Hammarby IF

Last updated
Hammarby IF
Hammarby IF logo.svg
Full nameHammarby Idrottsförening
NicknamesBajen
Founded10 April 1889;132 years ago (1889-04-10)(as Hammarby Roddförening)
7 March 1897;124 years ago (1897-03-07)(as Hammarby Idrottsförening)
Based in Stockholm vapen bra.svg Stockholm, Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Colors   Green and white
PresidentHenrik Appelqvist
Website www.hammarby-if.se

Hammarby Idrottsförening ("Hammarby Sports Club"), commonly known as Hammarby IF or simply Hammarby (Swedish pronunciation:  [ˈhâmːarˌbyː] or, especially locally, [-ˌbʏ]), is a Swedish sports club located in Stockholm, with a number of member organizations active in a variety of different sports.

Contents

It was founded in 1889 as Hammarby Roddförening ("Hammarby Rowing Association"), but by 1897 the club had diversified and was participating in different sports, leading to the renaming to Hammarby IF. [1]

In 1999, the club was reorganized into a legal format referred to in Swedish as an alliansförening ("alliance association"), with each of the club's departments becoming a separate legal entity cooperating under the "Hammarby IF" umbrella. [1]

History

1889–1914: Growth from small rowing association to multi-sport club

Axel Robert Schonthal is credited as the founding force of Hammarby Roddforening. Schontal.jpg
Axel Robert Schönthal is credited as the founding force of Hammarby Roddförening.

On 10 April 1889, Hammarby Roddförening ("Hammarby Rowing Association") was established in Södermalm, a district in the Stockholm City Centre, with engineer Axel Robert Schönthal, the first chairman, being credited as the founder. [2] Originally, it solely competed against other local clubs in the sport of rowing, with the races usually taking place on the watercourse Hammarby Sjö, which the club took its name from. [3] The members exclusively consisted of young men from the working class, employed as industrial workers at one of the many factories in the Södermalm district. [4]

By 1897, the club had diversified into different sports following demands from its members, with the first other being athletics, [5] and it was renamed Hammarby Idrottsförening ("Hammarby Sports Club"), or Hammarby IF for short. [6] [7] The new multi-sport club was officially established on 7 March said year, with Carl Julius Sundholm taking the inaugural chairman position. [5]

The association launched its first team sport in 1905, the section Hammarby IF Bandy, thus becoming one of the first bandy clubs in Sweden. The first nationwide league was, however, not held until 1930, and the club has not dropped below either the highest or second highest division since. [8]

1915–1957: Birth of the football section and golden years in hockey

The sporting ground Hammarby IP (also known as "Kanalplan") was built in Södermalm in 1915, officially opened on 15 September by Gustaf VI Adolf, by then the Crown Prince of Sweden. [9] Due to a lack of football pitches in Stockholm, several other local clubs proposed to merge with Hammarby IF to get access to the stadium. An offer from Klara SK was accepted and a football department was established the same year, Hammarby IF Fotboll. [10] In 1918, Hammarby also merged with Johanneshofs IF, a club from the neighbouring district Johanneshov. [11] The club ended as runners-up in the 1922 Svenska Mästerskapet, a cup by then held to decide the Swedish champions, losing 1–3 to GAIS in the final. [6]

In 1919, Hammarby IF Boxning was founded, who formed the Swedish Boxing Association together with nine other clubs. Gunnar Berggren finished third in the lightweight class at the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam, making him the only Hammarby athlete that has ever won an Olympic medal in an individual sport. By 1930, the boxing department found themselves in financial difficulties, after arranging a loss-making gala at Cirkus, and was dissolved. [12] [13]

The club started playing ice hockey in 1921, with their team being made up by a group of bandy players during the first matches. Hammarby IF Hockey would soon position itself as a giant in the early history of the sport in the country, playing in the top league from its inaugural season in 1922 until 1957. During that period, they were crowned domestic champions eight times (in 1932, 1933, 1936, 1937, 1942, 1943, 1945, and 1951). [14] [15]

Famous cyclist Sven Johansson joined Hammarby IF in 1937. Throughout his career, he won 11 individual Swedish Championship titles, and an additional 13 at club level. [16] [17]

In 1939, Hammarby IF Handboll was originally founded. The handball section would cease its operation in the 1950s, but was re-established in 1970 after a merger with local club Lundens BK. [18]

1958–1990: Nyman era

Lennart Nyman took over as chairman of Hammarby IF in 1965, a position he would hold for 25 years until 1990, as the longest-serving in its history. He was simultaneously the chairman of Hammarby IF's football section. [19]

In 1970, Hammarby IF Damfotboll was established, making the club one the pioneers in Swedish women's football, and it was crowned domestic champions in 1985. Until its first relegation from the top tier in 2011, the club was one of only two teams that had played all 24 seasons in Damallsvenskan since the competition's foundation in 1988. [1] [20]

The first Midnattsloppet run was held in Södermalm in Stockholm in 1982, and has since been hosted annually by Hammarby IF. The number of participants varies between 20,000 and 40,000, who run 10 kilometres in the night time, but the number of spectators is usually much greater. [1] [21]

1990–: Success in bandy, football and handball

In 1999, the club was reorganized into a legal format referred to in Swedish as an alliansförening ("alliance association"), with each of the club's departments becoming a separate legal entity cooperating under the "Hammarby IF" umbrella. [1]

The club won its first Swedish championship in football, the biggest domestic sport, in 2001. The gold medal was celebrated at Medborgarplatsen in front of some 20,000 supporters in the square. [22]

Hammarby IF won three consecutive Swedish championships in handball from 2006 to 2008, breaking the dominance of clubs from southern and western Götaland that had won all domestic titles since 1978. [18]

In 2010, Hammarby IF also won their first Swedish championship in bandy, after ending as runners-up in six seasons of the previous decade. They also won the gold medal in 2013, through a final that was played at Friends Arena in front of a record crowd of 38,474. [23]

Colours, badge and nickname

Colours

The club's colours are green and white, which is reflected in its crest and kit. When Hammarby Roddförening (Hammarby RF) was founded in 1889, the club's crest consisted of a white flag with three green horizontal lines. They drew inspiration from two other competing rowing clubs in Stockholm that used two blue respectively two red lines on a white flag, but chose the colour green since it represented hope. The club eventually added a third stripe when it discovered that Göteborgs RF used a similar green-white flag with two stripes. [3]

Kit

In 1915, Hammarby IF determined their kit to consist of a white shirt with the abbreviation "HIF" on its chest, white shorts and black socks. [2] Following the merger with Johanneshofs IF in 1918, Hammarby changed its team apparel to Johanneshof's black-and-yellow striped shirts, blue shorts and black socks with yellow stripes. [11] The first section to use the new kit was the bandy team, with the football section adopting it not much later. [24]

The club changed from blue pants to black in the 1960s. When the renowned footballer Lennart Skoglund rejoined Hammarby in 1964, he donated the club a set of black shorts because he thought the team's blue shorts looked awful. [24]

In 1978, 60 years after the merger with Johanneshof, Hammarby changed its home colours from black and yellow to white shirts, green shorts and white socks. [24]

Nickname

When Hammarby's ice hockey team was on tour in the United Kingdom in 1946, player Stig Emanuel Andersson allegedly coined the term "Bajen", a short form of a mock-English pronunciation of "Hammarby", that has been the club's most used nickname since the 1970s. [25]

Supporters

Hammarby has historically been regarded as a club with a mainly working-class fan base, due to its connection with the formerly working-class (but today gentrified) Södermalm district of Stockholm. Nowadays the club attracts fans from all parts of society. [26] [27] According to a 2016 poll, a large part of the club's fan base tends to support left-wing politics compared to those of their local rivals AIK and Djurgården. [28] The club has strong ties to Söderort, the southern part of the Stockholm urban area. [26]

Honours

As of 2020, Hammarby has won 271 domestic championship gold medals, 306 silver medals and 294 bronze medals in 16 different sports. [29] [17]

Member clubs

SportClub nameFoundedJoined HIFHome venue
Arm wrestling Hammarby IF Armbrytarförening 20142014
Athletics Hammarby IF Friidrottsförening 18971897
Bandy Hammarby IF Bandy 19051905 Zinkensdamms IP
Basketball Hammarby IF Basket 19752015 Farstahallen
Boule Hammarby IF Bouleförening 20022002
Bowling Hammarby IF Bowlingförening 19381938 Brännkyrka Bowlingcenter
Boxing Hammarby IF Boxningsförening 19191969
Floorball Hammarby IF Innebandy 19931993 Sjöstadshallen
Football Hammarby IF Fotbollförening (men)
Hammarby IF Fotbollförening (women)
1915
1970
1915
1970
Tele2 Arena
Hammarby IP
Goalball Hammarby IF Goalbollförening 20002000
Golf Hammarby Golfklubb 20192020Björkhagens GK
Handball Hammarby IF Handboll 19391939 Eriksdalshallen
Ice hockey Hammarby IF Ishockeyförening 20082013 SDC-hallen
Orienteering Hammarby IF Orienteringsförening 19221922
Rowing Hammarby IF Roddförening 18891889
Rugby union Hammarby IF Rugby 20002000
Speedway Hammarby Speedway 20032003
Skiing Hammarby IF Skidförening 19371937
Table tennis Hammarby IF Bordtennisförening 19482010

Defunct member clubs

Works cited

Related Research Articles

Hammarby Fotboll Association football club in Stockholm, Sweden

Hammarby IF Fotbollförening, more commonly known as Hammarby Fotboll or Hammarby, is a Swedish football club from Stockholm founded in 1915. The club is based at Tele2 Arena in Johanneshov but founded in the neighbouring Södermalm district of Stockholm City Centre, an area the club considers its heartland.

Hammarby IF Bandy

Hammarby IF Bandyförening is a Swedish bandy club from Södermalm, Stockholm, a section of the sports club Hammarby IF.

Sigfrid Öberg Swedish ice hockey player

Sigfrid "Sigge" Öberg was a Swedish ice hockey, football and bandy player, known for representing Hammarby IF in all three sports.

Åke Andersson (ice hockey) Swedish ice hockey player

Åke Gustav "Plutten" Andersson was a Swedish ice hockey, football and bandy player and manager, known for representing Hammarby IF in all three sports.

Hammarby Hockey

Hammarby IF Ishockeyförening is an ice hockey club founded as "Bajen Fans IF" in 2008 by supporters of the previous incarnation of Hammarby Hockey which went bankrupt that same year. The club has played in Hockeyettan, the third tier of Swedish men's ice hockey, since the 2013–14 season.

Kenneth Ohlsson Swedish footballer and manager

Kenneth "Kenta" Ohlsson is a Swedish former football player and manager. He represented Hammarby IF throughout his whole playing career, as a one club man, and holds the club record for most league appearances in total (396). Ohlsson also made one appearance for Sweden, in 1978.

Billy Ohlsson is a Swedish former football player and manager. He mostly represented Hammarby IF and is the club's all-time leading scorer with 94 goals in Allsvenskan. A full international between 1978 and 1980, Ohlsson won six caps for the Sweden national team.

Stig Emanuel Andersson Swedish ice hockey player

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Lennart Hellman Swedish ice hockey player

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Gunnar Landelius Swedish ice hockey player

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Rolf Pettersson (ice hockey) Swedish ice hockey player

Rolf "Mackan" Pettersson was a Swedish ice hockey and bandy player, who represented Hammarby IF in both sports. He competed in six Ice Hockey World Championships, winning Sweden's first gold medal in 1953.

Folke Adamsson Swedish footballer and manager

Folke Adamsson (1911–1977) was a Swedish football manager and former player. He represented Hammarby IF during his whole playing career and later went on to coach the club for 18 years, as the longest-serving manager in its history.

Sture Gillström Swedish football, ice hockey and bandy player

Sture "Stöttan" Gillström was a Swedish football, ice hockey and bandy player, known for representing Hammarby IF in all three sports.

Hammarby IF Boxning Boxing club in Stockholm, Sweden

Hammarby IF Boxningsförening, commonly known as Hammarby Boxning, is a Swedish boxing club based in Stockholm. It is one of Sweden's oldest boxing clubs, founded in 1919, and a section of Hammarby IF. Their gym is located in Södermalm, an area the club considers its heartland.

Rune Larsson (footballer) Swedish football, ice hockey and bandy player

Rune Larsson was a Swedish football, ice hockey and bandy player, best known for representing Hammarby IF and AIK in all sports.

Gustav Björk Swedish footballer

Gustav "Måsen" Björk was a Swedish football player, best known for being a prolific goalscorer for Hammarby IF. In 1921, he won two caps for the Sweden national football team.

Axel Robert Schönthal Swedish engineer and founder of sports club Hammarby IF

Axel Robert Schönthal was a Swedish engineer, known for being the founder and first chairman of the sports club Hammarby IF in Stockholm.

Ragnar Gunnarsson was a Swedish footballer who played as a forward, known for scoring the first goal in Hammarby IF's history in 1915. He won one cap for the Sweden national football team.

Axel Nilsson Swedish footballer and ice hockey player

Axel "Acke" Nilsson was a Swedish football, ice hockey and bandy player, best known for representing Hammarby IF and AIK in all three sports.

Lennart Nyman Swedish football manager

Lennart Nyman was a Swedish football coach and sports administrator, best known for being the first ever manager of the Sweden national team between 1962 and 1965. He was also the chairman of multi-sport club Hammarby IF for 25 years, the longest-serving in its history.

References

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