Jennifer Tour Chayes | |
---|---|

in 2017 | |

Born | New York City ^{ [1] } |

Alma mater | Wesleyan University Princeton University |

Known for | Phase transitions Discrete mathematics Graph theory Game theory Network theory |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Physics Mathematics Theoretical computer science |

Institutions | UC Berkeley Microsoft Research New England Microsoft Research New York City UCLA Cornell University Harvard University |

Thesis | The Inverse Problem, Plaquette Percolation and a Generalized Potts Model (1983) |

Doctoral advisor | Elliott H. Lieb Michael Aizenman |

**Jennifer Tour Chayes** is the University of California, Berkeley Associate Provost for the Division of Computing, Data Science, and Society and Dean of the School of Information. She was formerly a Technical Fellow and Managing Director of Microsoft Research New England in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which she founded in 2008, and Microsoft Research New York City, which she founded in 2012.^{ [1] }

- Early life and education
- Career
- Affiliations
- Awards and honors
- Personal life
- See also
- References
- External links

Chayes is best known for her work on phase transitions in discrete mathematics and computer science, structural and dynamical properties of self-engineered networks, and algorithmic game theory. She is considered one of the world's experts in the modeling and analysis of dynamically growing graphs.^{ [2] }

Chayes joined Microsoft Research in 1997, when she co-founded the Theory Group. She received her Ph.D. in mathematical physics at Princeton University in 1983. She is Affiliate Professor of Mathematics and Physics at the University of Washington, and was for many years Professor of Mathematics at UCLA. She is an author on almost 120 scientific papers and the inventor on more than 25 patents.

Chayes was born in New York City ^{ [1] } and grew up in White Plains, New York, the child of Iranian immigrants. She received her B.A. in Biology and Physics from Wesleyan University in 1979 where she graduated first in her class. She received her Ph.D. in Mathematical Physics at Princeton University. She did her postdoctoral work in the Mathematics and Physics departments at Harvard and Cornell.

She moved to UCLA as a tenured Professor of Mathematics in 1987. While she was on sabbatical at the Institute for Advanced Study in 1997, Microsoft CTO Nathan Myhrvold, a classmate of Chayes's from Princeton, asked her to start and lead the Theory Group at Microsoft Research Redmond.^{ [3] } The Theory Group analyzes fundamental questions in theoretical computer science using techniques from statistical physics and discrete mathematics. Chayes opened Microsoft Research New England in July 2008 with Borgs. The lab is located at the Microsoft New England Research & Development Center and is pursuing new, interdisciplinary areas of research that bring together core computer scientists and social scientists to understand, model, and enable future computing and online experiences.^{ [2] } On May 3, 2012, the * New York Times * reported, "Microsoft is opening a research lab in New York City…" which Chayes will co-manage.^{ [4] }^{ [5] } The new lab also brings together computer scientists and social scientists, particularly in the areas of economics, computational and behavioral social sciences, and machine learning.

Before joining UC Berkeley, Chayes was Managing Director of both Microsoft Research New England and Microsoft Research New York City. She has contributed to the development of methods to analyze the structure and behavior of various networks, the design of auction algorithms, and the design and analysis of various business models for the online world.

Chayes serves on numerous institute boards, advisory committees and editorial boards, including the Turing Award Selection Committee of the Association for Computing Machinery, the Board of Trustees of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and the Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics, the Advisory Boards of the Center for Discrete Mathematics and Computer Science, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Janelia Farm Research Campus, and Women Entrepreneurs in Science and Technology. Chayes is a past Chair of the Mathematics Section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a past Vice-President of the American Mathematical Society. She is the recipient of a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, a Sloan Fellowship, and the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award.^{ [6] }^{ [7] }^{ [8] }^{ [9] }

Chayes is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Fields Institute, the Association for Computing Machinery, and the American Mathematical Society, as well as a National Associate of the National Academies. The Association for Women in Mathematics has included her in the 2020 class of AWM Fellows for "pioneering the way for women in the mathematical sciences to have leading technical roles in the high-tech industry; for extraordinary leadership and mentoring on behalf of women in the mathematical sciences".^{ [10] } She has been the recipient of many leadership awards, including one of the 2012 Anita Borg Institute Women of Vision Awards. In 2019 she was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.^{ [11] }

Chayes is featured in the Notable Women in Computing cards.^{ [12] }

- Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellowship (1989)
^{[ citation needed ]} - Member of Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ (1994–95, 1997)
- Invited Speaker at the International Congress of Mathematicians (1998)
^{ [13] } - American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow (2006)
- Association for Computing Machinery Fellow (2010)
^{ [14] } - American Mathematical Society Fellow (2012)
^{ [15] } - Anita Borg Institute Women of Vision Award (2012)
^{ [16] } - Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics John von Neumann Lecture Prize (2015)
- Leiden University honorary doctorate (2016)
^{ [17] } - National Academy of Sciences member (2019)
^{ [11] }

Chayes married Christian Borgs in 1993 and was previously married to Lincoln Chayes whom she met at Wesleyan. She has had extremely successful collaborations with both her husbands; of her 94 papers in MathSciNet (as of February 2014), 51 are coauthored with Borgs and 37 are coauthored with Lincoln Chayes.

**Anita Borg** was an American computer scientist. She founded the Institute for Women and Technology and the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing.

**Shafrira Goldwasser** is an Israeli-American computer scientist and winner of the Turing Award in 2012. She is the RSA Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT, a professor of mathematical sciences at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel, co-founder and chief scientist of Duality Technologies and the director of the Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing in Berkeley, CA. She was on the Mathematical Sciences jury for the Infosys Prize in 2020.

The **Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences** is the mathematics research school of New York University (NYU), and is among the most prestigious mathematics schools and mathematical sciences research centers in the world. Founded in 1935, it is named after Richard Courant, one of the founders of the Courant Institute and also a mathematics professor at New York University from 1936 to 1972, and serves as a center for research and advanced training in computer science and mathematics. It is located on Gould Plaza next to the Stern School of Business and the economics department of the College of Arts and Science.

**Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics** (**SIAM**) is an academic association dedicated to the use of mathematics in industry. SIAM is the world's largest professional association devoted to applied mathematics, and roughly two-thirds of its membership resides within the United States. Founded in 1951, the organization began holding annual national meetings in 1954, and now hosts conferences, publishes books and scholarly journals, and engages in lobbying in issues of interest to its membership. The focus for the society is applied, computational, and industrial mathematics, and the society often promotes its acronym as "Science and Industry Advance with Mathematics". Members include engineers, scientists, and mathematicians, both those employed in academia and those working in industry. The society supports educational institutions promoting applied mathematics.

**Lenore Carol Blum** is an American computer scientist and mathematician, formerly a distinguished career professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University. She is known for her contributions to the theory of real number computation, for her invention of a cryptographically secure pseudorandom number generator, and for her efforts to increase the diversity of mathematics and computer science.

**Microsoft Research (MSR)** is the research subsidiary of Microsoft. It was created in 1991 by Richard Rashid with the intent to advance state-of-the-art computing and solve difficult world problems through technological innovation in collaboration with academic, government, and industry researchers. The Microsoft Research team employs more than 1,000 computer scientists, physicists, engineers, and mathematicians, including Turing Award winners, Fields Medal winners, MacArthur Fellows, and Dijkstra Prize winners.

**Maria Margaret Klawe** is a computer scientist and the fifth president of Harvey Mudd College. Born in Toronto in 1951, she became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 2009. She was previously Dean of the School of Engineering and Applied Science at Princeton University.

**Frances Elizabeth Allen** was an American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of optimizing compilers. Allen was the first woman to become an IBM Fellow and in 2006 became the first woman to win the Turing Award. Her achievements include seminal work in compilers, program optimization, and parallelization. She worked for IBM from 1957 to 2002 and subsequently, was a Fellow Emerita.

**Elaine Jessica Weyuker** is an ACM Fellow, an IEEE Fellow, and an AT&T Fellow at Bell Labs for research in software metrics and testing as well as elected to the National Academy of Engineering. She is the author of over 130 papers in journals and refereed conference proceedings.

**Margaret H. Wright** is an American computer scientist and mathematician.

**Susan Landau** is an American mathematician, engineer, cybersecurity policy expert, and Bridge Professor in Cybersecurity and Policy at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. She previously worked as a Senior Staff Privacy Analyst at Google. She was a Guggenheim Fellow and a Visiting Scholar at the Computer Science Department, Harvard University in 2012.

**Ruzena Bajcsy** is an American engineer and computer scientist who specializes in robotics. She is Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of California, Berkeley, where she is also Director Emerita of CITRIS.

**Anne Elizabeth Condon**, is an Irish-Canadian computer scientist, professor, and former head of the Computer Science Department of the University of British Columbia. Her research focuses on computational complexity theory, DNA computing, and bioinformatics. She has also held the NSERC/General Motors Canada Chair for Women in Science and Engineering from 2004 to 2009, and has worked to improve the success of women in the sciences and engineering.

**Francine Berman** is an American computer scientist, and a leader in digital data preservation and cyber-infrastructure. In 2009, she was the inaugural recipient of the IEEE/ACM-CS Ken Kennedy Award "for her influential leadership in the design, development and deployment of national-scale cyberinfrastructure, her inspiring work as a teacher and mentor, and her exemplary service to the high performance community". In 2004, Business Week called her the "reigning teraflop queen".

**Joan Feigenbaum** is a theoretical computer scientist with a background in mathematics. She is the Grace Murray Hopper Professor of Computer Science at Yale University. At Yale she also holds a courtesy appointment in the Department of Economics. Feigenbaum co-invented the computer-security research area of trust management.

**Mary Jean Harrold** was an American computer scientist noted for her research on software engineering. She was also noted for her leadership in broadening participation in computing. She was on the boards of both CRA and CRA-W and was Co-Chair of CRA-W from 2003-2006.

**Tal Rabin** is a computer scientist, head of Research at the Algorand Foundation. Former head of cryptography research group at IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center.

**Radhika Nagpal** is an American computer scientist and researcher in the fields of self-organising computer systems, biologically-inspired robotics, and biological multi-agent systems. She is the Fred Kavli Professor of Computer Science at Harvard University and the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. She is also a Core Faculty Member of the Harvard Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering. In 2017, Nagpal co-founded a robotics company under the name of Root Robotics. This educational company works to create many different opportunities for those unable to code to learn how.

**Yuanyuan (YY) Zhou** is a Chinese and American computer scientist and entrepreneur. She is a professor of computer science and engineering at the University of California, San Diego, where she holds the Qualcomm Endowed Chair in Mobile Computing. Her research concerns software reliability, including the use of data mining to automatically detect software bugs and flexible system designs that can adapt to hardware platform variations. She is also the founder of three start-up companies, Emphora, Pattern Insight, and Whova.

**Christian Borgs** is a German-American computer scientist and mathematical physicist. He is a Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. Previously, he was the deputy managing director of Microsoft Research New England in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which he co-founded in 2008. Borgs' research includes developing the theory of graphons, computational analyses of the folk theorem, the planted clique, and the partition problem. For prior work on phase transitions, he was awarded the Karl Scheel Prize.

- 1 2 3 "Jennifer Tour Chayes CURRICULUM VITAE" (PDF). Microsoft Research. April 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- 1 2 2012 Women to Watch: Jennifer Chayes, Massachusetts High Tech. By Scott Pickering. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- ↑ "Lab of Ideas".
*Wesleyan Magazine*. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2017. - ↑ Microsoft Taps Yahoo Scientists for New York Research Lab, NYT. By Steve Lohr. Fifth, tenth and eleventh paragraphs. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- ↑ Microsoft Opens New York Research Lab, Hires Mainly Yahoo Researchers, CSO. By John Ribeiro. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- ↑ B. Bollobas; C. Borgs; J. Chayes; J.H. Kim; D.B. Wilson (May 2001), "The scaling window of the 2-SAT transition",
*Random Structures and Algorithms*,**18**(3): 201–256, arXiv: math/9909031 , doi:10.1002/rsa.1006, S2CID 9954684 - ↑ Chayes, Jennifer; N. Berger; C. Borgs; R. D'Souza; R. D. Kleinberg (2007),
*Emergence of tempered preferential attachment from optimization*,**104**, pp. 6112–6117 - ↑ Chayes, Jennifer; R. Andersen; C. Borgs; U.Feige; A. Flaxman; A. Kalai; V. Mirrokni; M. Tennenholtz (2008),
*Trust-based recommendation systems: An axiomatic approach* - ↑ Chayes, Jennifer; M. Biskup; C. Borgs; L. Kleinwaks; Kotecky (2004), "Partition function zeros at first-order phase transitions: A general analysis",
*Communications in Mathematical Physics*,**251**(1): 79–131, arXiv: math-ph/0304007 , Bibcode:2004CMaPh.251...79B, doi:10.1007/s00220-004-1169-5, S2CID 15230349 - ↑
*2020 Class of AWM Fellows*, Association for Women in Mathematics , retrieved 2019-11-08 - 1 2 "National Academy of Sciences Elects Members and Foreign Associates; Historic Number of Women Elected to Its Membership",
*News from the National Academy of Sciences*, May 2, 2019 - ↑ "Notable Women in Computing".
- ↑ Chayes, Jennifer T. (1998). "Finite-size scaling in percolation".
*Doc. Math. (Bielefeld) Extra Vol. ICM Berlin, 1998, vol. III*. pp. 113–122. - ↑ ACM Names 41 Fellows from World's Leading Institutions: Many Innovations Made in Areas Critical to Global Competitiveness Archived 2012-04-28 at the Wayback Machine , ACM, December 7, 2010, retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ↑ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2012-11-10.
- ↑ Jennifer Chayes, 2012 Winner of the ABIE Award Winner for Leadership, retrieved 2020-11-23
- ↑ University of Leiden news retrieved 2017-06-26

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