Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation

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Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation
2014, Goshute - panoramio.jpg
Welcome sign in Ibapah, Utah
Total population
539 enrolled members [1]
Regions with significant populations
Flag of the United States.svg  United States(Flag of Nevada.svg  Nevada Flag of Utah.svg  Utah)
Languages
Shoshoni language, English
Religion
Native American Church, Mormonism [2]
Related ethnic groups
other Western Shoshone peoples, Ute people

The Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation is located in Juab County, Utah, Tooele County, Utah, and White Pine County, Nevada, United States. [3] It is one of two federally recognized tribes of Goshute people, the other being the Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah.

Juab County, Utah U.S. county in Utah

Juab County is a county in western Utah, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,246. Its county seat and largest city is Nephi.

Tooele County, Utah county in Utah, United States

Tooele County is a county in the U.S. state of Utah. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 58,218. Its county seat and largest city is Tooele. The county was created in 1850 and organized the following year.

White Pine County, Nevada County in Nevada

White Pine County is a largely rural, mountain county along the central eastern boundary of the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,030. Its county seat is Ely. The name "White Pine" is an old name for the Limber Pine, a common tree in the county's mountains.

Contents

Map of the Goshute Reservation 1340R Goshute Reservation Locator Map.svg
Map of the Goshute Reservation

Government

The tribe's headquarters is in Ibapah, Utah, which is an English adaption form a native Goshute term, either from Ai'ba-pa (one name of the last chief of the tribe who was also known under the common chieftain name ta'bi) or from Ai-bim-pa / Ai'bĭm-pa ("White Clay Water" referring to the nearby Deep Creek). [1] Their own name is Aipimpaa Newe ("People of Deep Creek Valley").

Ibapah, Utah Unincorporated community in Utah, United States

Ibapah is a small unincorporated community in far western Tooele County, Utah, United States, near the Nevada state line.

Deep Creek is stream in Tooele County, Utah. Deep Creek, heads in Deep Creek Valley at an elevation of 5,282 feet /1,610 meters, at the confluence of West Deep Creek and East Deep Creek at 40°01′51″N113°59′40″W. From there it flows northeast to dissipate in the Great Salt Lake Desert at an elevation of 4,255 feet / 1,297 meters. At times of high water the stream may flow to Tank Wash 11 miles north northeast of Gold Hill.

Deep Creek Valley valley in Juab and Tooele counties in Utah, United States

Deep Creek Valley is a 35-mile (56 km) long valley located in southwest Tooele County at the Utah-Nevada border; the extreme south of the valley is in northwest Juab County. The valley parallels the west flank of the Deep Creek Range, both north-trending. In the north-northeast, its outlet widens into the southwest of the Great Salt Lake Desert region.

Reservation

Approximately 200 tribal members live on the reservation, which is located in White Pine County in eastern Nevada and Juab, and Tooele Counties in western Utah. The reservation was established by Executive Order on May 20, 1912. Today, the reservation is 122,085 acres (494.06 km2) large. [1]

Indian reservation land managed by Native American tribes under the US Bureau of Indian Affairs

An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located. Each of the 326 Indian reservations in the United States is associated with a particular Native American nation. Not all of the country's 567 recognized tribes have a reservation—some tribes have more than one reservation, while some share reservations. In addition, because of past land allotments, leading to some sales to non–Native Americans, some reservations are severely fragmented, with each piece of tribal, individual, and privately held land being a separate enclave. This jumble of private and public real estate creates significant administrative, political, and legal difficulties.

Nevada U.S. state in the United States

Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U.S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital is Carson City.

Economic development

The local economy is focused on agriculture, and some tribal members ranch cattle and cultivate hay. [2]

Related Research Articles

The Shoshone or Shoshoni are a Native American tribe with four large cultural/linguistic divisions:

Goshute ethnic group

The Goshutes are a tribe of Western Shoshone Native Americans. There are two federally recognized Goshute tribes today:

Indigenous peoples of the Great Basin Native Americans of the northern Great Basin, Snake River Plain, and upper Colorado River basin

The Indigenous Peoples of the Great Basin are Native Americans of the northern Great Basin, Snake River Plain, and upper Colorado River basin. The "Great Basin" is a cultural classification of indigenous peoples of the Americas and a cultural region located between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, in what is now Nevada, and parts of Oregon, California, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah. The Great Basin region at the time of European contact was ~400,000 sq mi (1,000,000 km2). There is very little precipitation in the Great Basin area which affects the lifestyles and cultures of the inhabitants.

The Western Shoshone comprise several Shoshone tribes that are indigenous to the Great Basin and have lands identified in the Treaty of Ruby Valley 1863. They resided in Idaho, Nevada, California, and Utah. The tribes are very closely related culturally to the Paiute, Goshute, Bannock, Ute, and Timbisha tribes.

Mono people

The Mono are a Native American people who traditionally live in the central Sierra Nevada, the Eastern Sierra, the Mono Basin, and adjacent areas of the Great Basin. They are often grouped under the historical label "Paiute" together with the Northern Paiute and Southern Paiute - but these three groups, although related within the Numic group of Uto-Aztecan languages, do not form a single, unique, unified group of Great Basin tribes.

The Skull Valley Indian Reservation is located in Tooele County, Utah, United States, approximately 45 miles (72 km) southwest of Salt Lake City. It is inhabited by the Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah, a federally recognized tribe. The population includes approximately 31 people in 7 households and is characterized by a high incidence of poverty.

The Timbisha are a Native American tribe federally recognized as the Death Valley Timbisha Shoshone Band of California. They are known as the Timbisha Shoshone Tribe and are located in south central California, near the Nevada border. As of the 2010 Census the population of the Village was 124. The older members still speak the ancestral language, also called Timbisha.

Deep Creek Mountains

The Deep Creek Mountains, officially the Deep Creek Range, are a mountain range in the Great Basin located in extreme western Tooele County and Juab County, Utah, in the western United States. The range trends north-south,, and is composed of granite in its central highest portion. The valley to the east is Snake Valley and to the west is Deep Creek Valley. Nearby communities include Callao, Utah to the east and the community of Ibapah and the lands of the Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation to the west.

Goshute language

Goshute is a dialect of the endangered Shoshoni language historically spoken by the Goshute people of the American Great Basin in modern Nevada and Utah. Modern Goshute speaking communities include the Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation and the Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians. An estimated 20 to 30 fluent speakers of the language remain including only four in the Skull Valley band though a number more are passive speakers.

The Cold Springs Rancheria of Mono Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Mono Native Americans. Cold Springs Rancheria is the tribe's reservation, which is located in Fresno County, California. As of the 2010 Census the population was 184.

The Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community of the Lone Pine Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Mono and Timbisha Native American Indians near Lone Pine in Inyo County, California. They are related to the Owens Valley Paiute.

Antelope Valley (Elko-White Pine Counties) stream in Nevada, United States of America - Geonames ID = 5701119

The Antelope Valley adjacent to the Nevada/Utah state line, and located in southeast Elko County and northeast White Pine County, Nevada is a 70 mi (113 km) long endorheic valley. The valley curves around the Dolly Varden and Kinsley Mountains, and the Antelope Range.

Spring Creek formerly known as West Creek, and Round Valley Creek, is a stream, tributary to West Deep Creek in White Pine County, Nevada with its source in Juab County, Utah.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Goshute Tribal Profile." Archived 2013-04-04 at the Wayback Machine Utah Division of Indian Affairs. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  2. 1 2 Pritzker, Barry (2000). A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford. p. 242.
  3. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Goshute Reservation