Thornbury and Yate (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 51°34′23″N2°28′37″W / 51.573°N 2.477°W / 51.573; -2.477

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Contents

Thornbury and Yate
County constituency
for the House of Commons
ThornburyYate2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Thornbury and Yate in Avon
EnglandAvon.svg
Location of Avon within England
County South Gloucestershire
Electorate 64,368 (2018) [1]
Major settlements Thornbury, Yate and Chipping Sodbury
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Luke Hall (Conservative Party)
Number of membersOne
Created from Northavon
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Thornbury and Yate is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since the 2015 election by Luke Hall, a Conservative. [n 2] Encompassing an area to the north-east of Bristol, it is one of three constituencies that make up the South Gloucestershire Unitary Authority Area, along with Filton and Bradley Stoke and Kingswood.

House of Commons of the United Kingdom Lower house in the Parliament of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons, officially the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Like the upper house, the House of Lords, it meets in the Palace of Westminster. Owing to shortage of space, its office accommodation extends into Portcullis House.

Parliament of the United Kingdom Supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known internationally as the UK Parliament, British Parliament or Westminster Parliament, as well as domestically simply as Parliament or Westminster, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the UK and the overseas territories. Parliament is bicameral but has three parts, consisting of the Sovereign (Queen-in-Parliament), the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. The two houses meet in the Palace of Westminster in the City of Westminster, one of the inner boroughs of the capital city, London.

Luke Hall (politician) British politician

Luke Anthony Hall is a British Conservative politician and former retail manager. He was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Thornbury and Yate in May 2015.

History

This seat is a successor to the former Northavon constituency, which was abolished following boundary changes taking effect at the 2010 general election. [2] It is named after the two largest towns in the constituency: Thornbury and Yate.

Northavon (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983-2010

Northavon was, from 1983 until 2010, a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

2010 United Kingdom general election election of members to the House of Commons in 2010

The 2010 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 6 May 2010, with 45,597,461 registered voters entitled to vote to elect members to the House of Commons. The election took place in 650 constituencies across the United Kingdom under the first-past-the-post system. None of the parties achieved the 326 seats needed for an overall majority. The Conservative Party, led by David Cameron, won the largest number of votes and seats, but still fell 20 seats short. This resulted in a hung parliament where no party was able to command a majority in the House of Commons. This was only the second general election since the Second World War to return a hung parliament, the first being the February 1974 election. Unlike in 1974, the potential for a hung parliament had this time been widely considered and predicted, and both the country and politicians were better prepared for the constitutional process that would follow such a result. The coalition government that was subsequently formed was the first coalition in British history to eventuate directly from an election outcome. The hung parliament came about in spite of the Conservatives managing both a higher vote total and higher share of the vote than the previous Labour government had done in 2005, when it secured a comfortable majority.

Yate town in Gloucestershire, England

Yate is a commuter town and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England, at the southwest extremity of the Cotswold Hills, 12 miles (19.3 km) northeast of Bristol city centre and 98 miles (160 km) due west of London. Yate developed from a village into a sizable town from the 1960s onwards partly as an over-spill or commuter town for the city of Bristol. Although not a new town in the official sense, Yate took on many of the characteristics of one.

The constituency was one of a significant number gained from the Liberal Democrats by the Conservatives in the 2015 general election, and their majority further increased to more than 12,000 in the 2017 election, even as the Conservatives saw a net loss of seats nationally.

2015 United Kingdom general election Election of members to the House of Commons in 2015

The 2015 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday, 7 May 2015 to elect 650 members to the House of Commons. It was the first general election at the end of a fixed-term Parliament. Local elections took place in most areas on the same day.

2017 United Kingdom general election General election held in United Kingdom

The 2017 United Kingdom general election took place on Thursday 8 June 2017, having been called just under two months earlier by Prime Minister Theresa May on 18 April 2017 after it was discussed in cabinet. Each of the 650 constituencies elects one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons. The governing Conservative Party remained the largest single party in the House of Commons but lost its majority, resulting in the formation of a minority government with a confidence-and-supply arrangement with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) of Northern Ireland.

Boundaries

Following the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies by the Boundary Commission this newly defined seat emerged. The electoral wards used in the creation of this new seat are all from the district of South Gloucestershire and are as follows: [2]

Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies

The Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies was undertaken between 2000 and 2007 by the four boundary commissions for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland for the British Parliament. The changes to constituencies from three reviews were approved and took effect at the 2010 United Kingdom general election; that for Scotland took effect at the 2005 election.

South Gloucestershire Unitary authority area in England

South Gloucestershire is a unitary authority area in South West England. It comprises multiple suburban areas to the north and east of Bristol as well as a large rural hinterland. South Gloucestershire was created in 1996 from the northern section of the county of Avon, which was abolished at that time.

Alveston village in the United Kingdom

Alveston is a village, civil parish and former manor in South Gloucestershire, England, inhabited in 2014 by about 3000 people. The village lies 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Thornbury and 10 miles (16 km) north of Bristol. Alveston is twinned with Courville sur Eure, France. The civil parish also includes the villages of Rudgeway and Earthcott.

Pucklechurch village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, UK

Pucklechurch is a large village and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England, 7.4 miles (11.9 km) ENE of the city of Bristol and 8.9 miles (14.3 km) NW of the city of Bath.

Charfield village in the United Kingdom

Charfield is a village and civil parish in Gloucestershire, England, south-west of Wotton-under-Edge near the Little Avon River and the villages of Falfield and Cromhall.

Constituency profile

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.8% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian . [3]

Members of Parliament

ElectionMember [4] [5] Party
2010 Steve Webb Liberal Democrat
2015 Luke Hall Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

2019 General election: Thornbury and Yate [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Luke Hall
Labour Rob Logan
Liberal Democrats Claire Young
General election 2017: Thornbury and Yate [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Luke Hall 28,008 55.3 +14.2
Liberal Democrats Claire Young15,93731.4-6.5
Labour Brian Mead6,11212.1+4.3
Green Iain Hamilton6331.2-1.5
Majority12,07123.9+20.8
Turnout 50,69074.6+0.9
Registered electors 67,927
Conservative hold Swing +10.4
General election 2015: Thornbury and Yate [7] [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Luke Hall 19,924 41.0 +3.9
Liberal Democrats Steve Webb 18,42937.9-14.0
UKIP Russ Martin5,12610.6+7.0
Labour Hadleigh Roberts3,7757.8+0.8
Green Iain Hamilton1,3162.7N/A
Majority1,4953.1N/A
Turnout 48,57073.7-1.5
Registered electors 65,884
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats Swing +8.92
General election 2010: Thornbury and Yate [9] [10] [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Democrats Steve Webb 25,032 51.9 N/A
Conservative Matthew Riddle17,91637.2N/A
Labour Roxanne Egan3,3857.0N/A
UKIP Jenny Knight1,7093.5N/A
Independents Federation UKThomas Beacham1260.3N/A
Independent Anthony Clements580.1N/A
Majority7,11614.8N/A
Turnout 48,22672.2N/A
Registered electors 64,092
Liberal Democrats win (new seat)

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. 1 2 "Final Recommendations for Parliamentary Constituency Boundaries in the Unitary Authority of South Gloucestershire". Boundary Commission for England. 15 November 2001. Archived from the original on 2 November 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  3. Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. "Bristol North West 1950-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  5. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)
  6. "Parliamentary general election - 12 December 2019". South Gloucestershire Council. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  7. 1 2 "Thornbury & Yate parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  8. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  9. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. "BBC News – Election 2010 – Constituency – Thornbury & Yate". news.bbc.co.uk.
  11. Percentage change and swing for 2010 is calculated relative to the PA (Rallings and Thrasher) 2005 notional result, not actual 2005 result "Press Association Elections". Press Association . Retrieved 17 July 2017.

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