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This is a list of notable economists, mathematicians, political scientists, and computer scientists whose work has added substantially to the field of game theory. For a list of people in the field of video games rather than game theory, please see list of ludologists.

- Derek Abbott - quantum game theory and Parrondo's games
- Susanne Albers - algorithmic game theory and algorithm analysis
- Kenneth Arrow - voting theory (Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1972)
- Robert Aumann - equilibrium theory (Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005)
- Robert Axelrod - repeated Prisoner's Dilemma
- Tamer Başar - dynamic game theory and application robust control of systems with uncertainty
- Cristina Bicchieri - epistemology of game theory
- Olga Bondareva - Bondareva–Shapley theorem
- Steven Brams - cake cutting, fair division, theory of moves
- Jennifer Tour Chayes - algorithmic game theory and auction algorithms
- John Horton Conway - combinatorial game theory
- William Hamilton - evolutionary biology
- John Harsanyi - equilibrium theory (Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994)
- Monika Henzinger - algorithmic game theory and information retrieval
- Naira Hovakimyan - differential games and adaptive control
- Peter L. Hurd - evolution of aggressive behavior
- Rufus Isaacs - differential games
- Anna Karlin - algorithmic game theory and online algorithms
- Michael Kearns - algorithmic game theory and computational social science
- Sarit Kraus - non-monotonic reasoning
- John Maynard Smith - evolutionary biology
- Oskar Morgenstern - social organization
- John Forbes Nash - Nash equilibrium (Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994)
- John von Neumann - Minimax theorem, expected utility, social organization, arms race
- J. M. R. Parrondo - games with a reversal of fortune, such as Parrondo's games
- Charles E. M. Pearce - games applied to queuing theory
- George R. Price - theoretical and evolutionary biology
- Anatol Rapoport - Mathematical psychologist, early proponent of tit-for-tat in repeated Prisoner's Dilemma
- Julia Robinson - proved that fictitious play dynamics converges to the mixed strategy Nash equilibrium in two-player zero-sum games
- Alvin E. Roth - market design (Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences 2012)
- Ariel Rubinstein - bargaining theory, learning and language
- Thomas Jerome Schaefer - computational complexity of perfect-information games
- Suzanne Scotchmer - patent law incentive models
- Reinhard Selten - bounded rationality (Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994)
- Claude Shannon - studied cryptography and chess; sometimes called "the father of information theory"
^{ [1] }^{ [2] } - Lloyd Shapley - Shapley value and core concept in coalition games (Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences 2012)
- Thomas Schelling - bargaining (Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005) and models of segregation
- Myrna Wooders - coalition theory

An **evolutionarily stable strategy** (**ESS**) is a strategy which, if adopted by a population in a given environment, is impenetrable, meaning that it cannot be invaded by any alternative strategy that are initially rare. It is relevant in game theory, behavioural ecology, and evolutionary psychology. An ESS is an equilibrium refinement of the Nash equilibrium. It is a Nash equilibrium that is "evolutionarily" stable: once it is fixed in a population, natural selection alone is sufficient to prevent alternative (mutant) strategies from invading successfully. The theory is not intended to deal with the possibility of gross external changes to the environment that bring new selective forces to bear.

**Game theory** is the study of mathematical models of strategic interaction among rational decision-makers. It has applications in all fields of social science, as well as in logic, systems science and computer science. Originally, it addressed zero-sum games, in which each participant's gains or losses are exactly balanced by those of the other participants. Today, game theory applies to a wide range of behavioral relations, and is now an umbrella term for the science of logical decision making in humans, animals, and computers.

In game theory, the **Nash equilibrium**, named after the mathematician John Forbes Nash Jr., is a proposed solution of a non-cooperative game involving two or more players in which each player is assumed to know the equilibrium strategies of the other players, and no player has anything to gain by changing only their own strategy.

This aims to be a complete article **list of economics topics**:

**John Forbes Nash Jr.** was an American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and the study of partial differential equations. Nash's work has provided insight into the factors that govern chance and decision-making inside complex systems found in everyday life.

The **Stockholm School**, is a school of economic thought. It refers to a loosely organized group of Swedish economists that worked together, in Stockholm, Sweden primarily in the 1930s.

**Bargaining** or **haggling** is a type of negotiation in which the buyer and seller of a good or service debate the price and exact nature of a transaction. If the bargaining produces agreement on terms, the transaction takes place. Bargaining is an alternative pricing strategy to fixed prices. Optimally, if it costs the retailer nothing to engage and allow bargaining, they can deduce the buyer's willingness to spend. It allows for capturing more consumer surplus as it allows price discrimination, a process whereby a seller can charge a higher price to one buyer who is more eager. Haggling has largely disappeared in parts of the world where the cost to haggle exceeds the gain to retailers for most common retail items. However, for expensive goods sold to uninformed buyers such as automobiles, bargaining can remain commonplace.

**Lloyd Stowell Shapley** was an American mathematician and Nobel Prize-winning economist. He contributed to the fields of mathematical economics and especially game theory. Shapley is generally considered one of the most important contributors to the development of game theory since the work of von Neumann and Morgenstern. With Alvin E. Roth, Shapley won the 2012 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."

**David Gale** was an American mathematician and economist. He was a professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, affiliated with the departments of mathematics, economics, and industrial engineering and operations research. He has contributed to the fields of mathematical economics, game theory, and convex analysis.

In game theory, a **solution concept** is a formal rule for predicting how a game will be played. These predictions are called "solutions", and describe which strategies will be adopted by players and, therefore, the result of the game. The most commonly used solution concepts are equilibrium concepts, most famously Nash equilibrium.

**Robert John Aumann** is an Israeli-American mathematician, and a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences. He is a professor at the Center for the Study of Rationality in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel. He also holds a visiting position at Stony Brook University, and is one of the founding members of the Stony Brook Center for Game Theory.

**Kenneth George "Ken" Binmore**, is a British mathematician, economist, and game theorist. He is a Professor Emeritus of Economics at University College London (UCL) and a Visiting Emeritus Professor of Economics at the University of Bristol.

**Hobart Peyton Young** is an American game theorist and economist known for his contributions to evolutionary game theory and its application to the study of institutional and technological change, as well as the theory of learning in games. He is currently centennial professor at the London School of Economics, James Meade Professor of Economics Emeritus at the University of Oxford, professorial fellow at Nuffield College Oxford, and research principal at the Office of Financial Research at the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

**Roger Bruce Myerson** is an American economist and professor at the University of Chicago. He holds the title of the David L. Pearson Distinguished Service Professor of Global Conflict Studies at The Pearson Institute for the Study and Resolution of Global Conflicts in the Harris School of Public Policy, the Griffin Department of Economics, and the College. Previously, he held the title The Glen A. Lloyd Distinguished Service Professor of Economics. In 2007, he was the winner of the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel with Leonid Hurwicz and Eric Maskin for "having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory." He was elected a Member of the American Philosophical Society in 2019.

**Algorithmic game theory** is an area in the intersection of game theory and computer science, with the objective of understanding and design of algorithms in strategic environments.

**Alvin Elliot Roth** is an American academic. He is the Craig and Susan McCaw professor of economics at Stanford University and the Gund professor of economics and business administration emeritus at Harvard University. He was President of the American Economics Association in 2017.

**Mathematical economics** is the application of mathematical methods to represent theories and analyze problems in economics. By convention, these applied methods are beyond simple geometry, such as differential and integral calculus, difference and differential equations, matrix algebra, mathematical programming, and other computational methods. Proponents of this approach claim that it allows the formulation of theoretical relationships with rigor, generality, and simplicity.

**The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel**, is an economics prize administered by the Nobel Foundation and generally regarded as the Nobel award of Economics. The prize was established in 1968 by a donation from Sweden's central bank Sveriges Riksbank to the Nobel Foundation to commemorate the bank's 300th anniversary. As it is not one of the prizes that Alfred Nobel established in his will in 1895, it is not a Nobel Prize. However, it is administered and referred to along with the Nobel Prizes by the Nobel Foundation. Laureates are announced with the Nobel Prize laureates, and receive the award at the same ceremony.

**Ehud Kalai** is a prominent Israeli American game theorist and mathematical economist known for his contributions to the field of game theory and its interface with economics, social choice, computer science and operations research. He was the James J. O’Connor Distinguished Professor of Decision and Game Sciences at Northwestern University, 1975-2017, and currently is a Professor Emeritus of Managerial Economics and Decision Sciences.

**Constantinos Daskalakis** is a Greek theoretical computer scientist. He is a professor at MIT's Electrical Engineering and Computer Science department and a member of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He was awarded the Rolf Nevanlinna Prize and the Grace Murray Hopper Award in 2018.

- ↑ James, I. (2009). "Claude Elwood Shannon 30 April 1916 – 24 February 2001".
*Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society*.**55**: 257–265. doi: 10.1098/rsbm.2009.0015 . - ↑ "Bell Labs Advances Intelligent Networks". Archived from the original on July 22, 2012.

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