This is a list of Indian reservations in the U.S. state of Arizona.
An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located. Each of the 326 Indian reservations in the United States is associated with a particular Native American nation. Not all of the country's 567 recognized tribes have a reservation—some tribes have more than one reservation, while some share reservations. In addition, because of past land allotments, leading to some sales to non–Native Americans, some reservations are severely fragmented, with each piece of tribal, individual, and privately held land being a separate enclave. This jumble of private and public real estate creates significant administrative, political, and legal difficulties.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
|Official name||Tribe(s)||Est.|| Pop.|
|Ak-Chin Indian Community||Pima, Maricopa||1912||1,001||34.1 (88.3)||Pinal|
|Cocopah Indian Reservation||Cocopah||1917||817||9.4 (24.3)||Yuma|
|Colorado River Indian Reservation||Mohave, Chemehuevi, Hopi, Navajo||1865||7,077||419.7 (1,087.0)||La Paz||Extends into California (Riverside, San Bernardino)|
|Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation||Yavapai||1903||971||38.5 (99.7)||Maricopa|
|Fort Mojave Indian Reservation||Mohave||1890||1,004||65.4 (169.4)||Mohave||Extends into California (San Bernardino) and Nevada (Clark)|
|Fort Yuma Indian Reservation||Quechan||1884||2,197||68.1 (176.4)||Yuma||Extends into California (Imperial)|
|Gila River Indian Community||Pima, Maricopa||1859||11,712||583.7 (1,511.9)||Pinal, Maricopa|
|Havasupai Indian Reservation||Havasupai||1880||465||293.8 (760.9)||Coconino|
|Hopi Reservation||Hopi||1882||7,185||2,531.8 (6,557.3)||Navajo, Coconino|
|Hualapai Indian Reservation||Hualapai||1882||1,335||1,550.2 (4,015.0)||Coconino, Mohave|
|Kaibab Indian Reservation||Paiute||1907||240||188.7 (488.7)||Mohave, Coconino|
|Navajo Nation||Navajo||1868||173,667||27,413 (70,999.3)||Apache, Coconino, Navajo||Extends into New Mexico (San Juan, McKinley, Sandoval, Cibola, Rio Arriba) and Utah (San Juan)|
|Pascua Yaqui Indian Reservation||Yaqui||1978||3,484||1.8 (4.6)||Pima|
|Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community||Pima, Maricopa||1879||6,289||82.2 (212.9)||Maricopa|
|San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation||Apache (Chiricahua)||1872||10,068||2,853.1 (7,389.5)||Graham, Gila, Pinal|
|Tohono O'odham Nation||Tohono O'odham||1916||10,201||4,446.3 (11,515.9)||Pima, Pinal, Maricopa||The Tohono O'odham Nation governs four separate pieces of land, including the Tohono O'odham and San Xavier Indian Reservations and the San Lucy district near Gila Bend.|
|Tonto Apache Reservation||Apache (Tonto)||1974||120||0.13 (0.34)||Gila|
|White Mountain Apache Reservation||Apache (White Mountain)||1891||13,409||2,609.4 (6,758.3)||Navajo, Apache, Gila|
|Yavapai-Apache Nation||Yavapai, Apache (Tonto)||1903||718||1.0 (2.6)||Yavapai|
|Yavapai-Prescott Reservation||Yavapai||1935||192||2.2 (5.7)||Yavapai|
|Zuni Heaven Reservation||Zuni||1984||–||19.5 (50.5)||Apache||Over 95% of Zuni land is located in New Mexico (McKinley, Cibola, Catron). Zuni Heaven is primarily a pilgrimage site and has no permanent residents.|
Hopi Indians have a huge impact in the North central part of Arizona where the majority of their state-allocated land is located. This reservation is one of the largest Native owned pieces of land that is currently in Arizona and is depicted in the image on the right. The Hopi Indians have faced a lot of adversity due to the expansion of American colonies. However, they adapted to and overcame the challenges that were set upon them, in the book "The Changing Physical Environment of the Hopi Indians of Arizona. ," by John Tilton Hack, it explains how the Hopi people were able to adjust to the subjugation of new laws and implementations of integration that Americans forced upon them. Along with this, provided insight as to how Native communities were affected by the manifest destiny of colonials and the impact of colonization in general. Another book that specifically entail the Hopi people is "The Hopi-Tewa of Arizona" by Edward P. Dozier. Dozier goes into depth about how within Hopi communities there is a structured form of social constructs and economic activities that are part of daily expectations set by members of the tribe. This suggests that this community had a structured form of government and order that is unheard of during this time of colonial expansion. Overall, American expansion of the West has influenced the way that the Hopi people conduct tribal activities in a negative way because of the newfound limitations placed on them by the overbearing control and hegemony of the United States.
The Fort Apache Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in Arizona, United States, encompassing parts of Navajo, Gila, and Apache counties. It is home to the federally recognized White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, a Western Apache tribe. It has a land area of 2,627 square miles (6,800 km2) and a population of 12,429 people as of the 2000 census. The largest community is in Whiteriver.
The Quechan are a Native American tribe who live on the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation on the lower Colorado River in Arizona and California just north of the Mexican border. Members are enrolled into the Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation. The federally recognized Quechan tribe's main office is located in Fort Yuma, Arizona. Its operations and the majority of its reservation land are located in California, United States.
Coconino County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 134,421 at the 2010 census. The county seat is Flagstaff. The county takes its name from Cohonino, a name applied to the Havasupai. It is the second-largest county by area in the contiguous United States, behind San Bernardino County, California, with its 18,661 square miles (48,300 km2), or 16.4% of Arizona's total area, making it larger than each of the nine smallest states.
The Navajo Nation is a Native American territory covering about 17,544,500 acres, occupying portions of northeastern Arizona, southeastern Utah, and northwestern New Mexico in the United States. This is the largest land area retained by a Native American tribe, with a population of roughly 350,000 as of 2016.
The Fort Mohave Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation along the Colorado River, currently encompassing 23,669 acres (95.79 km2) in Arizona, 12,633 acres (51.12 km2) in California, and 5,582 acres (22.59 km2) in Nevada. Originally established in 1870, the reservation is home to approximately 1,100 members of the federally recognized Mohave Tribe of Native Americans.
The Yavapai-Prescott Indian Tribe, formerly known as the Yavapai-Prescott Tribe of the Yavapai Reservation, a federally recognized tribe of Yavapai people. Fewer than 200 people are enrolled in the tribe.
Blood quantum laws or Indian blood laws are those enacted in the United States and the former Thirteen colonies to define qualification by ancestry as Native American, sometimes in relation to tribal membership. These laws were developed by European Americans and thus did not necessarily reflect how Native Americans had traditionally identified themselves or members of their in-group, and thus ignored the Native American practices of absorbing other peoples by adoption, beginning with other Native Americans, and extending to children and young adults of European and African ancestry. Blood quantum laws also ignored tribal cultural continuity after tribes had absorbed such adoptees and multiracial children. Tribal enrollments were often incomplete or inaccurate for multiple reasons; individuals didn't trust the government and so they refused to enroll, families relocated before censuses were taken, or individuals were incorrectly identified by white men, whom were the census takers.
The San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, in southeastern Arizona, United States, was established in 1872 as a reservation for the Chiricahua Apache tribe as well as surrounding Yavapai and Apache bands forcibly removed from their original homelands under a strategy devised by General George Crook of using an Apache to catch an Apache. Also known as "Hell's Forty Acres" under United States occupation because of deplorable health and environmental conditions, today's San Carlos Apaches successfully operate a Chamber of Commerce, the Apache Gold Casino, a Language Preservation program, a Culture Center, and a Tribal College.
The Havasupai Indian Reservation is a Native American reservation for the Havasupai people, surrounded entirely by the Grand Canyon National Park, in Coconino county in Arizona, United States. It is considered one of America's most remote Indian reservations. The reservation is governed by a seven-member tribal council, led by a chairman who is elected from among the members of the council. The capital of the reservation is Supai, situated at the bottom of Cataract Canyon, one of the tributary canyons of the Grand Canyon. Havasupai is a combination of the words Havasu and pai, thus meaning "people of the blue-green waters".
The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is a federally recognized tribe of Yaqui Native Americans in southern Arizona.
The Colorado River Indian Tribes is a federally recognized tribe consisting of the four distinct ethnic groups associated with the Colorado River Indian Reservation: Chemehuevi, the Mohave, Hopi, and Navajo. The tribe has about 4,277 enrolled members. A total population of 9,485 currently resides within the tribal reservation according to the 2012-2016 American Community Survey data.
Northeast Arizona is a region of the U.S. state of Arizona commonly including Apache County and Navajo County. Some notable towns there are St. Johns, Eagar, Holbrook, Show Low, Winslow, Window Rock, Fort Defiance, Ganado, Chinle, and Kayenta.
Kanab Creek is one of the many tributaries of the Grand Canyon. It begins in Kane County, Utah, just south of the watershed to the Great Basin and flows 125 miles (201 km) south to the Colorado River. It passes Kanab, Utah, crossing the border to Arizona near Fredonia. It flows through the Kaibab Indian Reservation of the Paiute people and the 1984-designated Kanab Creek Wilderness, a wilderness area, before its mouth in the Grand Canyon National Park.
The Tohono Oʼodham Nation is the collective government body of the Tohono Oʼodham tribe in the United States. The Tohono Oʼodham Nation governs four separate pieces of land with a combined area of 2.8 million acres (11,330 km2), the second largest Native American land holding in the United States. These lands are located within the Sonoran Desert of south central Arizona and are directly exposed to the Mexico–United States border for 74 miles (119 km) along its southern border. The Nation is organized into 11 local districts and employs a tripartite system of government. Sells, Arizona, is the Nation's largest community and functions as its capital. The Nation has approximately 34,000 enrolled members, the majority of whom live off of the reservations.
The Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, formerly the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Community of the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, is a federally recognized tribe and Indian reservation in Maricopa County, Arizona about 23 miles (37 km) northeast of Phoenix.
Arizona, a state in the southwestern region of the United States of America, is known for its high population of Native Americans. Arizona has the third highest number of Native Americans of any state in the Union. Out of the entire US population of 2.9 million Native Americans, roughly 286,680 live in Arizona, representing 10% of the country's total Native American population. Only California and Oklahoma have more Native Americans than Arizona by number. Arizona also has the highest proportion of land allocated to Native American reservations, at 28%. Arizona has five of the twelve largest Indian reservations in the United States, including the largest, the Navajo Nation, and the third-largest, the Tohono O'odham Nation. Also, Arizona has the largest number of Native American language speakers in the United States.