Bowenfels, New South Wales

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Bowenfels
New South Wales
Bowenfels station.JPG
Bowenfels railway station
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
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Bowenfels
Coordinates 33°31′S150°07′E / 33.517°S 150.117°E / -33.517; 150.117 Coordinates: 33°31′S150°07′E / 33.517°S 150.117°E / -33.517; 150.117
Population2,048 (2006 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 2790
LGA(s) City of Lithgow
State electorate(s) Bathurst
Federal Division(s) Calare

Bowenfels is a small town on the western outskirts of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia.

Contents

Today there are effectively two Bowenfels. Near Lithgow, on the Great Western Highway, is Bowenfels (with the homestead of the valley's first settler, Andrew Brown). About a kilometre south is South Bowenfels. Although both are now essentially suburbs of Lithgow, Bowenfels was, in fact, the first settlement in the valley, pre-dating the existence of Lithgow by nearly 40 years. [2]

History

Mount Blaxland, a short distance from South Bowenfels, was the furthest point reached by Blaxland, Lawson, and Wentworth on their historic expedition across the Blue Mountains in 1813. Later in that year George Evans followed in the footsteps of the explorers to Mount Blaxland and then headed west [3] to discover the O'Connell plains and the Bathurst plains. [4] At South Bowenfels, Magpie Hollow Road heads west [5] to Lake Lyell and then on to Tarana and O'Connell.

Bowenfels was founded in the 1830s to service travellers along the new road to Bathurst, which opened in 1832, [2] following the opening of the Victoria Pass, [6] which sealed the fate of the old Bathurst road in its descent of Mt. York. [7] It was named by Surveyor-General Thomas Mitchell after George Mears Bowen, a former member of his department. [2] The town was the first settlement in the valley and pre-dated Lithgow by 40 years. The railway opened in 1869, [8] and was electrified in the 1950s, although passenger services no longer service Bowenfels station.

Heritage listings

Bowenfels has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Population

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 2,048 people in Bowenfels.

Related Research Articles

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Lapstone Zig Zag walking track on the line of an abandoned railway

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Bowenfels railway station railway station in New South Wales, Australia

The Bowenfels railway station is a heritage-listed disused railway station and now visitor's centre and restaurant located on the Main Western line in Bowenfels, City of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by John Clifton and the New South Wales Government Railways and built from 1869 to 1869 by G. Watsford, NSW Government Railway. It is also known as the Bowenfels Railway Station and Stationmaster's House and Old Station Masters Residence and Station. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

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Lithgow Zig Zag zig zag railway line in New South Wales, Australia

The Lithgow Zig Zag is a heritage-listed former zig zag railway line built near Lithgow on the Great Western Line of New South Wales in Australia. The zig zag line operated between 1869 and 1910, to overcome an otherwise insurmountable climb and descent on the western side of the Blue Mountains. It was designed by John Whitton and built from 1863 to 1869 by Patrick Higgins as contractor. It is also known as the Great Zig Zag Railway and Reserves and Zig Zag Railway. The property is owned by Department of Planning and Infrastructure. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Wallerawang Town in New South Wales, Australia

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Lithgow Underbridge

The Lithgow Underbridge is a heritage-listed railway underbridge that carries the Main West Line over James Street, in Lithgow, in the City of Lithgow local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The bridge is located approximately 156 kilometres (97 mi) from Central railway station. The bridge was designed by John Whitton as the Engineer-in-Chief for Railways and was built in 1869 by contractor, P. Higgins. It is also known as Lithgow Underbridge. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 30 August 2013.

Lithgow Heavy Anti Aircraft Gun Stations and Dummy Station

The Lithgow Heavy Anti Aircraft Gun Stations and Dummy Station is a heritage-listed former gun emplacements, anti aircraft gun batteries and dummy batteries and now disused railway signal box located via Kirkley Street, Bowenfels, City of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1941 to 1942 by Water Conservation & Irrigation Commission, Defence. It is also known as Lithgow Anti Aircraft Gun Emplacements and Heavy Anti Aircraft guns 3.7 inch anti aircraft guns. The property is owned by Lithgow City Council. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 5 August 2011.

Marrangaroo railway viaduct "Heritage place or item located at Main Western railway, Marrangaroo New South Wales, Australia"

The Marrangaroo railway viaduct is a heritage-listed railway viaduct that carries the Main Western line across Marrangaroo Creek at Marrangaroo in the City of Lithgow local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Bowenfels rail viaducts railway bridges, New South Wales, Australia

The Bowenfels rail viaducts are a series of heritage-listed railway viaducts and railway bridges over Farmers Creek on the Main Western line in Bowenfels, City of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed in two stages, by John Whitton as the Engineer-in-Chief for Railways, in 1870; and by engineering staff of New South Wales Government Railways in 1921; and was built from 1870 to 1921. It is also known as Farmers Creek viaducts. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The viaduct are located approximately 159 kilometres (99 mi) west of Central railway station.

Fernhill, Bowenfels

Fernhill is a heritage-listed former house and former inn and now unused building at Great Western Highway, Bowenfels, City of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1856 to 1859 by John Blackman. It is also known as Australia Arms Inn. The property is owned by National Trust of Australia (NSW). It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Coxs River railway bridges, Wallerawang

The Coxs River railway bridges are two heritage-listed railway bridges that carry the Main Western line over the Coxs River at Wallerawang, City of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. The bridges were designed by engineering staff of the New South Wales Government Railways and built in 1870 by day labour. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Rydal rail underbridges

The Rydal rail underbridges are a series of heritage-listed railway underbridges and viaducts that carry the Main Western line over Solitary Creek at Rydal, in the City of Lithgow local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Bowenfels (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 July 2018. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. 1 2 3 "Bowenfels, NSW". Sydney Morning Herald, 8 February 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  3. Bathurst is to the west of Lithgow
  4. Two Journals of Early Exploration in New South Wales by George William Evans. Entry for Wednesday, Decr. 6th, 1813. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  5. the road runs west
  6. Section of Wikipedia article relating to the Great Western Highway. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  7. The Journal of Gregory Blaxland, 1813, Note 28. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  8. "Main West Line". Nswrail.net.
  9. "Fernhill". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00225. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. "Lithgow Heavy Anti Aircraft Gun Stations and Dummy Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01862. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  11. "Bowenfels Railway Station and Stationmaster's House". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00475. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  12. "Bowenfels Rail Viaducts". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01028. Retrieved 18 May 2018.