Channel 44 (Adelaide)

Last updated

Channel 44
44adelaidelogo.png
Country Australia
Broadcast area Adelaide, surrounding areas [1]
Slogan Adelaide - It's Your 44
Programming
Language(s)English
Picture format 576i (SDTV) 16:9
Ownership
OwnerC44 Adelaide Ltd
History
Launched23 April 2004;17 years ago (23 April 2004)
Former namesC31 Adelaide (2004–2010)
44 Adelaide (2010–2014)
Links
Website c44.com.au
Availability
Terrestrial
DVB-T44
Freeview (virtual)44

Channel 44 (C44, call-sign CTS33) is a free-to-air community television channel in Adelaide, South Australia. C44 features locally and nationally made content and has been broadcasting since 23 April 2004. Previously known as C31 when on analogue television, C44 made the switch to digital on 5 November 2010 and switched off its analogue signal on 31 May 2012. C44 airs a range of local, interstate and international content that is relevant to the local community.

Contents

History

Before C44, Adelaide's community television station was ACE TV, run by Adelaide Community and Education Television Inc. ACE TV held a temporary licence from May 1994 [2] until December 2002, when it was cancelled due to breaches of its licence conditions. [3] ACE TV had its last broadcast in May 2002. [4]

In 2003, after ACE TV's closure, C31 Adelaide Ltd received the community television licence for Adelaide. [4] Its station, called C31 Adelaide (C31), launched on 23 April 2004 on analogue channel UHF 31. [5] In 2004, most community TV services in capital cities received permanent licences from the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA). However, the process for allocating a permanent licence in Adelaide, which began in 2004, was terminated in mid-2006; the two prospective applicants (of which C31 was one) were declined for different reasons. [6]

On 5 November 2010, the station was moved to digital channel 44 and was renamed 44 Adelaide, with its analogue signal switched off on 31 May 2012. 44 Adelaide received a new logo in 2013 and was later renamed Channel 44 (C44) in 2014.

In September 2014, Australian federal communications minister Malcolm Turnbull announced that licensing for community television stations would end in December 2015. [7] In September 2015, Turnbull, now Prime Minister, announced an extension of the deadline to 31 December 2016. [8]

In April 2016, the channel started moving operations online, streaming its channel live on their website. The move online means that local content can now be viewed by those outside Adelaide. [9] [10]

The license due to expire on 31 December 2016 was extended twice at the last minute by Minister for Communications Mitch Fifield, first to 30 June 2017, [11] and later to 31 December 2017. [12] Fifield made an additional extension to 30 June 2018 as part of the government's deal with the Nick Xenophon Team to garner support for large-scale media reforms in the Senate, [13] [14] while a further extension, announced on 1 June 2018, gave broadcasters an additional two years through 30 June 2020. [15]

In June 2020, a 12-month extension was granted by the federal government at the last minute, [16] [17] and in June 2021, they were given a 3-year extension a week before expiry, thanks to amendments tabled by South Australian Senator Rex Patrick. [18] [19]

Partnership with SAFC

The South Australian Film Corporation's First Nations Advisory Committee was launched in November 2020 as part of their First Nations Screen Strategy 2020-2025, [20] in partnership with Channel 44. [21]

Identity history

See also

Related Research Articles

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), formerly the Australian Broadcasting Commission, is Australia's national broadcaster. It is principally funded by the direct grants from the Australian Government, and is administered by a board appointed by the government of the day. The ABC is a publicly-owned body that is politically independent and fully accountable, with its charter enshrined in legislation, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act 1983. ABC Commercial, a profit-making division of the Corporation, also helps to generate funding for content provision.

Television broadcasting in Australia

As early as 1929, two Melbourne commercial radio stations, 3UZ and 3DB were conducting experimental mechanical television broadcasts - these were conducted in the early hours of the morning, after the stations had officially closed down. In 1934 Dr Val McDowall at amateur station 4CM Brisbane conducted experiments in electronic television.

Television in Australia Overview of television in Australia

Television in Australia began experimentally as early as 1929 in Melbourne with radio stations 3DB and 3UZ, and 2UE in Sydney, using the Radiovision system by Gilbert Miles and Donald McDonald, and later from other locations, such as Brisbane in 1934.

Community television in Australia is a form of free-to-air non-commercial citizen media in which a television station is owned, operated and/or programmed by a community group to provide local programming to its broadcast area. In principle, community television is another model of facilitating media production and involvement by private citizens and can be likened to public-access television in the United States and community television in Canada.

C31 Melbourne

C31 Melbourne is a free-to-air community television channel in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Its name is derived from UHF 31, the frequency and channel number reserved for analogue broadcasts by metropolitan community television stations in Australia.

ABW (TV station) Television station in Perth, Western Australia

ABC Television in Western Australia comprises national and local programming on the ABC television network in the Australian state of Western Australia, on a number of channels under the ABC call sign. There is some local programming from the Perth studio.

Television Sydney

Television Sydney (TVS) was a free-to-air sponsors-based community television station broadcasting in Sydney, Australia. The station lost both its community franchise and the battle to remain on the air on 8 December 2015 and ceased transmission on 20 December 2015 after almost ten years on the air. The station was not replaced.

Digital terrestrial television in Australia commenced on 1 January 2001 in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth using DVB-T standards. The phase out of analogue PAL transmissions began on 30 June 2010 and was completed by 10 December 2013.

MTN is a television station licensed to serve Griffith and the surrounding Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area (M.I.A.). The station is owned and operated by WIN Corporation as a Seven Network affiliate.

ABN (TV station) Television station in Sydney, New South Wales

ABN is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's television station in Sydney. The station began broadcasting on 5 November 1956. Its original studios were located in Gore Hill, New South Wales and were in use up until March 2004, when they were co-located with ABC Radio, Radio Australia, ABC-TV Set Construction and ABC Australia at the Corporation's headquarters in the inner city suburb of Ultimo, New South Wales. Its main transmitter, however, remains at Gore Hill. The station can be received throughout the state through a number of relay transmitters, as well as satellite transmission on the Optus Aurora platform.

ABC Canberra (TV station) Television station in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory

ABC Television in the ACT comprises national and local programming on the ABC television network in the Australian Capital Territory, which includes the capital city of Australia, Canberra, and broadcasts on a number of channels under the ABC call sign. There is some local programming from the Canberra studio.

ABT (TV station) Television station in Hobart, Tasmania

ABC Television in Tasmania comprises national and local programming on the ABC television network in the Australian state of Tasmania, on a number of channels under the ABC call sign. There is some local programming from the Hobart studio.

ABQ Television station in Brisbane, Queensland

ABC Television in Brisbane comprises national programming on the ABC television network in or from Brisbane, Queensland which broadcasts on a number of channels under the ABC call sign. There is some local programming from the Brisbane studio.

ABS (TV station) Television station in Adelaide, South Australia

ABC Television in South Australia comprises national and local programming on the ABC television network in the Australian state of South Australia, headquartered in Adelaide.

South Australian Film Corporation

South Australian Film Corporation (SAFC) is a South Australian Government statutory corporation established in 1972 to engage in film production and promote the film industry, located in Adelaide, South Australia. The Adelaide Studios are managed by the South Australian Film Corporation for the use of the South Australian film industry.

Timeline of Australian television Timeline of the history of television in Australia

This timeline of Australian television lists important station launches, programs, major television events, and technological advancements that have significantly changed the forms of broadcasting available to viewers of television in Australia. The history of television in Australia can be traced back to an announcement from the Menzies' government concerning plans for television services in Sydney and Melbourne.

AMN is a television station licensed to serve Griffith and the surrounding Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area (M.I.A.). The station is owned and operated by WIN Corporation as a Nine Network affiliate, WIN Television.

Hitchhike TV was a streaming television service based in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Originating as community television station 31 Digital, the service became available on 28 February 2017 as the station's terrestrial broadcasting went offline. As of 2020, the service is inactive.

ACE TV was a free-to-air community television channel in Adelaide, South Australia which broadcast from May 1994 to December 2002. ACE TV was cancelled in 2002 due to breaching of licence conditions. The last ACE TV broadcast on-screen was in May 2002. ACE TV was superseded by C31 Adelaide, which was launched on 23 April 2004.

West TV Community television station in Perth, Western Australia

West TV was a free-to-air community television station that began broadcasting in standard definition digital format on logical channel 44 in Perth, Western Australia at 10 am on 10 April 2010.

References

  1. "Channel 44 licence area" (PDF). Australian Community Television Alliance. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  2. Lawrence, G. Adelaide Community and Educational Television Inc.. Accessed on 7 March 2007.
  3. Australian Broadcasting Authority (5 December 2002). ABA cancels ACE TV licence. Archived 27 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 29 December 2009.
  4. 1 2 Yeaman, Simon (21 February 2004). "Community TV ready for comeback". The Advertiser . Adelaide. Archived from the original on 20 August 2006. Retrieved 17 April 2016.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  5. "Stateline Transcript: C31, Community TV in Adelaide". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 23 April 2004. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  6. Australian Communications and Media Authority. (29 June 2006). ACMA to take no further action in the current allocation of a permanent community television licence in Adelaide Archived 13 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine . Accessed on 7 March 2007.
  7. "Community TV: Malcolm Turnbull confirms licensing for stations will end in 2015". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  8. Knox, David (17 September 2015). "Community TV lifeline: extended to 2016". TV Tonight. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  9. Smith, Matt (24 July 2016). "Channel 44: Adelaide community TV station prepares to leave the airwaves and go online-only". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  10. Turner, Adam (20 April 2016). "Community TV: shift to online begins". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
  11. Knox, David (15 December 2016). "New switch-off date for Community TV". TV Tonight. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  12. "Channel 31 gets a six-month reprieve on free-to-air TV shutdown". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. 27 June 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  13. Wallbank, Paul (15 September 2017). "The devil in the detail: The deals the government made to get media reforms across the line". Mumbrella. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  14. Harris, Rob (13 September 2017). "Media reform: Government clinches deal with crossbench". Herald Sun. Melbourne. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  15. "Community television broadcasters granted two-year licence extension" (Press release). Canberra. Department of Communications and the Arts. 1 June 2018. Archived from the original on 6 June 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  16. Bottrill, Meika (30 June 2020). "Channel 44 Granted Lifeline 12-Month Licence Extension In Final 24 Hours". Glam Adelaide. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  17. Silva, Kristian (29 June 2020). "Melbourne and Adelaide community television stations C31 and C44 granted last-minute reprieve". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  18. Kelsall, Thomas (24 June 2021). "Channel 44 off death row with three-year licence extension". InDaily . Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  19. Sutton, Malcolm (23 June 2021). "Community TV stations Channel 31 and Channel 44 given three-year lifeline in surprise turnaround". ABC News. ABC Radio Adelaide. Australian Broadcasting Corporation . Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  20. "First Nations Screen Strategy 2020-2025". SAFC . Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  21. "SAFC launches new First Nations Screen Strategy and Channel 44 partnership". SAFC. 13 November 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2021.