Euroregion

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In European politics, the term Euroregion usually refers to a transnational co-operation structure between two (or more) contiguous territories located in different European countries. Euroregions represent a specific type of cross-border region.[ citation needed ]

Contents

Scope

Euroregions usually do not correspond to any legislative or governmental institution and do not have direct political power. Their work is limited to the competencies of the local and regional authorities which constitute them. They are usually arranged to promote common interests across the border and to cooperate for the common good of the border populations.[ citation needed ]

Criteria

The Association of European Border Regions sets the following criteria for the identification of Euroregions: [1]

It is difficult to associate one legal framework with the term "Euroregion", as they operate across country borders and vary widely in their particular forms.[ citation needed ]

Naming conventions

The naming convention for Euroregions is as varied as the forms of the regions themselves. The most common local names for a Euroregion include euregio, euregion, euroregion, eurorégion, euroregión, euroregione, euro-região, ευρωπεριοχή, europaregion, euroregiune, grande région, еврорегион (evroregion), regio, conseil, or council.[ citation needed ]

List of Euroregions

The cooperating regions usually have different (local) names in each participating country. The regions are listed in alphabetical order of the corresponding English names. Listed are also the particular participating countries and the year the euroregion was founded.

English name of the euroregion
Other local names of the euroregion
Participating
countries
Founded
Adriatic Ionian Euroregion Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Slovenia 2006
Alps–Mediterranean Euroregion
Euroregione Alpi Mediterraneo
Eurorégion Alpes-Méditerranée
France, Italy 2007
Archipelago (islands) committee
Interreg Saaristo
Interreg Skärgården
Finland, Sweden 1978
ARKO (Arvika/Kongsvinger) euroregion
Norway, Sweden 1978
AquitaineBasque Country Euroregion France, Spain 1982
Euroregion Baltic http://euroregionbaltic.eu
Euroregion Baltija
Euroregion Bałtyk
Denmark, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden 1998
Euroregion Euromed Italy, France, Spain, Greece, Malta, Cyprus 2004
Barents Euro-Arctic Council
Barentsrådet
Finland, Norway, Russia, Sweden 1993
Bavarian forest - Bohemian Forest / Šumava euroregion
Euroregio Bayerischer Wald-Böhmerwald/Sumava
Euroregion Šumava-Bavorský les
Austria, Czech Republic, Germany 1994
Belasica euroregion Bulgaria, Greece, Republic of North Macedonia 2003
"BENEGO" (Belgisch-Nederlands Grensoverleg = Belgian-Dutch border consultation) Belgium, Netherlands 1980
Benelux-Middengebied Euroregion Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands 1984
Beskydy Mountains euroregion
Euroregion Beskidy
Euroregión Beskidy
Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia 2000
Black Sea Euroregion
Euroregiunea Mării Negre
Черноморски еврорегион
Bulgaria, Romania 2008
Białowieża Forest Euroregion
Euroregion Puszcza Białowieska
Belarus, Poland 2002
Biharia Euroregion
Euroregiunea Biharia
Biharia Eurorégió
Romania, Hungary 2007?
Euroregion Bug
Єврорегіон «Буг»
Еўрарэгіён «Буг»
Belarus, Poland, Ukraine 1995
Carpathian Euroregion
Euroregiunea Carpatică
Euroregion Karpacki
Karpatský euroregión
Kárpátok eurorégió
Карпатський єврорегіон
Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine 1993
Central North committee
Mittnordenkommittén
Finland, Norway, Sweden 1977
Cieszyn Silesia euroregion
Euroregion Tešínské Slezsko
Euroregion Śląsk Cieszyński
Czech Republic, Poland 1998
Cross-channel euroregion (part of the Arc Manche regional network and assembly) [2]
Kent & Nord Pas-de-Calais/Belgium
Region Transmanche
Belgium, France, United Kingdom 1991
Danube 21 euroregion Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia 1992
Danube–Drava–Sava Euroregion Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Hungary 1998
Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion
Euroregiunea Dunăre-Criş-Mureş-Tisa
Duna-Körös-Maros-Tisza Eurorégió
Evroregija Dunav-Kriš-Moriš-Tisa
Romania, Hungary, Serbia 1997
Dnepr euroregion Ukraine, Russia, Belarus 2003
Euroregion Dniester Ukraine, Moldova 2012
Dobrava euroregion Czech Republic, Poland 2001
Donbas Euroregion [3] Ukraine, Russia 2010
Drina-Sava-Majevica euroregion Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia 2003
East Sussex/Seine-Maritime/Somme Euroregion (part of the Arc Manche regional network and assembly) [2]
Rives-Manche Region
France, United Kingdom 1993
Egrensis Euroregion
EuroRegio Egrensis
Czech Republic, Germany 1993
Elbe/Labe Euroregion
Euroregion Elbe/Labe
Czech Republic, Germany 1992
Ems Dollart Region
Eems-Dollard Regio
Germany, Netherlands 1977
"EUREGIO"
Euregion Enschede-Gronau
Germany, Netherlands 1958
Eurobalkans [4] Bulgaria, Republic of North Macedonia, Serbia 2002
EUROACE Euroregion
Euroregião Alentejo-Região Centro-Extremadura
Eurorregión Alentejo-Región Centro de Portugal-Extremadura
Spain, Portugal 2009
Glacensis Euroregion
Euroregion Pomezí Čech, Moravy a Kladska
Czech Republic, Poland 1996
Galicia–North Portugal Euroregion
Euro-região Galiza-Norte de Portugal
Eurorrexión Galicia-Norte de Portugal
Spain, Portugal 2008
Helsinki-Tallinn Euregio (Talsinki) Estonia, Finland 1999
Inn-Salzach Euroregion
Inn-Salzach EuRegio
Austria, Germany 1994
Inntal Euroregion Austria, Germany 1998
Insubria euroregion [5]
Regio Insubria
Italy, Switzerland 1995
International Lake Constance conference [6]
Internationale Bodenseekonferenz
Austria, Germany, Switzerland 1972
Ister-Granum Euroregion
Ister-Granum Eurorégió
Hungary, Slovakia 2003
Euregio Karelia Finland, Russia 2000
Kvarken council
Interreg Kvarken-MittSkandia
Interreg Kvarken MidtSkandia
Interreg Merenkurkku-MittSkandia
Finland, Norway, Sweden 1972
Mesta–Nestos euroregion Bulgaria, Greece 1997
Meuse–Rhine Euroregion
Euregio Maas-Rhein
Euregio Maas-Rijn
Eurégion Meuse-Rhin
Belgium, Germany, Netherlands 1976
Neisse euroregion
Euroregion Neisse-Nisa-Nysa
Nysa, Nisa, Neisse Euroregion
Czech Republic, Germany, Poland 1991
Neman euroregion
Niemen (Nieman) Euroregion
Euroregion Nemunas
Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Russia 1997
North Calotte Council
Nordkalottrådet
Pohjoiskalotin neuvosto
Finland, Norway, Sweden 1971
Ore Mountains euroregion
Euroregion Krušnohoří
Euroregion Erzgebirge
Czech Republic, Germany 1992
Øresund Region Denmark, Sweden 2000
Østfold-Bohuslän/Dalsland euroregion
Grensekomiteen Østfold Bohuslän/Dalsland
Gränskommittén Østfold - Bohuslän/Dalsland
Norway, Sweden 1980
Pomerania euroregion
Euroregion Pomerania
Denmark (suggested), Germany, Poland, Sweden 1995
Pomoraví - Záhorie - Weinviertel euroregion Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia 1999
Praděd euroregion
Euroregion Praděd
Euroregion Pradziad
Czech Republic, Poland 1997
Pro Europa Viadrina euroregion Germany, Poland 1993
Pyrenees–Mediterranean Euroregion [7]
Euroregió Pirineus Mediterrània
Eurorregión Pirineos Mediterráneo
Eurorégion Pyrénées-Méditerranée
France, Spain 2004 [8]
Raetia Nova euroregion
Nova Raetia
Austria, Switzerland  ?
Region Southern Jutland-Schleswig
Region Sønderjylland-Schleswig
Denmark, Germany 1997
Rhine-Waal euroregion
Euregio Rhein-Waal
Euregio Rijn-Waal
Germany, Netherlands 1973
Rhine-Meuse-North euroregion
Euregio Rhein-Maas-Nord
Euregio Rijn-Maas-Noord
Germany, Netherlands 1978
Saar-Lorraine-Luxembourg-Rhin euroregion [9] Germany, France, Luxembourg 1995
Salzburg-Berchtesgadener Land-Traunstein euroregion Austria, Germany 1993
Scheldemond euroregion
Conseil de l'Estuaire de l'Escaut
Belgium, Netherlands 1989
Sea Alps euroregion [10]
Euroregione “Alpi del Mare”
Eurorégion des “Alpes de la Mer”
France, Italy 1990
Silesia euroregion Czech Republic, Poland 1998
Silva Nortica euroregion
Euroregion Silva Nortica / Jihočeská Silva Nortica
Austria, Czech Republic 2002
Spree-Neisse-Bober euroregion
Sprewa-Nysa-Bóbr Euroregion
Germany, Poland 1992
Tatras euroregion
Euroregion Tatry
Euroregión Tatry
Poland, Slovakia 1994
Tornio River Valley Council
The Tornedalen Council
Tornedalsrådet
Tornionlaakson Neuvosto
Finland, Sweden 1987
Tyrol–South Tyrol–Trentino Euroregion
Europaregion Tirol-Südtirol-Trentino
Euregione Tirolo-Alto Adige-Trentino
Austria, Italy 1998
TriRhena euroregion
Regio TriRhena
Germany, France, Switzerland 1995
Siret – Prut – Nistru euroregion
Regiunea Siret - Prut - Nistru
Romania, Republic of Moldova 2000 [11]
Stara Planina euroregion Serbia, Bulgaria 2006
Superior Prut and Lower Danube euroregion
Euroregiunea Dunărea de Jos
Romania, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine 1998
Via Salina euroregion
Ausserfern and Kleinwalsertal/Bregenzerwald Euregio
Austria, Germany 1997
West/West Pannonia euroregion Austria, Hungary 1998
White Carpathians euroregion
Euroregion Bílé Karpaty
Euroregión Biele Karpaty
Czech Republic, Slovakia 2000
Zugspitze-Wetterstein-Karwendel euroregion Austria, Germany 1998

See also

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References

  1. Council of Europe (date unknown). Local and Regional Democracy and Good Governance Website of the Council of Europe. Retrieved from http://www.coe.int/t/dgap/localdemocracy/Areas_of_Work/Transfrontier_Cooperation/Euroregions/What_is_en.asp.
  2. 1 2 "Bienvenue dans l'Arc MancheSommaire > ACTUALITÉS ET ÉVÈNEMENTS > A la Une". arcmanche.com. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. http://www.kyivpost.com/news/nation/detail/115462/
  4. "EUROBALKANS - Cross Border Cooperation". eurobalkans.net.
  5. Insubria#The Regio Insubrica Euroregion
  6. - ibk. "Aktuell". bodenseekonferenz.org.
  7. Pyrenees-Mediterranean euroregion website
  8. "Cross-Border News" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  9. http://www.saarlorlux.org/cgi-bin/cms Archived 2007-12-12 at the Wayback Machine The business portal of SaarLorLux
  10. Nekhem. "Eurocin G.E.I.E. - HOME PAGE". eurocin.eu.
  11. International Centre for Democratic Transition, Sharing the Experiences of Visegrad Cooperation in the Western Balkans and the Eastern Partnership Countries - Summary and Conclusions, p.5.