Cippus Perusinus

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Cippus Perusinus Perugia, Museo archeologico Nazionale dell'Umbria, cippo di Perugia.jpg
Cippus Perusinus
The Cippus of Perugia, 3rd or 2nd century BCE Cippo perugino, con iscrizione in lingua etrusca su un atto giuridico tra le famiglie dei velthina e degli afuna, 02.jpg
The Cippus of Perugia, 3rd or 2nd century BCE
Side view Cippo perugino, con iscrizione in lingua etrusca su un atto giuridico tra le famiglie dei velthina e degli afuna, 01.jpg
Side view

The Cippus Perusinus is a stone tablet discovered on the hill of San Marco, near Perugia, Italy, in 1822. The tablet bears 46 lines of incised Etruscan text. The cippus is assumed to be a text dedicating a legal contract between the Etruscan families of Velthina (from Perugia) and Afuna (from Chiusi), regarding the sharing or use of a property upon which there was a tomb belonging to the noble Velthinas. [1] [2]


The date of the inscription is considered to be 3rd or 2nd century BC. The Cippus is conserved in the National Archeological Museum of Perugia. [1]

Original text

Text transcription Nadpis Perujia.png
Text transcription
eurat tanna larezul ame vaχr.
Lautn . Velθina-ś, eśtla Afuna-s, sleleθc aru ::tezan,
fuśle-ri tesn-ś tei-ś Raśne-ś ipa ama hen.
NaperXII (12) Velthina θuraś araś,
pe raścemulml escul, zuci en esci epl, tularu.
Auleśi, Velθina-ś Arznal, clenśi,
θii θil ścun'a cenu, eplc felic Larθal-ś Afune-ś,
clen, θunχ ulθe fala-ś.
Χi=em fuśle, Velθina hinθa cape, municlet, masu,
naper śran . ctl, θii falśti.
Veltina hut naper penez-ś masu.
Acnina clel Afuna, Velθina mler zinia.
Intemame r cnl Velθina zia śatene tesne,
Eca Velθina θuraś θaura hel-u tes ne Raśne cei.
Tesn-ś tei-ś Raśne-ś χimθ, śpel θuta ścun'a, Afuna mena hen.
Naperci (3)cnl hare utuśe.
Reverse side:
Velθina śatena zu ci en esci ipa spel ane-θi fulum-χva.
spel-θi, re ne-θi.
Estac Velθina, acil-un-e, turune, ścu-n-e.
Zea zu ci en esci aθumi=cś.
Afuna-ś penθn-a ama.
Velθina, Afun[a]θuruni ein zeri, una cla θil θunχulθ-l.
Iχ ca ceχa ziχuχe.
Supplementary for the word clel found in the main inscription in the Golini Tomb 1 at Orvieto.
me'ch'l um rasneas clevsinsl: zila'ch'nve pulum (stars).
rumitrinei : ma?ce . clel . lu?[
Supplementary for the word naper,from a cippus found at Volterra.
l : titesi :cale 's'i
cina : c's' : mes [month] tle's'
[mes, month in Spanish, mese in Italian]
hu'th' [six]: naper' lescan
letem : 'th'ui :
ara's'a : 'th'en tma
se : laei : tre c's'
'th'en's't : me ua'th'a
Supplementary from the Liber Linteus Column X for comparison
for the words aru,ame,ipa, θuta, cnl, ama.
5 aru’s’ . ame . acnesem . ipa . se’th’umati . siml’ch’a
6 ‘th’ui . turve . acil . ham’ph’e’s’ . lae’s’ . sulu’s’i
7 ‘th’uni . ‘s’er’ph’ue . acil . ipei . θuta . cnl . ‘ch’a’s’ri
8 he’ch’z . sul . sc vetu (carpenter=Latin Faber). ca’th’nis . ::‘s’canin . vei’th’a
9 Ipe . ipa . ma’th’cva ‘ . ama . trinum (three). hetrn . acl’ch’n

See also


  1. 1 2 "National Archaeological Museum of Perugia - The Cippus of Perugia".
  2. "The first Chapter of the Cortona inscription" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-13.

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Coordinates: 43°07′39″N12°21′57″E / 43.12750°N 12.36583°E / 43.12750; 12.36583