Special Constabulary Long Service Medal

Last updated
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, George VI obverse.jpg Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, reverse.jpg
Obverse (George VI issue) and reverse
TypeLong service medal
Awarded for9 years service
Presented by United Kingdom
EligibilityMembers of the Special Constabulary
Clasps The Great War 1914 - 1918
Bar for 10 subsequent years of service
Established30 August 1919
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, Great War service bar.jpg
Clasp for Great War service
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, second award bar.jpg
Clasp for second award
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal.png
Ribbon bar
Order of Wear
Next (higher) H.M. Coastguard Long Service and Good Conduct Medal [1]
Next (lower) Canadian Forces Decoration [1]
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, George V obverse.jpg
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, second George V obverse.jpg
Obverse: George V issues. The uncrowned effigy was awarded from circa 1930
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, George VI obverse.jpg
Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, Elizabeth II obverse.jpg
Obverse: George VI (post-1948 awards omitted words Ind Imp) and Elizabeth II
Reverse: Ulster Special Constabulary Special Constabulary Long Service Medal, Ulster reverse.png
Reverse: Ulster Special Constabulary

The Special Constabulary Long Service Medal is long service medal awarded in the United Kingdom to members of the Special Constabulary who have completed a specified period of service. Established in 1919 by King George V, the medal was initially created to reward members of the Special Constabulary for their service during World War I.

Contents

History

Established on 30 August 1919 by Royal Warrant, the medal was initially known as the Special Constabulary Medal. The intent of the original warrant was to recognise the service of the members of the Special Constabulary during World War I, with further regulations to recognise nine years of service as a member of the Special Constabulary. [2] A new Royal Warrant was promulgated in 1920 changing the name of the medal to the Special Constabulary Long Service Medal. [3] In 1929, subsequent awards could be recognised by a clasp inscribed Long Service. [4]

The Special Constabulary Long Service Medal was also awarded to members of the British South Africa Police Reserve for service in Southern Rhodesia after 1939, with recommendations made by the Governor of Southern Rhodesia to the Dominions Office in London. By 1965, when the last awards were made, a total of 559 medals, 71 first clasps and six second clasps had been received by members of the Reserve. [5]

Criteria

The Special Constabulary Long Service Medal may be awarded under one of four different sets of criteria:

Great War service

Special Constables who served during World War I from 1914-1918 for three years, and performed at least 150 police duties were eligible to be awarded the medal. Recipients who received the medal under these conditions were entitled to a clasp inscribed The Great War 1914 - 18 to denote their World War I service. [6]

Special Constabulary

The medal may be awarded to Special Constables who are recommended by the Chief Officer of Police of the department in which they serve so long as they have served for at least nine years, and willingly and competently discharged their duty as a Special Constable. Years of service during World War I from 1914 to 1918 and service during World War II from 3 September 1939 to 31 December 1945 are counted as triple. [6]

Special Constables who complete an additional period of ten years service are eligible for a clasp to the medal, upon the recommendation of the Chief Officer of Police. [6]

Ulster Special Constabulary

Members of the Ulster Special Constabulary were eligible for award of the medal after fifteen years of service where they willingly and competently discharged their duty. Members who were serving their fifteenth year on 30 April 1970, the date the Ulster Special Constabulary was disbanded, were also eligible for award of the medal. Eligible individuals must have been recommended for award by the Chief Officer of Police, Royal Ulster Constabulary. [6]

Special Constables who complete an additional period of ten years service are eligible for a clasp to the medal, upon the recommendation of the Chief Officer of Police. Members of the Ulster Special Constabulary who were in at least the ninth year of a subsequent ten-year period of service on 30 April 1970 were eligible for award of a clasp. [6]

Royal Ulster Constabulary Reserve

The medal may be awarded to members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary Reserve upon the recommendation of the Chief Constable, Royal Ulster Constabulary, who served fifteen years and willingly and competently discharged their duty as a member of the RUC Reserve. Service in the Ulster Special Constabulary which was not counted for the award of the medal or bar, may be counted with service as a member of the RUC Reserve. [6]

Special Constables who complete an additional period of ten years service are eligible for a clasp to the medal, upon the recommendation of the Chief Officer of Police. [6]

Appearance

The Special Constabulary Long Service Medal is a circular bronze medal. [7]
The obverse bears the effigy of the reigning sovereign, surrounded by a suitable inscription. [6]
The reverse bears the inscription in six lines FOR / FAITHFUL / SERVICE / IN THE / SPECIAL / CONSTABULARY, with a wreath below and to the right of the inscription. [8]

In 1956, a separate reverse was created for the Ulster Special Constabulary. The only difference was in the inscription which read in seven lines: FOR / FAITHFUL / SERVICE / IN THE / ULSTER / SPECIAL / CONSTABULARY. In 1982, the reverse was modified again to recognise service in the Royal Ulster Constabulary Reserve. [8]

Each issued medal has the name of the recipient impressed on the rim. [6] Rank is shown for recipients above the rank of Constable. [9]

The medal hangs from a ribbon 1 3/8 inches wide with a red centre stripe, at the edges are a white stripes bisected by an equal black stripe. [10]

Clasps

The first clasp to the medal was created upon the establishment of the medal which denoted that the medal was awarded for service during World War I. This bronze clasp bears the inscription The Great War 1914 - 18. [2] For subsequent awards of the medal, recipients are entitled to wear a bronze clasp with the words Long Service followed by the year the clasp was awarded. [6] Since 1953, recipients entitled to a clasp to the medal for long service may wear a silver rosette on the service ribbon. [11]

Related Research Articles

Royal Ulster Constabulary 1922–2001 police force of Northern Ireland

The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) was the police force in Northern Ireland from 1922 to 2001. It was founded on 1 June 1922 as a successor to the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) following the partition of Ireland. At its peak the force had around 8,500 officers with a further 4,500 who were members of the RUC Reserve.

George Cross Award for bravery in the United Kingdom

The George Cross (GC) is the second highest award of the United Kingdom honours system. It is awarded "for acts of the greatest heroism or for most conspicuous courage in circumstance of extreme danger", not in the presence of the enemy, to members of the British armed forces and to British civilians. Posthumous awards have been allowed since it was instituted. It was previously awarded to residents of Commonwealth countries, most of which have since established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians including police, emergency services and merchant seamen. Many of the awards have been personally presented by the British monarch to recipients or, in the case of posthumous awards, to next of kin. These investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.

Special Constabulary

The Special Constabulary is the part-time volunteer section of statutory police forces in the United Kingdom and some Crown dependencies. Its officers are known as special constables.

Emergency Reserve Decoration

The Emergency Reserve Decoration (ERD) was a British military decoration for long service, instituted on 17 November 1952 and given for service up to 1967.

National Medal (Australia)

The National Medal is an Australian award given for long service by operational members of specified eligible organisations. It was introduced in 1975, as an original component of the new Australian honours system, and replaced a range of medals available to military and civilian uniformed services for long service and good conduct. The eligible groups have in common that their members serve or protect the community at the risk of death, injury or trauma, hence it is only available to members of the eligible organisations who are operationally deployed. In the case of corrective services, eligibility is restricted to officers with custodial duties.

Efficiency Medal

The Efficiency Medal was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men after twelve years of efficient service on the active list of the Militia or the Territorial Army of the United Kingdom, or of the other Auxiliary Military Forces throughout the British Empire. At the same time a clasp was instituted for award to holders of the medal upon completion of further periods of six years of efficient service.

Royal Observer Corps Medal

The Royal Observer Corps Medal was instituted in 1950 by King George VI for long service by members of the Royal Observer Corps (ROC) in the United Kingdom. It was awarded until December 1995, when the ROC was stood down.

Efficiency Decoration

The Efficiency Decoration, post-nominal letters TD for recipients serving in the Territorial Army of the United Kingdom or ED for those serving in the Auxiliary Military Forces, was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time officers after twenty years of service as an efficient and thoroughly capable officer. The decoration superseded the Volunteer Officers' Decoration, the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration and the Territorial Decoration.

Efficiency Medal (South Africa)

The Efficiency Medal was instituted in 1930 for award to part-time warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men after twelve years of efficient service on the active list of the Citizen Force of the Union of South Africa. At the same time, a clasp was instituted for award to holders of the medal upon completion of further periods of six years of efficient service. The medal superseded the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal.

Police Long Service and Good Conduct Medal

The Police Long Service and Good Conduct Medal is a decoration for police officers of the United Kingdom. First instituted in 1951, the medal is presented for twenty aggregate years of service in the police services of the United Kingdom.

A special constable or special police constable is generally an auxiliary or part-time law enforcement officer.

The Ulster Defence Regiment Medal is a long service medal awarded to part-time members of the Ulster Defence Regiment. Established in 1982, the medal was awarded for 12 years of long and efficient service, with a bar being awarded for each subsequent six years of qualifying service. Officers awarded the medal were entitled to use the post-nominal UD. The medal was replaced by the Northern Ireland Home Service Medal in 1992. Full-time members of the Ulster Defence Regiment were eligible for the Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct after 15 years of service.

The Northern Ireland Home Service Medal is a long service medal awarded to members of the Ulster Defence Regiment and its successor the Royal Irish Regiment. Established in 1992, the medal is awarded for 12 years of long and efficient service. Clasps are awarded for six subsequent years of qualifying service. The medal replaced the Ulster Defence Regiment Medal.

The Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct was a long service medal of the United Kingdom, established in 1982. The medal was awarded to full-time members of the Ulster Defence Regiment upon the completion of 15 years of efficient service.

Prison Services (Operational Duties) Long Service and Good Conduct Medal

The Prison Services Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was established by Royal Warrant on 17 December 2010. The medal is awarded for long service to members of the various prison services of the United Kingdom.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary Service Medal was a medal created to honour the service of members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the RUC Reserve. Established in 1982 and first awarded in 1985, the medal ceased to be awarded when the RUC was replaced by the Police Service of Northern Ireland.

Colonial Special Constabulary Medal

The Colonial Special Constabulary Medal was established on 1 April 1957 as a volunteer and part-time long service medal of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. On 10 April 2012 the medal became known as the Overseas Territories Special Constabulary Medal, and underwent a minor change in design. This reflected the change in the way Britain's remaining colonies were described, they being classed as 'Overseas Territories' from 2002.

Queen Victoria Police Jubilee Medal

A Police Jubilee Medal was awarded to those on duty at Queen Victoria's Golden and Diamond Jubilee celebrations.

References

  1. 1 2 "No. 56878". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 March 2003. p. 3353.
  2. 1 2 "No. 31539". The London Gazette . 5 September 1919. p. 11242.
  3. "No. 31770". The London Gazette . 6 February 1920. p. 1557.
  4. "No. 33527". The London Gazette . 20 August 1929. p. 5403.
  5. Robert Brewster. The British South Africa Police long service awards, 1916-82. Orders & Medals Research Society Journal, December 2018, page 171.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "No. 49051". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 July 1982. p. 9255.
  7. Originally to be silver, it was changed to bronze before production commenced. Long service awards to the Metrpolitan Police Constabulary before August 1919, Mick Kippin. Orders & Medals Research Society Journal, June 2019, pp 132-133
  8. 1 2 John W. Mussell; Editorial Team of Medal News, eds. (2014). Medal Yearbook 2015. Devon, UK: Token Publishing Ltd. p. 256. ISBN   9781908828163.
  9. D. W. Collett. Medal Year Book 1981. p. 198. Published Medal Year Book, Chingford, Essex. 1981. ISBN   0950694312.
  10. "No. 38974". The London Gazette . 21 July 1950. p. 3749.
  11. "No. 39754". The London Gazette . 16 January 1953. p. 357.