|Capture of Fidenae (435 BC)|
|Part of Rome's early Italian campaigns|
|Commanders and leaders|
| Quintus Servilius Priscus Structus Fidenas |
Postumus Aebutius Helva Cornicen
The Capture of Fidenae was a battle fought in 435 BC between the Fidenates and the Roman Republic under dictator Quintus Servilius Priscus Structus Fidenas.
Following an incident earlier in 435 BC in which Fidenates entered Roman territory and ravaged it, Priscus was appointed dictator for the year by the senate.Priscus chose former consul Postumus Aebutius Helva Cornicen to join him as his magister equitum.
Priscus ordered that all men strong enough to bear arms were to muster at the Colline Gate. From there, they marched north in the direction of Fidenae. They first engaged the Fidenates past Fidenae near Nomentum, and the Fidenates were driven southwards back into Fidenae. Priscus built circumvallation around the town. Because of the town's elevation and its bountiful resources and supplies, Priscus decided not to lay siege or charge into the city. He instead decided to exploit the natural fortifications on the opposite side of town in order to enter it. He divided his army in such a way that certain groups would be able to constantly attack the walls of the town while another would be able to work on tunneling through the hill. When the hill was finally tunneled through, the Romans entered the town, taking the Fidenates, who had been preoccupied with the attackers at the walls, by surprise.
Priscus was given the cognomen "Fidenas" because of his victory.
Fidenae was an ancient town of Latium, situated about 8 km north of Rome on the Via Salaria, which ran between Rome and the Tiber. Its inhabitants were known as Fidenates. As the Tiber was the border between Etruria and Latium, the left-bank settlement of Fidenae represented an extension of Etruscan presence into Latium. The site of the arx of the ancient town was probably on the hill on which lies the contemporary Villa Spada, though no traces of early buildings or defences are to be seen; pre-Roman tombs are in the cliffs to the north. The later village lay at the foot of the hill on the eastern edge of the high-road, and its curia, with a dedicatory inscription to Marcus Aurelius by the Senatus Fidenatium, was excavated in 1889. Remains of other buildings may also be seen.
Lars Tolumnius was the most famous king of the wealthy Etruscan city-state of Veii, roughly ten miles northwest of Rome, best remembered for instigating a war with Rome that ended in a decisive Roman victory.
The Roman–Etruscan Wars were a series of wars fought between ancient Rome and the Etruscans. Information about many of the wars is limited, particularly those in the early parts of Rome's history, and in large part is known from ancient texts alone. The conquest of Etruria was completed in 265–264 BC.
Postumus Aebutius Elva, surnamed Cornicen, was consul at Rome in 442 BC, and magister equitum in 435.
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Marcus Geganius Macerinus was a Roman statesman who served as Consul in 447, 443, and 437 BC, and as Censor in 435 BC.
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Gaius Servilius Ahala was a three time consular tribune, in 408, 407 and 402 and one-time magister equitum, in 408 BC, of the Roman Republic.
Gaius Julius Iulus was consul in 447 BC, and again in 435.
Lucius Sergius Fidenas was a Roman politician during the 5th century BC, and was elected consul in 437 and 429 BC. In 433, 424, and 418 BC he was military tribune with consular power.
Publius Servilius Priscus was a Roman senator active in the fifth century BC and consul in 463 BC.
Quintus Servilius Priscus Fidenas was a political figure and military leader in the Roman Republic who served as dictator in 435 BC and in 418 BC.
The Battle of Fidenae was fought in 437 BC between the Roman Republic, led by the dictator Mamercus Aemilius Mamercinus, and the combined forces of Fidenae and Veii, led by Lars Tolumnius.
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Proculus Verginius Tricostus was a consul of the Roman Republic in 435 BC. He was possibly re-elected as consul in 434 BC.
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Gaius Servilius Axilla was an aristocrat and statesman in the early Roman Republic. He held the senior offices of consul in 427 BC and consular tribune in 419, 418 and 417 BC.
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