List of monuments at the United States Military Academy

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The United States Military Academy (USMA) is a federal service academy located at West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. The Academy was formally founded in 1802 and graduated its first class in October of the same year. It is the oldest of the five American service academies. Due to the academy's age and its unique purpose of producing Army officers, it is home to many monuments and memorials, the oldest dating back to the early 19th century, shortly after the academy's founding. The oldest monument is the Cadet Monument, dedicated in 1818 and located in the West Point Cemetery, while the newest is the US Grant statue, located across from Battle Monument and dedicated in 2019.

Monuments

MonumentImageDedicatedDescriptionReference
Air Cadet Monument Air Cadet Monument, West Point, NY.JPG 1945Dedicated by members of the Corps of Cadets to their comrades who died during Cadet flight training. Located north of Lusk Reservoir and near the Flight Memorial, the names of the cadets who died during cadet flight training are inscribed upon the monument. [1]
American Soldier's Statue American Soldier Monument, West Point, NY.JPG 1980Erected in 1980 as a memorial to the American Soldier, especially in the modern era with likenesses of World War II period soldiers. Located at the sharp bend in Stony Lonesome Road at the north end of Lusk Reservoir. [1]
Battle Monument Battle Monument, West Point NY side view June 2009.jpg 1897Dedicated in 1897 by Civil War veterans who paid for the monument through their pay and by donation. The names of 2,230 officers and soldiers of the Regular Army are inscribed on the monument. The column was designed by Stanford White, while the statue atop the column was sculpted by Frederick MacMonnie [2]
Buckner Memorial Buckner Memorial, Camp Buckner (West Point), NY.JPG 1946Located on the shore of Lake Popolopen at the Camp Buckner, this monument memorializes Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., who died while observing battle at Okinawa during World War II, making him the highest ranking American General Officer to die by enemy fire during the war. [1] [3]
Cadet Monument Cadet Memorial, West Point Cemetery, NY.jpg 1818Dedicated in 1818 in memory of Cadet Vincent M. Lowe, who had died in 1817 in a pre-mature cannon discharge. The monument is located at the far north-east corner of the West Point Cemetery, in the oldest part of the cemetery grounds. The names of cadets who died in the line of duty during the academy's earliest days are inscribed on the monument. [1]
Corbin Monument Margaret Corbin Memorial, West Point Cemetery, United States Military Academy.jpg 1926Dedicated in 1926 in memory of Margaret Corbin, who had died in 1800. The monument is located near the entrance of the West Point Cemetery, between the Old Cadet Chapel and Washington Road. Corbin was a heroine of the American Revolution who live and died in Highland Falls, NY after the war. [4]
Custer Monument Base of Custer Monument, West Point, NY.JPG 1879Dedicated in 1879 in honor of George Armstrong Custer, this monument once stood near the site of present-day Taylor Hall. The pedestal once had a statue of Custer atop of it, but after objections to the statue design by Custer's wife, the statue was replaced by an obelisk. The pedestal was moved to his gravesite upon construction of Taylor Hall. [5] [6]
Dade Monument Dade Monument West Point NY 29 Dec 2008.JPG 1845Originally located on the site of current-day Cullum hall on the bluff overlooking the Hudson. It was moved across Cullum road to in front of Cullum hall in 1898, then later moved to its current location in the West Point Cemetery. Monument memorializes Francis L. Dade and his 110 troopers who were killed at the Dade Massacre in 1835. [7]
Eisenhower Monument 1983One of the newer monuments at the academy. Sculpted by West Point graduate Robert L. Dean, Jr., and located on the southwest corner of the Plain, the sculpture memorializes former General of the Army and 34th President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower. [8]
Flight Memorial Flight Memorial West Point 2016.jpg 1992Dedicated in 1992 in memory of all cadets and graduates who have died in flight-related accidents. Located behind the Air Cadet Monument at the north end of Lusk Reservoir, the statue was sculpted by Walker Hancock. [1]
Kelleher-Jobes Memorial Arch Kelleher-Jobes Meorial Arch, West Point, NY.jpg 1939Located at the north entrance of Flirtation Walk, this archway memorializes Cadets William P. Kelleher and Charles S. Jobes who died during their third class year. [9]
Kosciuszko's Monument Kosciuszko's Monument (West Point).JPG 1828Located on the site of the former Fort Clinton, where he designed the defenses during the Revolutionary War. The column and pedestal were dedicated in 1828, while the statue was added in 1913. Memorial to General Kosciuszko, a Polish officer and engineer who assisted the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. [10]
L'Ecole Polytechnique Monument L'Ecole Polytechnique Monument, West Point, NY.JPG 1919Donated by the students of the French Military Academy to the Corps of Cadets in 1919. The monument currently stands in the cadet Central Area away from general public access. The statue is a replica of a monument to French cadets who took part in the defense of France in 1814. First year cadets are required to know the four "mistakes on the French Monument": curved saber but straight scabbard; flag blowing one direction, coat tails the other; and cannonballs too large for bore of the cannon. [11]
MacArthur Monument MacArthur Monument at West Point Apr 2010.jpg 1969Located at north end of MacArthur Barracks near the Superintendent's quarters. Memorializes former General of the Army, Superintendent, and Medal of Honor awardee Douglas MacArthur. Dedicated by his widow in 1969, the statue was sculpted by Walker Hancock. [12]
Patton Monument Patton Monument West Point in new location 2009 upright.JPG 1950Originally located across the street and facing the old library, the monument was placed into storage in 2004 to make way for the construction of the new library, Jefferson Hall. This monument to General George S. Patton was re-dedicated in 2009 in a temporary location near the Eisenhower Monument. When the renovations to the old library and Bartlett hall are completed, Patton's monument will be moved to its permanent location near the right field foul pool of Double Day field, facing northwest towards The Plain [13]
Parker-McAniff Memorial1963Located at the north entrance of Flirtation Walk, this monument memorializes Cadets Bob Parker and Fred McAniff who both died as cadets while members of the class of 1963. [1]
Sedgwick Monument Sedgwick Statue.JPG 1868Located off Washington road just south of Battle Monument, this monument memorializes Union Army Major General John Sedgwick. The statue was donated by the officers and men of his command. He was the highest ranking Union officer to die in the Civil War. [14]
Sheridan Memorial Sheridan Memorial, United States Military Academy.jpg 1931Located on Flirtation Walk (West Point), this memorial is dedicated to Richard B. Sheridan Jr, who died on the gridiron of the Yale Bowl in Oct 1931. [15]
Southeast Asia Memorial South East Asia Memorial, United States Military Academy.jpg 1980Located at the southwest edge of Lusk Reservoir, this monument memorializes all members of the armed forces of the United States who fell in Southeast Asia. Sometimes called the first Vietnam Memorial, it was named more generally to recognize those who died in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, other countries and offshore. It was funded by the classes of 1960 through 1969. [16]
Thayer Monument Thayer Statue at West Point.JPG 1883Located across from the Commandant's quarters on Washington road, this statue memorializes the "Father of the Military Academy", the third Superintendent, Sylvanus Thayer. The monument has been located at several locations as the academy grounds have expanded. Each year during Graduation Week, the oldest living graduate of the academy lays a wreath at this memorial during a special reunion ceremony. [17] [18]
Washington Monument Washington Statue Fall Leaves.jpg 1916Originally near the Superintendent's Quarters on the north end of the Plain, moved to its current location near the entrance of Washington hall. This monument memorializes General George Washington, commander of the Continental Army and the first President of the United States. [19] [20] [21]
Wirt Robinson Memorial1940Located on the hillside northwest of Arvin Gymnasium just beyond Stony Lonesome road, this memorializes a well liked former professor. [9]
Wood's Monument Wood's Monument, West Point, NY 2010.jpg 1814Now located in the cemetery, this is the oldest monument at the academy. Dedicated in honor of Colonel Eleazer Wood, an engineer officer and 1806 graduate of West Point who was killed in the War of 1812. Old prints of West Point show this monument located on a knoll near the flag pole. As the academy expanded, it was relocated to its current location in the cemetery. [7]

Related Research Articles

United States Military Academy U.S. Armys federal service academy in West Point, New York

The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy, or simply The Point, is a four-year federal service academy in West Point, New York. It was originally established as a fort, as it sits on strategic high ground overlooking the Hudson River with a scenic view, 50 miles (80 km) north of New York City. It is the oldest of the five American service academies and educates cadets for commissioning into the United States Army.

West Point Cemetery US Military Academy cemetery

West Point Cemetery is a historic cemetery in the eastern United States, on the grounds of the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, New York. It overlooks the Hudson River, and served as a burial ground for Revolutionary War soldiers and early West Point inhabitants long before 1817, when it was officially designated as a military cemetery.

The Corps (song)

"The Corps" is a poetic hymn associated with the United States Military Academy. It is second in importance to only the Academy's Alma Mater. The words were written by West Point Chaplain, Bishop H.S. Shipman, around 1902. The accompanying music was composed in 1910 specially for the ceremonial closing of the Old Cadet Chapel and opening of the new Cadet Chapel. "The Corps" was first sung on the steps of the Cadet Chapel on 12 June 1910, and became part of the graduation ceremony starting in 1911. Today, "The Corps" is typically sung by the Cadet Glee Club in companion to the Alma Mater at alumni gatherings, graduation, memorial ceremonies and funerals.

United States Military Academy grounds and facilities United States historic place

The United States Military Academy and grounds were declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960 due to the Revolutionary War history and the age and historic significance of the Academy itself. The majority of the buildings in the central cadet area are historic.

The history of the United States Military Academy can be traced to fortifications constructed on the West Point of the Hudson River during the American Revolutionary War in 1778. Following the war, President Thomas Jefferson signed legislation establishing the United States Military Academy (USMA) on the site in 1802. In 1817 the Academy was transformed by the appointment of Sylvanus Thayer who drastically reformed the curriculum.

West Point Cadet Chapel Church in New York, United States

The Cadet Chapel at the United States Military Academy is a place of Protestant denomination worship for many members of the United States Corps of Cadets. The chapel is a late example of Gothic Revival architecture, with its cross-shaped floor plan, soaring arches, and ornate stone carvings. It houses the largest chapel pipe organ in the world, which consists of 23,511 individual pipes. The Cadet Chapel dominates the skyline and sets the architectural mood of the academy. Designed by architect Bertram Goodhue and completed in 1910, it replaced the neoclassical Old Cadet Chapel which had been built in 1836. The Old Cadet Chapel was deconstructed and relocated to the entrance of the West Point Cemetery, where it stands today.

Battle Monument (West Point)

Battle Monument is a large Tuscan column monument located on Trophy Point at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, designed by Stanford White.

The Plain (West Point) Parade field at the US Military Academy

The Plain is the parade field at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. The flat terrain of the Plain is in contrast to the varied and hilly terrain of the remainder of the campus. The Plain rises approximately 150 feet (45 m) above the Hudson River and has been the site of the longest continually occupied U.S. Army garrison in America since 1778. In its early years, the entire academy was located on the Plain and it was used for varying activities ranging from drill and mounted cavalry maneuvers to an encampment site for summer training to a sports venue. Currently, the Plain refers to just the parade field where cadets perform ceremonial parades.

Kosciuszkos Monument (West Point)

Kościuszko's Monument is a pedestal and statue of Polish General Tadeusz Kościuszko at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Kościuszko designed the defenses of the West Point garrison from 1778–1780 during the height of the Revolutionary War, when George Washington considered West Point to be the most important military post in America. The pedestal and shaft of the monument was first proposed in 1825 by John Latrobe, and dedicated in 1828. The statue, designed by D. Borja, was later added in 1913.

Dave Richard Palmer

Dave Richard Palmer is a retired United States Army Lieutenant General, former Superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point (1986–1991), military historian and author, and former President of Walden University. A 1956 graduate of West Point, he served two tours in the Vietnam War and numerous command positions during the height of the Cold War.

Sidney Bryan Berry US Army general officer

Sidney Bryan Berry was a United States Army Lieutenant General, Superintendent of West Point (1974–1977), and Commissioner of Public Safety for the state of Mississippi (1980–1984).

Dade Monument (West Point)

Dade Monument is a monument and United States Military Academy Cemetery, in honor of Major Francis L. Dade and his command of 110 men who were defeated by Seminole warriors at Dade Massacre on 28 December, 1835. The monument has moved several times in its history. First erected in 1845, it originally stood overlooking the Hudson River on the east edge of the Plain. It was moved further inland prior to 1898 to make way for the construction of Cullum Hall. In 1917 it was moved further south in front of the Old Cadet Library. In 1948, it was relocated to its current location near the entrance to the West Point Cemetery to make way for the Patton Monument.

LEcole Polytechnique Monument

L'Ecole Polytechnique Monument is a statue and monument located at the United States Military Academy. It is a replica of a statue at École Polytechnique that commemorates the cadets of that French school who died in defense of France in 1814. In 1919, in the wake of Franco-American cooperation in the First World War, an association of alumni of the École Polytechnique presented a full-size casting of the statue to West Point as a symbol of brotherhood between the two nations and schools.

Cadet Monument (West Point) Monument at US military academy

The Cadet Monument is a monument at the United States Military Academy Cemetery, originally dedicated in honor of cadet Vincent M. Lowe, who died as a result of a premature cannon discharge in 1817. The names of cadets and professors who died while at the academy during its earliest days are inscribed upon the monument. The monument is located in the far northeastern corner of the cemetery.

Woods Monument (West Point)

Wood's Monument is an obelisk monument in honor of Colonel Eleazer Derby Wood (1783–1814), an engineer officer and early graduate of West Point who died during the War of 1812 at the Siege of Fort Erie on 17 September 1814. Old prints of West Point show this monument located on a knoll near the flag pole. The monument was once used as a navigational aid for ships making the passage down the Hudson River.

Flirtation Walk (West Point)

Flirtation Walk is a historic rocky foot trail at the United States Military Academy. The trail follows the shoreline of the Hudson River along the western bank. The southern trailhead starts at the edge of the Lincoln Hall parking lot and winds north along the river around Gee's Point and the West Point Light. The trail turns west-northwest, passing Battery Cove, where the Great Chain was anchored during the Revolutionary War. The trail ends near the helipad of West Point's North Dock. There also is an access trail that descends steeply to the river level from Trophy Point. The trail varies in consistency from level and even to steep and rocky. By academy tradition, only cadets and their guests may use the trail. Visitors escorted by cadets should wear sturdy shoes. The 1934 film Flirtation Walk was named after the trail. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Custer Monument (West Point)

Custer Monument is a monument at the United States Military Academy Cemetery, in honor of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer who was killed along with his immediate command at the Battle of the Little Bighorn on 25 June 1876. Congress approved of a statue, to be made from 20 condemned bronze cannons, and for $10,000, of which $6,000 had been subscribed by citizens of New York. The monument was originally located near the academy's headquarters building near the site of present-day Taylor Hall along Thayer Road. Unveiled in 1879, the pedestal had a bronze statue of Custer wielding a saber and a pistol. Custer's widow and many officers did not approve of this likeness and after only five years, the statue was removed and sent to New York City where Stanford White was supposed to remove the bust, to be displayed in the library. However, after White's murder, its whereabouts have since been lost. The pedestal was moved to Custer's grave site in the West Point Cemetery during the construction of Taylor Hall around 1910. In 1965, a stone obelisk was placed atop the pedestal.

Erwin Frey was an American sculptor and educator best remembered for his George Armstrong Custer memorial.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 175.
  2. "West Point's Dedication" (PDF). NY Times. 1897-05-30. Retrieved 2009-01-11.
  3. Sledge, Eugene B. (1990). With the Old Breed: At Peleliu and Okinawa. Oxford University Press. p. 299. ISBN   0-19-506714-2.
  4. "West Point Cemetery". USMA.edu. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
  5. "WEST POINT'S CUSTER STATUE.; MRS. CUSTER CRITICISES THE WORK AND PROTESTS AGAINST DUPLICATING IT IN WASHINGTON" (PDF). New York Times. 22 April 1880. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
  6. Lange, Robie S. (1984). Historical Structures Inventory United States Military Academy West Point, NY Vol 1. Washington DC: National Park Service. p. 43.
  7. 1 2 "The West Point Cemetery". USMA.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
  8. "Eisenhower Monument". USMA.edu. Archived from the original on April 24, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-29.
  9. 1 2 Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 173.
  10. "Annual National Tadeusz Kosciuszko Observance". American Association of the Friends of Kosciuszko at West Point, Inc. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  11. Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. pp. 171, 254–255.
  12. "Tour of West Point". United States Military Academy. Archived from the original on January 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  13. "Patton statue is back" (PDF). PointerView. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
  14. "Tour of West Point". United States Military Academy. Archived from the original on May 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  15. Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 171.
  16. Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes 1994. State College, PA: Jostens Publishing. p. 179.
  17. "Big Guns at West Point" (PDF). New York Times. 1883-06-12. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  18. "Projects". Aegis Restauro. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  19. M. Victor Alper, America's Freedom Trail: a tour guide to historical sites of the colonial and Revolutionary War period1976:200; Linda Nochlin, in Mary Ann Calo, Critical Issues in American Art 1996:308.
  20. Miller, Rod (2002). The Campus Guide: West Point US Military Academy. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. p. 136. ISBN   1-56898-294-1.
  21. Poughkeepsie Journal (2003). West Point: Legend on the Hudson. Montgomery, NY: Walden Printing. p. 20. ISBN   0-9674209-1-1.