|President of Brazil||Jair Bolsonaro|
|Founded||30 October 1994|
|Headquarters||SHN, Quadra 02, Bloco F, Ed. Executive Office Tower, Sala 1.122 – Brasília, DF|
|Membership (July 2018)||241,439|
|Ideology|| Conservatism |
|Political position||Right-wing to far-right|
|TSE Identification Number||17|
|Seats in the|
Chamber of Deputies
54 / 513
|Seats in the|
4 / 81
3 / 27
76 / 1,035
|City councillors (2016)|
878 / 57,720
The Social Liberal Party (Portuguese : Partido Social Liberal, PSL) is a right-wing to far-right conservative political party in Brazil. Founded in 1994 as a social liberal party, the PSL was registered on the Superior Electoral Court in 1998.
Portuguese is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. Reintegrationists maintain that Galician is not a separate language, but a dialect of Portuguese. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (Lusófono).
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal, or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics, or tradition. Hierarchy and inequality may be viewed as natural results of traditional social differences or the competition in market economies. The term right-wing can generally refer to "the conservative or reactionary section of a political party or system".
Far-right politics are politics further on the right of the left-right spectrum than the standard political right, particularly in terms of extreme nationalism, nativist ideologies, and authoritarian tendencies.
In January 2018, former Social Christian politician Jair Bolsonaro joined the party and later converted it into an economically liberal, nationalist, radically anti-communist and social conservative party. The original name remained after the ideological shift, and after Livres (the party's original main wing) left the party and formed their own political movement to continue the party's original goals. Bolsonaro became the party's nominee for the 2018 presidential election and won in both rounds.
The Social Christian Party is a conservative political party in Brazil.
Jair Messias Bolsonaro is a Brazilian politician and retired military officer, serving as the 38th President of Brazil since 1 January 2019. He served in the country's Chamber of Deputies, representing the state of Rio de Janeiro, between 1991 and 2018. He currently is a member of the conservative Social Liberal Party.
Brazilian nationalism refers to the nationalism of Brazilian people and Brazilian culture. It became strong during the declaration of Independence of Brazil, in the 19th century.
PSL was originally founded on 30 October 1994 by businessman Luciano Bivar as a social liberal party.It was registered on the Superior Electoral Court on 2 June 1998.
Luciano Caldas Bivar is a Brazilian politician and businessman who was the PSL candidate for the 2006 Brazilian presidential election. His political platform included projects such as the end of income tax in favour of a unique tax on products and services, and also building military barracks in Brazilian favelas. He received 0.06% of the total vote in the first round and did not progress to the second round.
The Superior Electoral Court is the highest body of the Brazilian Electoral Justice, which also comprises one Regional Electoral Court in each of the 26 states and the Federal District of the country, as determined by Article 118 of the Constitution of Brazil.
In the 2002 legislative elections, PSL won 1 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Federal Senate. In the 2006 legislative elections, the party won no seats in the Chamber of Deputies or the Federal Senate. In the 2010 legislative elections, PSL won 1 seat in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Federal Senate, maintaining the same results in the 2014 legislative elections.
The Chamber of Deputies is a federal legislative body and the lower house of the National Congress of Brazil. The chamber comprises 513 deputies, who are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. The current President of the Chamber is the deputy Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ), who was elected in July 14, 2016 to serve for the remainder of the 2015–2016 term.
The Federal Senate is the upper house of the National Congress of Brazil. Created by the first Constitution of the Brazilian Empire in 1824, it was initially similar to the United Kingdom's House of Lords. Since the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889 the Federal Senate has resembled the United States Senate.
In 2015, PSL underwent a reform led by the internal social liberal wing Livres, with names such as political scientist Fábio Ostermannand journalist Leandro Narloch reinforcing the party's affiliation with social liberal policies. PSL also supported the impeachment of former president Dilma Rousseff.
Livres is a Brazilian social-liberal political movement which joined the Social Liberal Party (PSL) in 2016 to reinforce the political party's social liberal values.
Leandro Narloch is a Brazilian journalist and writer. He worked as a reporter at Veja magazine and as an editor at Aventuras na História and Superinteressante magazines, all published by Grupo Abril.
The impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, the 36th President of Brazil, began on 2 December 2015 with a petition for her impeachment being accepted by Eduardo Cunha, then president of the Chamber of Deputies, and continued into late 2016. Rousseff, then more than 12 months into her second four-year term, was charged with criminal administrative misconduct and disregard for the federal budget in violation of article 85, items V and VI of the Constitution of Brazil and the Fiscal Responsibility Law, article 36.
On 5 January 2018, conservative and former Social Christian politician Jair Bolsonaro became a member of the party, which prompted the Livres wing to leave the party in protest of Bolsonaro's social conservative views. After the exit of Livres, the party followed a national conservative path, changed its colors from purple to the more nationalist blue, yellow and green (the colors of Brazil’s flag) and since then has discussed a name change either to Republicans (Republicanos) or Mobilize (Mobiliza).On 5 March 2018, Bivar stepped down from party’s presidency and Gustavo Bebianno was appointed as acting president.
The flag of Brazil, known in Portuguese as Verde e amarela, or less usually 'Auriverde, is a blue disc depicting a starry sky spanned by a curved band inscribed with the national motto "Ordem e Progresso", within a yellow rhombus, on a green field. Brazil officially adopted this design for its national flag on November 19, 1889 — four days after the Proclamation of the Republic, to replace the flag of the Empire of Brazil. The concept was the work of Raimundo Teixeira Mendes, with the collaboration of Miguel Lemos, Manuel Pereira Reis and Décio Villares.
Gustavo Bebianno Rocha is a Brazilian lawyer and advisor to President Jair Bolsonaro (PSL). Bebianno became Acting President of the Social Liberal Party in March 2018 after Luciano Bivar registered to run for federal deputy in the 2018 elections.
Bolsonaro eventually became PSL’s nominee for the 2018 presidential election, exceeding polling forecasts to receive 46% of the popular vote in the first round.Bolsonaro's coattails helped elect 55 deputies and 4 senators from PSL, which will make it the largest political party in the next Chamber of Deputies. It also became the largest single party in the legislative assemblies of both Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. On 28 October 2018, Bolsonaro was elected President with 55.13% of the votes, defeating Workers' Party's Fernando Haddad. He took office on 1 January 2019.
On 29 October 2018, Bivar was re-appointed as party’s president.
Since Bolsonaro's entrance in the party, PSL has changed much of its ideologies, abandoning its former socially liberal policies and keeping its economic liberal policies, supporting privatisation and decentralisation while at the same time adopting socially conservative policies regarding abortion, legalization of marijuana and teaching of gender identity in schools.
|Election date||Party candidate||Number of votes||Percentage of votes||Number of votes||Percentage of votes||Result|
|First round||Second round|
|2014||None, it endorsed Marina Silva||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||Lost|
|Election||Chamber of Deputies||Federal Senate||Role|
|Number of votes||Percentage of votes||Number of seats||+/–||Number of votes||Percentage of votes||Number of seats||+/–|
1 / 513
0 / 81
|Junior party in government coalition|
0 / 513
0 / 81
1 / 513
0 / 81
1 / 513
0 / 81
52 / 513
4 / 81
Progressistas is a centre-right and conservative-liberal political party in Brazil.
The Popular Socialist Party is a social democratic political party in Brazil.
The Brazilian Labour Renewal Party is a conservative Brazilian political party. It was founded in 1997 and its electoral number is 28. According to the party's official website, PRTB's main ideology is to establish an economic system based on participatory decision making as the primary economic mechanism for allocation in society.
Podemos, previously known as the National Labour Party is a Brazilian political party which supports direct democracy.
Patriota, formerly the National Ecological Party, is a far-right political party in Brazil. It was registered in the Supreme Electoral Court in the summer of 2012. The President of the party is the former State Deputy of São Paulo Adilson Barroso, who before creating PEN was a member of the Social Christian Party. The party's TSE Identification Number is 51.
The Social Democratic Party is a political party in Brazil led by Gilberto Kassab and uniting dissidents from various political parties, especially the DEM, PSDB and PP. The PSD supported the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff.
General elections were held in Brazil on 7 October 2018 to elect the President, Vice President and the National Congress. Elections for state governors and vice governors, state legislative assemblies and the Legislative Chamber of the Federal District were held at the same time.
Sérgio Olímpio Gomes, best known as Major Olímpio, is a Brazilian police officer and politician, member of the Social Liberal Party (PSL). He was a state deputy for São Paulo, and leader of the Democratic Labor Party (PDT) during his term in the Legislative Assembly of São Paulo (ALESP). In the 2014 state election, he was elected federal deputy for São Paulo.
Events in the year 2018 in Brazil.
Antônio Hamilton Martins Mourão is a Brazilian politician who is the 25th and current Vice President of Brazil, since 1 January 2019. Mourão is a retired Brazilian Army General, the highest rank a Brazilian soldier can reach during peace time. He is a member of the Brazilian Labour Renewal Party.
Eduardo Nantes Bolsonaro is a Brazilian lawyer, federal police officer and politician. He is the third child of Jair Bolsonaro, the 38th President of Brazil.
The 2018 presidential campaign of Jair Bolsonaro was announced on 3 March 2016. Brazilian federal deputy and former military officer Jair Bolsonaro became the official nominee of the Social Liberal Party during their convention on 22 July 2018. The running mate decision came later on 8 August, when General Hamilton Mourão was chosen to compose the ticket with Bolsonaro. By choosing Mourão as running mate Bolsonaro secured a coalition with the Brazilian Labour Renewal Party.
Flávio Nantes Bolsonaro is a Brazilian lawyer, entrepreneur and politician, who is the eldest child of Brazilian President, Jair Bolsonaro.
Luiz Philippe of Orléans-Braganza is a Brazilian political scientist, activist, entrepreneur, and member of the House of Orléans-Braganza. He was elected Federal Deputy for São Paulo in the 2018 Brazilian elections for the Social Liberal Party with 118,457 votes.
Ana Caroline Campagnolo Bellei is a Brazilian politician, lecturer and historian.
Michelle de Paula Firmo Reinaldo Bolsonaro is a Brazilian former parliamentary secretary of the Chamber of Deputies. She is married to President Jair Bolsonaro, and is thus the current First Lady of Brazil.
16 – USWP (PSTU)
| Numbers of Brazilian official political parties|
17 – SLP (PSL)
18 – NETWORK (REDE)