Dunfermline Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

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Dunfermline Burghs
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Major settlements Dunfermline, Cowdenbeath, Inverkeithing, and Lochgelly
19501974 (1974)
Number of membersOne
Replaced by Dunfermline
19181950
Number of membersOne
Type of constituency District of Burghs constituency
Created from West Fife

Dunfermline Burghs was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until 1974. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Contents

From 1918 to 1950 it was also, officially, a district of burghs constituency.

There was also a Dunfermline county constituency from 1974 to 1983.

Boundaries

As defined in 1918 the constituency covered the parliamentary burghs of Dunfermline, Cowdenbeath, Inverkeithing, and Lochgelly. Prior to the constituency's creation, the burghs of Dunfermline and Inverkeithing had been represented as components of Stirling Burghs, while Cowdenbeath and Lochgelly were within the county constituency of West Fife.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [1] Party
1918 John Wallace Coalition Liberal
1922 William Watson Labour
1931 John Wallace Liberal National Knighted January 1935 [2]
1935 William Watson Labour
1950 James Clunie Labour
1959 Alan Thompson Labour
1964 Adam Hunter Labour Subsequently, MP for Dunfermline
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Dunfermline

Election results

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Liberal John Wallace 6,88644.6
Independent Labour William McLean Watson [3] 5,07632.8
Independent Democrat Arthur Ponsonby [4] 3,49122.6
Majority1,81011.8
Turnout 15,45355.2
Liberal win (new seat)
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William McLean Watson 11,652 50.4 +17.6
National Liberal John Wallace 11,45149.6+5.0
Majority2010.8N/A
Turnout 23,10277.5+22.3
Labour gain from National Liberal Swing +6.3
General election 1923: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William McLean Watson 12,606 53.6 +3.2
Liberal John Wallace 10,93146.43.2
Majority1,6757.2+6.4
Turnout 23,53777.7+0.2
Labour hold Swing 3.2
General election 1924: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William McLean Watson 13,887 57.9 +4.3
Liberal Francis John Robertson10,11842.14.3
Majority3,76915.8+8.6
Turnout 24,00578.7+1.0
Labour hold Swing +4.3
General election 1929: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William McLean Watson 15,288 58.5 +0.6
Unionist Allan Beaton9,14635.0New
Communist Jack Leckie 1,7126.5New
Majority6,13223.5+7.7
Turnout 26,14674.14.6
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Dunfermline Burghs [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal National John Wallace 16,863 57.9 +22.9
Labour William McLean Watson 12,24742.116.4
Majority4,61615.8N/A
Turnout 29,11080.2+6.1
Liberal National gain from Labour Swing
General election 1935: Dunfermline Burghs [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William McLean Watson 16,271 52.3 +10.2
Liberal National John Wallace 14,84847.710.2
Majority1,4234.6N/A
Turnout 31,11981.6+1.4
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing 10.2

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour William McLean Watson 22,021 64.7 +12.4
Liberal National James Henderson12,02835.312.4
Majority9,99329.4+24.8
Turnout 34,04973.08.6
Labour hold Swing 12.4

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Dunfermline Burghs [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour James Clunie 23,641 61.2 -3.5
National Liberal and Conservative James Stuart Kerr14,96738.8+3.5
Majority8,67422.4-6.7
Turnout 38,60883.9+10.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Dunfermline Burghs [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour James Clunie 24,547 61.1 -0.1
National Liberal and Conservative James Stuart Kerr15,65738.9+0.1
Majority8,89022.2-0.2
Turnout 40,20485.5+1.6
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour James Clunie 22,146 60.1 -1.0
National Liberal Charlotte R McNee14,17039.9+1.0
Majority8,67421.2-1.0
Turnout 36,31683.9-1.6
Labour hold Swing
General election 1959: Dunfermline Burghs [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Thompson 23,478 61.4 +1.3
National Liberal and Conservative Archie Elliott 14,74438.6-1.3
Majority8,73422.8+1.6
Turnout 38,22282.9-1.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Dunfermline Burghs [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Adam Hunter 22,468 61.6 +0.2
Conservative and National Liberal Ian Kirkwood 14,03338.4-0.2
Majority8,43523.2+0.4
Turnout 36,50177.2-5.7
Labour hold Swing
General election 1966: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Adam Hunter 20,709 58.4 -3.2
Conservative Ian Kirkwood 9,44626.6-11.8
SNP James A Cook5,30415.0New
Majority11,26331.8+8.6
Turnout 35,45976.3-0.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Dunfermline Burghs
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Adam Hunter 21,532 57.1 -1.3
Conservative Ian Kirkwood 12,08632.0+5.4
SNP James A Cook3,6579.7-5.3
Communist John Neilson4621.22New
Majority9,44625.1-6.7
Turnout 37,73774.0-2.3
Labour hold Swing

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References

  1. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)
  2. "London Gazette Issue 34119 published on the 28 December 1934". p. 2. Retrieved 5 October 2007.
  3. Watson was the nominee of the Fife, Kinross and Clackmannan Miners' Association (Craig, op cit, p. 579)
  4. Ponsonby had previously been the Liberal MP for Stirling Burghs)
  5. Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  6. Whitaker's Almanack, 1939

See also