Thor Cogeneration Power Station

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Thor Cogeneration Power Station
Model .jpg
The proposed Thor Cogeneration Power Station
CountryEngland
Location County Durham, North East England
Coordinates 54°36′11″N1°12′10″W / 54.603145°N 1.202748°W / 54.603145; -1.202748 Coordinates: 54°36′11″N1°12′10″W / 54.603145°N 1.202748°W / 54.603145; -1.202748
Commission date 2012
Operator(s)PX Limited
Thermal power station
Primary fuel Natural gas
Cogeneration?Yes
Power generation
Nameplate capacity 1,020 MW

grid reference NZ516234

Thor Cogeneration is a planned gas-fired cogeneration plant, which is to be built on Seal Sands near Billingham, in County Durham, North East England.

Natural gas fossil fuel

Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium. It is formed when layers of decomposing plant and animal matter are exposed to intense heat and pressure under the surface of the Earth over millions of years. The energy that the plants originally obtained from the sun is stored in the form of chemical bonds in the gas.

Cogeneration simultaneous generation of electricity, and/or heating, or cooling, or industrial chemicals

Cogeneration or combined heat and power (CHP) is the use of a heat engine or power station to generate electricity and useful heat at the same time. Trigeneration or combined cooling, heat and power (CCHP) refers to the simultaneous generation of electricity and useful heating and cooling from the combustion of a fuel or a solar heat collector. The terms cogeneration and trigeneration can be also applied to the power systems generating simultaneously electricity, heat, and industrial chemicals – e.g., syngas or pure hydrogen.

Seal Sands Site of Special Scientific Interest

Seal Sands is a 294.37 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in Cleveland, England, notified in 1966.

Contents

Development

On 19 January 2007, newly established business venture Thor Cogeneration, a subsidiary of Teesside-based PX Group, announced plans for a new power station on Teesside. [1] The station is proposed as a 1,020 megawatt (MW) combined heat and power combined cycle gas turbine plant. [2] Stockton Borough Council gave their approval for the station in April 2007. The station's licence for the generation of electricity was also granted later in 2007. [3] On 28 August 2008, government approval for the station to be built was granted by Energy minister Malcolm Wicks. [4] Construction is expected to begin in 2009, with operations predicted for early in 2012. [3]

Teesside Place in England

Teesside is a conurbation around Middlesbrough on the River Tees in North East England which also includes Billingham, Redcar, Stockton-on-Tees and Thornaby. It is a centre for heavy industry, although the number of people employed has declined. Traditional industries, primarily steelmaking and chemical manufacture, have been replaced to a large extent by high technology activities, science development and service sector roles.

Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdom) 1970-2007 department of the United Kingdom government

The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) was a United Kingdom government department formed on 19 October 1970. It was replaced with the creation of the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills on 28 June 2007.

Malcolm Wicks British politician

Malcolm Hunt Wicks was a British Labour Party politician and academic specialising in social policy. He was a member of parliament (MP) from 1992, first for Croydon North West and then for Croydon North, until his death in 2012.

Proposed specification

The station will use two gas-fired generators, with excess heat being used to make steam to drive a further generator. [3] Electricity generated will be distributed to the National Grid. As well as generating electricity, the station will provide heat to the nearby, SABIC operated North Tees Works oil refinery, in the form of steam. Natural gas, the station's fuel, will be supplied to the station by a pipeline, with a short connection to an existing pipeline to the north. [2] The station will require 20% less gas per MW generated than current operating gas-fired stations. [4]

SABIC Chemicals manufacturing company

SABIC is a Saudi diversified manufacturing company, active in petrochemicals, chemicals, industrial polymers, fertilizers, and metals. It is the largest public company in the Middle East and Saudi Arabia as listed in Tadawul. 70% of SABIC's shares are owned by Saudi Aramco. Private shareholders are from Saudi Arabia and other countries of the six-nation Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

Oil refinery industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products

An oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is transformed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas, jet fuel and fuel oils. Petrochemicals feed stock like ethylene and propylene can also be produced directly by cracking crude oil without the need of using refined products of crude oil such as naphtha.

The station is expected to be able to achieve a 58% efficiency rating by using the latest gas turbine technology. [2] It will create 60% less carbon emissions than current coal-fired power stations. [4] It will be cooled by using an air cooled condenser, avoiding the need to extract from or discharge water into the nearby River Tees. 1,000 people will be employed during the construction and 60 will be employed when the station is operational. [2]

River Tees river in northern England

The River Tees is in northern England. It rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the North Pennines, and flows eastwards for 85 miles (137 km) to reach the North Sea between Hartlepool and Redcar near Middlesbrough.

Related Research Articles

Power station facility generating electric power

A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power. Most power stations contain one or more generators, a rotating machine that converts mechanical power into three-phase electric power. The relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor creates an electric current. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. Most power stations in the world burn fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas to generate electricity. Cleaner sources include nuclear power, biogas and an increasing use of renewables such as solar, wind, wave and hydroelectric.

Combined cycle power plant type of power station

In electric power generation a combined cycle power plant is an assembly of heat engines that work in tandem from the same source of heat, converting it into mechanical energy to drive electrical generators. The principle is that after completing its cycle, the temperature of the working fluid in the system is still high enough that a second subsequent heat engine extracts energy from the heat that the first engine produced. By generating electricity from multiple streams of work, the overall net efficiency of the system may be increased by 50–60%. That is, from an overall efficiency of say 34%, to possibly an overall efficiency of 62%, 84% of theoretical efficiency

Thermal power station power plant in which heat energy is converted to electric power

A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power. In most of the places in the world the turbine is steam-driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator. After it passes through the turbine, the steam is condensed in a condenser and recycled to where it was heated; this is known as a Rankine cycle. The greatest variation in the design of thermal power stations is due to the different heat sources; fossil fuel dominates here, although nuclear heat energy; solar heat energy, biofuels and waste incineration are also used. Some prefer to use the term energy center because such facilities convert forms of heat energy into electrical energy. Certain thermal power stations are also designed to produce heat energy for industrial purposes, or district heating, or desalination of water, in addition to generating electrical power.

Mount Piper Power Station is a coal powered power station with two steam turbines with a combined generating capacity of 1,400 MW of electricity. It is located near Portland, in the Central West of New South Wales, Australia and owned by EnergyAustralia, a subsidiary of CLP Group.

Rye House power station

Rye House Power Station is a 715 MW combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) power station close to Rye House railway station in Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire.

Teesside power station

Teesside Power Station is a former gas-fired power station, in Redcar & Cleveland, England. Situated near the Wilton chemical complex, the station had combined cycle gas turbines (CCGTs) and open cycle gas turbines (OCGTs), however in 2011 the operation of the CCGT part of the station was suspended, and in 2013 the owners announced its closure and plans to demolish it. Prior to the suspension, the station had a generating capacity of 1875 megawatts (MW), making it the largest of any CCGT power station in Europe. The station could meet almost 3% of the electricity demand for England, Wales and Scotland. Opened in 1993, the station was initially operated by Enron but moved into the hands of PX Ltd after the Enron scandal of 2001, before being bought by Gaz de France and Suez in 2008. The station also worked as a cogeneration plant, providing steam for the Wilton complex.

Gas-fired power plant One or more generators which convert natural gas into electricity

A gas-fired power plant or gas-fired power station or natural gas power plant is a thermal power station which burns natural gas to generate electricity. Natural gas power stations generate a quarter of world electricity and a significant part of global greenhouse gas emissions and thus global warming. However they can provide seasonal dispatchable generation to balance variable renewable energy where hydropower or interconnectors are not available.

Spalding Power Station

Spalding Power Station is an 860 MW gas-fired power station one mile north of Spalding on West Marsh Road close to the River Welland. The current site provides enough electricity for one million households.

Sutton Bridge Power Station

Sutton Bridge Power Station is an 819 MW gas-fired power station in Sutton Bridge in the south-east of Lincolnshire in South Holland, England. It is situated on Centenary Wayclose to the River Nene. It’s a major landmark on the Lincolnshire and Norfolk borders and on clear days with its bright red lights it can be easily seen as far away as Hunstanton.

South Humber Bank Power Station

South Humber Bank Power Station is a 1,365 MW gas-fired power station on South Marsh Road at Stallingborough in North East Lincolnshire north of Healing and the A180 near the South Marsh Road Industrial Estate. It is around two miles east of Immingham, and employs 64 people. The site of SHBPS is around 500 metres by 400 metres in area. It is next door to the Synthomer plant.

Carrington Power Station is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station, which was completed in Autumn 2016 and began commercial operation on 18 September 2016. It is located on the site of a former coal-fired power station, close to the villages of Carrington and Partington in the Greater Manchester Area and 12 km southwest of Manchester City Centre. The Manchester Ship Canal and the River Mersey run alongside the site, in Trafford, Greater Manchester, in North West England.

Wilton power stations

The Wilton power station refers to a series of coal, oil, gas and biomass fired CHP power stations which provide electricity and heat for the Wilton International Complex, with excess electricity being sold to the National Grid. It is located on the Wilton site in Redcar and Cleveland, south of the town of Middlesbrough in North East England. The station has provided for the site since opening in 1952, when it was operated by ICI. The station is currently owned and operated by SembCorp Industries.

Martin Next Generation Solar Energy Center is the solar parabolic-trough component of an integrated solar combined cycle 1150 MW plant, in western Martin County, Florida, United States, just north of Indiantown. The project was built by Florida Power & Light Company (FPL). Lauren Engineers & Constructors (Abilene, TX) was the EPC contractor for the project. It's construction began in 2008 and was completed by the end of 2010.

Teesside EfW

Teesside Energy from Waste plant is a municipal waste incinerator and waste-to-energy power station, which provides 29.2 megawatts (MW) of electricity for the National Grid by burning 390,000 tonnes of household and commercial waste a year. It is located on the River Tees at Haverton Hill, east of Billingham in North East England. Operated by SITA UK since its conception, the plant replaced the Portrack Incinerator and opened in 1998.

Cory Cogeneration Station is a natural gas-fired station owned by SaskPower and located near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. The plant operates at 260 MW in a conventional generation mode and at 228 MW in a cogeneration mode. Steam from the plant is used to supply the Potash Corp Cory Mine.

Kwinana Cogeneration Plant is located 40 kilometres south of Perth, Western Australia. It provides steam and electrical power to the BP Australia Kwinana Oil Refinery and electricity only to Synergy, the State owned generator/retailer.

Brighton Beach Generating Station is a natural gas fired combined cycle fossil fuel power station in the Brighton Beach neighbourhood of Windsor, Ontario, Canada that is a 50% joint venture between Atco Power and Ontario Power Generation. The electricity generated is under the control and marketing lead of by Coral Energy Canada Inc. Gas for the plant is supplied by Union Gas, and cooling water is drawn from the Detroit River.

The Panda Patriot Power Plant is a natural gas-fired power station located in Clinton Township, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. It went commercial in July 2016 and construction on the project began in 2013.

References

  1. "Plans unveiled to build green gas-powered station". The Northern Echo . 20 January 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "ThorCogeneration" (PDF). www.thorcogen.com. Retrieved 2009-01-01.[ dead link ]
  3. 1 2 3 "Power plant decision welcomed". www.thorcogen.com. 28 August 2008. Archived from the original on June 29, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  4. 1 2 3 "Thor gets green light to build CHP station". www.heatingandventilating.net. 28 August 2008. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2010.