Kingsbridge, Bronx

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Kingsbridge
CoE Mediator Kingsbridge Av 231 jeh.JPG
Looking west across Kingsbridge Avenue at Episcopal Church of the Mediator
Kingsbridge, Bronx
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°52′44″N73°54′18″W / 40.879°N 73.905°W / 40.879; -73.905 Coordinates: 40°52′44″N73°54′18″W / 40.879°N 73.905°W / 40.879; -73.905
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of New York.svg  New York
City New York City
Borough The Bronx
Community District The Bronx 8 [1]
Area
[2]
  Total0.80 km2 (0.310 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total10,669
  Density13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)
Economics
   Median income $53,875
ZIP Codes
10463
Area code 718, 347, 929, and 917

Kingsbridge is a working- and middle-class residential neighborhood in the northwest portion of the Bronx, New York City. Kingsbridge's boundaries are Manhattan College Parkway to the north, the Major Deegan Expressway or Bailey Avenue to the east, West 230th Street to the south, and Irwin Avenue to the west.

Contents

The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 8 and its ZIP Code is 10463. Kingsbridge is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 50th Precinct. [3]

Geography

Kingsbridge comprises three distinct neighborhoods: Kingsbridge proper, Kingsbridge Heights, and Van Cortlandt Village. [4] Kingsbridge proper is bounded by Manhattan College Parkway to the north, either the Major Deegan Expressway or Bailey Avenue to the east, West 230th Street to the south, and Irwin Avenue to the west. [5]

Land use and terrain

Kingsbridge has detached, semi detached, and attached homes, and apartment buildings. Streets connecting Riverdale and Kingsbridge include "step streets", with stairways of as many as 160 steps climbing the slope. Some jokingly refer to Riverdale as the "rich uncle" of Kingsbridge which has its origins during the Irish period. [6] The neighborhood is also part of a business improvement district that is home to 200 merchants, which is one of the largest retail shopping districts in the Bronx. River Plaza Shopping Center is located nearby (in Marble Hill, Manhattan) but it is not part of the business improvement district. During the past several years there have been significant improvements in the infrastructure of the community. For example, the parks have been improved significantly and there are new elementary schools on 230th Street.

On 233rd and Bailey Avenue, there is a baseball field that is run by Kingsbridge Little League. [7] The field has lights, dugouts, stands, and a small food court.

History

Nathalie Avenue in the 1890s, now called Kingsbridge Terrace The Great north side, or, Borough of the Bronx, New York (1897) (14578304859).jpg
Nathalie Avenue in the 1890s, now called Kingsbridge Terrace
50th Precinct 50 Pct NYPD KB Av 236 jeh.jpg
50th Precinct

The neighborhood is named for the King's Bridge, likely erected by enslaved Africans [8] in 1693 and owned by Frederick Philipse, a local lord loyal to the British monarch. The bridge spanned a now-filled-in section of Spuyten Duyvil Creek, roughly parallel to today's 230th Street. The King's Bridge was part of Boston Post Road, connecting southern Westchester County (which later became the Bronx) with Marble Hill, once part of Manhattan Island and still part of the borough of Manhattan. The bridge is said to still be in place, having been buried when the creek bed was filled in. The creek's water flow was redirected to the new and deeper shipping canal, south of Marble Hill. [9]

Until the later part of the 19th century Riverdale, Kingsbridge, and other areas now in the northwest Bronx were part of the Town of Yonkers. The areas that are inside the modern-day New York city line broke off to form the Town of Kingsbridge. In 1874, the City of New York annexed three towns that later became the western half of The Bronx, including the Town of Kingsbridge. As the trains to Manhattan were built in the 20th century, a stop in the northwest Bronx along the Hudson River called Riverdale-on-Hudson, now Riverdale, was created. This gave rise to the Riverdale neighborhood. The remainder of the old Town of Kingsbridge developed into the modern-day Kingsbridge neighborhood. [9]

St John's Roman Catholic Church John RCC 3021 Kingsbridge Av jeh.JPG
St John's Roman Catholic Church

Kingsbridge has a population of over 10,000. Historical documents reveal that the Black population of Kingsbridge was proportionally much higher in the distant past than it is today, due to the number of Africans enslaved by local landowners from the late 1600s to mid 1800s. [10] In more recent history, it became a neighborhood of predominately Irish immigrants. From the late 1970s the Irish population has decreased significantly, being replaced by large numbers of African-Americans, Hispanics, Asians, Albanians, and Greeks. According to an account by The New York Times, the largest Hispanic group in Kingsbridge today are Dominicans, replacing the earlier Puerto Ricans and Cubans, who were the first Hispanics to settle in the neighborhood in the 1970s. There still is a strong Irish population centered on Bailey Avenue and Tibbett Avenue. The Dominicans predominantly live along Broadway and adjacent side streets, with a predominantly mixed ethnic area east and west of Broadway. [9] [ unreliable source? ]

The Irish legacy can still be seen in the Roman Catholic churches and schools that serve the current residents, such as the St. John's Roman Catholic Church on Kingsbridge Avenue near 231st Street, and its two schools; the elementary school on Godwin Terrace (just south of 231st Street), and the junior high school on Kingsbridge Avenue just a block north of 231st Street. In northern Kingsbridge the Visitation Roman Catholic Church and School is located on West 239th street. To the east, on Sedgwick Avenue is Our Lady of Angels Church and School. For recreation Gaelic Park, (now operated by Manhattan College), is located on 240th Street & Broadway and is the venue for a variety of sports including Gaelic football and hurling. The neighborhood is also home to Manhattan College.

The area is patrolled by the 50th Precinct located at 3450 Kingsbridge Avenue. NYCHA property in the area is patrolled by P.S.A. 8 at 2794 Randall Avenue in the Throggs Neck section of the Bronx. [11]

Kingsbridge was home to the 77-year-old Stella D'Oro factory, which was relocated to Ashland, Ohio when Stella D'Oro was sold to Lance after labor unrest in 2009. [12] [13]

Demographics

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Kingsbridge and Spuyten Duyvil was 30,161, a change of 289 (1%) from the 29,872 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 540.92 acres (218.90 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 55.8 inhabitants per acre (35,700/sq mi; 13,800/km2). [14]

The racial makeup of the neighborhoods were 49.3% (14,872) White, 8.9% (2,691) African American, 0.1% (40) Native American, 5.7% (1,731) Asian, 0% (15) Pacific Islander, 0.3% (98) from other races, and 1.7% (510) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.8% (10,204) of the population. [15]

The entirety of Community District 8, which comprises Kingsbridge and Riverdale, had 102,927 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 80.9 years. [16] :2, 20 This is about the same as the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods. [17] :53 (PDF p. 84) [18] Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 20% are between the ages of between 0–17, 28% between 25–44, and 25% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 18% respectively. [16] :2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 8 was $53,986. [19] In 2018, an estimated 15% of Kingsbridge and Riverdale residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eleven residents (9%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 52% in Kingsbridge and Riverdale, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Kingsbridge and Riverdale are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying. [16] :7

Police and crime

Kingsbridge and Riverdale are patrolled by the 50th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 3450 Kingsbridge Avenue. [3] The 50th Precinct ranked 13th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. [20] As of 2018, with a non-fatal assault rate of 40 per 100,000 people, Kingsbridge and Riverdale's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 225 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole. [16] :8

The 50th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 79.9% between 1990 and 2020. The precinct reported 3 murders, 12 rapes, 88 robberies, 158 felony assaults, 150 burglaries, 461 grand larcenies, and 152 grand larcenies auto in 2020. [21]

Fire safety

Kingsbridge contains a New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire station, Engine Co. 81/Ladder Co. 46, at 3025 Bailey Avenue. [22] [23]

Health

As of 2018, preterm births are slightly more common in Kingsbridge and Riverdale than in other places citywide, though births to teenage mothers are less common. In Kingsbridge and Riverdale, there were 89 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 13.1 births to teenage mothers per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide). [16] :11 Kingsbridge and Riverdale has a relatively average population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 16%, higher than the citywide rate of 12%. [16] :14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Kingsbridge and Riverdale is 0.0075 milligrams per cubic metre (7.5×10−9 oz/cu ft), more than the city average. [16] :9 Ten percent of Kingsbridge and Riverdale residents are smokers, which is lower than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers. [16] :13 In Kingsbridge and Riverdale, 24% of residents are obese, 12% are diabetic, and 28% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively. [16] :16 In addition, 21% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%. [16] :12

Eighty-six percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is less than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 83% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," higher than the city's average of 78%. [16] :13 For every supermarket in Kingsbridge and Riverdale, there are 10 bodegas. [16] :10

The nearest hospitals are James J. Peters VA Medical Center in Kingsbridge Heights, North Central Bronx Hospital and Montefiore Medical Center in Norwood. [24]

Post office and ZIP Code

Kingsbridge is located within ZIP Code 10463. [25] The United States Postal Service operates the Kingsbridge Station post office at 5517 Broadway. [26]

Education

Kingsbridge and Riverdale generally have a similar rate of college-educated residents to the rest of the city as of 2018. While 45% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 18% have less than a high school education and 37% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher. [16] :6 The percentage of Kingsbridge and Riverdale students excelling in math rose from 21% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 28% to 33% during the same time period. [27]

Kingsbridge and Riverdale's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is about the same as the rest of New York City. In Kingsbridge and Riverdale, 20% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, higher than the citywide average of 20%. [17] :24 (PDF p. 55) [16] :6 Additionally, 78% of high school students in Kingsbridge and Riverdale graduate on time, higher than the citywide average of 75%. [16] :6

Schools

PS 86 PS86 Reservoir Av jeh.JPG
PS 86

Public schools are operated by the New York City Department of Education. Kingsbridge is located near the following public elementary schools, which serve grades PK-5 unless otherwise indicated: [28]

The following middle/high school is located in Kingsbridge: [28]

Libraries

The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates two branches near Kingsbridge. The Van Cortlandt branch is located at 3882 Cannon Place. The two-story, 5,800-square-foot (540 m2) branch opened in 2019, replacing a smaller one-story branch a few blocks away, which opened in 1969 and consisted of a single room. [36] The Kingsbridge branch is located at 3874 Sedgwick Avenue. The current two-story building is the branch's fourth structure since the establishment of the Kingsbridge Free Library in 1894. McKim, Mead & White designed a Carnegie library for Kingsbridge when the NYPL took over the Kingsbridge branch in 1905; a third library structure was built at 280 West 231st Street in 1959, across from the current site. [37]

Transportation

The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve Kingsbridge: [38]

The following New York City Subway stations serve Kingsbridge: [39]

Films

Television

See also

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