This is an incomplete list of military and other armed confrontations that have occurred within the boundaries of the modern US State of Oklahoma since European contact. The region was part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain from 1535 to 1679, New France from 1679 to 1803, and part of the United States of America 1803–present.
Oklahoma is a state in the South Central region of the United States, bordered by Kansas on the north, Missouri on the northeast, Arkansas on the east, Texas on the south, New Mexico on the west, and Colorado on the northwest. It is the 20th-most extensive and the 28th-most populous of the fifty United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". It is also known informally by its nickname, "The Sooner State", in reference to the non-Native settlers who staked their claims on land before the official opening date of lands in the western Oklahoma Territory or before the Indian Appropriations Act of 1889, which dramatically increased European-American settlement in the eastern Indian Territory. Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were merged into the State of Oklahoma when it became the 46th state to enter the union on November 16, 1907. Its residents are known as Oklahomans, and its capital and largest city is Oklahoma City.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
New France was the area colonized by France in North America during a period beginning with the exploration of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence by Jacques Cartier in 1534 and ending with the cession of New France to Great Britain and Spain in 1763 under the Treaty of Paris (1763).
The Plains Indian Wars directly affected the region during westward expansion, as did the American Civil War.
The American Indian Wars is the collective name for the various armed conflicts that were fought by European governments and colonists, and later by the United States and Canadian governments and American and Canadian settlers, against various American Indian and First Nation tribes. These conflicts occurred in North America from the time of the earliest colonial settlements in the 17th century until the 1920s. The various Indian Wars resulted from a wide variety of factors, including cultural clashes, land disputes, and criminal acts committed by both sides. The European powers and their colonies also enlisted Indian tribes to help them conduct warfare against each other's colonial settlements.
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North (Union) and the South (Confederacy). The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.
|Battle of the Twin Villages||1759||uncertain||114||Kingdom of New Spain vs Wichita|
|Battle of Claremore Mound||October 1817||modern Rogers County||38+||Cherokee vs Osage|
|Cutthroat Gap Massacre||Spring of 1833||modern Kiowa County||150||Osage vs Kiowa|
|Battle of Wolf Creek||June 1838||modern Ellis County||72||Cheyenne & Arapaho vs Kiowa, Comanche, & Apache|
|Battle of Little Robe Creek||May 12, 1858||modern Ellis County||Plains Indian Wars||Antelope Hills Expedition||78||Comanche vs Texas Rangers|
|Battle of the Wichita Village||October 1, 1858||near modern Rush Springs||Plains Indian Wars||Wichita Expedition||75||Comanche vs 2nd U.S. Cavalry|
|Battle of Round Mountain||November 19, 1861||unknown / location disputed||American Civil War||Trail of Blood on Ice||6+||Creek & Seminole vs Confederate States of America|
|Battle of Chusto-Talasah||December 9, 1861||near modern Tulsa||American Civil War||Trail of Blood on Ice||15+||Creek & Seminole vs Confederate States of America|
|Battle of Chustenahlah||December 26, 1861||near modern Skiatook||American Civil War||Trail of Blood on Ice||9+||Creek & Seminole vs Confederate States of America|
|Battle of Old Fort Wayne||October 22, 1862||Fort Wayne||American Civil War||Operations North of Boston Mountains (1862)||64+||United States of America vs Confederate States of America|
|Tonkawa Massacre||October 24, 1862||modern Caddo County||American Civil War||137-150||Osage vs Tonkawa|
|Battle of Cabin Creek||July 1-2, 1863||modern Mayes County||American Civil War||Operations to Control Indian Territory (1863)||88||United States of America vs Confederate States of America|
|Battle of Honey Springs||July 17, 1863||modern Muskogee County & McIntosh County||American Civil War||Operations to Control Indian Territory (1863)||167||United States of America vs Confederate States of America|
|Battle of Middle Boggy Depot||February 13, 1864||near modern Allen||American Civil War||Operations to Control Indian Territory (1864)||47||United States of America vs Confederate States of America|
|Ambush of the steamboat J. R. Williams||June 15, 1864||near modern Tamaha||American Civil War||Operations to Control Indian Territory (1864)||4||United States of America vs. Confederate States of America|
|Battle of Washita River||November 27, 1868||near modern Cheyenne||Plains Indian Wars||Comanche Campaign||171+||United States of America vs Cheyenne|
|Battle of Soldier Spring||December 25, 1868||modern Greer County & modern Kiowa County||Plains Indian Wars||Canadian River Expedition||26||Comanche & Kiowa vs 6th U.S. Cavalry & 37th U.S. Infantry|
|Goingsnake Massacre||April 15, 1872||modern Adair County||11||U.S. Marshals vs. Cherokee|
|Sand Hill Fight||April 6, 1875||modern Canadian County||Plains Indian Wars||Cheyenne vs U.S. Cavalry|
|Enid-Pond Creek Railroad War||1893-1894||modern Grant and Garfield Counties||Railroad Wars||0||Citizens vs. Rock Island Railroad|
|Crazy Snake Rebellion||March 1909||Okmulgee County||3||Creek Indians Snake Government vs. Local Citizens, 8th Cavalry Regiment U.S. Army, 1st Regiment Oklahoma National Guard.|
|Green Corn Rebellion||August 2-3, 1917||Pontotoc County||World War I||3||Tenant farmers vs. Local authorities|
|Tulsa race riot||May 31 – June 1, 1921||Tulsa County||39||White citizens vs. Black citizens|
|Red River Bridge War||July 3 - September 7, 1931||Bryan County, Oklahoma and Grayson County, Texas||0||Oklahoma Army National Guard vs. Texas Ranger Division|
The history of Oklahoma refers to the history of the state of Oklahoma and the land that the state now occupies. Areas of Oklahoma east of its panhandle were acquired in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, while the Panhandle was not acquired until the U.S. land acquisitions following the Mexican–American War.
During the American Civil War, most of what is now the U.S. state of Oklahoma was designated as the Indian Territory. It served as an unorganized region that had been set aside specifically for Native American tribes and was occupied mostly by tribes which had been removed from their ancestral lands in the Southeastern United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. As part of the Trans-Mississippi Theater, the Indian Territory was the scene of numerous skirmishes and seven officially recognized battles involving both Native American units allied with the Confederate States of America and Native Americans loyal to the United States government, as well as other Union and Confederate troops.
Wabasha is a city in Wabasha County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 2,521 at the 2010 census. Located on the Mississippi River near its confluence with the Chippewa River, it is the county seat.
Historic Forks of the Wabash is a historic museum park near Huntington, Indiana, that features site several historic buildings, trails and remnants of the Wabash and Erie Canal. The location was the signing location of the historic Treaty at the Forks of the Wabash in 1838. The park is located along the Wabash River. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985 as the Chief Richardville House and Miami Treaty Grounds.
The Battle of Claremore Mound, also known as the Battle of the Strawberry Moon, or the Claremore Mound Massacre, was one of the chief battles of the war between the Osage and Cherokee Indians. It occurred in June 1817, when a band of Western Cherokee and their allies under Chief Spring Frog (Too-an-tuh) attacked Pasuga, an Osage village at the foot of Claremore Mound. The village was nearly empty; only women, children, and the very sick and elderly remained there. Most of the village was currently away on a seasonal hunt that often lasted up to three or four months. The Cherokee killed or captured every remaining member of Chief Clermont's band and destroyed everything they could not carry away. Historians consider it one of the bloodiest Native American massacres in modern history.
DeLancey Floyd-Jones was a career officer in the United States Army, serving in the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War, as well as on frontier duty in the Old West.
Joel Bryan Mayes was Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation.
Milton Cline Garber was a U.S. Representative from Oklahoma. He also served as an Associate Justice of the Oklahoma Territory before Oklahoma became a state. In 1942, he was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.
David McKellop Hodge (1841–1920) was born in Choska, Creek Nation, Indian Territory in Wagoner County, Oklahoma. He was the son of a white man and a Creek woman. He became involved with Creek Nation politics, was a translator of Creek and English, was licensed to practice law in the Creek Nation and was an orator and leader in the Creek Nation Council House at Muskogee. He was often listed as "David M. Hodge" on legal documentation. He was buried at Oaklawn Cemetery in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
The Garfield County Courthouse is a historic courthouse building located in Enid, Oklahoma. It is on the National Register of Historic Places both individually and as a part of the Enid Downtown Historic District.
The H.H. Champlin House is a two-and-one half-story sandstone building designed in the Tudor Revival style. The house, completed in 1939, is located at 612 S. Tyler in Enid, Oklahoma. It is located within the Kisner Heights addition to the city of Enid, developed from farmland formerly owned by R.H. Kisner. Architects Roy Shaw and Norris Wheeler designed the house. The D.C. Bass Company constructed the main house with walls of Briar Hill sandstone and Vermont slate roofing and terrace. A variety of windows were custom made for the house by Kawneer Company of Niles, Michigan. Jacoby Art Glass Company of St. Louis, Missouri created art glass insets for the Tudor arch windows, featuring scenes from Oklahoma history. The property also includes a carport and greenhouse. The property is currently owned by H.H. Champlin's great-grandson, Joel Champlin.
The Rock Island Depot is located in Enid, Garfield County, Oklahoma and listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1979.
Albert Comstock Hamlin was the first African American elected to the Oklahoma Legislature. He lost his re-election bid as a direct result of a constitutional amendment that prevented many black Oklahomans from voting.
Green Currin was the first African American to serve in the Oklahoma Territorial Legislature that existed before statehood in 1907. He was the author of the Oklahoma Territory's first civil rights legislation, a proposal to penalize racial violence, that failed by one vote.
Choska is an unincorporated community in Wagoner County, Oklahoma, United States. It is located on Oklahoma State Highway 104 at the junction of E. 0810 Road and N. 4150 Road, approximately 2 miles northeast of Haskell, Oklahoma, and 6 miles west-southwest of Porter, Oklahoma. Primarily a farming community consisting of sod farms, livestock and grain production.
I-See-O, a.k.a. Tah-bone-ma, was a Native American of the Kiowa tribe who served with distinction as an Indian scout in the United States Army from 1889 until his death.