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Cranioleuca pallida.jpg
Pallid spinetail (Cranioleuca pallida)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Furnariidae
Genus: Cranioleuca
Reichenbach, 1853
Type species
Synallaxis albiceps

The typical spinetails, Cranioleuca, are a genus of Neotropical birds in the ovenbird family Furnariidae.

This is a homogeneous group of small birds that live in forested habitats. The spinetails in this genus differ from those placed in Synallaxis in having shorter tails and being more arboreal. They are less vocal and more frequently join mixed flocks. [1]

Taxonomy and species list

The genus Cranioleuca was introduced in 1853 by the German naturalist Ludwig Reichenbach with the light-crowned spinetail as the type species. [2] [3] The name combines the Ancient Greek kranion meaning "skull" with leukos meaning "white". [4]

The genus contains 19 species: [5]

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  1. Ridgely, Robert S.; Tudor, Guy (2009). Birds of South America: Passerines. Helm Field Guides. London: Christopher Helm. p. 281. ISBN   978-1-408-11342-4.
  2. Reichenbach, Ludwig (1853). Handbuch der speciellen Ornithologie. Icones ad synopsin avium no.10 (in German). Leipzig: Friedrich Hofmeister. p. 167.
  3. Peters, James Lee, ed. (1951). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 7. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 97.
  4. Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 120. ISBN   978-1-4081-2501-4.
  5. Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Ovenbirds, woodcreepers". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 30 December 2020.