Pavurallakonda

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Pavurallakonda
Pavurallabodu
Protected Buddhist Monument
Yaksha Sculpture Relief at Pavurallakonda Buddhist Remnant Site near Bheemunipatnam.jpg
Yaksha sculpture at Pavurallakonda near Bheemunipatnam
Visakhapatnam City Area Map.png
Red pog.svg
Pavurallakonda
Location in Visakhapatnam, India
Coordinates: 17°53′19″N83°26′14″E / 17.88861°N 83.43722°E / 17.88861; 83.43722
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Visakhapatnam
Languages
  Official Telugu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Nearest city Visakhapatnam
Holy relic sites map of Andhra Pradesh Holy relic sites map of Andhra Pradesh.jpg
Holy relic sites map of Andhra Pradesh

Pavurallakonda or Pavurallabodu is the local name of the hill popularly known as Narasimhaswamy Konda, near Bheemunipatnam about 25km north of Visakhapatnam, in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located at a height of about 150 meters above sea level.

Contents

Pavurallakonda consists of a ruined hilltop Buddhist monastic complex that probably witnessed human habitation from the 3rd century BCE to the 2nd century CE. It is one of the largest Buddhist monasteries in the North Coastal Andhra Region. Hinayana Buddhism may have flourished at this hilltop site.[ citation needed ]

The initial excavation of this site yielded many relics. [1] Two Brahmi label inscriptions, foundations of Viharas, circular chaityas, votive stupas, halls, etc. are located among the ruins. Coins, polished ware, [2] beads, etc. were recovered from the site by the state archaeology department [3] of Andhra Pradesh. Nearly sixteen rock-cut cisterns are carved on the hill for the storage of rainwater. Excavations and restoration programs are under progress at Pavurallakonda.[ citation needed ]

The Gosthani River flows close by this site. This site is contemporary with the nearby Buddhist sites in Visakhapatnam district, like Bavikonda and Thotlakonda. [4]

The Indian National Trust for Arts and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) has appealed to the authorities to ensure better protection of Buddhist sites after Bavikonda, Thotlakonda, Pavurallakonda and Bojjannakonda were designated as heritage sites by UNESCO. [5] [6] This will not only pave the way for a steady flow of funds but also generate employment opportunities for the locals.[ citation needed ]

Origin of the name

Pavurallakonda, in general, gives the meaning as 'The Hill of the Pigeons' (pavuralu in Telugu means pigeons and konda means hill). However, some studies conducted at this site suggest that it may be known as Pavurallakonda due to the availability of white stones on the hillock (pavurallu means white stones locally). The origin of the name of this site needs clarification yet.[ citation needed ]

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References

  1. "Buddhist Relic-Caskets In South India". Bharatiya Kala Prakashan.
  2. "Journal of the Andhra Historical Research Society Volume 39". Andhra Historical Research Society. 1995.
  3. "Buddhist sites". Department of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  4. "Sankaram Buddhist Excavations". India Airport.
  5. "A plea for preservation". DECCAN CHRONICLE.
  6. "Pavuralakonda in Visakhapatnam (History, Timings, Location)". news.hellovizag.in. Retrieved 1 April 2024.