|President||Gustavo Bebbiano (acting)|
|Founded|| 30 October 1994 (founded)|
2 June 1998 (registered)
|Headquarters||SHN, Quadra 02, Bloco F, Ed. Executive Office Tower, Sala 1.122 – Brasília (DF)|
|Membership (July 2018)||241,439|
|Ideology|| Brazilian nationalism |
Right-wing to far-right
Centre to centre-right
|National affiliation|| Brazil Above Everything,|
God Above Everyone
|Colours||Blue Green Yellow ( national colores)|
Purple White (formerly)
|TSE Identification Number||17|
|Seats in the|
Chamber of Deputies (2018)
52 / 513
|Seats in the|
4 / 81
0 / 27
|State deputies (2018)|
76 / 1,035
|City councillors (2016)|
878 / 57,720
The Social Liberal Party (Portuguese : Partido Social Liberal, PSL) is a far-right political party in Brazil.
Founded on 30 October 1994 as a social liberal party, the PSL was registered on the Superior Electoral Court on 2 June 1998.At the legislative elections on 6 October 2002, the party won 1 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate. In 2006, it won no seats in the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate. In 2010 and 2014, the party won 1 seat in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate.
In 2018, right-wing politician Jair Bolsonaro joined the party and became its nominee for the 2018 presidential election. In the first round of the election, Bolsonaro exceeded polling forecasts to receive 46% of the popular vote. Bolsonaro's coattails helped elect 52 deputies and 4 senators from the PSL, which will make it the second largest political party in the next Chamber of Deputies.It also became the largest single party in the legislative assemblies of both Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.
The party was originally founded in 1994 by businessman Luciano Bivar as a social liberal party.
In 2015, the PSL underwent a reform led by the internal social liberal wing Livres, with names such as political scientist Fábio Ostermann and journalist Leandro Narloch reinforcing the party's affiliation with social liberal policies.On 5 January 2018, right-wing politician Jair Bolsonaro became a member of the party, which prompted the Livres wing to leave the party in protest of Bolsonaro's social conservative views. After the exit of Livres, the party followed a national-conservative path. Since then, the party has discussed a name change either to Republicans (Republicanos) or Mobilize (Mobiliza). The party also changed its colors from purple to the more nationalist blue, yellow and green, the colors of the flag of Brazil.
The party supported the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff.
Since Bolsonaro's entrance in the party, the party has changed much of its ideologies, abandoning its former social liberal policies while keeping its economic liberal policies, supporting privatization and decentralization while at the same time adopting conservative social policies regarding abortion, legalization of marijuana and the teaching of gender identity in schools.
The party is anti-communist and its members are prohibited from making alliances with left-wing political parties.
|Year||Candidate||First round||Second round|
|No. of overall votes||% of overal votes||No. of overall votes||% of overal votes|
|2006||Luciano Bivar||62.064||0,06 (7th)|
|2014||none,endorsed Marina Silva||N/A||N/A|
|2018||Jair Bolsonaro||49,276,990||46.0 (1st)||TBD||TBD|
16 - USWP (PSTU)
| Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties|
17 - SLP (PSL)
18 - NETWORK (REDE)
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