Royal West of England Academy

Last updated

Royal West of England Academy
Royal West of England Academy.jpg
Bristol UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Bristol
Established1844
Location Clifton, Bristol, England
Coordinates 51°27′29″N2°36′30″W / 51.45810°N 2.60840°W / 51.45810; -2.60840 Coordinates: 51°27′29″N2°36′30″W / 51.45810°N 2.60840°W / 51.45810; -2.60840
DirectorAlison Bevan
Website Royal West of England Academy
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official nameRoyal West of England Academy
Designated4 March 1977
Reference no. 1282156

The Royal West of England Academy (RWA) is Bristol's oldest art gallery, located in Clifton, Bristol, near the junction of Queens Road and Whiteladies Road. Situated in a Grade 2* listed building, it hosts five galleries and an exhibition programme that celebrates the best of historic and contemporary British art.

Contents

Elected Royal West of England Academicians use the post-nominal RWA.

History

The Royal West of England Academy was the first art gallery to be established in Bristol, and is one of the longest-running regional galleries and art schools in the UK. Its foundation was initiated by the extraordinary Ellen Sharples, who secured funding from benefactors including Isambard Kingdom Brunel and Prince Albert, and the building was ultimately financed by a bequest of £2,000 from her will in 1849. [1] [2] [3]

At first, the core of the Academy was a well-known group of artists in Bristol, known as the Bristol Society of Artists, who were mostly landscape painters, and many, such as William James Müller, Francis Danby, James Baker Pyne and John Syer were well known. [3] In 1844, when the Bristol Academy for the Promotion of Fine Arts was founded, the Bristol Society of Artists was incorporated into it. At this time the president and committee was predominantly its patrons, rather than its artists. In 1913 King George V granted the academy its Royal title, [4] with the reigning monarch as its Patron, [5] and by 1914 a major extension to the front of the building, including the dome and Walter Crane lunettes, was completed. [6] [7]

During World War II the academy building was taken over by various organisations including the Bristol Aeroplane Company and the U.S. Army. [5] Immediately after the war ended the council applied for the release of the galleries but was informed that they would be occupied by the Inland Revenue until further notice. It was not until 1950 that the building was returned to its original function, after the intervention of the then prime minister, Clement Attlee. [8] [5] During the 1950s the Royal West of England Academy Schools became the West of England College of Art. [3] This moved to the Bower Ashton campus in 1966, where it was then absorbed by the University of the West of England (School of Visual Studies), now the Department of Creative Industries, UWE, Bristol.

The current president is the artist Fiona Robinson PRWA and Director (Chief Exec) is Alison Bevan BEM.

Collections

Among the paintings in the permanent collection are works by artists from the Newlyn, St Ives and Bloomsbury Schools and paintings by Elizabeth Blackadder, Bernard Dunstan, Mary Fedden, Matthew Hale, David Inshaw, Derek Balmer, Anne Redpath, George Swaish and Carel Weight. [9]

Building

RWA Galleries Gallery Space.jpg
RWA Galleries
Marble Gallery Friezes Gallery Friezes.jpg
Marble Gallery Friezes
Walter Crane Lunettes RWA Lunettes.jpg
Walter Crane Lunettes

The building is a grade II* listed building constructed in 1857 as the city's first public art gallery, also encompassing an art school. It opened in 1858. The interiors are by Charles Underwood and facade by JR Hirst, altered in 1912 by SS Reay and H Dare Bryan. [10] The first floor is in 3 sections, the outer ones articulated by paired Corinthian pilasters flanking large shell head niches with statues of Flaxman and Reynolds. A large carving of 3 female figures - the three graces - crowns the parapet. The interior includes coloured marble and a replica of the Parthenon Frieze. [11]

Presidents

Related Research Articles

Royal Academy of Arts Art institution in London, United Kingdom

The Royal Academy of Arts (RA) is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly in London. Founded in 1768, it has a unique position as an independent, privately funded institution led by eminent artists and architects. Its purpose is to promote the creation, enjoyment and appreciation of the visual arts through exhibitions, education and debate.

Bristol Museum & Art Gallery Museum in Bristol, UK

Bristol Museum & Art Gallery is a large museum and art gallery in Bristol, England. The museum is situated in Clifton, about 0.5 miles (0.8 km) from the city centre. As part of Bristol Culture it is run by the Bristol City Council with no entrance fee. It holds designated museum status, granted by the national government to protect outstanding museums. The designated collections include: geology, Eastern art, and Bristol's history, including English delftware. In January 2012 it became one of sixteen Arts Council England Major Partner Museums.

William Wills, 1st Baron Winterstoke

William Henry Wills, 1st Baron Winterstoke, known as Sir William Wills, Bt., between 1893 and 1906, was a British businessman, philanthropist and Liberal politician.

Jean Rees (1914–2004) was a British artist.

Elizabeth Blackadder Scottish painter and printmaker

Dame Elizabeth Violet Blackadder, Mrs Houston, was a Scottish painter and printmaker. She was the first woman to be elected to both the Royal Scottish Academy and the Royal Academy.

Fiona Rae British artist

Fiona Rae is a Hong Kong-born British artist. She is one of the Young British Artists (YBAs) who rose to prominence in the 1990s. Throughout her career, she has been known for having a portfolio of work that includes elements of energy, and complexity. Her work is known for aiming at expanding the modern traditions of painting.

Julian Trevelyan

Julian Otto Trevelyan was an English artist and poet.

Ken Howard (artist) English painter

Kenneth Howard OBE RA is an English artist and painter. He was President of the New English Art Club from 1998 to 2003.

Eileen Cooper is a British artist, known primarily as a painter and printmaker.

Mary Fedden British artist (1915–2012)

Mary Fedden, OBE RA RWA was a British artist.

Barrington Tabb, is an English painter. He is a Royal West of England Academy (RWA) member. Tabb has lived his whole life in and around Bristol.

William Holt Yates Titcomb

William Holt Yates Titcomb was an English artist. He was a figurative oil painter, particularly known for his depictions of the Cornish fisherfolk.

Bernard Dunstan was a British artist, teacher, and author, best known for his studies of figures in interiors and landscapes. At the time of his death, he was the longest serving Royal Academician.

Paul Ayshford Methuen, 4th Baron Methuen British painter, zoologist and landowner

Paul Ayshford Methuen, 4th Baron Methuen was a painter, zoologist and landowner.

John Whitlock Codner was a British painter and wartime camouflage officer. He exhibited at the Royal Academy and his works remain in major collections to this day.

Diana Armfield RA is a British artist. She is known for landscapes, and has also painted portraits, literary subjects and still lifes. She has a particular interest in flower paintings, and is considered to owe much to the Sickert tradition. She studied at the Slade School of Fine Art and the Central School of Arts and Crafts. Armfield was elected as a Royal Academician in 1991.

Emma Stibbon is a Bristol-based British artist and Royal Academician.

Derek Balmer British artist and photographer

Derek Balmer PPRWA is a British artist and photographer, Past President of the Royal West of England Academy (2001–10) and Pro-Chancellor of the University of the West of England (2001–10) to Chancellor Dame Elizabeth Butler-Sloss. He received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of the West of England in 2001.

Anthony WhishawRA is an English artist and member of the Royal Academy. Whishaw claims no association with any particular art movement, stating instead that "each painting and work on paper makes its own separate demands". He is also a member of The London Group.

Peter Leonard Folkes was an English painter.

References

  1. "Royal West Of England Academy". Saatchi Gallery. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  2. "History". Royal West of England Academy. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 "Royal West of England Academy". Artist Biographies. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  4. "Mapping the Practice and Profession of Sculpture in Britain and Ireland 1851-1951". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  5. 1 2 3 "Royal West of England Academy". Bridgeman Images. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  6. "The Lunettes". Elizabeth Holford Associates. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  7. Willsdon, Clare A. (2000). Mural Painting in Britain 1840-1940: Image and Meaning. Oxford University Press. p. 283. ISBN   9780198175155.
  8. "History of the RWA". Royal West of England Academy. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2006.
  9. "Permanent Collection". Royal West of England Academy. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  10. Historic England. "Royal West of England Academy (1282156)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  11. Historic England. "Royal West of England Academy (1282156)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 9 May 2006.