Gonia capitata

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Gonia capitata
Gonia capitata Tachinidae 3.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Family: Tachinidae
Subfamily: Exoristinae
Tribe: Goniini
Genus: Gonia
Species:G. capitata
Binomial name
Gonia capitata
(De Geer, 1776)
Synonyms [1]

Gonia capitata is a Palaearctic species of fly in the family Tachinidae. [1] [2]

In biology, a species ( ) is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individuals of the appropriate sexes or mating types can produce fertile offspring, typically by sexual reproduction. Other ways of defining species include their karyotype, DNA sequence, morphology, behaviour or ecological niche. In addition, paleontologists use the concept of the chronospecies since fossil reproduction cannot be examined. While these definitions may seem adequate, when looked at more closely they represent problematic species concepts. For example, the boundaries between closely related species become unclear with hybridisation, in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies, and in a ring species. Also, among organisms that reproduce only asexually, the concept of a reproductive species breaks down, and each clone is potentially a microspecies.

Fly order of insects

Flies are insects with a pair of functional wings for flight and a pair of vestigial hindwings called halteres for balance. They are classified as an order called Diptera, that name being derived from the Greek δι- di- "two", and πτερόν pteron "wings". The order Diptera is divided into two suborders, with about 110 families divided between them; the families contain an estimated 1,000,000 species, including the familiar housefly, horse-fly, crane fly, and hoverfly; although only about 125,000 species have a species description published. The earliest fly fossils found so far are from the Triassic, about 240 million years ago; phylogenetic analysis suggests that flies originated in the Permian, about 260 million years ago.

Tachinidae family of insects

The Tachinidae are a large and variable family of true flies within the insect order Diptera, with more than 8,200 known species and many more to be discovered. Over 1300 species have been described in North America alone. Insects in this family commonly are called tachina flies or simply tachinids. As far as is known, they all are protelean parasitoids, or occasionally parasites, of arthropods, usually other insects. The family is known from many habitats in all zoogeographical regions and is especially diverse in South America.

Contents

Range

Europe, Mongolia, China, Russia (West Russia & Western Siberia), Caucasus.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Mongolia Landlocked country in East Asia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between China to the south and Russia to the north. Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only 37 kilometres (23 mi) separates them.

China Country in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Hosts

The larvae of Agrotis and Euxoa obelisca . One record from Ceramica pisi .

Larva juvenile form of distinct animals before metamorphosis

A larva is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults. Animals with indirect development such as insects, amphibians, or cnidarians typically have a larval phase of their life cycle.

<i>Agrotis</i> genus of insects

Agrotis is a genus of moths of the family Noctuidae. The genus was erected by Ferdinand Ochsenheimer in 1816. A number of the species of this genus are extinct.

<i>Euxoa obelisca</i> species of insect

Euxoa obelisca, the square-spot dart, is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found in the Palearctic ecozone.

Related Research Articles

Neaera is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

<i>Dexiosoma</i> genus of insects

Dexiosoma is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

Eurysthaea is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

Parasetigena is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

<i>Platymya</i> genus of insects

Platymya is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

<i>Macquartia</i> genus of insects

Macquartia is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

Bithia is a genus of flies in the family Tachinidae.

<i>Thelaira nigripes</i> species of insect

Thelaira nigripes is a species of fly in the family Tachinidae. It parasitizes moths such as Arctia caja by laying eggs in the larvae that eventually kill the host.

Gymnophryxe inconspicua is a Palaearctic species of tachinid flies in the genus Gymnophryxe of the family Tachinidae.

<i>Gonia picea</i> species of insect

Gonia picea is a Palaearctic species of fly in the family Tachinidae.

Phasiinae subfamily of insects

Phasiinae is a subfamily of flies in the family Tachinidae.

Cylindromyiini tribe of insects

Cylindromyiini is a tribe of flies in the family Tachinidae.

Leucostomatini is a tribe of flies in the family Tachinidae.

Peribaea setinervis is a Palearctic species of fly in the family Tachinidae.

Germaria angustata is a species of tachinid flies in the genus Germaria of the family Tachinidae.

Thelaira leucozona is a species of fly in the family Tachinidae. It parasitizes moths such as Arctia caja by laying eggs in the larvae that eventually kill the host.

<i>Phyllomya volvulus</i> species of insect

Phyllomya volvulus is a species of fly in the family Tachinidae.

Periscepsia carbonaria is a species of fly in the family Tachinidae.

Eriothrix prolixa is a species of fly in the family Tachinidae.

Blepharomyia pagana is a species of fly in the family Tachinidae.

References

  1. 1 2 Chandler, Peter J. (1998). Checklists of Insects of the British Isles (New Series) Part 1: Diptera. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects . New Series. 12. London: Royal Entomological Society of London. pp. 1–234. ISBN   0-901546-82-8.
  2. O'Hara, James E.; Shima, Hiroshi; Zhang, Chuntian (2009). "Annotated Catalogue of the Tachinidae (Insecta: Diptera) of China" (PDF). Zootaxa. Auckland, New Zealand: Magnolia Press. 2190: 1–236. ISSN   1175-5334 . Retrieved 2011-02-24.