Parish of the Holy Sacrifice

Last updated
Parish of the Holy Sacrifice
UP Chapel
Parish of the Holy Sacrifice
Location University of the Philippines Diliman Campus
Country Philippines
Denomination Roman Catholic
Website www.parishoftheholysacrifice.ph
History
Status Parish church
Consecrated 21 December 1955 (1955-12-21)
Architecture
Functional statusactive
Heritage designationNational Historical Landmark
Cultural Treasure
DesignatedJanuary 12, 2005
Architect(s) Leandro Locsin
Administration
Diocese Roman Catholic Diocese of Cubao
Clergy
Pastor(s) Fr. Jose S. Tupino III
The Marble altar at the center of the church, sculpted by Napoleon Abueva ParishoftheHolySacrificejf9431 02.JPG
The Marble altar at the center of the church, sculpted by Napoleon Abueva

The Parish of the Holy Sacrifice, also the Church of the Holy Sacrifice, is a landmark Catholic chapel on the University of the Philippines Diliman campus. It belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cubao and its present parish priest is Rev. Fr. Jose S. Tupino III. More popularly known as the UP Chapel, the church was constructed under the supervision of Fr. John P. Delaney, who began ministering to the spiritual needs of the campus in 1947.

Contents

Known for its architectural design, the church is recognized as a National Historical Landmark and a Cultural Treasure by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines, and the National Museum of the Philippines respectively. It was designed by the late National Artist of the Philippines for Architecture, Leandro Locsin, one of four National Artists who collaborated on the project. According to a post from the UP Diliman website, it is the only structure in the country where the works of five national artists can be found. [1] Alfredo Juinio served as the structural engineer for the project.

The church is adjacent to the U.P. Health Service Building and the U.P. Shopping Center, and is serviced by all of the university's jeepney routes.

History


Before the Church of the Holy Sacrifice was erected in the early 1950s, a university chapel served the University of the Philippines community, under the apostolate of the Society of Jesus. Fr. John P. Delaney served as the first Jesuit chaplain. [2]

The domed Parish of the Holy Sacrifice (PHS) is both an architectural wonder and a rallying point of faith.[ citation needed ] Catholics in the faculty, student body, staff, and alumni worked tirelessly in the early 1950s to raise funds for the structure. [3] The faculty pledged a part of their monthly salary, while the students contributed from their own allowances to fund the construction of the church.[ citation needed ]

In December 1955, the inner structure of the church which includes the pews, crucifix, tabernacle, altar, marble floor design, and skylight were worked on, as well as the outside landscaping, pathways, and fences. Eventually, the construction of the chapel was finished through the efforts of the UP Catholic Community headed by Fr. Delaney, and the genius of young UP graduates such as Engr. David Consunji, Engr. Alfredo Juinio, and National Artist Leandro Locsin. Its interior was an obra maestra of yet another conglomeration of now National Artists: Vicente Manansala and Ang Kiukok, Arturo Luz, and Napoleon Abueva. Structural, electric and water systems were also planned by Felisberto G. Reyes, Lamberto UN Ocampo, and Jose M. Segovia with Agapito S. Pineda.

On December 21, 1955, the Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila officiated at the first Mass in the newly constructed chapel and on December 24, 1955, Fr. Delaney celebrated Mass and delivered his last homily entitled “The Reality of Christmas”. A transcript of his this last homily is published in "The Chapel Chismis", a collection of Fr. Delaney's letters to the UP community.

On May 30, 1977, the chaplaincy was elevated to a university parish by Cardinal Jaime Sin. Msgr. Manny Gabriel became its first parish priest. To date, eight parish priests have served the parish, two of them were later ordained bishops, namely, Bishop Mylo Vergara of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig and Archbishop Ramon Arguelles of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lipa. [4]

Architecture and Interior

The Centerpiece Sculpture of the Crucified and Risen Christ of the Church of the Holy Sacrifice by Napoleon Abueva ParishoftheHolySacrificejf9415 12.JPG
The Centerpiece Sculpture of the Crucified and Risen Christ of the Church of the Holy Sacrifice by Napoleon Abueva


Historical marker installed by the National Historical Institute, now the National Historical Commission of the Philippines, commemorating the church. Marker of Church of the Holy Sacrifice, Quezon City.jpg
Historical marker installed by the National Historical Institute, now the National Historical Commission of the Philippines, commemorating the church.

Initially, Leandro Locsin designed the church for the Ossorio family, who were planning to build a chapel in Negros. Unfortunately, the plans for the chapel were scrapped when Frederic Ossorio, the head of the family, left for the United States. However, in 1955, Father Delaney commissioned Locsin to design a chapel that was open and could easily accommodate 1,000 people. The Church of Holy Sacrifice became the first circular chapel with the altar in its center in the country, and the first to have a thin shell concrete dome. This was his first major architectural commission.

Locsin chose the round plan as the most suited for giving the congregation a sense of participation in the mass. The center of the plan is the altar, which is elevated from the floor by three steps. The separation of the choir and congregation was dissolved through this design. The ceiling of the concrete dome church was left bare and a dramatic use of colored lights mark the changing seasons of worship.

The dome of the church is supported by thirty two columns located along its rim. These columns terminate a third of the way up where they support the ledge-like ring beam. This ring beam, in turn, supports the 3-inch thick concrete shell of the dome that spans 29.26 metres (96.0 ft). The unique design of the dome allows in natural lighting and ventilation. In the middle of the dome is a circular skylight, which supports the triangular bell tower. The bell tower, then extends to the interior, supporting the crucifix. The arrangement of the interior of the church is concentric, with the altar in the middle.

The fifteen murals depicting the Stations of the Cross that adorn the circular walls are by Vicente Manansala assisted by Ang Kiukok. The fifteenth mural of the "Resurrection of Christ" is on the wall of the sacristy. The cross depicting both a suffering and a risen Christ and the marble altar are the handiwork of Napoleon Abueva. The floor mural, executed in terazzo and radiating from the altar, is by Arturo Luz. This floor mural is also called the "River of Life". Fernando Zobel de Ayala had studies to fill the outer wall with calligraphic interpretations. However, the project was not executed. In 1968, Jose Maceda, another national artist, premiered his concert, Pagsamba at the PHS, and repeated it in 1978 and 1998 at the same venue. [5]

On January 12, 2005, the church was recognized as a National Historical Landmark and a Cultural Treasure by the National Historical Institute and the National Museum, respectively. During the recognition ceremony, National Historical Institute Chairman Ambeth R. Ocampo lauded the church as a "masterpiece of Filipino artistry and ingenuity".[ This quote needs a citation ] Currently, a project aims to restore the dome of the historic church.

On March 26, 2021, the church was repaired and repainted. The rehabilitation project started in 2020 through a series of consultations with UP officials in an effort to bring back the 65-year-old cultural treasure’s original state of beauty. Developer DMCI Homes facilitated the following repairs in the chapel: repair of masonry cracks; de-clogging of downspouts and drains; installation of new electrical fixtures; and, exterior repainting on the chapel’s iconic dome and roof, as well as of its walls, columns, eaves, under slabs, ceilings, and railings.

The murals depicting the Stations of the Cross, the marble altar, the floor mural, and the cross at the center of the chapel—all handiworks of national artists—were left untouched during the rehabilitation. [6]

Boundaries

From the junction of Don Mariano Marcos Ave., and Juan Luna St., East, through Juan Luna St., Southward through the Eastern Limits of East: From the Eastern limits of Pook Dagohoy, Southward thru Katipunan Ave. Eastward through Montalban St. Southward through the Eastern limits of UP High School and UP Integrated School.

Facilities

Schools:

Catholic Student Organizations:

Gardens:

Mortuary:

Pre-school Program:

Profile

Name of Parish:

Feast Day:

Titular:

Date Established:

Official Social Media Pages:

Official Website:

Current Parish Priest

Former Parish Priests

NameYears servingPresent assignment
Rev. Msgr. Manuel G. Gabriel, PC, S.T.D. 1977 1984Resurrection of Our Lord Parish, BF Homes, Parañaque City
Rev. Msgr. Jose C. Bernardo Jr., PC 1984 1986Retired, Galilee Center, Tagaytay City
Most Rev. Ramon C. Arguelles, D.D., S.T.L. 1986 1988Archbishop of Lipa, Batangas
Rev. Msgr. Bayani G. Valenzuela, PC 1988 1996On Leave, Diocese of Parañaque
Rev. Fr. Roberto P. Reyes, Ph.L.1996 2003San Isidro Labrador Parish, Brgy. Pinyahan, Diocese of Cubao
Most Rev. Mylo Hubert C. Vergara, D.D., S.T.D. 2003 2005Bishop of Pasig
Rev. Fr. Arthur T. Opiniano2005 2006Sta. Maria della Strada Parish, Pansol Ave., Quezon City
Rev. Fr. Raymond Joseph L. Arre, S.T.L. 2006 2012Episcopal Vicar for Catholic Schools and Superintendent of the Diocese of Cubao Educational System
Rev. Fr. Henry E. Ferreras, S.T.L. 2012 2018Our Lady of Fatima Parish, Cordillera St., Quezon City

Landmark

It has been declared a Philippines National Historical Landmark.

See also

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References

  1. http://our.upd.edu.ph/files/catalogue/THE%20UNIVERSITY.pdf
  2. "Parish of the Holy Sacrifice". Diocese of Cubao. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  3. "The University" (PDF). University of the Philippines Diliman. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  4. "Parish of the Holy Sacrifice". Diocese of Cubao. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  5. "The University" (PDF). University of the Philippines-Diliman. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  6. MPRO_admin (2021-03-26). "Repainting of UP Chapel's dome interior completed in time for Holy Week". University of the Philippines System Website. Retrieved 2021-04-26.

Bibliography

  • Valera-Turalba, Maria Cristina. Philippine Heritage Architecture: before 1521 to the 1970s. Anvil Publishing, Inc. 8007-B Pioneer Street, Brgy. Kapitolyo, Pasig. 2005.
  • CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art. CCP Special Publications Office. CCP Complex, Roxas Boulevard, Manila. 1994.
  • Chapel Chismis, Volumes 1 and 2 Compiled by the J.P. Delaney Memorial Committee. Parish of the Holy Sacrifice. Diliman, Quezon City, 2000.
  • John P. Delaney, SJ: Priest of Fire and Steel Gough, Fr. Raymond V. John P. Delaney Memorial Foundation, Inc. Manila, 1974.
  • Ecclesiastical Atlas Diocese of Cubao (2010)
  • The Architecture of Leandro V. Locsin, Nicholas Polites, Weatherhill Books.

Coordinates: 14°39′32″N121°04′16″E / 14.65889°N 121.07111°E / 14.65889; 121.07111