Indoor Obstacle Course Test

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Indoor Obstacle Course Test
APFT IOCT Commandant's Award Badges.jpg
Date(s)periodically throughout the year, primary test is in February
Location(s)Hayes Gym, USMA
Inaugurated1944 [1]

The Indoor Obstacle Course Test (IOCT) is a test of full-body functional physical fitness administered by the Department of Physical Education (DPE) at the United States Military Academy at West Point, NY. DPE considers the IOCT to be one of the best evaluations of total body fitness given in the Army. [2] Cadets who earn an A− (2:38 or less for men and 3:35 or less for women) are authorized to wear the IOCT Badge on their athletic shorts. [3]

Contents

Description

DPE administers the test in historic Hayes Gymnasium, built in 1910. [4] [5] The IOCT is similar in concept to the obstacle course seen on the TV show American Gladiators, with the addition of a quarter mile sprint at the conclusion of the course. DPE administers the IOCT to all third, second, and first class cadets through the academic year. Large crowds of cadets, officers, and other onlookers gather to watch. [6]

Relevance

Army Regulation 350-1, Army Training and Leader Development, specifically supports functional fitness and the IOCT by specifically naming numerous skill related components of fitness, like balance, agility, and coordination by stating "Preparation for the APFT is of secondary importance. Maintenance of the military skills listed below will also be emphasized."

The IOCT is often cited or studied in articles concerning high intensity human performance and obstacle courses. [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] This is due to the large amount of available data due to the lengthy history of the course. It has been administered with few changes since 1944. [12]

Test Sequence

Course diagram Diagram of the USMA IOCT.JPG
Course diagram

The test consists of 11 events performed sequentially: low crawl under barrier, tire footwork, two-handed vault, 8 ft horizontal shelf, horizontal bar navigation, hanging tire, balance beam, 8 ft vertical wall, 20 ft horizontal ladder, 16 ft vertical rope, and 350m sprint (carrying a 6 lb  medicine ball for the first 120m, a baton for the second 120m, and empty-handed for the remaining 110m). [13] Because of the unique level of athletic skill needed to pass the test and the tremendous level of effort needed to excel at it, the IOCT holds a special place in the hearts of all West Point Cadets and graduates. A search of YouTube will return many videos about it, both serious [14] [15] [16] and comical. [17] [18] The IOCT is both feared and revered by the members of the Long Gray Line and is seen as a link between graduates of long ago and cadets of today. [19] [20]

History

DPE began administering the IOCT in 1944 during the Second World War. After lessons learned from WWII, the IOCT was changed to obstacles that are similar to what we see today. The test has changed little since 1948. [12]

Gender Difference

The difference in completion time grade scales between male and female cadets is taken into account during the order of merit listing that the United States Military Academy uses for branch and post selections for cadets. From the USMA White Book: "To further encourage cadets to engage the IOCT at the highest level of performance, anyone may retest the IOCT for grade replacement. Cadets are permitted to retake the IOCT (regardless of their current score) during designated spring term IOCT dates. Only the highest grade earned during each academic year will be used to compute the Physical Program Score Cumulative (PPSC). [22] "

Grade Scale [23]

MenWomen
A+2:26 or Less3:11 or Less
A2:27-2:333:12-3:23
A-2:34-2:383:24-3:35
B+2:39-2:413:36-3:47
B2:42-2:443:48-4:01
B-2:45-2:494:04-4:06
C+2:50-2:544:07-4:24
C2:55-3:014:25-4:54
C-3:02-3:134:55-5:17
D3:14-3:305:18-5:29
F3:31+5:30+

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References

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  5. "Arvin Cadet Physical Development Center grand opening". Pointer View, (Aug 19,2005). Archived from the original on 2009-01-10. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
  6. Barkalow, Carol; Raab, Andrea (1990). In the Men's House . New York: Poseidon Press. p.  77. ISBN   978-0-671-67312-3.
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  8. Bishop, Phillip (Dec 1999). "Physiological determinants of performance on an indoor military obstacle course test". Military Medicine. 164 (12): 891–6. doi: 10.1093/milmed/164.12.891 . PMID   10628164.
  9. Kusano, MA; Vanderburgh, PM; Bishop, P (1997). "Impact of body size on women's military obstacle course performance". Biomed Science Instrum. 34: 357–62. PMID   9603066.
  10. Mountcastle, Sally; Posner, Matthew; Kragh, John; Taylor, Dean (2007). "Gender Differences in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Vary With Activity". The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 35 (10): 1635–1642. doi:10.1177/0363546507302917. PMID   17519438. S2CID   2259064.
  11. The Obstacle Course: Building Fitness and Skill with Fun The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, Vol. 70, 1999
  12. 1 2 "DPE Testing Committee (2004). "History of the IOCT" (Microsoft Word (on file DPE, USMA)).{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help); |format= requires |url= (help)
  13. "INDOOR OBSTACLE COURSE TEST PERFORMANCE STANDARDS" (PDF). DPE USMA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2008-12-27.
  14. "An instructor runs the IOCT". YouTube. Retrieved 2009-01-15.
  15. "First person view of the IOCT". YouTube. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  16. "The IOCT". YouTube. Retrieved 2008-12-26.
  17. "Creation of the IOCT". YouTube. Retrieved 2008-12-28.
  18. "Tim Clarke runs the IOCT". YouTube. Retrieved 2008-12-30.
  19. Duty First Ruggero, HarperCollins, 2002
  20. Observations at a 25th Reunion Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine West Point Association of Graduates
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  22. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-13. Retrieved 2018-04-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. IOCT Grade Chart USMA DPE Military Movement Committee