Sunderland Association Football Club , also known as the Mackems, are a professional football club based in Sunderland, North East England. They were announced to the world by the local newspaper, The Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette on 27 September 1880 as Sunderland & District Teachers Association Football Clubfollowing a meeting of the Teachers at Rectory Park school in Sunderland on 25 September 1880. The football club changed their name to the current form on 16 October 1880, just 20 days after the September announcement. They were elected into The Football League in the 1890–91 season, becoming the first team to join the league since its inauguration in the 1889–90 season, replacing Stoke F.C..
All figures are based on the maximum potential fee and are correct as at 1 September 2013.
|31 August 2016||MF||Didier N'Dong||FC Lorient||£13.8 million||https://www.safc.com/news/team-news/2016/august/ndong-signs|
|31 August 2010||FW||Asamoah Gyan||Rennes||£13 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/8958346.stm|
|24 August 2012||FW||Steven Fletcher||Wolverhampton Wanderers||£12 million||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/19256084|
|29 June 2011||FW||Connor Wickham||Ipswich Town||£12 million (£8M up front)||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/13873800|
|5 August 2014||MF||Jack Rodwell||Manchester City||£10 million||https://www.bbc.com/sport/football/28649646|
|23 August 2012||MF||Adam Johnson||Manchester City||£10 million||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/19376690|
|5 August 2009||FW||Darren Bent||Tottenham Hotspur||£10 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/8178460.stm|
|8 August 2007||GK||Craig Gordon||Hearts||£9 million (£7M up front)||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/6932931.stm|
|27 August 2013||DF||Anton Ferdinand||West Ham United||£8 million (£6.75M up front)||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/7580244.stm|
|30 August 2002||FW||Tore André Flo||Rangers||£6.75 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/2225278.stm|
|16 July 2013||MF||Emanuele Giaccherini||Juventus||£6.5 million||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/23331584|
|30 June 2013||MF||Jozy Altidore||AZ Alkmaar||£6 million||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/23210189|
|30 June 2011||MF||Craig Gardner||Birmingham City||£6 million||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/13941223|
|29 August 2007||FW||Kenwyne Jones||Southampton||£6 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/6969418.stm|
|August 2009||FW||Lee Cattermole||Wigan Athletic||£6 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/8198227.stm|
|29 January 2011||FW||Stéphane Sessègnon||Paris Saint-Germain||£6 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/9381124.stm|
|1 September 2008||DF||George McCartney||West Ham United||£5.5 million (£4.5M up front)||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/w/west_ham_utd/7592110.stm|
|16 July 2007||MF||Kieran Richardson||Manchester United||£5.5 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/6901589.stm|
|31 January 2013||FW||Danny Graham||Swansea City||£5 million||https://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/sport/football/football-news/danny-graham-sunderland-signing-verdict-18741712|
|30 July 2008||MF||Steed Malbranque||Tottenham Hotspur||£5 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/7530274.stm|
|26 July 2009||MF||Lorik Cana||Marseille||£5 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/8168337.stm|
|13 July 2007||FW||Michael Chopra||Cardiff City||£5 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/6291244.stm|
|7 July 2011||DF||John O'Shea||Manchester United||£5 million||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/14059071|
|15 June 2017||GK||Jordan Pickford||Everton||£30 million (£25M up front)||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/40258852|
|18 January 2011||FW||Darren Bent||Aston Villa||£24 million (£18M up front)||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/9364092.stm|
|9 June 2011||MF||Jordan Henderson||Liverpool||£20 million (£16.25M up front)||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/13685517|
|25 June 2013||GK||Simon Mignolet||Liverpool||£11.25 million (£9M up front)||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/23011973|
|12 August 2010||FW||Kenwyne Jones||Stoke City||£8 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/stoke_city/8905368.stm|
|31 August 2013||FW||Stéphane Sessègnon||West Bromwich Albion||£6.5 million||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/23935605|
|9 July 2012||FW||Asamoah Gyan||Al-Ain||£6 million (added to £6M loan fee received previously)||https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/18737632|
|30 August 2001||MF||Don Hutchison||West Ham United||£5.25 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/w/west_ham_utd/1514594.stm|
|8 July 2010||MF||Lorik Cana||Galatasaray||£5.1 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/sunderland/8802185.stm|
|24 July 2009||MF||Dean Whitehead||Stoke City||£5 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/s/stoke_city/8167640.stm|
|23 July 1999||FW||Michael Bridges||Leeds United||£5 million||http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/sport/football/fa_carling_premiership/401923.stm|
Sunderland have won a total of six Football League Championships including three in the space of four seasons, along with being runners-up five times. Sunderland have also experienced success in the FA Cup, winning it twice; in 1937 and 1973. They have never won the League Cup but finished as finalists in 1985 and 2014.
Competitive matches only. Each column contains appearances in the starting eleven, followed by appearances as substitute in brackets.
|#||Name||Years||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Other||Total|
|1||Jimmy Montgomery||1960–1977||537 (0)||41 (0)||33 (0)||16 (0)||627 (0)|
|2||Len Ashurst||1957–1971||403 (6)||26 (0)||23 (0)||0 (0)||452 (6)|
|3||Ned Doig||1890–1904||417 (0)||35 (0)||0 (0)||5 (0)||457 (0)|
|4||Stan Anderson||1951–1963||402 (0)||34 (0)||11 (0)||0 (0)||447 (0)|
|5||Gary Bennett||1984–1995||362 (7)||17 (1)||34 (1)||21 (0)||434 (9)|
|6||Bobby Kerr||1964–1979||355 (13)||29 (1)||14 (0)||21 (0)||419 (14)|
|7||Gordon Armstrong||1983–1996||331 (18)||19 (0)||25 (4)||18 (1)||393 (23)|
|8||Charlie Buchan||1911–1925||379 (0)||32 (0)||0 (0)||0 (0)||411 (0)|
|9||Michael Gray||1990–2004||341 (22)||17 (1)||23 (4)||2 (0)||383 (27)|
|10||Charlie Hurley||1957–1969||357 (1)||26 (0)||17 (0)||0 (0)||400 (1)|
Competitive matches only, appearances including substitutes appear in brackets.
|#||Name||Years||League||FA Cup||League Cup||Other||Total|
|1||Bobby Gurney||1925–50||205 (348)||23 (40)||0 (0)||0 (2)||228(390)|
|2||Charlie Buchan||1911–25||209 (379)||13 (32)||0 (0)||0 (0)||222(411)|
|3||Dave Halliday||1925–29||156 (166)||9 (9)||0 (0)||0 (0)||165(175)|
|4||George Holley||1904–19||150 (280)||9 (35)||0 (0)||0 (0)||159(315)|
|5||Johnny Campbell||1890-97||135 (186)||25 (19)||0 (0)||0 (0)||154|
This section applies to attendances played at home, in all of their grounds since their foundation. Attendance figures from the club's early days are approximate.
Below is Sunderland's record in European competitions.They have only appeared once in European competition, during the 1973–74 season where they reached the second round. They qualified for the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup after winning the 1973 FA Cup Final over Leeds United.
|Season||Competition||Round||Country||Club||Home result [B]||Away result [B]||Notes|
|1973–74||European Cup Winners' Cup||R1||Vasas Budapest||2–0||1–0||[C]|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||4||3||0||1||5||3|
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