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In European politics, the term Euroregion usually refers to a transnational co-operation structure between two (or more) contiguous territories located in different European countries. Euroregions represent a specific type of cross-border region.[ citation needed ]
Euroregions usually do not correspond to any legislative or governmental institution and do not have direct political power. Their work is limited to the competencies of the local and regional authorities which constitute them. They are usually arranged to promote common interests across the border and to cooperate for the common good of the border populations.[ citation needed ]
The Association of European Border Regions sets the following criteria for the identification of Euroregions:
It is difficult to associate one legal framework with the term "Euroregion", as they operate across country borders and vary widely in their particular forms.[ citation needed ]
The naming convention for Euroregions is as varied as the forms of the regions themselves. The most common local names for a Euroregion include euregio, euregion, euroregion, eurorégion, euroregión, euroregione, euro-região, ευρωπεριοχή, europaregion, euroregiune, grande région, еврорегион (evroregion), regio, conseil, or council.[ citation needed ]
The cooperating regions usually have different (local) names in each participating country. The regions are listed in alphabetical order of the corresponding English names. Listed are also the particular participating countries and the year the euroregion was founded.
|English name of the euroregion|
Other local names of the euroregion
|Adriatic Ionian Euroregion||Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Slovenia||2006|
| Alps–Mediterranean Euroregion |
Euroregione Alpi Mediterraneo
|Archipelago (islands) committee|
|ARKO (Arvika/Kongsvinger) euroregion||Norway, Sweden||1978|
|Aquitaine–Basque Country Euroregion||France, Spain||1982|
| Euroregion Baltic http://euroregionbaltic.eu |
|Denmark, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden||1998|
|Euroregion Euromed||Italy, France, Spain, Greece, Malta, Cyprus||2004|
| Barents Euro-Arctic Council|
|Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden||1993|
| Bavarian forest - Bohemian Forest / Šumava euroregion|
Euroregio Bayerischer Wald-Böhmerwald/Sumava
Euroregion Šumava-Bavorský les
|Austria, Czech Republic, Germany||1994|
|Belasica euroregion||Bulgaria, Greece, Republic of North Macedonia||2003|
|"BENEGO" (Belgisch-Nederlands Grensoverleg = Belgian-Dutch border consultation)||Belgium, Netherlands||1980|
|Benelux-Middengebied Euroregion||Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands||1984|
| Beskydy Mountains euroregion|
|Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia||2000|
| Black Sea Euroregion |
Euroregiunea Mării Negre
| Białowieża Forest Euroregion|
Euroregion Puszcza Białowieska
| Biharia Euroregion |
| Euroregion Bug |
|Belarus, Poland, Ukraine||1995|
| Carpathian Euroregion |
|Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine||1993|
|Central North committee|
|Finland, Norway, Sweden||1977|
| Cieszyn Silesia euroregion |
Euroregion Tešínské Slezsko
Euroregion Śląsk Cieszyński
|Czech Republic, Poland||1998|
|Cross-channel euroregion (part of the Arc Manche regional network and assembly) |
Kent & Nord Pas-de-Calais/Belgium
|Belgium, France, United Kingdom||1991|
|Danube 21 euroregion||Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia||1992|
|Danube–Drava–Sava Euroregion||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Hungary||1998|
| Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion |
|Romania, Hungary, Serbia||1997|
|Dnepr euroregion||Ukraine, Russia, Belarus||2003|
|Euroregion Dniester||Ukraine, Moldova||2012|
|Dobrava euroregion||Czech Republic, Poland||2001|
|Donbas Euroregion||Ukraine, Russia||2010|
|Drina-Sava-Majevica euroregion||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia||2003|
| East Sussex/Seine-Maritime/Somme Euroregion (part of the Arc Manche regional network and assembly) |
|France, United Kingdom||1993|
|Czech Republic, Germany||1993|
| Elbe/Labe Euroregion |
|Czech Republic, Germany||1992|
| Ems Dollart Region |
|Eurobalkans||Bulgaria, Republic of North Macedonia, Serbia||2002|
| EUROACE Euroregion|
Euroregião Alentejo-Região Centro-Extremadura
Eurorregión Alentejo-Región Centro de Portugal-Extremadura
Euroregion Pomezí Čech, Moravy a Kladska
|Czech Republic, Poland||1996|
| Galicia–North Portugal Euroregion |
Euro-região Galiza-Norte de Portugal
Eurorrexión Galicia-Norte de Portugal
|Helsinki-Tallinn Euregio (Talsinki)||Estonia, Finland||1999|
| Inn-Salzach Euroregion|
|Inntal Euroregion||Austria, Germany||1998|
| Insubria euroregion |
|International Lake Constance conference |
|Austria, Germany, Switzerland||1972|
|Euregio Karelia||Finland, Russia||2000|
| Kvarken council|
Interreg Kvarken –MidtSkandia
|Finland, Norway, Sweden||1972|
|Mesta–Nestos euroregion||Bulgaria, Greece||1997|
| Meuse–Rhine Euroregion |
|Belgium, Germany, Netherlands||1976|
| Neisse euroregion|
Nysa, Nisa, Neisse Euroregion
|Czech Republic, Germany, Poland||1991|
| Neman euroregion|
Niemen (Nieman) Euroregion
|Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Russia||1997|
|North Calotte Council|
|Finland, Norway, Sweden||1971|
| Ore Mountains euroregion|
|Czech Republic, Germany||1992|
|Øresund Region||Denmark, Sweden||2000|
| Østfold-Bohuslän/Dalsland euroregion|
Grensekomiteen Østfold Bohuslän/Dalsland
Gränskommittén Østfold - Bohuslän/Dalsland
| Pomerania euroregion |
|Denmark (suggested), Germany, Poland, Sweden||1995|
|Pomoraví - Záhorie - Weinviertel euroregion||Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia||1999|
| Praděd euroregion |
|Czech Republic, Poland||1997|
|Pro Europa Viadrina euroregion||Germany, Poland||1993|
| Pyrenees–Mediterranean Euroregion |
Euroregió Pirineus Mediterrània
Eurorregión Pirineos Mediterráneo
| Raetia Nova euroregion|
|Region Southern Jutland-Schleswig |
| Rhine-Waal euroregion|
| Rhine-Meuse-North euroregion|
|Saar-Lorraine-Luxembourg-Rhin euroregion||Germany, France, Luxembourg||1995|
|Salzburg-Berchtesgadener Land-Traunstein euroregion||Austria, Germany||1993|
Conseil de l'Estuaire de l'Escaut
|Sea Alps euroregion |
Euroregione “Alpi del Mare”
Eurorégion des “Alpes de la Mer”
|Silesia euroregion||Czech Republic, Poland||1998|
|Silva Nortica euroregion|
Euroregion Silva Nortica / Jihočeská Silva Nortica
|Austria, Czech Republic||2002|
| Spree-Neisse-Bober euroregion|
| Tatras euroregion|
| Tornio River Valley Council|
The Tornedalen Council
| Tyrol–South Tyrol–Trentino Euroregion |
Euregione Tirolo-Alto Adige-Trentino
| TriRhena euroregion|
|Germany, France, Switzerland||1995|
| Siret – Prut – Nistru euroregion|
Regiunea Siret - Prut - Nistru
|Romania, Republic of Moldova||2000|
|Stara Planina euroregion||Serbia, Bulgaria||2006|
| Superior Prut and Lower Danube euroregion|
Euroregiunea Dunărea de Jos
|Romania, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine||1998|
|Via Salina euroregion|
Ausserfern and Kleinwalsertal/Bregenzerwald Euregio
|West/West Pannonia euroregion||Austria, Hungary||1998|
| White Carpathians euroregion|
Euroregion Bílé Karpaty
Euroregión Biele Karpaty
|Czech Republic, Slovakia||2000|
|Zugspitze-Wetterstein-Karwendel euroregion||Austria, Germany||1998|
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