Parliament and as Minister of Gender and Child Welfare before she became the President of the Republic of Malawi.

2009 Malawian general election

General elections were held in Malawi on 19 May 2009. Incumbent President Bingu wa Mutharika ran for re-election; his main opponent was John Tembo, the president of the Malawi Congress Party (MCP). Five other candidates also ran. The election was won by Mutharika, who was re-elected to the Presidency with around two-thirds of the vote. Mutharika's DPP also won a strong parliamentary majority.

Peter Mutharika President of Malawi from 2014 to 2020

Arthur Peter Mutharika is a Malawian politician and lawyer who was President of Malawi from May 2014 to June 2020. Mutharika has worked in the field of international justice, specialising in international economic law, international law and comparative constitutional law. He informally served as an adviser to his older brother, President Bingu wa Mutharika, on issues of foreign and domestic policy from the onset of his election campaign until the President's death on 5 April 2012.

Atupele Muluzi

Atupele Muluzi is a Malawian politician, businessman and was a Member of Parliament for Machinga North East constituency from 2004 until May 27, 2019. He is also the President of the United Democratic Front and was a presidential candidate during the 2019 election. He was a running mate in the 2020 presidential elections, on a coalition ticket with incumbent President Peter Mutharika of the Democratic Progressive Party. Muluzi was Minister of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining from 2014 to 2015 and the only opposition member to serve in the Mutharika administration. Subsequently, he served as Minister of Home Affairs and Internal Security in 2015, and then Minister of Lands, Housing and Urban Development in 2015. He is currently Minister of Health. He is the son of former president Bakili Muluzi.

Sidik Mia was a Malawian businessman, politician, and Member of Parliament who held various ministerial positions within the Cabinet of Malawi beginning in 2004, serving as Minister of Transport and Public Works since June 2020. He was the Deputy President of the Malawi Congress Party (MCP) until his death due to COVID-19 related illness on 12 January 2021 during the COVID-19 pandemic in Malawi. He stood as the vice presidential running mate to Dr. Lazarus Chakwera in the 2019 Malawian general election.

Nancy Tembo Malawian politician

Nancy Tembo is a Malawian politician and currently serves as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Malawi Government. She is also a Member of Parliament (MP) representing Lilongwe City South West constituency in the National Assembly of the Republic of Malawi.

Lazarus Chakwera President of Malawi since 2020

Lazarus McCarthy Chakwera is a Malawian theologian and politician who has served as President of Malawi since June 2020. In addition to the Presidency, he also gave himself a cabinet portfolio as Minister of Defence. He has been leader of the Malawi Congress Party since 2013, and was previously Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly following highly controversial elections held on 21 May 2019 which were overturned by the Constitutional Court. He was appointed chairman of SADC on 17 August at the SADC 41st Annual Summit held on 9 August to 19 august in Lilongwe, Malawi. He was President of the Malawi Assemblies of God from 1989 to 14 May 2013.

2014 Malawian general election

General elections were held in Malawi on 20 May 2014. They were Malawi's first tripartite elections, the first time the president, National Assembly and local councillors were elected on the same day. The presidential election was won by opposition candidate Peter Mutharika of the Democratic Progressive Party, who defeated incumbent President Joyce Banda.

Saulos Chilima Malawian economist and politician

Saulos Klaus Chilima is a Malawian economist and politician who is the incumbent vice president of the Republic of Malawi. Chilima assumed office on 28 June 2020, winning the majority alongside presidential candidate Lazarus Chakwera. Chilima also served as the Minister of Economic Planning and Development, as well as Head of Public Sector Reforms, a position he also previously held under the administration of former president Peter Mutharika. Before joining politics, Chilima held key leadership positions in various multi-national companies including Unilever, Coca-Cola and Airtel Malawi, where he rose to become Chief Executive Officer.

2019 Malawian general election Annulled election won by President Peter Mutharika

General elections were held in Malawi on 21 May 2019 to elect the President, National Assembly and local government councillors. Incumbent President Peter Mutharika of the Democratic Progressive Party was re-elected, with his party remaining the largest in the National Assembly. However, on 3 February 2020, the Constitutional Court annulled the presidential election results due to evidence of irregularities, and ordered fresh elections be held. They were widely dubbed the "Tipp-Ex elections" after a brand of correction fluid which opponents claimed had been used to tamper with votes.

Everton Chimulirenji Malawian politician

Everton Chimulirenji is a Malawian politician who was the de facto Vice President of Malawi under president Peter Mutharika from May 2019 to February 2020 until his vice-presidency was voided, and he was replaced by his predecessor after the 2019 general election results were nullified.

This article lists events from the year 2020 in Malawi.

Khumbize Kandodo Chiponda is a Malawian politician. In 2020 she became Minister of Health in Malawi.

Dalitso Kabambe Malawi central banker (born 17 November 1973)

Dalitso Kabambe is an economist, banker and politician from Malawi. He served as the 13th Governor of the Reserve Bank of Malawi from 2017 until 2020 .

United Transformation Movement Political party in Malawi

The United Transformation Movement (UTM) is a political party in Malawi founded by Saulos Chilima, Vice President of Malawi.

References

  1. "Not May 19, Malawi fresh elections slated for July 2-MEC". Nyasa Times. 2010-03-24. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  2. 1 2 Nyale, Enelless (25 February 2020). "Elections May 19". The Nation Malawi.
  3. "Malawi presidential election: Lazarus Chakwera declared winner". Al Jazeera. 27 June 2020.
  4. 1 2 Chitete, Suzgo (4 February 2020). "Malawi top court annuls presidential election results". Al Jazeera.
  5. "2020 presidential elections to be held on July 2". Malawi24. 2010-03-23. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  6. "June 23 for Malawi fresh presidential election endorsed by Parliamentary Committee". Nyasa Times. 21 May 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  7. Republic of Malawi: Election for President IFES
  8. "Malawi president files for election rerun with ex-leader's son". Al Jazeera English. 7 May 2020.
  9. Matonga, Golden (22 June 2020). "Opposition are favourites on eve of Malawi's presidential election". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  10. "IPOR Malawi (@IPORMalawi) on Twitter". mobile.twitter.com.
  11. Gwede, Wanga (May 18, 2020). "Malawi: Chakwera Leads in Malawi Opinion Polls - MCP Says Not Taking Anything for Granted". allAfrica.com.
  12. "Opposition leads Malawi vote - state broadcaster". BBC News. June 25, 2020.
  13. @BonfasiaMapunda (26 June 2020). "We congratulate @LAZARUSCHAKWERA" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  14. "Zambia : Kambwili calls on All Opposition Parties to Unite to Eject President Lungu and PF".
  15. "Uganda presidential aspirants: Dr Kiyingi, Lt Gen Tumukunde, Mr Mugerwa Timothy congratulate Malawi president elect Dr Lazarus Chakwera". Whisper Eye. June 25, 2020.
  16. Malawi Braces for Another Election Challenge VOA News, 25 August 2021
  17. DPP Fresh Election Challenge Not Certified, Chief Justice Says Wait for 7 Days Nyasa Times, 17 August 2021