Jirhangga

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Jirhangga (Manchu: ᠵᡳᡵᡥᠠᠩᡤᠠ; Chinese: 吉爾杭阿; also known as Koer-hanger in English; died June 1, 1856) was an eminent Manchu official in the late Qing dynasty. He served as the Governor of Jiangsu, which belonged to Bordered Yellow Banner, and was appointed to that post by Imperial Commissioner Xiang Rong (向榮). He was killed in action by rebels during the Taiping Rebellion.[ citation needed ]

Contents

Actions against Small Swords Society

Recovery of Shanghai county

Before the Chinese New Year of 1856, Jirhangga and the Mayor of Nanjing led 15,000 troops into Shanghai [ clarification needed ]. This was followed by street fighting, the recovery of the Shanghai county, and the arrest of thousands of Small Swords Society members.

Organizing the Corps at Mount Jiuhua

In March 1856, Jirhangga and Nanjing's Mayor led 40,000 troops stationed in Mount Jiuhua. The army was intended to capture the capital of the Taiping Rebellion in Nanjing.[ citation needed ]

Death

In 1865, when the Taiping General Qin Rigang brought forces to strengthen the offensive against Beijing in the North, Jirhangga immediately attacked, despite having only a fraction of the troops, and against the advice of his staff. After five days of fighting, Jirhangga was killed by artillery shells as he was standing on the city wall of the Dantu District city,[ clarification needed ] waving the Qing's banner.[ citation needed ]

Aftermath

Under orders from Xiang Rong, Zhang Guoliang brought reinforcements from Jiangnan DaYing to save Jirhangga, but arrived too late, as Jirhangga had been killed a week earlier. Zhang Guoliang still recovered the vital city of Zhenjiang from the Taiping, who had occupied it for five years. Jirhangga's death and the five-day combat changed the Taiping rebels' former offensive toward the north.[ citation needed ]

See also

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