Phil Lord and Christopher Miller
Miller (left) and Lord at the 2015 WonderCon
|Alma mater||Dartmouth College|
|Occupation||Filmmakers, actors, animators|
|Spouse(s)||Robyn Murgio (Miller)|
Philip A. Lord (born July 12, 1975) and Christopher Robert Miller (born September 23, 1975) are an American filmmaking duo. Having met at Dartmouth College, they are known for directing and writing the animated films Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs (2009) and The Lego Movie (2014), as well as directing the live-action comedy film 21 Jump Street (2012) and its sequel 22 Jump Street (2014). Lord and Miller produced the animated film Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (2018), cowritten by Lord with Rodney Rothman, which won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. Lord and Miller also co-produced the television series The Last Man on Earth for Fox Broadcasting Company and Unikitty! for Cartoon Network.
Dartmouth College is a private Ivy League research university in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. Established in 1769 by Eleazar Wheelock, it is the ninth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. Although founded as a school to educate Native Americans in Christian theology and the English way of life, Dartmouth primarily trained Congregationalist ministers throughout its early history. The university gradually secularized, and by the turn of the 20th century it had risen from relative obscurity into national prominence as one of the top centers of higher education.
Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs is a 2009 American computer-animated science fiction comedy film produced by Sony Pictures Animation and loosely based on the 1978 children's book of the same name by Judi and Ron Barrett. It was written and directed by Phil Lord and Christopher Miller in their directorial debuts, and stars the voices of Bill Hader, Anna Faris, Bruce Campbell, James Caan, Bobb'e J. Thompson, Andy Samberg, Mr. T, Benjamin Bratt, Neil Patrick Harris, Al Roker, Lauren Graham, and Will Forte. In the film, an aspiring inventor named Flint Lockwood develops a machine that can convert water into food following a series of failed experiments. After the machine begins to develop food storms, Flint must destroy the machine in order to save the world.
The Lego Movie is a 2014 3D computer-animated adventure comedy film written and directed by Phil Lord and Christopher Miller from a story by Lord, Miller, and Dan and Kevin Hageman. Based on the Lego line of construction toys, its story focuses on an ordinary Lego minifigure who finds himself helping a resistance stop a tyrannical businessman from gluing everything in the Lego world into his vision of perfection. Chris Pratt, Will Ferrell, Elizabeth Banks, Will Arnett, Nick Offerman, Alison Brie, Charlie Day, Liam Neeson, and Morgan Freeman provide their voices for the film's main characters. The film was dedicated to Kathleen Fleming, the former director of entertainment development of the Lego company, following her death in Cancún, Mexico in April 2013.
According to The New York Times , Lord is from Miami; his mother is a Cuban-born psychologist, and his father recently retired from the aviation business and before that directed a dance company, Fusion, for 10 years. Miller is from the Seattle area, where his father runs a lumber mill.
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won 127 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper. The Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U.S.
Miami, officially the City of Miami, is the cultural, economic and financial center of South Florida and the seat of Miami-Dade County, the most populous county in Florida. The city covers an area of about 56 square miles (150 km2) between the Everglades to the west and Biscayne Bay to the east. Miami is the sixth most densely populated major city in the United States with an estimated 2018 population of 470,914. The Miami metropolitan area is home to 6.1 million people, the second-most populous in the southeastern United States and the seventh-largest in the nation. The city has the third tallest skyline in the U.S. with over 300 high-rises, 55 of which exceed 490 ft (149 m).
Cubans or Cuban people, are the inhabitants, citizens of Cuba and people born in Cuba. Cuba is a multi-ethnic nation, home to people of different ethnic and national backgrounds. As a result, some Cubans do not treat their nationality as an ethnicity but as a citizenship with various ethnicities and national origins comprising the "Cuban people." The majority of Cubans descend from Spaniards. Despite its multi-ethnic composition, the culture held in common by most Cubans is referred to as mainstream Cuban culture, a Western culture largely derived from the traditions of Western European migrants, beginning with the early Spanish settlers, along with other Europeans arriving later but in much smaller numbers, such as the English, French and Italians. There is a West African cultural component which has been somewhat influential, with many Afro-Cubans also being of Jamaican or other Afro-Caribbean origin. In summation Cubans, Puerto Ricans, any Spanish speaking people are most likely descendants from Spain unless they were natives to that particular island or area and then assimilated to the current culture.
Lord and Miller both grew up making short films with an affinity for animation. On campus, the two had separate columns in the school newspaper. Lord was a member of Amarna, a co-ed undergraduate society while Miller was a brother at Alpha Chi Alpha. During his time in college, Christopher met his girlfriend, now wife.
Alpha Chi Alpha (ΑΧΑ) is a fraternity at the American Ivy League university of Dartmouth College. Alpha Chi Alpha is a member of Dartmouth's Greek system, which currently has fourteen fraternities, nine sororities and three co-ed undergraduate houses that fall under the umbrella of the Greek system.
During their time at Dartmouth, the school paper published a profile on Miller, which caught the attention of then chairman of Disney, Michael Eisner. According to Lord, Eisner brought the profile to the attention of his fellow Disney executives who then offered to set up a meeting with Miller. Miller agreed to the meeting as long as he could bring Lord. After three months, the two moved to Los Angeles and after one meeting were offered a two-year development deal for Disney Television Animation.
Michael Dammann Eisner is an American businessman. Eisner was the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of The Walt Disney Company from September 1984 to September 2005. Prior to Disney, Eisner was President and CEO of rival film studio Paramount Pictures from 1976 to 1984, and had brief stints at the major television networks: NBC, CBS, and ABC.
Disney Television Animation (DTVA) is an American animation studio that creates, develops and produces animated television series, films, specials and other projects. It is a division of the Disney Channels Worldwide, ultimately owned by The Walt Disney Company.
Though nothing they pitched made it to air, they produced the pilot to Clone High , which was subsequently dropped by Fox. After they wrote and produced on a series of sitcoms, MTV informed the duo that they were interested in purchasing a 13-episode season of Clone High. Although the show was met with acclaim, MTV canceled the series after hunger strike protests occurred in India over the show's portrayal of Gandhi as a motor-mouthed partier.
Clone High is a Canadian–American adult animated television series created by Phil Lord, Christopher Miller and Bill Lawrence. The comedy centers on a high school populated by the clones of famous historical figures. The show's central cast includes adolescent depictions of Abraham Lincoln, Joan of Arc, Mahatma Gandhi, John F. Kennedy, and Cleopatra. The series also serves as a parody of teen dramas; every episode is introduced as a "very special episode".
In 2003, the two were tapped to write a screenplay for what would become their first feature film, Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs . After a year working on the script, they were fired for story issues and replaced with new writers, who after a year were also fired. Lord and Miller were then re-hired in 2006. The two completely redid the script, this time with the creative input of their crew. The new draft had the protagonist as a failed inventor who wanted to prove himself to his town. The two were almost fired again after Amy Pascal, the head of Sony Pictures at the time, criticized the film for a lack of story. Although the film succeeded on the comedic front in the animatic stage, Pascal cited the lack of an anchoring relationship in the film as a failure in the story telling. Unable to create new characters and environments to suit the new story demands, the two elevated the character of the tackle shop extra to be the protagonist's father, thereby creating the relationship Pascal had requested. The pair's experience on Cloudy taught them two valuable lessons: the power of creative collaboration and the importance of emotion in a story.
Amy Beth Pascal is an American business executive and film producer. She served as the Chairperson of the Motion Pictures Group of Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE) and Co-Chairperson of SPE, including Sony Pictures Television, from 2006 until 2015. She has overseen the production and distribution of many films and television programs, and was co-chairman during the late-2014 Sony Pictures hack.
Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc. is an American entertainment company that produces, acquires and distributes filmed entertainment through multiple platforms. Through an intermediate holding company called Sony Film Holding Inc., it is operated as a subsidiary of Sony Entertainment Inc., which is itself a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, a wholly owned subsidiary and the US headquarters of the Tokyo-based multinational technology and media conglomerate Sony Corporation. Based in Culver City, California, it encompasses Sony's motion picture, television production and distribution units. Its group sales in the fiscal year 2017 has been reported to be $9.133 billion.
Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs was released in 2009 to critical acclaim. After the film was released, the two sought to try to make something different from Cloudy and pitched themselves as possible directors for the 21 Jump Street script that Michael Bacall and Jonah Hill had written. The studio agreed and the two directed their first live-action R-rated film, once again released to critical and popular acclaim which led to the production of a sequel titled 22 Jump Street .
In an interview with Robert K. Elder for his book The Best Film You've Never Seen , Lord stated that "in an animated feature, you remake the movie three or four times, and it's really easy to get bummed out that the way you did it before didn't get greenlit, didn't get paid, and you're making a totally different version of that movie."
During the production of 21 Jump Street, they pitched a take on a possible Lego film to Dan Lin. Lin and Warner Bros. loved the take, so Lord and Miller wrote and eventually directed their third feature film together, The Lego Movie . The duo were picked by Warner Bros. to write the script for the upcoming superhero film The Flash .The duo were also picked up in 2015 by Sony Pictures Animation to make an animated Spider-Man film with the option to direct. The film was eventually made as Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (2018), which they produced and which Lord co-wrote.
The duo have recently developed a live-action/animated series, Son of Zorn , for Fox, with Jason Sudeikis voicing the lead role of animated character Zorn, and Johnny Pemberton and Cheryl Hines playing the live-action roles.They are also producing a cable-TV drama based on the popular NPR/ This American Life spinoff podcast Serial .
Also, they will produce an R-rated animated Netflix original film called America: The Motion Picture alongside Will Allegra, Matt Thompson, Adam Reed, Channing Tatum, Reid Carolin and Peter Kiernan from a screenplay by David Callaham and directed by Thompson.
In January 2017, Lord and Miller began directing the then-untitled film Solo: A Star Wars Story , a standalone Star Wars movie based on the Han Solo character. On June 20, 2017 it was reported that they had been fired from the project by Lucasfilm, after over four-and-a-half months of filming, about three-quarters through principal photography.Lucasfilm announced that "creative differences" were the reason, with Entertainment Weekly reporting that Lord and Miller were going off-script and trying to make the film into more of a comedy. They were unwilling to compromise with Lucasfilm and writer Lawrence Kasdan on the direction of the film, preferring their vision. Two days later, Ron Howard was announced as the replacement, to complete the film and reshoots. Lord and Miller received executive-producer credits on Solo: A Star Wars Story.
In November 2017, Lord and Miller commented on their departure from Solo: A Star Wars Story. Lord stated "The experience of shooting the movie was wonderful. We had the most incredible cast and crew and collaborators. [...] We’re really proud of the work we did on the movie and we wish everybody the best.” Miller added "As Phil said, we had such a great relationship with cast and crew, we were really rooting for them. After we took a much-needed vacation, we got back into it and now we’re writing and producing a sequel to The Lego Movie and producing a Miles Morales animated Spider-Man."
Lord and Miller are now set to direct two projects following their departure from Solo: Artemis , an adaptation of Andy Weir’s novel of the same name for Disney's 20th Century Fox, and The Last Human for Sony's TriStar Pictures. They also made a five-year deal with Sony Pictures Television to develop animated Marvel series, including a possible Into the Spider-Verse series.Lord will co-write the comic Spider-Man Annual #1, marking his first involvment on a comic book. He and Miller will also co-write a Marvel comic celebrating the company's 80th anniversary, marking Miller's first time writing a comic book. Lord and Miller are set to produce The Mitchells vs. The Machines.
|2008||Extreme Movie||No||Yes||No||Co-writers with Adam J. Epstein, Will Forte, Andy Jacobsen, Andy Samberg, Akiva Schaffer, John Solomon, Jorma Taccone and Erica Rivinoja|
|2009||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs||Yes||Yes||No|
|2012||21 Jump Street||Yes||No||No|
|2013||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2||No||Story||Executive||Co-story writers with Erica Rivinoja|
|2014||The Lego Movie||Yes||Yes||No||Co-story writers with Dan Hageman and Kevin Hageman|
|22 Jump Street||Yes||No||Executive|
|2016||Sausage Party||No||No||No||Special Thanks|
|The Lego Batman Movie||No||No||Yes|
|The Lego Ninjago Movie||No||No||Yes|
|2018||Solo: A Star Wars Story||Uncredited||No||Executive||Replaced as directors by Ron Howard|
|Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse||No||Phil Lord||Yes||Story writer (Lord only), screenplay co-written with Rodney Rothman (Lord only)|
|2019||The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part||No||Yes||Yes||Co-story writers with Matthew Fogel|
|TBA||The Last Human||Yes||No||Yes|
|1999||Zoe, Duncan, Jack and Jane||No||Yes||No||Episode: " Crossing the Line"|
|2000||Go Fish||No||Yes||No||Episode: "Go Wrestling"|
|2002–2003||Clone High||Yes||Yes||Executive||13 episodes; also co-creators and supervising directors|
|2004||Method & Red||No||Yes||Consulting||9 episodes|
Episode: "Well Well Well"
|Cracking Up||No||No||Consulting||6 episodes|
|2005–2006||How I Met Your Mother||No||Yes||Yes||17 episodes|
Episodes: "Sweet Taste of Liberty" & "Belly Full of Turkey"
|2013||Brooklyn Nine-Nine||Yes||No||Executive||Episode: "Pilot"|
|2015–2018||The Last Man on Earth||Yes||No||Executive||67 episodes|
Episodes: "Alive in Tucson" & "The Elephant in the Room"
|2016–2017||Son of Zorn||No||No||Executive||13 episodes|
|2017||Making History||No||No||Executive||9 episodes|
|2017–present||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs: The Series||No||No||No||Executive consultants|
|2019||Bless the Harts||No||No||Executive|
|1998–1999||Caroline in the City||Bill||3 episodes|
|2002–2003||Clone High||Principal Dr. Cinnamon J. Scudworth and Genghis Khan||Voice roles|
|2009||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs||Additional Voices|
|1998–1999||Caroline in the City||Cliff||3 episodes|
|2002–2003||Clone High||JFK and Vice Principal Mr. Butlertron||Voice roles|
|2009||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs||Additional Voices|
|2014||The Lego Movie||TV Presenter|
|2018||Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse||Additional Voices|
|2019||The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part||Horse, Chocolate Bar, Plantimals, Paper Boy and Chad|
The following contains a list of recurring actors in films and TV shows directed, produced, and/or wrote by Lord and Miller.
|Clone High||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs||21 Jump Street||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2||The Lego Movie||22 Jump Street||The Last Man on Earth||Son of Zorn||Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse||The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part|
|2009||Satellite Award for Best Animated or Mixed Media Feature||Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs||Nominated|
|2010||Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Animated Feature||Nominated|
|Annie Award for Best Animated Feature||Nominated|
|Annie Award for Directing in a Feature Production||Nominated|
|Annie Award for Writing in a Feature Production||Nominated|
|2012||Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie: Comedy||21 Jump Street||Won|
|2013||People's Choice Award for Favorite Comedy Movie||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Comedy||Nominated|
|Empire Award for Best Comedy||Nominated|
|2014||Teen Choice Award for Choice Summer Movie||22 Jump Street||Won|
|National Board of Review: Top Ten Films||The Lego Movie||Won|
|National Board of Review Award for Best Original Screenplay||Won|
|Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Animated Feature||Won|
|Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Original Screenplay||Nominated|
|New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|New York Film Critics Online Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Animated Film||Nominated|
|Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Picture||Nominated|
|Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|San Francisco Film Critics Circle Award for Best Animated Feature||Won|
|St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|2015||People's Choice Award for Favorite Movie||22 Jump Street||Nominated|
|People's Choice Award for Favorite Comedic Movie||Won|
|People's Choice Award for Favorite Family Movie||The Lego Movie||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Animated Feature||Won|
|Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Comedy||22 Jump Street||Nominated|
|Annie Award for Best Animated Feature||The Lego Movie||Nominated|
|Annie Award for Directing in an Animated Feature Production||Nominated|
|Annie Award for Writing in an Animated Feature Production||Won|
|Satellite Award for Best Animated or Mixed Media Feature||Nominated|
|Satellite Award for Best Original Screenplay||Nominated|
|BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|Saturn Award for Best Animated Film||Won|
|Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Comedy Series||The Last Man on Earth||Nominated|
|Monmouth Award for Communication Excellence (MACE)||Lifetime contributions in the field of communications||Won|
|2018||Outstanding Producer of Animated Theatrical Motion Picture (With Dan Lin)||The Lego Batman Movie||Nominated|
|2019||Annie Award for Best Animated Feature||Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse||Won|
|Best Animated Motion Picture (With Avi Arad, Amy Pascal and Christina Steinberg)||Won|
|Annie Award for Writing in a Feature Production (Only Phil Lord) with Rodney Rothman||Won|
|BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film (Only Phil Lord)||Won|
|Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film||Won|
| Academy Award for Best Animated Feature |
(With Bob Persichetti, Peter Ramsey and Rodney Rothman)
Sony Pictures Animation Inc. is an American animation studio owned by Sony Pictures Entertainment through their Motion Picture Group division and founded on May 9, 2002. The studio's films are distributed worldwide by Sony Pictures Releasing under their Columbia Pictures label, while all direct-to-video releases are released by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. Its first film Open Season was released on September 29, 2006, and its latest release was Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse on December 14, 2018 with their next confirmed release being The Angry Birds Movie 2 on August 14, 2019.
The fictional character Spider-Man, a comic book superhero created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko and featured in Marvel Comics publications, has currently appeared in ten live-action films since his inception, not including fan made shorts and guest appearances in other Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films. Spider-Man is the alter-ego of Peter Parker, a talented young freelance photographer and aspiring scientist imbued with superhuman abilities after being bitten by a radioactive/genetically-altered spider.
The Marvel Comics superhero, Thor has appeared in a wide variety of media outside of comic books such as video games, films, and television programs.
The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) is an American media franchise and shared universe centered on a series of superhero films, independently produced by Marvel Studios and based on characters that appear in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The franchise also includes comic books, short films, television series, and digital series. The shared universe, much like the original Marvel Universe in comic books, was established by crossing over common plot elements, settings, cast, and characters. Phil Coulson, portrayed by Clark Gregg, is an original character to the MCU and the only character to appear across all its different media.
21 Jump Street is a 2012 American buddy cop action comedy film directed by Phil Lord and Christopher Miller, written by Jonah Hill and Michael Bacall, and starring Hill and Channing Tatum. An adaptation of the 1987–91 television series of the same name by Stephen J. Cannell and Patrick Hasburgh, the film follows two police officers who are forced to relive high school when they are assigned to go undercover as high school students to prevent the outbreak of a new synthetic drug and arrest its supplier.
The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part is a 2019 computer-animated adventure musical comedy film produced by the Warner Animation Group and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. A direct sequel to The Lego Movie (2014), it is directed by Mike Mitchell, with Phil Lord and Christopher Miller returning as producers and writers. It features Chris Pratt, Elizabeth Banks, Will Arnett, Charlie Day, Alison Brie, Nick Offerman, and Will Ferrell reprising their roles from the previous film, while new cast members include Tiffany Haddish, Stephanie Beatriz, and Maya Rudolph. The film focuses on Emmet Brickowski, as he attempts to rescue his friends from the Systar System, while dealing with a coming cataclysm known as "Armamageddon".
The Warner Animation Group (WAG) is the feature animation division of Warner Bros. Pictures. Established on January 7, 2013, the studio is the successor to the dissolved 2D traditional hand-drawn animation studio Warner Bros. Feature Animation, which shut down in 2003. Its first film The Lego Movie was released on February 7, 2014 and its latest release was The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part on February 8, 2019; with their next release being Scoob, a Scooby-Doo animated film on May 15, 2020. So far, all films produced by Warner Animation has grossed a collective total of $1.4 billion at the box office.
Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse is a 2018 American computer-animated superhero film featuring the Marvel Comics character Miles Morales / Spider-Man, produced by Columbia Pictures and Sony Pictures Animation in association with Marvel, and distributed by Sony Pictures Releasing. It is the first animated feature film in the Spider-Man franchise, and is set in a shared multiverse called the "Spider-Verse", which has alternate universes. The film was directed by Bob Persichetti, Peter Ramsey, and Rodney Rothman from a screenplay by Phil Lord and Rothman, and a story by Lord. It stars the voices of Shameik Moore, Jake Johnson, Hailee Steinfeld, Mahershala Ali, Brian Tyree Henry, Lily Tomlin, Luna Lauren Velez, John Mulaney, Kimiko Glenn, Nicolas Cage, and Liev Schreiber. In the film, Miles Morales joins other Spider-Men from various dimensions who team up to save New York City from Kingpin.
There are numerous films set to be released in 2020. Some films have announced release dates but have yet to begin filming, while others are in production but do not yet have definite release dates.
Chris McKay, also known as Chris Taylor, is an American film and television director, producer, editor, animator, and visual effects artist. He is best known for directing and editing three seasons of Robot Chicken and two seasons of Moral Orel. He worked as an animation co-director on The Lego Movie (2014) with Phil Lord and Christopher Miller. He made his feature film directorial debut with The Lego Batman Movie (2017). He is attached to direct a live-action film about Nightwing.
The Lego Movie is an American media franchise based on Lego construction toys. It began with the 2014 film of the same name, which was directed and written by Phil Lord and Christopher Miller. The success of the film led it to receiving two licensed video games, a theme park film ride attraction, two spin-off films which were released in 2017, an animated series that also came out in the same year as well as a sequel in 2019 among other pieces of media. A third spin-off film as well as a sequel to The Lego Batman Movie is in development. The lego film franchise has grossed $1 billion at the worldwide box office
Silver & Black is an unproduced American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics characters Silver Sable and Black Cat that was to be made by Columbia Pictures in association with Marvel and distributed by Sony Pictures Releasing. It was intended to be part of Sony's Marvel Universe, adjunct to the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU), but was canceled and reworked into new projects following delays concerning the screenplay. The film was being directed by Gina Prince-Bythewood, who had worked on the screenplay along with Lisa Joy, Chris Yost, and the writing team of Lindsey Beer and Geneva Robertson-Dworet.
Sony's Marvel Universe or Sony's Universe of Marvel Characters is an American media franchise and shared universe centered on a series of superhero films produced by Columbia Pictures in association with Marvel and distributed by Sony Pictures Releasing, based on characters that appear in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Sony considers the universe to be adjunct to the Spider-Man films co-produced with Marvel Studios, which are set in that company's Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU). Sony's MU began with the release of Venom in October 2018.
Geneva Robertson-Dworet is an American screenwriter. She rose to prominence after being hired in 2015 to rewrite the script for the 2018 Tomb Raider reboot, starring Alicia Vikander and directed by Roar Uthaug. She wrote the screenplay for Marvel Studios' female-led superhero film Captain Marvel (2019).
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