Guangdong Olympic Stadium

Last updated

Aoti Main Stadium
Stade Olympique Guangdong.JPG
Location Guangzhou, China
Owner Guangdong People's Government
Operator Guangdong Sports Bureau
Capacity 80,012
Surface Grass
Construction
Broke ground 31 December 1998 [1]
Built 1999–2001
Opened 22 September 2001 [2]
Construction cost 1.23 billion RMB
Architect Ellerbe Becket [3]
Guangdong Olympic Stadium
Traditional Chinese 廣東奧林匹克體育中心
Simplified Chinese 广东奥林匹克体育中心

The Guangdong Olympic Centre Stadium or Aoti Main Stadium [4] is a multi-purpose stadium in Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Currently used mostly for football matches, the stadium was opened in 2001. It has a capacity of 80,012, making it the largest stadium in the country by seating capacity. [5]

Multi-purpose stadium type of stadium

Multi-purpose stadiums are a type of stadium designed to be easily used by multiple types of events. While any stadium could potentially host more than one type of sport or event, this concept usually refers to a specific design philosophy that stresses multifunctionality over specificity. It is used most commonly in Canada and the United States, where the two most popular outdoor team sports – football and baseball – require radically different facilities. Football uses a rectangular field, while baseball is played on a diamond and large outfield. This requires a particular design to accommodate both, usually an oval. While building stadiums in this way means that sports teams and governments can share costs, it also imposes some challenges.

Guangzhou Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.

Contents

History

Guangdong Olympic Stadium broke ground on 31 December 1998 at the former site of Huangcun Airport. It opened to the public for the Ninth National Games of China in 2001. It was originally planned to help host the 2008 Summer Olympics [6] until a decision was made to construct the National Stadium in Beijing. The original design for the Guangdong Olympic Stadium was announced in 1999. Taking Guangzhou's nickname, the Flower City, the American architectural firm of Ellerbe Becket designed Guangdong Olympic Stadium's sunscreen roof to resemble layers of petals on a flower. [7] The design firm stated in its press release: "The stadium bowl grows out of the ground to a sculpted upper edge, like the petals of a flower. Floating above the bowl is a shimmering ribbon of roof flowing like a wave over the seats. It parts at the ends and holds the Olympic flame, suspended between the two ribbons. A hotel surrounds a circular opening in the roof that forms a vertical tower of light, which at night is visible for a great distance." The stadium's multi-colored seats are positioned in multiple sections that are visually connected via a ribbon pattern.

National Games of China

The National Games of the People's Republic of China, sometimes known as the All China Games, is the premier sports event in China at national level. It is usually held once every four years, most recently in August 2017, when the 13th National Games of China took place in Tianjin.

2008 Summer Olympics Games of the XXIX Olympiad, held in Beijing in 2008

The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.

Beijing National Stadium stadium at Beijing, China

Beijing National Stadium, officially the National Stadium, also known as the Bird's Nest, is a stadium in Beijing. The stadium (BNS) was jointly designed by architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron of Herzog & de Meuron, project architect Stefan Marbach, artist Ai Weiwei, and CADG, which was led by chief architect Li Xinggang. The stadium was designed for use throughout the 2008 Summer Olympics and Paralympics and will be used again in the 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics. The Bird's Nest sometimes has some extra temporary large screens installed at the stands of the stadium.

Major events

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Manchester United F.C. association football club

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Huangcun station Guangzhou Metro station

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Athletics at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from 21 to 27 November 2010. A total of 47 events were contested – 24 by men and 23 by women – matching the Olympic athletics programme. The 42 track and field events on the programme were hosted at the Aoti Main Stadium while the marathons and racewalking competitions took place around the city's University Town. Sixteen Asian Games records were broken during the seven-day competition.

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The Field hockey event at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 13, 2010 for Women and November 15, 2010 for Men. In this tournament, 10 teams played in the men's competition, and 7 teams participated in the women's competition. All matches were played at the Aoti Hockey Field.

7-a-side football at the 2010 Asian Para Games were held in Huagong Stadium 13 – 18 December 2010. There was 1 gold medals in this sport.

The men's 3000 metres steeplechase event at the 2010 Asian Games was held at the Aoti Main Stadium, Guangzhou, China on 23 November 2010.

The women's long jump event at the 2010 Asian Games was held at the Aoti Main Stadium, Guangzhou, China on 23 November.

The women's discus throw event at the 2010 Asian Games was held at the Aoti Main Stadium, Guangzhou, China on 23 November.

The City Forex Stadium is an international cricket stadium in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It is used mostly for cricket and also for Australian football, rugby tens, rugby union and touch rugby. GZ United are the tenants of the stadium.

Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center Central Stadium stadium

The Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center Central Stadium is a stadium situated in the Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center, Guangzhou, Guangdong province, China. It is used mostly for association football, but also for athletics, rugby union and rugby sevens.

References

  1. "广东省奥林匹克体育中心". Guangdong Sports Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  2. "Chinese Architecture- Guangdong Olympic Stadium". Chinese-architecture.info. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
  3. Guangdong Olympic Stadium Archived 29 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. architect: Ellerbe Becket
  4. "Making the Aoti Main Stadium accessible". China Daily. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
  5. "Chinese Architecture- Guangdong Olympic Stadium". Chinese-architecture.info. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
  6. ArchitectureWeek - Design - China's Banner Stadium - 2002.0501
  7. "Guangdong Olympic Stadium". Archiplanet. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
Preceded by
Amman International Stadium
Amman
Asian Athletics Championships
Venue

2009
Succeeded by
Kobe Universiade Memorial Stadium

Coordinates: 23°8′15.56″N113°24′12.67″E / 23.1376556°N 113.4035194°E / 23.1376556; 113.4035194

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.