Royal West African Frontier Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal

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Royal West African Frontier Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
RWAFF and KAR Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.png
Ribbon bar of the medal
Awarded forLong service and good conduct
DescriptionCircular silver medal
Presented bythe United Kingdom
EligibilityMembers of the Royal West African Frontier Force
StatusNo longer awarded
Established3000
Last awarded1960

The Royal West African Frontier Force Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was established in September 1903 [1] to reward native African NCOs and men who had completed 18 years, [2] later reduced to 16 years, exemplary service in the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF). [3]

Contents

The RWAFF was a multi-battalion field force, formed by the British Colonial Office in 1900 to garrison the West African colonies of Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone and Gambia. [4] The 'Royal' prefix was granted in 1928, and reflected in the title of the medal from that year. [2]

Award of the medal was discontinued when the RWAFF was disbanded in 1960 following the creation of new national armies, as each colony moved towards independence. [3]

It is a 36mm wide circular silver medal bearing the effigy of the reigning monarch on the obverse. The reverse is inscribed 'FOR LONG SERVICE AND GOOD CONDUCT' over four lines with, around the top circumference, the words 'ROYAL WEST AFRICAN FRONTIER FORCE', with the 'ROYAL' added in 1928. The 32mm wide ribbon is crimson with a central green stripe, the same as for the King's African Rifles Long Service and Good Conduct Medal. [2]

The medal was worn in uniform after campaign and royal commemorative medals. [5]

Royal Sierra Leone Military Forces Long Service and Good Conduct Medal

This medal replaced the earlier RWAFF medal after Sierra Leone became independent in April 1961. The terms of award, ribbon and medal design followed the earlier medal, except that the reverse now included the inscription 'ROYAL SIERRA LEONE MILITARY FORCES'. 169 awards were made up to 1971, when the country became a republic. [3]

See also

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References

  1. Duckers, Peter (2013). British Military Medals: A Guide for the Collector and Family Historian (2nd ed.). Barnsley, UK: Pen and Sword. Chapter 14. ISBN   978-1-47382-983-1.
  2. 1 2 3 John Mussell (ed). (2014). Medal Yearbook 2015. p. 245. Token Publishing Ltd. Honiton, Devon. ISBN   9781908828163.
  3. 1 2 3 Tony Farrell. The Royal Sierra Leone Military Forces Long Service and Good Conduct Medal. Orders & Medals Research Society Journal, Vol 59 No 3, page 234, September 2020.
  4. Haywood, A. & Clarke, F.A.S. (1964). The History of the Royal West African Frontier Force. Gale & Polden, Aldershot. Passim.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. "No. 34277". The London Gazette . 24 April 1936. p. 2622.