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Todirostrum cinereum.jpg
Common tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)
Scientific classification OOjs UI icon edit-ltr.svg
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tyrannidae
Genus: Todirostrum
Lesson, 1831
Type species
Todus cinereus
Linnaeus, 1766

see text

Todirostrum is a genus of Neotropical birds in the New World flycatcher family Tyrannidae.

Taxonomy and species list

The genus Todirostrum was erected in 1831 by the French naturalist René Lesson. [1] The type species was designated as the common tody-flycatcher by George Robert Gray in 1840. [2] [3] The name combines the genus Todus introduced by Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 with the Latin rostrum meaning "bill". [4]

It contains the following seven species: [5]

ImageNameCommon nameDistribution
Todirostrum maculatum JJK'1.jpg Todirostrum maculatum Spotted tody-flycatcher Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela
Todirostrum poliocephalum3.jpg Todirostrum poliocephalum Yellow-lored tody-flycatcher or grey-headed tody-flycatcher,Brazil, occurring from Southern Bahia southwards to Santa Catarina
Todirostrum viridanum.jpg Todirostrum viridanum Maracaibo tody-flycatcher,Venezuela
Black-headed tody-flycatcher2.jpg Todirostrum nigriceps Black-headed tody-flycatcher,Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela
Todirostrum pictum Painted tody-flycatcher,eastern-southeastern Venezuela and the northeastern states of Brazil of the Amazon Basin
Common Tody-Flycatcher.jpg Todirostrum cinereum Common tody-flycatcher or black-fronted tody-flycatcher,southern Mexico to northwestern Peru, eastern Bolivia and southern Brazil.
Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum - Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher.JPG Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum Yellow-browed tody-flycatcher,southern Amazon Basin of Brazil, also Amazonian Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia

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  1. Lesson, René (1831). Traité d'Ornithologie, ou Tableau Méthodique (in French). Paris: F.G. Levrault. p. 384 (livraison 5). Published in 8 livraisons between 1830 and 1831. For dates see: Dickinson, E.C.; Overstreet, L.K.; Dowsett, R.J.; Bruce, M.D. (2011). Priority! The Dating of Scientific Names in Ornithology: a Directory to the literature and its reviewers. Northampton, UK: Aves Press. p. 119. ISBN   978-0-9568611-1-5.
  2. Gray, George Robert (1840). A List of the Genera of Birds : with an Indication of the Typical Species of Each Genus. London: R. and J.E. Taylor. p. 31.
  3. Traylor, Melvin A. Jr, ed. (1979). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 8. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 87.
  4. Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 387. ISBN   978-1-4081-2501-4.
  5. Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Tyrant flycatchers". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 29 November 2020.