Royal School of Mines

Last updated

Royal School of Mines,
Imperial College London
Royal School of Mines front side, Prince Consort Road, looking east in early spring.jpg
Type Public
Established1851;171 years ago (1851) (1907 as part of Imperial College)
Studentsapprox. 800
Location,
UK

51°29′59″N0°10′33″W / 51.499796°N 0.175699°W / 51.499796; -0.175699 Coordinates: 51°29′59″N0°10′33″W / 51.499796°N 0.175699°W / 51.499796; -0.175699
CampusUrban
Colours
Affiliations Imperial College Faculty of Engineering
Website www.union.ic.ac.uk/rsm/exec
RSM Logo Medium.png

The Royal School of Mines comprises the departments of Earth Science and Engineering, and Materials at Imperial College London. The Centre for Advanced Structural Ceramics and parts of the London Centre for Nanotechnology and Department of Bioengineering are also housed within the building. [1] The school as an organisation no longer exists, having been incorporated into the Faculty of Engineering since 2003. [2] Today the Royal School of Mines refers to both the departments associated with the former school, and the Grade II listed Edwardian building by Sir Aston Webb, which is viewed as a classic of academic architecture. [3] The building and relevant student union still carry the name.

Contents

History

The Royal School of Mines was established in 1851, [4] as the Government School of Mines and Science Applied to the Arts. The School developed from the Museum of Economic Geology, a collection of minerals, maps and mining equipment made by Sir Henry De la Beche, and opened in 1841. The museum also provided some student places for the study of mineralogy and metallurgy. Sir Henry was the director of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, and when the collections outgrew the premises the museum and the survey were placed on an official footing, with government assistance.

The Museum of Practical Geology and the Government School of Mines and Science Applied to the Arts opened in a purpose-designed building in Jermyn Street in 1851. The officers of the Geological Survey became the lecturers and professors of the School of Mines. The Royal College of Chemistry was merged into it in 1853. The name was changed in 1863 to the Royal School of Mines, and was moved to South Kensington in 1872. In 1907, the school was incorporated into Imperial College of Science and Technology, but retained its own identity as a "constituent college".

In 2001 it was announced Imperial was to transition from a constituent college structure to a faculty structure, a move that was completed in 2003. [5] [2] The last Dean of the Royal School of Mines was Professor John Monhemius before the position was abolished. The Royal School of Mines has since come to refer to both the building in which former school was housed, as are its departments still today, and the student body representing students within those departments. [6]

Building

Goldsmith's Extension on the corner of Exhibition Road Imperial College London - Royal School of Mines.JPG
Goldsmith's Extension on the corner of Exhibition Road

Designed by Sir Aston Webb, the RSM building is classical in style with ionic pilasters. [7] It was erected between 1909 and 1913 specifically to house the school, which was previously resident in the Huxley Building on Exhibition Road, now the Henry Cole Wing of the Victoria and Albert Museum. The foundation stone was laid by King Edward VII on 8 July 1909.

The RSM was the last of many buildings that Webb designed for the Albertopolis area (including the Cromwell Road frontage of the V&A) and, some would argue, his least resolved. Constructed in Portland stone, the entrance is formed by a three-storey, semicircular niche, flanked by two memorials (sculpted by Paul Raphael Montford, 1916–1920) to Alfred Beit and Julius Wernher who were major benefactors to the school. [7] The western wing of the building is named after Webb, while the eastern end is named after the Goldsmiths' Company who helped to finance the building of the RSM.

In film

The distinctively Edwardian and academic styling cues used in the building's architecture have led to the RSM appearing in a number of film and television productions:

Students' Union

Main Entrance Hall Royal Schools of Mines Lobby and Stairs.jpg
Main Entrance Hall

The RSM Union represents the interests and organises events for the students studying at the departments associated with the Royal School of Mines. It is part of the wider college union, and has a formal constitution guiding its activities around:

The union runs sports teams, societies and events which span the academic year from October to July. The highlight of the sporting and social calendar is the annual Bottle Match against Camborne School of Mines, the second oldest rugby varsity match in the world. [8]

The RSM Union is also responsible for looking after the RSM Mascots, Davy and Clementine II. Davy is 3 foot tall, 60 kg davy lamp, a type of mining lamp, and has been a mascot since 1965. [9] Clementine II is a 1926 Morris T-Type One Ton Truck, bought by the RSM Union in 1960 to replace their previous motorised mascot Clementine I, a 1919 Aveling and Porter Traction Engine. [10]

People

Through societies such as the RSM Association and the Chaps Club, the RSM maintains a strong alumni network in the global mining community. [11]

Alumni and professors

Henry Thomas de la Beche Henry Thomas de la Beche.jpg
Henry Thomas de la Beche
Richard Dixon Oldham RD Oldham.gif
Richard Dixon Oldham

List of deans

Before it was incorporated into the Faculty of Engineering, the school was led by a dean. The deans were: [15]

  • 1943–45 : Herbert Harold Read FRS
  • 1945–47 : William Richard Jones
  • 1947–49 : John Anthony Sydney Ritson
  • 1950–51 : Cecil William Dannatt
  • 1952–59 : David Williams
  • 1959–62 : James Cecil Micheson
  • 1962–65 : John Geoffrey Ball
  • 1965–68 : John Sutton FRS
  • 1968–71 : Marston Grieg Fleming FREng
  • 1971–74 : John Geoffrey Ball (2nd term)
  • 1974–77 : John Sutton FRS (2nd term)
  • 1977–80 : Peter Lynn Pratt
  • 1980–83 : John Lawrence Knill
  • 1983–86 : Edwin Thomas Brown FREng
  • 1986–89 : David William Pashley FRS
  • 1989–91 : John Stuart Archer FREng
  • 1991–95 : Charles Timothy Shaw
  • 1995–98 : Rees David Rawlings
  • 1998–2000 : John Anthony Kilner
  • 2000–04 : Andrew John Monhemius

Related Research Articles

The British Science Association (BSA) is a charity and learned society founded in 1831 to aid in the promotion and development of science. Until 2009 it was known as the British Association for the Advancement of Science (BA). The current Chief Executive is Katherine Mathieson. The BSA's mission is to get more people engaged in the field of science by coordinating, delivering, and overseeing different projects that are suited to achieve these goals. The BSA "envisions a society in which a diverse group of people can learn and apply the sciences in which they learn." and is managed by a professional staff located at their Head Office in the Wellcome Wolfson Building. The BSA offers a wide variety of activities and events that both recognize and encourage people to be involved in science. These include the British Science Festival, British Science Week, the CREST Awards, Huxley Summit, Media Fellowships Scheme, along with regional and local events.

Henry De la Beche English geologist and palaeontologist (1796–1855)

Sir Henry Thomas De la Beche KCB, FRS was an English geologist and palaeontologist, the first director of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, who helped pioneer early geological survey methods. He was the first President of the Palaeontographical Society.

William Boyd Dawkins

Sir William Boyd Dawkins was a British geologist and archaeologist. He was a member of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, Curator of the Manchester Museum and Professor of Geology at Owens College, Manchester. He is noted for his research on fossils and the antiquity of man. He was involved in many projects including a tunnel under the Humber, a Channel Tunnel attempt and the proving of coal under Kent.

Mason Science College College in Birmingham, England

Mason Science College was a university college in Birmingham, England, and a predecessor college of Birmingham University. Founded in 1875 by industrialist and philanthropist Sir Josiah Mason, the college was incorporated into the University of Birmingham in 1900. Two students of the college, Neville Chamberlain and Stanley Baldwin, later went on to become Prime Ministers of the UK.

Sir Richard Griffith, 1st Baronet

Sir Richard John Griffith Bt. FRS FRSE FGS LLD, was an Irish geologist, mining engineer and chairman of the Board of Works of Ireland, who completed the first complete geological map of Ireland and was author of the valuation of Ireland; subsequently known as Griffith's Valuation.

Gabriel Auguste Daubrée French geologist

Gabriel Auguste Daubrée MIF FRS FRSE was a French geologist, best known for applying experimental methods to structural geology. He served as the director of the École des Mines as well as the president of the French Academy of Sciences.

Warington Wilkinson Smyth

Sir Warington Wilkinson Smyth was a British geologist.

Albert Seward

Sir Albert Charles Seward FRS was a British botanist and geologist.

John Wesley Judd British geologist

John Wesley Judd was a British geologist.

William Johnson Sollas

Prof William Johnson Sollas PGS FRS FRSE LLD was a British geologist and anthropologist. After studying at the City of London School, the Royal College of Chemistry and the Royal School of Mines he matriculated to St. John's College, Cambridge, where he was awarded First Class Honours in geology. After some time spent as a University Extension lecturer he became lecturer in Geology and Zoology at University College, Bristol in 1879, where he stayed until he was offered the post of Professor of Geology at Trinity College Dublin. In 1897 he was offered the post of Professor of Geology at the University of Oxford, which he accepted.

Prof William Whitehead Watts FRS HFRSE FGS FMS LLD was a British geologist.

Owen Thomas Jones, FRS FGS was a Welsh geologist.

Royal Geological Society of Cornwall

The Royal Geological Society of Cornwall is a geological society based in Penzance, Cornwall in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 1814 to promote the study of the geology of Cornwall, and is the second oldest geological society in the world, after the Geological Society of London which was founded in 1807.

Sir Arthur Elijah Trueman was a British geologist.

John G. Ramsay British geologist

John Graham Ramsay was a British structural geologist who was a Professor at Imperial College London, the University of Leeds and the University of Zurich.

Herbert Harold Read FRS, FRSE, FGS, was a British geologist and Professor of Geology at Imperial College. From 1947-1948 he was president of the Geological Society.

Richard Hugh Sibson is a New Zealand structural geologist and emeritus professor at the University of Otago, who has received numerous honors and awards for his work in the field of earthquake research. He has caused a 'fundamental shift' in the interpretation of the relationship between earthquakes and fault zone geology and on the origin of fault-hosted mineral deposits.

References

  1. "Visit us | Imperial College London". www.imperial.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  2. 1 2 "A timeline of College developments". Imperial College London. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  3. "ROYAL SCHOOL OF MINES (IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY)". Historic England. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  4. "History of the RSM". Royal School of Mines Union website. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  5. "New Faculty of Natural Sciences to be formed at Imperial College London". Imperial College London. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  6. "About the RSM". Royal School of Mines Union website. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  7. 1 2 "Albertopolis: Royal School of Mines". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  8. "History of the RSM". Royal School of Mines Union website. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  9. "Davy". 11 February 2013.
  10. "RSM Motor Club".
  11. "History of the RSMA". Royal School of Mines Association website. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  12. 'CRESWELL, Lt-Col Hon. Frederic Hugh Page', in Who Was Who 1941–1950 (London: A. & C. Black, 1980 reprint: ISBN   0-7136-2131-1)
  13. "Passages: William Sefton Fyfe – C.C., FRS, FRS(C), FRS(NZ)". Geolog. Geological Association of Canada. 42 (4): 15–16. Winter 2014.
  14. Arhin, Kwame, ed. The Papers of George Ekem Ferguson: A Fanti Official of the Government of the Gold Coast, 1890-1897. Leiden: Africka-Studiecentrum, 1974.
  15. Hannah, Gay. History Of Imperial College London, 1907–2007. p. 752.