Bournemouth railway station

Last updated

Bournemouth
National Rail logo.svg
Bournemouth Central-8309.jpg
General information
Location Bournemouth, Dorset,
England
Grid reference SZ096919
Managed by South Western Railway
Platforms4
Other information
Station codeBMH
Classification DfT category C1
History
Pre-grouping London and South Western Railway
Post-grouping Southern Railway
Key dates
20 July 1885Opened (Bournemouth East)
1 May 1899Renamed (Bournemouth Central)
10 July 1967Renamed (Bournemouth)
Passengers
2017/18Decrease2.svg 2.722 million
 Interchange Decrease2.svg 68,830

Bournemouth railway station is the main railway station serving the seaside town of Bournemouth, Dorset, England. It was previously known as Bournemouth East (1885 to 1899) and then Bournemouth Central (1899 to 1967). It has long been treated as an obligatory stop (major stop) on the South West Main Line from London Waterloo to Weymouth. It is 108 miles 2 chains (173.8 km) down the main line from Waterloo [note 1] and is situated between Pokesdown and Branksome.

Contents

A previous incarnation of Bournemouth East station was on another site. Ticket barriers were installed in 2008 and British Transport Police have a Bournemouth office at the station which acts as a regional hub. [1]

History

Looking eastward in 1963 Bournemouth Central 2 Station 1861518 0b641180.jpg
Looking eastward in 1963

The station was designed by William Jacob, chief engineer of the London and South Western Railway, and opened on 20 July 1885 as Bournemouth East replacing the original station of the same name on the other side of Holdenhurst Road from 1870 to 1885, see Bournemouth East railway station (Ringwood, Christchurch and Bournemouth Railway). [2] The station was over 1 km (0.62 mi) from the town centre on the insistence of town authorities of the time. It was renamed Bournemouth Central on 1 May 1899 and became Bournemouth on 10 July 1967 following the closure of Bournemouth West. By 1967 third rail electrification had reached Bournemouth and continued beyond to Branksome and Bournemouth Train & Rolling Stock Maintenance Depot but no further. From the end of steam most trains were formed of 4REP EMUs coupled up with one or more unpowered 4TC units. The 4TC units would be uncoupled at Bournemouth and attached to a Class 33/1 diesel locomotive for the onward journey to Weymouth. This continued until the electrification of the line from Branksome to Weymouth and the introduction of Class 442 units in 1988. The end of steam also saw the removal of the station's centre tracks which ran between the up and down lines serving platforms 2 and 3 respectively and the demolition of the locomotive sheds to the west; the station car park took over their site.

The station roof was severely damaged by the Great Storm of 1987 that hit the South of England. It was extensively refurbished in 2000 by Railtrack after many years of disrepair and being surrounded by scaffolding to protect people from falling debris.

Ticket barriers were installed in 2008.

Bournemouth railway station was once served by services and goods deliveries across five railways, the South West Main Line, Southampton and Dorchester Railway, Ringwood, Christchurch and Bournemouth Railway, Salisbury and Dorset Junction Railway and Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway.

Accidents and incidents

On 2 September 1961, a train was derailed by trap points at the end of the down platform (towards the west). [3]

Layout

The station has four platforms:

Platforms 3 and 4 are continuous, and both can accommodate full-length trains. This means Bournemouth has one of the longest platforms in the country. Other stations with this arrangement include Gloucester, Cambridge and Edinburgh Waverley.

Motive power depot

BR Standard 5MT 4-6-0 No. 73110 approaching the station 10 May 1958. The Locomotive Depot is visible behind the locomotive. Bournemouth Central railway station 2115342 984e330b.jpg
BR Standard 5MT 4-6-0 No. 73110 approaching the station 10 May 1958. The Locomotive Depot is visible behind the locomotive.

A small locomotive depot was opened at Bournemouth East in 1870, but closed in 1883. [4] This was replaced by a larger shed, adjacent to Bournemouth Central station, in 1883. This in turn was supplemented by another shed nearby in 1888. In 1921, the 1883 shed was closed and the 1888 one was extended to increase capacity, and between 1936 and 1938 this was rebuilt and enlarged. The new shed included a 65 ft (20 m) turntable and a 50 LT (51 t) hoist. However the facilities remained cramped and awkwardly sited; there were proposals to move the depot to Branksome which were never implemented. This site therefore remained in use until June 1967 when the site was cleared. [5]

Services

A CrossCountry service Bournemouth 221131.jpg
A CrossCountry service

Rail

The station is primarily served by South Western Railway, who operate fast and semi-fast trains from London Waterloo to Weymouth or Poole, and stopping services from Winchester to Bournemouth. [6]

CrossCountry operate services from Bournemouth to Manchester Piccadilly via Birmingham New Street. [7] All CrossCountry services at Bournemouth use Voyagers. Before the CrossCountry service was standardised in 2007 there were for many years CrossCountry services to many other destinations, including the Dorset Scot, Pines Express and Wessex Scot and other trains to Scotland via both the West Coast Main Line and East Coast Main Line, along with trains to Leeds and to Liverpool Lime Street.

As of June 2021, the typical stopping pattern of the station are:

Preceding station National Rail logo.svg National Rail Following station
Brockenhurst or Southampton Central   CrossCountry
Manchester–Bournemouth
 Terminus
Pokesdown for Boscombe or New Milton or Brockenhurst   South Western Railway
London–Weymouth
  Branksome or Poole
  Historical railways  
Boscombe
Line open, station closed
  London and South Western Railway
Southampton and Dorchester Railway
  Meyrick Park Halt
Line open, station closed

In May 1994, Network SouthEast extended its service London Victoria to Southampton service to terminate at Bournemouth. [8] It was truncated back to Southampton in the 2000s by Southern. The service was one of the few regular services to use platform 1.

Bus

Bournemouth railway station also serves as a hub for local bus services. On the down side of the station is Bournemouth Travel Interchange which is served by morebus, operating frequent buses to the town centre. A regular bus service to Bournemouth Airport, the 737, is operated by morebus. It is also a stop on National Express coach routes which serve the town. The station was also served by Yellow Buses until their collapse on the 4th August 2022. [9]

Notes

  1. Railways in the United Kingdom historically are measured in miles and chains. There are 80 chains to one mile.

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References

  1. "South West Trains > Rail Community Officers". Archived from the original on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 14 December 2008.
  2. "Bournemouth Central – History" semgonline.com
  3. Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 42. ISBN   0-906899 03 6.
  4. Griffiths, Roger; Paul Smith (1999). The directory of British engine sheds. Vol. 1. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co. p. 50. ISBN   0-86093-542-6.
  5. Hawkins, Chris; George Reeve (1979). An historical survey of Southern sheds. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co. p. 15. ISBN   0-86093-020-3.
  6. South Western Railway Pocket Timetable 28
  7. CrossCountry timetable, Scotland, The North East & Manchester to the South West & South Coast
  8. Network SouthCentral goes west Rail issue 230 6 July 1994 page 19
  9. "Bournemouth's Yellow Buses collapses after failing to find buyer". BBC News. 4 August 2022. Retrieved 15 October 2022.

Coordinates: 50°43′41″N1°51′50″W / 50.728°N 1.864°W / 50.728; -1.864