Social Liberal Party (Brazil)

Social Liberal Party
Partido Social Liberal
Leader Jair Bolsonaro
President Gustavo Bebbiano (acting) [1]
Founded 30 October 1994;23 years ago (1994-10-30) (founded)
2 June 1998;20 years ago (1998-06-02) (registered)
Headquarters SHN, Quadra 02, Bloco F, Ed. Executive Office Tower, Sala 1.122 – Brasília (DF)
Membership (July 2018) 241,439 [2]
Ideology Brazilian nationalism
Social conservatism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
Right-wing populism
Anti-communism [3]
Minority:
Monarchism [4] [5] [6]
Formerly:
Social liberalism
Classical liberalism
Political position Current:
Right-wing [7] to far-right [8]
Formerly:
Centre to centre-right [9]
National affiliation Brazil Above Everything,
God Above Everyone
Colours     Blue      Green      Yellow (national colores)
     Purple      White (formerly)
TSE Identification Number 17
Seats in the
Chamber of Deputies (2018)
52 / 513
Seats in the
Senate (2018)
4 / 81
Governors (2018)
0 / 27
State deputies (2018)
76 / 1,035
City councillors (2016)
878 / 57,720
Website
pslnacional.org.br

The Social Liberal Party (Portuguese : Partido Social Liberal, PSL) is a far-right political party in Brazil.

Founded on 30 October 1994 as a social liberal party, the PSL was registered on the Superior Electoral Court on 2 June 1998. [10] At the legislative elections on 6 October 2002, the party won 1 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate. In 2006, it won no seats in the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate. In 2010 and 2014, the party won 1 seat in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate.

In 2018, right-wing politician Jair Bolsonaro joined the party and became its nominee for the 2018 presidential election. In the first round of the election, Bolsonaro exceeded polling forecasts to receive 46% of the popular vote. Bolsonaro's coattails helped elect 52 deputies and 4 senators from the PSL, which will make it the second largest political party in the next Chamber of Deputies. [11] It also became the largest single party in the legislative assemblies of both Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. [12] [13]

History

The party was originally founded in 1994 by businessman Luciano Bivar as a social liberal party. [14]

In 2015, the PSL underwent a reform led by the internal social liberal wing Livres, with names such as political scientist Fábio Ostermann and journalist Leandro Narloch reinforcing the party's affiliation with social liberal policies. [15] [16] On 5 January 2018, right-wing politician Jair Bolsonaro became a member of the party, which prompted the Livres wing to leave the party in protest of Bolsonaro's social conservative views. After the exit of Livres, the party followed a national-conservative path. Since then, the party has discussed a name change either to Republicans (Republicanos) or Mobilize (Mobiliza). [17] The party also changed its colors from purple to the more nationalist blue, yellow and green, the colors of the flag of Brazil.

The party supported the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff. [18]

Organization

Ideology and policies

Since Bolsonaro's entrance in the party, the party has changed much of its ideologies, abandoning its former social liberal policies while keeping its economic liberal policies, supporting privatization and decentralization while at the same time adopting conservative social policies regarding abortion, legalization of marijuana and the teaching of gender identity in schools. [19]

The party is anti-communist and its members are prohibited from making alliances with left-wing political parties. [19]

Electoral results

Presidential elections

YearCandidateFirst roundSecond round
No. of overall votes% of overal votesNo. of overall votes% of overal votes
2006 Luciano Bivar 62.0640,06 (7th)
2014 none,endorsed Marina Silva N/AN/A
2018 Jair Bolsonaro 49,276,99046.0 (1st)TBDTBD

See also

References

  1. Benites, Afonso (8 March 2018). "Bolsonaro inicia campanha pedindo votos para "bancada da metralhadora". El País (in Portoguese). Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  2. "Estatísticas do eleitorado – Eleitores filiados" (in Portoguese). Superior Electoral Court. July 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  3. "Em que Acreditamos". psl.org.br. Social Liberal Party. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  4. "Príncipe da família imperial brasileira será candidato a deputado federal". gazetadopovo.com.br (in Portoguese). Gazeta do Povo. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  5. Holderf Nascimento, Raul (7 May 2018). "Monarquistas se aproximam de Bolsonaro e reforçam base de apoio do presidenciável". conexaopolitica.com.br (in Portoguese). Conexão Política. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  6. Amendola, Gilberto; Venceslau, Pedro (5 May 2018). "O séquito de Bolsonaro já tem um príncipe". O Estado de São Paulo (in Portoguese). Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  7. "O que significam direita, esquerda e centro na política?". O Estado de São Paulo (in Portoguese). 18 May 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  8. Mortari, Marcos (9 March 2018). "Com Bolsonaro, extrema-direita embarca forte (e para vencer) nesta eleição, diz analista". infomoney.com.br (in Portoguese). InfoMoney. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  9. "Saiba como surgiu e o que defende cada partido - Direito Fundamental". wp.clicrbs.com.br (in Portoguese). Blog Holofote. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  10. "História". psl.org.br (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  11. Gamarski, Rachel; Adghirni, Samy (8 October 2018). "Bolsonaro Election Effect Turns Brazil's Congress on Its Head". bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  12. "Deputados estaduais eleitos no RJ; veja lista". g1.globo.com (in Portoguese). G1. 8 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  13. Sá Pessoa, Gabriela; Saldaña, Paulo (8 October 2018). "PSDB cai pela metade na Assembleia de SP e PSL se torna principal bancada". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portoguese). Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  14. "PSL - Partido Social Liberal 17". psl.org.br (in Portoguese). Social Liberal Party. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  15. "Partido Social Liberal". pslnacional.org.br (in Portoguese). Social Liberal Party. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  16. Constantino, Rodrigo (28 January 2016). "PSL se renova e foca mais no "liberal" da sigla. Ou: It's happening! - Rodrigo Constantino". rodrigoconstantino.com (in Portoguese). Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  17. "Deputado Jair Bolsonaro anuncia filiação ao PSL". g1.globo.com (in Portoguese). G1. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  18. Richard, Ivan; Jungmann, Mariana (17 April 2016). "PTdoB orienta voto contra o impeachment, PSL e PMB votarão a favor" (in Portoguese). Agência Brasil. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  19. 1 2 "Em que acreditamos". psl.org.br (in Portoguese). Social Liberal Party. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
Preceded by
16 - USWP (PSTU)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
17 - SLP (PSL)
Succeeded by
18 - NETWORK (REDE)