Rusty-backed spinetail

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Rusty-backed spinetail
ARREDIO-DO-RIO (Cranioleuca vulpina) (12298441466).jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Furnariidae
Genus: Cranioleuca
Species:
C. vulpina
Binomial name
Cranioleuca vulpina
(Pelzeln, 1856)
Cranioleuca vulpina map.svg
Synonyms

Cranioleuca dissita Wetmore, 1957

The rusty-backed spinetail (Cranioleuca vulpina) is a Neotropical species of bird in the Furnariidae (ovenbird) family. The taxon from Panama is considered a separate species, the Coiba spinetail (C. dissita).

It is found in most of central and northern South America and southern Central America including Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and is most commonly found in dense undergrowth or vine covered forests [2] The population has been reported in decline due to predation by invasive species but is not believed to be approaching the thresholds for vulnerable status. [3]

Related Research Articles

Coiba spinetail Species of bird

The Coiba spinetail is a member of the family Furnariidae (ovenbirds) that is endemic to Coiba and Ranchería Islands, Panama.

Creamy-crested spinetail Species of bird

The creamy-crested spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Peru.

Light-crowned spinetail Species of bird

The light-crowned spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Bolivia and eastern Peru, where its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Line-cheeked spinetail Species of bird

The line-cheeked spinetail is an arboreal species of bird in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. It is a common species in the Andes in Ecuador and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, woodland and scrub. It is distinguished from other species by its distribution, behaviour and white supercilium. There are two recognized subspecies, which are in reality a gradient in morphology and plumage from one extreme to the other.

Ash-browed spinetail Species of bird

The ash-browed spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.

Tepui spinetail Species of bird

The tepui spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae.

Red-faced spinetail Species of bird

The red-faced spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forest.

Speckled spinetail Species of bird

The speckled spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical swamps.

Streak-capped spinetail Species of bird

The streak-capped spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

Bolivian spinetail Species of bird

The Bolivian spinetail or Inquisivi spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae, which was discovered in 1993 near Inquisivi, in the department of La Paz.

Marcapata spinetail Species of bird

The Marcapata spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Peru.

Scaled spinetail Species of bird

The scaled spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to the lower Amazon River in Brazil, where it inhabits várzea forests and tropical or subtropical swamplands.

Olive spinetail Species of bird

The olive spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in northeastern Argentina, southern Brazil, and eastern Paraguay. Its natural habitats are temperate forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is known to hybridize with Cranioleuca pyrrhophia in Southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Pallid spinetail Species of bird

The pallid spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Brazil.

Stripe-crowned spinetail Species of bird

The stripe-crowned spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. The species shows considerable plumage variation following Gloger's rule. It is known to hybridize with Cranioleuca obsoleta in Southern Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Grey-headed spinetail Species of bird

The grey-headed spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is endemic to Brazil.

Crested spinetail Species of bird

The crested spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae in northern South America. It is found in Colombia and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. The species inhabits a wide variety of forest and scrub habitats below 1500 meters in elevation.

Parkers spinetail Species of bird

Parker's spinetail or the white-breasted spinetail, is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru.

White-browed spinetail Species of bird

The white-browed spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is the only member of the genus Hellmayrea.

Grey-bellied spinetail Species of bird

The grey-bellied spinetail is a species of bird in the family Furnariidae. It is found in the South American countries of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

References

  1. BirdLife International (2017). "Cranioleuca vulpina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2017: e.T103674933A118552279. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T103674933A118552279.en . Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  2. Ridgely, R. S.; Gwynne, J. A. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  3. del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.